Utilization of dredged sand in Cochin Port

Utilization of dredged sand in Cochin Port 
Cochin Port Trust has approached KITCO to undertake a study for utilisation of dredged sand. Cochin Port Trust has been exploring methods of reducing the net expenditure on maintenance dredging. One of the suggestions in this regard was utilization of the material from the dredging. 

Approximately 21 million cubic metres of dredged material is currently being dumped by the Port in the designated dumping zone in the sea, 20 KMs from the shoreline.

Earlier, efforts were made to use the material for landfills or as bio-fertilizers. But efforts have not yielded any positive result so far because of the presence of heavy metals on the one side, and the problems of taking the material from the trailing suction hopper dredgers that the Port deploys.

The Port has now decided to concentrate on the area around Puthu Vypeen, where sand is available. It is estimated that around 4 million cubic metres of sand is being dredged from an area of about 5 kms in the shipping channel and dumped in the outer sea every year.

The Port now proposes to use this sand for construction purposes after segregating and subjecting it to washing. This will be done on a PPP basis.

Around 24 acres of land is available to the west of the LNG terminal in Puthuvypeen. When the LNG terminal runs at 5 MMTPA, it will produce 2.4 MLD of de-mineralized water. This could be procured for washing operations on mutually acceptable terms from the Petronet LNG Ltd.

The Port proposes to call a tender-cum-auction for a sand mining operation to be located on this land; the period of the concession will be for 30 years. The Port will undertake the dredging and deliver the sand to this area by means of pipelines. The possibility of using the remaining dredged spoils will also be explored by the Port. 
Ministry of Shipping to invest Rs. 14,225 crores on various Port Projects 
In order to bring the Major Ports in India at par with its contemporaries across the world, Ministry of Shipping has been emphasizing on creation of additional capacities through development and construction of new berths/terminals, revamp of existing berths and terminals and other modernization projects. The Ministry’s focus is on improving the existing port infrastructure, modernization of the existing facilities and increasing port capacity. Currently, the level of mechanization is not at par as compared with other ports across the world. For e.g. Kolkata Port is only 30% mechanized whereas Kamarajar Port at Ennore has mechanization level of upto 90%. Operations in other Ports are also mechanized to varying degrees.

As part of the modernization process, Ministry of Shipping had hired a consultant for benchmarking the efficiency and productivity of major ports in India vis-a-vis international standards and suggest roadmap for improvement. A total of 101 recommendations were made by the consultant regarding improving the operations and efficiency of the Major Ports. These recommendations are under various stages of implementation.

Here, it must be noted that 26 investment projects with an investment of Rs. 10,543 crores and capacity of 155 MTPA (million tonnes per annum) were approved in 2014-15. During 2015-16, a total of 30 projects are to be awarded which will involve an investment of Rs. 14,225 crores and capacity enhancement by 162 MTPA.

The Ministry has also taken note of B.K. Chaturvedi Committee recommendations which stress on the need to increase draught of Major Ports to at least 14 meters, and in ports where it is technically feasible and economically efficient, the draught should be increased to 17 meters so that these ports can be developed into hub ports. The Ministry has taken initiatives to increase draft at Major Ports. All Major Ports except two namely VOC Port and Kolkata Port can handle 14 meter draft vessels. Dredging work is being carried out to increase the draft by 18 meters in order to cater to capesize vessels in two Major Ports namely Mormugao and Kamarajar . The investment in these dredging projects is estimated to be to the tune of Rs. 793 crores. 
JNPT handles highest ever container traffic since its inception 
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) as a whole handled 4.48 million TEUs of container traffic during the calendar year 2015 as compared to 4.47 million TEUs handled during the previous year 2014 registering a growth of 0.10%.

This is the highest ever container traffic handled in a calendar year since the inception of JNPT. Out of the total container traffic of 4.48 million TEUs, the share of Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal (JNPCT) is 1.37 million TEUs , which is 30.63% of the total container traffic at Jawaharlal Nehru Port, the share of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal Pvt Ltd (NSICT) is 1.09 million TEUs which is 24.37% of the total container traffic, share of NSIGT is 0.11 million TEUs (2.36%) and the remaining 1.91 million TEUs (42.64%) are contributed by APM Terminals, Mumbai (APMT/GTICT).

JNPCT, the port-owned and operated Container Terminal, handled 1.37 million TEUs (17.25 million tonnes) and registered a growth of 3.60% in terms of TEUs and 4.65% in terms of tonnes. JNPCT has handled the highest ever container traffic of 1.37 million TEUs in the calendar year 2015 since the inception of the port, surpassing the previous record of 1.35 million TEUs in the year 2006. 

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