Global Crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 47.31 per bbl on 22.08.2016

Global Crude oil price of Indian Basket was US$ 47.31 per bbl on 22.08.2016 

The international crude oil price of Indian Basket as computed/published today by Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC) under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas was US$ 47.31 per barrel (bbl) on 22.08.2016. This was lower than the price of US$ 48.02 per bbl on previous publishing day of 19.08.2016.

In rupee terms, the price of Indian Basket decreased to Rs. 3178.74 per bbl on 22.08.2016 as compared to Rs. 3213.73 per bbl on 19.08.2016. Rupee closed weaker at Rs. 67.19 per US$ on 22.08.2016 as against Rs. 66.93 per US$ on 19.08.2016. The table below gives details in this regard:

Price on June 14,2016
And Previous day price
Pricing Fortnight for 01.06.2016
(12 May, 2016 to May 27, 2016)

Crude Oil (Indian Basket)
 47.31     (48.02)  
  3178.74     (3213.73 ) 
Exchange Rate
  67.19          (66.93)

Daily Crude Oil Price- 23.08.2016  


DBTL (PAHAL) Mechanism made it possible to block 3.34 crore duplicate / fake / inactive domestic LPG connections. Estimated savings due to blocking of these connections was Rs. 21, 261 crores. 

            Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas has come across several news items appearing in various newspapers about the CAG report stating that direct LPG subsidy savings was less than the Government’s claim.

In this regard, it is clarified that an intensive exercise was carried out for identifying duplicate/fake/ghost/inactive domestic LPG connections and, as of 01.04.2015, 3.34 Crore such connections were identified by the Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs). As a result of implementation of DBTL (PAHAL) mechanism, it became possible to block these 3.34 Crore LPG connections as the subsidy was transferred in the accounts of only those consumers who had registered under PAHAL and who have been cleared after de-duplication exercise. Before DBTL, all or many of these 3.34 crore consumers would have continued to purchase subsidized cylinders from the distributors. But for the blocking of these accounts, the subsidy bill would have been much higher despite fall in crude oil prices. 

Estimated Savings from the above efforts are calculated as follows:

For the financial year (FY) 2014-15, for 3.34 crore consumers outside the PAHAL net, the Estimated savings would be 3.34 crore x 12 cylinders x Rs.369.72 (average Subsidy/cylinder for FY 2014-15) equal to  Rs.14,818.4 crore. Following a similar principle, the Savings estimated for FY 2015-16 is Rs.6,443 crore and the total for both the years works out to Rs. 21,261 crores.

Average Subsidy per Cylinder (for that year)
Estimated Savings (in crores of rupees)
Rs. 369.72
3.34 * 369.72 * 12
Rs. 150.82
3.56 * 150.82 * 12

The total consumption of cooking gas in any given year is a combination of the number of connections at the beginning of the year, bogus connections eliminated during the year through the process of DBT under PAHAL, new connections issued to genuine consumers during the year and normal fluctuations in individual consumption. Hence, the saving from implementation of DBT cannot be correctly computed merely by reference to the total consumption in a year or the total expenditure on subsidy. If the DBT had not been implemented, the outgo on the subsidy would have been higher by Rs. 14,818 crore in 2014-15 and Rs. 6,443 crore in 2015-16. Hence the total savings from the elimination of fake/duplicate/ghost connection as a result of implementation of DBT for the two years together, as calculated above, is estimated at more than Rs. 21,000 crore. Since fake/duplicate/ghost connections are mostly used for diversion, hence it is assumed that the full entitlement would have been utilised. This figure is not comparable with the actual expenditure on subsidy which includes the subsidy on new genuine connections given during these two years. Without implementation of PAHAL, subsidy burden would have been higher than the actual expenditure recorded during these years, even with lower petroleum prices.

Furthermore, it should be noted that concrete evidence of successful elimination of bogus connections is seen in the phenomenal growth of non-subsidized commercial LPG sales which have registered an increase of 39.3% in the period April 2015 to March 2016. This is in contrast to the pre-PAHAL experience when commercial sales growth was negligible or declining.

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