‘Solid Waste Management Rules Revised After 16 Years; Rules Now Extend to Urban and Industrial Areas’: Javadekar

‘Solid Waste Management Rules Revised After 16 Years; Rules Now Extend to Urban and Industrial Areas’: Javadekar

Central Monitoring Committee Under Environment Secretary to Monitor Implementation
The Environment Ministry has revised Solid Waste Management Rules after 16 years.  Addressing a press conference to announce the revised Rules here today, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar said that the Rules are now applicable beyond municipal areas and will extend to urban agglomerations, census towns, notified industrial townships, areas under the control of Indian Railways, airports, airbase, port and harbour, defence establishments, special economic zones, State and Central government organizations, places of pilgrims, religious & historical importance.   

He pointed out that 62 million tonnes of waste is generated annually in the country at present, out of which 5.6 million tonnes is plastic waste, 0.17 million tonnes is biomedical waste, hazardous waste generation is 7.90 million tonnes per annum and 15 lakh tonne is e-waste.  He added that the per capita waste generation in Indian cities ranges from 200 grams to 600 grams per day.  Shri Javadekar underlined the fact that 43 million TPA is collected, 11.9 million is treated and 31 million is dumped in landfill sites, which means that only about 75-80% of the municipal waste gets collected and only 22-28 % of this waste is processed and treated.   “Waste generation will increase from 62 million tonnes to about165 million tonnes in 2030”, Shri Javadekar said.
The Minister said that the responsibility of generators has been introduced to segregate waste into three categories – Wet, Dry and Hazardous Waste.  He added that the generator will have to pay User Fee’ to the waste collector and a ‘Spot Fine’ for littering and non-segregation, the quantum of which will be decided by the local bodies.    Shri Javadekar emphasized that the government is keen on the integration of ragpickers from the informal sector to the formal sector.  The Environment Minister also highlighted that in case of hilly areas, land for construction of sanitary landfills in the hilly areas will be identified in the plain areas, within 25 kilometers. 
Shri Javadekar stated that waste processing facilities will have to be set up by all local bodies having 1 million or more population within two years. In case of census towns below 1 million population, setting up common, or  stand-alone sanitary landfills by, or for all local bodies having 0.5 million or more population and for setting up common, or regional sanitary landfills by all local bodies and census towns under 0.5 million population will have to be completed in three years.
The Government has also constituted a Central Monitoring Committee under the chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change to monitor the overall implementation of the Rules.   The Committee comprises the Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Ministry of Agriculture, Central Pollution Control Board,    three State Pollution Control Boards /Pollution Control Committees, Urban Development Departments of three State Governments, rural development departments from two State Governments, three urban local bodies, two census towns, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and two subject experts. The Committee will meet once an year to monitor the implementation of these Rules.

(I)        Some of the salient features of SWM Rules, 2016 include:-

1.                  The Rules are now applicable beyond Municipal areas and extend to urban agglomerations, census towns, notified industrial townships, areas under the control of Indian Railways, airports, airbase, Port and harbour, defence establishments, special economic zones, State and Central government organizations, places of pilgrims, religious & historical importance.

2.                  The source segregation of waste has been mandated to channelize the waste to wealth by recovery, reuse and recycle.

3.                  Responsibilities of Generators have been introduced to segregate waste in to three streams, Wet (Biodegradable), Dry (Plastic, Paper, metal, wood, etc.) and domestic hazardous wastes (diapers, napkins, empty containers of cleaning agents, mosquito repellents, etc.) and handover segregated wastes to authorized rag-pickers or waste collectors or local bodies.

4.                  Integration of waste pickers/ ragpickers and waste dealers/ Kabadiwalas in the formal system should be done by State Governments, and Self Help Group, or any other group to be formed.

5.                  No person should throw, burn, or bury the solid waste generated by him, on streets, open public spaces outside his premises, or in the drain, or water bodies.

6.                  Generator will have to pay User Fee’ to waste collector and for ‘Spot Fine’ for Littering and Non-segregation.

7.                  Used sanitary waste like diapers, sanitary pads should be wrapped securely in pouches provided by manufacturers or brand owners of these products or in a suitable wrapping material and shall place the same in the bin meant for dry waste / non- bio-degradable waste.

8.                  The concept of partnership in Swachh Bharat has been introduced. Bulk and institutional generators, market associations, event organizers and hotels and restaurants have been made directly responsible for segregation and sorting the waste and manage in partnership with local bodies.

9.                  All hotels and restaurants should segregate biodegradable waste and set up a system of collection or follow the system of collection set up by local body to ensure that such food waste is utilized for composting / biomethanation. 

10.              All Resident Welfare and market Associations,  Gated communities and institution with an area >5,000 sq. m should segregate  waste at source- in to valuable dry waste like plastic, tin, glass, paper, etc. and handover recyclable material to either the authorized waste pickers or the authorized recyclers, or to the urban local body. 

11.              The bio-degradable waste should be processed, treated and disposed of through composting or bio-methanation within the premises as far as possible. The residual waste shall be given to the waste collectors or agency as directed by the local authority.

12.              New townships and Group Housing Societies have been made responsible to develop in-house waste handling, and processing arrangements for bio-degradable waste.

13.              Every street vendor should keep suitable containers for storage of waste generated during the course of his activity such as food waste, disposable plates, cups, cans, wrappers, coconut shells, leftover food, vegetables, fruits etc. and deposit  such waste at waste storage depot or container or  vehicle as notified by the local authority.

14.              The developers of Special Economic Zone, industrial estate, industrial park to  earmark at least 5% of the total area of the plot or minimum 5 plots/ sheds for recovery and recycling facility.

15.              All manufacturers of disposable products such as tin, glass, plastics packaging etc. or brand owners who introduce such products in the market shall provide necessary financial assistance to local authorities for the establishment of waste management system.

16.              All such brand owners who sale or market their products in such packaging material which are non-biodegradable should put in place a system to collect back the packaging waste generated due to their production.  

17.              Manufacturers or Brand Owners or marketing companies of sanitary napkins and diapers should explore the possibility of using all recyclable materials in their products or they shall provide a pouch or wrapper for disposal of each napkin or diapers along with the packet of their sanitary products.

18.              All such manufacturers, brand owners or marketing companies should educate the masses for wrapping and disposal of their products.

19.              All industrial units using fuel and located within 100 km from a solid waste based RDF plant shall make arrangements within six months from the date of notification of these rules to replace at least 5 % of their fuel requirement by RDF so produced.

20.              Non-recyclable waste having calorific value of 1500 K/cal/kg or more shall not be disposed of on landfills and shall only be utilized for generating energy  either or through refuse derived fuel or by giving away as feed stock for preparing refuse derived fuel.

21.              High calorific wastes shall be used for co-processing in cement or thermal power plants.

22.              Construction and demolition waste should be stored, separately  disposed off, as per the Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016

23.              Horticulture waste and garden waste generated from his premises should be disposed as per the directions of local authority.

24.              An event, or gathering organiser of more than 100 persons at any licensed/ unlicensed place, should ensure segregation of waste at source and handing over of segregated waste to waste collector or agency, as specified by local authority.

25.              Special provision for management of solid waste in hilly areas:- Construction of landfill on the hill shall be avoided. A transfer station at a suitable enclosed location shall be setup to collect residual waste from the processing facility and inert waste.  Suitable land shall be identified in the plain areas, down the hill, within 25 kilometers for setting up sanitary landfill. The residual waste from the transfer station shall be disposed off at this sanitary landfill.

26.              In case of non-availability of such land, efforts shall be made to set up regional sanitary landfill for the inert and residual waste.

(II)       Municipal Solid Waste

            With the ever increasing population and urbanization, the waste management has emerged as a huge challenge in the country. Not only the waste has increased in quantity, but the characteristics of waste have also changed tremendously over a period, with the introduction of so many new gadgets and equipment. It is estimated that about 62 million tonnes of waste is generated annually in the country, out of which 5.6 million is plastic waste, 0.17 million is biomedical waste. In addition, hazardous waste generation is 7.90 million TPA and 15 lakh tonne is e-waste. The per capita waste generation in Indian cities range from 200 grams to 600 grams per day (2011).  43 million TPA is collected, 11.9 million is treated and 31 million is dumped in landfill sites.

(III)     Proper solid waste management

            Scientific disposal of solid waste through segregation, collection and treatment and disposal in an environmentally sound manner minimises the adverse impact on the environment. The local authorities are responsible for the development of infrastructure for collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing and disposal of MSW.

            As per information available for 2013-14, compiled by CPCB, municipal authorities have so far only set up 553 compost & vermi-compost plants, 56 bio-methanation plants, 22 RDF plants and 13 Waste to Energy (W to E) plants in the country. 

(IV)     Problems of unscientific MSW disposal

            Only about 75- 80% of the municipal waste gets collected and out of this only          22-28 % is processed and treated and remaining is disposed of indiscriminately at dump yards. It is projected that by the year 2031 the MSW generation shall increase to 165 million tonnes and to 436 million tons by 2050.  If cities continue to dump the waste at present rate without treatment, it will need 1240 hectares of land per year and with projected generation of 165 million tons of waste by 2031, the requirement of setting up of land fil for 20 years of 10 meters height will require 66,000 hectares of land. 

As per the Report of the Task Force of erstwhile Planning Commission, the untapped waste has a potential of generating 439 MW of power from 32,890 TPD of combustible wastes including Refused Derived Fuel (RDF), 1.3 million cubic metre of biogas per day, or 72 MW of electricity from biogas and 5.4 million metric tonnes of compost annually to support agriculture.

(V) Consultation process for new Solid Waste Rules

            The draft Solid Waste Management Rules were published in June, 2015 inviting public objections and suggestions. Stakeholders consultation meets were organized in New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. Consultative meetings with relevant Central Ministries, State Governments, State Pollution Control Boards and major hospitals were also held. The suggestions/objections (about 111) received were examined by the Working Group in the Ministry. Based on the recommendations of the Working Group, the Ministry has published the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016. 


Javadekar Hails Performance of IIFM, Bhopal in India Rankings 2016; Says All Institutes Under the Ministry will be Revamped to Enhance Performance

“I am very happy and congratulate the Director Dr Giridhar Kinhal and his team at Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM), Bhopal which has been ranked at Number 8 amongst the management institutions in the India Rankings 2016 released by Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India”, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar said here today.
The IIFM, Bhopal has done extremely well on all parameters related to “Graduation Outcome”, “Outreach and Inclusivity” and “Perception” among the general public. The IIFM, Bhopal is the only Management Institute of central ministries, other than Ministry of HRD, that figures in the top 10 management institutions in the country.

Shri Javadekar said that IIFM, Bhopal, has achieved real success through their programmes.  Earlier performance of institutions were based on only placements, but now Ministry of Human Resource Development has developed a comprehensive evaluation system with five main parameters and 17 sub-parameters, major parameters being Faculty Student Ratio; Metric for Faculty with Ph.D and Experience; Metric for Library, Studio & Laboratory Facilities; Metric for Sports and Extra Curricular Facilities; Research, Professional and Collaborative Performance; Combined Metric for Publications; combined Metric for Citations; Intellectual Property Right and Patents; Collaborative Publications and Patents; Footprint of Projects and Professional Practice, etc.
The Minister said that there are many other research and training institutes under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.  “We are determined to improve the quality and performance of all these institutes for which we are undertaking academic, research and management audit of all the institutes under the Ministry”, he said.


 Environment Ministry Organising 22nd Basic Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change 

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is organising the 22nd meeting of Brazil, South Africa, India and China, called the BASIC Group. The meeting is being organized in New Delhi on 6th and 7th April 2016. This is the first meeting of the BASIC Group, after the Paris Agreement was adopted in December 2015. The meeting is extremely relevant, as it will help to further consolidate the positions of the countries and secure the interests of developing countries, before the 196 UNFCCC member countries meet for the first time in May 2016 after the adoption of the Paris Agreement. It aims to discuss climate change related issues, including how to take forward the decisions adopted in the Paris Agreement. The Ministers will reflect and deliberate on various provisions of the Paris Agreement and related decisions including Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), transparency framework for action and support, matters relating to global stocktake, progress towards achieving the 20 C goal and the Pre 2020 Actions and review issues.

On the first day of the meeting, negotiators of all four countries will meet and prepare the groundwork for the Ministerial meeting. On April 7, the Ministerial meeting will be followed by a press conference. At the end of the two-day meeting, a Joint Statement will be issued by the Group of Ministers, highlighting the BASIC group position on the way forward for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and its decisions.

Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Mr. Prakash Javadekar, Special Representative for Climate Change Affairs of China, Mr. XieZhenhua, Deputy Minister of the Department of Environmental Affairs of South Africa, Ms. Thomson Barbara and Ambassador José Antonio Marcondes de Carvalho, Under Secretary-General for the Environment, Energy, Science and Technology of the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil will be attending the meeting, along with other officials of their country.

During the 21st meeting of the BASIC Group held in Beijing, China, in 2015, the Ministers had highlighted the importance of cooperation among developing countries. They had voiced their support for further strengthening common positions of developing countries in Paris through the Group of 77 and China. 


‘Challenge of Climate Change can be Mitigated by Adopting Latest Technology and Using Water Efficiently’: Javadekar
The Government has emphasized that the challenge presented by Climate Change can be mitigated by adopting latest technology for saving water and using water more efficiently. Speaking at the inaugural function of the 4th India Water Week here today, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar, said that the ferocity and frequency of erratic monsoons, untimely rains and more cycles of droughts and floods is being witnessed. The Environment Minister outlined eight initiatives taken by the Ministry that have started showing results: 1. Mandating industries to achieve water efficiency and adopt zero liquid discharge in distilleries and other industries. 2. Target is to reduce 50% water requirement in industries by adopting 3 Rs – Recover, Recycle and Reuse technology. The construction industry has also been mandated to harvest water and use it effectively through innovations like recharge it in borewell by filtering. 3. All Waste Management Rules revamped, with the aim of reducing pollution of water. Presently, nearly 50% solid waste goes into and pollutes water bodies. Reduce water pollution through new environmental governance. 4. Take up intensive watershed development programme in all reserved forests, so as to ensure water and fodder augmentation, which will sustain animal life. 5. Brought new sustainable sand mining rules, so that the rivers will not die. The essence of the new rule is that the quantity and place of sand mining will be decided by satellite mapping of the river to know where and how many sand deposits have accumulated. 6. Special afforestation programme being taken up in catchment areas of rivers. 7. Encourage river linking schemes. Ken-Betwa is being considered for approval and a decision will be given soon with adequate environmental safeguards. 8. With effective implementation of strict pollution regime, succeeded in reducing 30% of the industrial pollution in Ganga. Shri Javadekar said that the Prime Minister’s ‘mantra’ – “Per Drop, More Crop” is the guiding theme. He expressed happiness that Minister of Agriculture of Israel, Mr Uri Ariel has presented before the world how water resources can be used efficiently. 

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