Measures to Prevent Fire Incidents in Trains

Measures to Prevent Fire Incidents in Trains
As per corporate safety plan (2003-2013) it was targeted to reduce fire accidents on the trains from 14 to 3 by the year 2012-13. In the year 2012-13, 9 fire accidents took place on trains. Thus, there has been a reduction of 35% in the fire accidents on trains over the same period(2003-13). This declining trend is continuing in the current year & till 31.01.2016 there has not been a single case of fire accident on train.

Followings steps are being taken on Indian Railways to prevent fire accident in trains:-
Ø  Indian Railways have always endeavoured to enhance fire worthiness of coaches by using fire retardant furnishing materials to mitigate effect of fire. Specifications for such furnishing materials have been periodically reviewed to incorporate fire retardant parameters in line with UIC (International Union of Railways) and other international norms. All new manufacture of coaches/periodical overhauling of existing coaches is being carried out with fire retardant specifications of the furnishing materials wherever condition based replacements are warranted.
Ø  Fire extinguishers are being provided in all Air-conditioned coaches, Second class-cum-guard and luggage vans, Pantry cars and train locomotives.

Ø  Improved materials for electrical fittings and fixtures such as MCB (Miniature Circuit Breaker), light fittings, terminal boards, connectors etc., are being used progressively.

Ø  A pilot project for provision of Comprehensive Fire and Smoke Detection System has been taken up in one rake of New Delhi-Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express on East Coast Railway. Besides, one LHB (Linke Hofmann Busch) rake in New Delhi-Jammu Tawi Rajdhani train and one AC Double Decker rake running between Kachiguda-Tirupati/Guntur have also been provided with such a system. Based on the feedback from initial trails, Board has sanctioned for extended field trails in 2750 coaches.
Ø  Water mist type fire suppression system is being provided on power cars in phased manner.

Ø  Detailed instructions have been issued to zonal railways for observance of safe practices in handling of pantry cars and for ensuring periodical inspection of electrical and LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) fittings in the pantry cars.

Ø  Intensive publicity campaigns to prevent the travelling public from carrying inflammable goods are regularly undertaken.

Ø  Frequent drives against carrying of inflammable/dangerous articles in trains as well as station premises are undertaken.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Railways Shri Manoj Sinha in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha on 02.03.2016 (Wednesday).

MoUs with Japan and Russia in the various fields of Railways
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi was today apprised of the following Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) and Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs):-

(i)      The MoC signed between   Ministry of Railways (MoR) and Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), Japan on technological cooperation in Rail Sector on 11th December 2015. 

(ii)     The MoU signed between Ministry of Railways and Joint Stock Company "Russian Railways" on technical cooperation in railway sector on 24th December 2015.

(iii)    The MoU signed between Research Design & Standards Organization (RDSO) and Railway Technical Research Institute (RTRI), Japan on technological cooperation in railway sector on 11th December 2015.


Ministry of Railways have signed MoC/MoUs for technical cooperation in the rail sector with various foreign Governments and National Railways. The identified areas of cooperation include high speed corridors, speed raising of existingroutes, development of world class stations, heavy haul operations and modernization of rail infrastructure, etc. The cooperation is achieved through exchange of information on developments in areas of railways technologyoperations, knowledge sharing, technical visits, training & seminars and workshops in areas of mutual interest.

The MoUs provide a platform for Indian Railways to interact and share the latest developments and knowledge in the railway sector. The MoUs facilitate exchange of technical experts, reports and technical documents, training and seminars/workshops focusing on specific technology areas and other interactions for knowledge sharing.

 (i)       The Memorandum of Cooperation between MoR and MLIT of Japanwill enable technical cooperation in the following areas:-
(a)    Railway Safety;
(b)    Rolling stock including train sets/EMU;
(c)    Information sharing for station development and land value capture;
(d)    Information sharing for environment friendly Sanitation technology in trams;
(e)    Signaling and telecommunication;
(f)     Railway Electrification;
(g)    Civil structure and railway track system;
(h)    Train control system;   
(i)     Mitigation of natural disasters; and
(j)     Any other areas jointly determined by both Sides.

This MoC is valid for a period of three years. Thereafter it will be automatically renewed for further period of two years.

(ii)       The   MoU   signed   between Ministry of Railways   and   Russian Railways provides for technical cooperation in the following areas:

a)              High Speed Rail (HSR) in India;
b)             Modernization of existing lines of the Indian railways in order to raise train speeds up to 160-200 kmph;
c)             Modern Control and safety related Systems based on satellite navigation and digital communication means,
d)             Satellite and geo- information technologies;
e)              Transportation safety and cyber security;      
f)              Rolling stock;
g)             Heavy haul transportation;                        
h)             Organization of Human Resources training for the Indian Railways: secondary and higher vocational education of students and advanced training of staff members including managers;
i)               Station redevelopment
j)               Dedicated freight rail corridors;     
k)             Modernization, reconstruction and construction of track superstructure,civil engineering works, including bridges and tunnels; and
l)               Slab tracks.

This MoU is valid for a period of three years. Thereafter, it will be automatically renewed for further successive period of two years.

(iii)      The MoU signed between RDSO, India and RTRI, Japan provides for technical cooperation in the following areas:-  

(a)    Safety in train operation;
(b)    Advanced techniques of maintenance;
(c)    Use of environment friendly technologies;
(d)    Throughput enhancement measures; and
(e)    Any other area jointly agreed upon by the Parties.

This MoU is valid for a period of three years and it may be renewed for further period of one year at a time with mutual written agreement.

Development of Model Disabled Friendly Coach in Trains
As on 31.03.15, disabled friendly coaches with wider entrance doors for wheelchair access are more than 5% of total holding of Indian Railway coaches. It is endeavoured to provide at least one such disabled friendly coach in Mail & Express trains.

Second Class cum luggage and brake van with PWD (Persons with Disabilities) Compartment coaches and Power Cars for Garib Rath trains having provisions for PWD Compartment with air-conditioning are already in service. In these coaches, mobility-impaired person may require help for boarding.

However, accessibility to trains from low-level platforms has been identified as one of the challenge areas under ‘Navrachna-Innovation’ initiative.

For assistance to visually impaired travellers as well as those with normal vision, integrated Braille signages, i.e., signages superimposed with Braille scripts are being provided on newly manufactured coaches. Retrofitment on existing coaches has also been taken up in a phased manner.

Hearing impaired travelers with normal vision can also make use of these integrated Braille signages.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Railways Shri Manoj Sinha in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha on 02.03.2016 (Wednesday).
Special Trains

The details of approximate total number of special trains run during the last three years is as under:-

Special trains (In trips)

During last 3 years, following new types of rakes have been introduced :-

1. LHB type Mail & Express rakes: These have LHB AC as well as non-AC coaches, with higher carrying capacity, when compared with similar coaches of ICF design conventional type of coaches. Besides, these are safer and have better ride quality.

2. LHB AC Double Decker rakes: Coaches of these rakes have higher carrying capacity when compared with LHB Shatabdi type coaches.

3. Model rake: Model rake coaches have additional amenities:

i. Aesthetically appealing toilet modules provided with enhanced passenger amenities - big mirror, platform washbasin, controlled discharged water tap, odour control system, exhaust fan, LED lights, dustbin inside the toilet.
ii. Ergonomically designed Ladders.

iii. Snack tables provided for side berth passengers also.
iv. Windows with powered venetian blind provided in FAC coaches and roller blind in ACCW coaches.
v. Composite panels without visible screws.

vi. Provision of dustbin in all coaches.
vii. Enhanced scale of light fittings including berth reading lights in GSCN Coaches and embarking light in all classes of coaches.
viii. LED based berth indicators for reserved coaches.
ix. Provision of Passenger Address system & Passenger Information System in all the coaches.
x. The scale of mobile/ laptop charging points have been increased in all classes of coaches.
xi. Use of LED Lighting.
xii. Shifting of electrical junction points from passenger area to non-passenger area for enhanced safety.
xiii. Use of e-beam cables and polyamide conduits for enhanced electrical and fire safety.
xiv. Provision of fire extinguisher in all coaches.
xv. Provision of electrically operated chimney in Pantry Car.
xvi. Stainless steel panelling in Luggage Compartment of SLR.

Besides above, exterior and interior colour scheme of the coaches has also been changed to impart more pleasing feel to passengers.
The following types of special trains are running over Indian Railways:-
(A) On Normal fare similar to regular Time Tabled trains with concessions to all the eligible categories of passengers:
(i) Unreserved special train for all distances including Jansadharan Express.

(ii) To clear passengers due to hold up of traffic on account of incidents like accidents, floods, breaches, line blocks, cancellation of trains etc.
(B) Suvidha trains on variable fare structures with no concessions.

(C) Special trains on special charges with no concessions.

In case of special trains on normal fare structures, all the concessions are permissible as per Rule.

In case of trains having higher fare/variable fare structure for reserved class, no concession is permissible as per Rule.
However, unreserved class of special train on special charges and Suvidha trains are charged on the normal Mail/Express superfast fares.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Railways Shri Manoj Sinha in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha on 02.03.2016 (Wednesday).

Modern Coaches in Indian Railways
A work of upgrade to one semi-high speed LHB (Linke Hofmann Busch) rake with 200 kmph speed potential has been sanctioned. Design of these coaches also includes provision of automatic sliding entrance doors and electro-pneumatically assisted brake system.

Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala has been entrusted to manufacture these coaches. Estimated cost for upgrade is around
1 crore per coach as per sanction.

Neither any high speed coaches with speed potential greater than 200 kmph are under manufacture nor has any order been placed as yet.

Government has sanctioned implementation of Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed corridor in December 2015 with financial and technical assistance of Government of Japan. A new entity, National High Speed Rail Corporation has been formed in February 2016 to implement the project.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Railways Shri Manoj Sinha in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha on 02.03.2016 (Wednesday).
Multi – Functional Complexes at Railway Stations

 As a part of Railway’s commitment to upgrade/augment passenger amenities at Railway Stations on continuous basis, development of Multi Functional Complexes (MFCs) at Railway Stations was first announced in Railway Budget 2009-10 to provide rail user facilities like Shopping, Food Stalls & Restaurants, Book Stalls, PCOs/STD/ ISD/FAX Booths, Medicine & Variety Stores, Budget Hotels (subject to viability), parking, etc.
Initially, development of MFCs was assigned to Railway Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) who develop MFCs with their own equity
and to Rail Land Development Authority (RLDA) who develop MFCs through private sector participation. Total expenditure incurred by PSUs on construction of MFCs since beginning is approximately `109 Cr. No expenditure is incurred by RLDA for developing MFCs.
Subsequently, some of the MFCs were assigned to Zonal Railways. Works for developing MFCs by Zonal Railways are sanctioned under Plan Head – ‘Passenger Amenities’. Amenity-wise details of funds allocated/expenditure incurred is not maintained. Funds allocated/ expenditure incurred under Plan Head – ‘Passenger Amenities’ during the last three years and the current year is as under:
(` in crores) Year
Funds allocated (Revised Estimate)
2015-16 (upto Jan. 2016)
197 stations have been identified for development of Multi Functional Complexes (MFCs) on Indian Railways. These are Abu Road, Adra, Agartala, Ajmer, Alipurduar Jn., Allahabad, Alleppey, Amethi, Amritsar, Anand, Anandpur Sahib, Anara(Adra), Arsikere, Asansol, Aurangabad, Ayodhya, Azamgarh, Balasore, Ballygunge, Bangarpet, Bankura, Banspani, Bardhman, Bareilly, Barhni, Barrackpore, Bathinda Cantt., Behrampur, Bellary Jn., Belurghat, Belurmath, Bhagalpur, Bharatpur Jn., Bhavnagar, Bhilai, Bhubaneswar, Bhuj, Bikaner, Bilaspur, Birur, Bishnupur, Bolpur, Chandigarh, Chhindwara, Cuttack, Darjeeling, Davangere, Dehradun, Deoghar, Dhakuria, Dhanbad Jn., Dharmavaram (Near Puttaparthi), Diamond Harbour, Dibrugarh, Digha, Dimapur, Durg, Durgapur, Ernakulam Jn., Erode Jn., Gandhidham, Gaya, Ghatshila, Gondia, Gorakhpur, Gulbarga, Guntur, Hajipur, Haldia, Haridwar, Hazur Saheb Nanded, Hissar Jn., Hubli, Hyderabad, Indore, Islampur, Jabalpur, Jamalpur Jn., Jammu, Jammu Tawi, Jangipur, Jasidih, Jhansi, Jhargram, Jharsuguda Jn., Jhusi, Jodhpur, Junagarh Jn., Kacheguda, Kakdwip (Gangasagar), Kalyani, Kamakhya, Kancharapara, Kanyakumari, Kannur, Karimnagar, Kasargod, Kathgodam, Katihar Jn., Katra, Khajuraho, Kishangarh, Korba, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Krishnanagar City Jn., Kulti, Kurnool Town, Kurukshetra, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Mumbai, Ludhiana,  Madarihat, Madurai, Majerhat, Malda Town, Manmad, Mavelikara, Midnapore, Miraj Jn., Murshidabad, Mysore, Nabadwipdham, Nadiad Jn., Nagarcoil Jn., Naihati, Nasik Road, Neemuch, Nellore, New Alipore, New Farakka, New Mal, Nizamabad, Orai, Palakkad, Panipat, Patiala, Patna Sahib, Purulia, Rae Bareilly Jn., Raigarh, Raipur, Rajahmundry, Raja-ki-mandi, Rajgir, Rajkot, Rameshwaram, Ramnagar, Rampurhat, Ranchi, Ratlam, Raxaul Jn., Rayagada, Rewa, Rohtak, Sagardighi, Salem, Sambalpur, Sanchi, Sasaram, Sawai Madhopur Jn., Shegaon, Shimoga Town, Shirdi, Sikar Jn., Silchar, Siliguri, Siuri, Somnath, Sonepat, Srikakulam Road, Srinagar, Talcher, Tamluk, Tarakshewar, Tarapith, Tatanagar, Thakurnagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchchirappalli Fort, Tiruchchirappalli Jn., Tiruttani, Tiruvalla, Trichur, Tumkur, Udaipur, Udhampur, Ujjain, Vadodara, Varanasi, Vasai Road, Vellore, Vijayawada, Vishakapatnam, Vizianagaram Jn., Wardha, Yeshwantpur and Zahirabad (Medak).
This information was given by the Minister of State for Railways Shri Manoj Sinha in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha on 02.03.2016 (Wednesday).


Safety Fund Arrangement in Indian Railways
A Committee was constituted for putting up consolidated proposal for creation of ‘Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh(RRSK)’, a non-lapsable fund. The committee has submitted its report in December 2015. The committee in its report has envisaged the works of Track Renewal and Upgradation, Bridge Rehabilitation, Elimination of Level Crossings, Construction of Road Over Bridges/Road Under Bridges, Replacement and Improvement of Signalling System, Improvement and Upgradation of Rolling Stock, Replacement of Electrical Assets and Human Resource Development at a total cost of Rs.1,19,183 at current price level.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Railways Shri Manoj Sinha in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha on 02.03.2016 (Wednesday).

Measures to Prevent Misuse E-Ticket
Various remedial measures have been taken by the Railways to check the misuse of e-tickets including the following:-

1. Carrying of any one of the prescribed proofs of identity at the time of undertaking journey on e-tickets.

2. CAPTCHA has been put in place to check booking in batch mode and through Scripting related tools on the IRCTC e-ticketing website.

3. Check applied on minimum time required to enter the displayed CAPTCHA at the time of login by user, entering the Passenger details and making payment.

4. Agents are debarred from booking tickets during first thirty minutes of opening of booking i.e. from 0800 to 0830 hours for general booking, 1000 to 1030 hours and 1100 to 1130 hours for Tatkal booking on AC class and Non-AC class respectively. 5. Only one booking in one user login session except for return/onward journey between 0800 and 1200 hours.

6. An individual user can book a maximum of 06 tickets online in a month.

7. Regular joint drives are conducted by Commercial, Vigilance and Railway Protection Force against touts. These checks are intensified during peak rush/ festival periods. Touts are apprehended and prosecuted as per Section 143 of Railway Act, 1989.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Railways Shri Manoj Sinha in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha on 02.03.2016 (Wednesday).

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