Nuclear Plant at Kavali in Andhra Pradesh

Setting Up of Nuclear Plant at Kavali in Andhra Pradesh

At present, the Site Selection Committee of the Government is exploring the possibility of identifying a suitable coastal site in Andhra Pradesh for locating nuclear power plants with Russian cooperation.

Some sections of local people and certain groups have expressed their opposition to location of nuclear power plants near Kavali in Andhra Pradesh due to apprehensions about safety of the nuclear power plants and loss of traditional means of livelihood.  An extensive public outreach programme (including public hearings and consultations) to spread awareness about nuclear power and all its related aspects based on a multipronged approach has been instituted in a structured manner.

The Government of Andhra Pradesh has given its consent to carry out technical studies required to identify potential coastal sites for locating nuclear power plants in the state.  

Setting Up of Nuclear Power Plants in Andhra Pradesh

The Government had accorded ‘in principle’ approval for the site at Kovvada in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh for setting up six Light Water Reactors in cooperation with the USA. Pre-project activities including land acquisition, obtaining statutory clearances and detailed site investigations are continuing at the site. In parallel, discussions on the techno-commercial aspects with M/s Westinghouse Electric Company (WEC) to arrive at a project proposal have also started.


The procedures involved in pre-project activities like land acquisition and obtaining environmental clearances take time. Similarly, negotiations with foreign technology partners involving various legal, regulatory, technical and commercial aspects also take time.

Safety Measures at Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant

The Kudankulam reactors deploy passive safety features, namely the Passive Decay Heat Removal System, additional system for Core Passive Flooding, Passive Filtering Systems, etc. Post Fukushima, a task force of NPCIL constituted for safety evaluation found KKNPP design to be safe. However, to enhance further the safety level, the task force suggested 17 recommendations, all of which have been implemented.  These measures have already bolstered the safety systems and are the most current.

A site at Haripur in West Bengal has been accorded ‘in principle’ approval by the Government for locating six units of 1000 MW or higher capacity in technical cooperation with Russian Federation. Subsequently, as an alternative to the Haripur Site, the possibility of a coastal site in the state of Andhra Pradesh is also being examined by the Site Selection Committee of the Government to locate nuclear power plants with Russian technical cooperation.

Share of Nuclear Energy in Electricity Generation

The share of nuclear power in the total electricity generation in the country was about 3.4% in the year 2015-16.

The share of nuclear power in total electricity generation is planned to be progressively increased by addition of nuclear power capacity. The present capacity of 5780 MW will reach 6780 MW by the end of this financial year, with the commercial operation of Kudankulam Unit-2, which is already generating infirm power at the rated capacity. The capacity is expected to reach 9580 MW by 2020 on progressive completion of projects under construction and about 12980 MW by 2024 on completion of new projects accorded sanction. A large expansion programme based on both indigenous technologies and with foreign technical cooperation is planned in future. 

Involvement of Private Sector in Nuclear Power Generation

Proposals for setting up of ten indigenous Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors each of 700 MW and two Light Water Reactors each of 1000 MW (Kudankulam Units-5&6) with foreign cooperation have been prepared and finalised. These are presently under consideration of the Government for accord of administrative approval and financial sanction.          

Presently two Central Public Sector Enterprises viz. Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI) are involved in nuclear power generation. In addition, the Government has amended the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 to facilitate establishment of Joint Venture Companies (JVC) by NPCIL with other Central Public Sector Undertakings to set up nuclear power plants. 

Government does not propose to allow private sector to enter into the nuclear power sector.

Commissioning of Unit II of KNPP

Government has received request from Government of Tamil Nadu to expedite early commissioning of Unit II of Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) and make it fully operational.

The second unit of Kudankulam project (KKNPP-2 - 1000 MW) was connected to the grid on August 29, 2016 and has since been generating infirm (non commercial) power. Thereafter, the unit power was raised in steps in line with regulatory clearances and it reached its full power of 1000 MW on January 21, 2017. It has generated about 1325 Million Units of electricity (upto January 23, 2017) since its connection to grid.          

The allocation and expenditure on the KKNPP 1&2 project in the last three years (in ₹ crore) is as follows: 

Year Allocation (RE) Expenditure
2013-14  1500        1555.45
2014-15  1611        1018.64
2015-16  1347         712.45

There was no displacement involved at Kudankulam and the persons whose land was acquired were paid compensation as finalised by the state government. Preference has been given to Project Affected Persons in employment in Grade C & D posts and in employment with project contractors.

In respect of employment of other local people, direct employment in NPCIL of posts to be filled on regional basis have been filled as per guidelines issued by the Department of Personnel & Training. In addition large numbers of local people have been employed with contractors.

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