Steps for development of Sanskrit language

An Indian postage stamp honouring Panini, the great Sanskrit grammarian whose analysis of noun compounds still forms the basis of modern linguistic theories of compounding. Source: Wikimedia Commons

Steps for development of Sanskrit language 
The Ministry of Human Resource Development constituted a Committee to suggest a long term vision and road map for the development of Sanskrit under the Chairmanship of Shri N. Gopalaswami, Chancellor, Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Tirupati on 18.11.2015 which submitted its report in February, 2016. 

The Committee had made several recommendations in i) School education, ii) Higher Education, iii) Traditional education at school level, iv) Traditional education at College level, v) Recommendations for Veda Vidya, vi) Preservation, Propagation and Sustenance of Veda Vidya, vii) Schemes for Development of Veda Vidya, viii) Schemes for Development of Sanskrit, ix) Ashtaadashi (Eighteen projects for sustaining the growth of Sanskrit. Apart from this, the Committee have also given its recommendations on teachers training, ICT in Sanskrit schools and colleges, Additional human resources, Call to Sanskrit scholars etc. Under its general recommendations. This Ministry has forwarded the recommendations to the Heads of all Bureaus/concerned organizations to look into the matter and implement the recommendations which are implementable within the existing policy framework of the Ministry.  Further, a Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. K. Kasturirangan has been constituted for the preparation of New Education Policy which is due to submit its report by 31.03.2018.

This information was given by the Minister of State (HRD), Dr. Satya Pal Singh today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question.

Steps taken to improve the educational standards in private engineering colleges 
With a view to improving the quality of technical education and thereby enhancing the employability of engineering students, the following action plan has been approved by the AICTE:
  1. Planning: Long-term Perspective Plans will be prepared for technical education at State level, so that quality issues being faced may be addressed in a focused and planned way in consultation with the concerned State Governments.  This will be a guiding document while approving new institutions by AICTE.
  2. Selection:  The students for the technical courses shall be selected based on a standardized examination.
  3. Induction training: Every student, on admission, shall be put through a mandatory Induction training to reinforce the fundamental concepts and the required language skills required for the technical education. The model curriculum and the periodicity of this induction training will be separately notified by the AICTE.
  4. Revision of curriculum:  Every affiliating Technical University shall constitute subject-wise industry consultation committee (ICC) with the mandate of examining the existing curriculum and for making suitable changes in the curriculum every year. This process shall be completed in the month of December each year for the courses to be offered in the coming Academic year. Each institution, while applying for approval, shall certify completion of this process, which will be mandatory.  
  5. Mandatory internships: Every student in technical institution shall do three internships each spanning 4 to 8 weeks before completion of the under-graduation. The responsibility will be on the institution for helping the students in finding suitable industry or organisation for the internship.
  6. Industry readiness: All students passing out of the undergraduate courses shall be imparted technical and soft skills required for working in the industry encompassing – managerial skills, entrepreneurial skills, leadership skills, communication skills, team-working skills and technical skills. 
  7. Promoting innovation/start-ups: There shall be efforts at every level for promoting innovation and creativity in the students. The innovation drives like Hackathon shall be promoted, so that innovative ideas would emerge that can be incubated in the start-up centres.
  8. Exam reforms: The final exams being conducted by the institutions shall test the understanding of the concepts and the skill – rather than the subject knowledge. A model exam format would be prepared and shared with the institutions and the technical universities for suitable adoption. This aspect would be reviewed at the time of approval.  
  9. Training of teachers: Every teacher in each of the technical education disciplines shall mandatorily undergo an annual refresher course delivered through SWAYAM portal, encapsulating all the major advances in the field of their study. Online courses would also be prepared and delivered through the SWAYAM platform for improving the pedagogical techniques of the teachers. The participation in the courses by atleast 50% of the faculty would be a mandatory condition for approval of the institution. Similarly, there should be leadership training to the heads of the institutions once in 2 years. These trainings would also be hosted through the SWAYAM platform.
  10. Mandatory accreditation: At least half of all the programmes in the technical institutions shall be accredited through the NBA before 2022. Unless there is credible progress each year, the approval of the institutions can be refused. In order to assist the institutions in meeting the mandatory requirements for applying for accreditation, a separate mechanism will be put in place.

Further, AICTE is implementing schemes namely National Employment Enhancement Mission (NEEM) and Employability Enhancement Training Program (EETP) to enhance the employability of the students. In addition, AICTE has also partnered with Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), Govt of India, Internshala, NETiit, ICT Academy and LinkedIn to provide internship opportunities and industry exposure to students for aligning their technical knowhow with industry requirements.
The AICTE is not closing down any institute on its own. However, some institutes have been closed down based on their request, due to financial non-viability arising from different factors including shortage of students. The Council has also decided to reduce approved intake by 50% in the course(s) where the enrolment has been less than 30% of approved intake for last 5 consecutive years.
‘Study in India’ programme to attract foreign students to study in India 
Ministry of Human Resource Development has approved ‘Study in India’ programme with, inter-alia, the following objectives:
    1. To improve the soft power of India with focus on the neighbouring countries and use it as a tool in diplomacy.
    2. To boost the number of inbound International students in India.
    3. To double India’s market share of global education exports from less than 1 percent to 2 percent.
    4. Increase in contribution of international student in the form of direct spends, indirect spends, spillover effects.
    5. Improvement in overall quality of higher education.
    6. Increase in global ranking of India as educational destination.
    7. To reduce the export – Import imbalance in the number of International students.
    8. Growth of India’s global market share of International students

The proposed fee waivers to meritorious foreign students in this policy will be decided by the Institute concerned based on the following criteria:

  1. 100% waiver of tuition fees only for the top 25% students
  2. 50% waiver of tuition fees only for the next 25% students
  3. 25% waiver of tuition fees only for the next 25% students
  4. No waiver of tuition fee for remaining 25% of students

The expenditure on the fee waiver will have to be borne by the Institute concerned, based on cross-subsidisation or through its existing funding. No additional cash flow from Government is proposed for the same.

The ‘Study in India’ programme’s primary objective is to target foreign students by branding India as an attractive education destination. As per the existing Government framework, provision of 10-15% supernumerary seats for foreign students is there. ‘Study in India’ programme would target the foreign students to be admitted as per this provision, which would not have any adverse impact on the number of seats/ admission of Indian students.

The Government has approved an expenditure of Rs. 150 crores for the ‘Study in India’ programme for two years 2018-19 and 2019-20 which will be primarily for brand promotion activities.

As the inflow of foreign students depends on various factors viz. individual will and choice, Visa issues etc., estimation about future inflow of foreign students is not possible.


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