Cloud Computing Would be a Solution for BIG Data Problem Opines Experts at the Indian Science Congress Being Held at Mysore

Cloud Computing Would be a Solution for BIG Data Problem Opines Experts at the Indian Science Congress Being Held at Mysore 

With over 2.5 quintillion bytes created every day, data storage and analysis has become a great challenge. Addressing “Big Data and Cloud Computing in Agri-Bioinformatics” in the plenary talk session of 103rd Indian Science Congress at the University of Mysore the Senior Scientist Indian agricultural Research Institute IARI Dr. A. K. Mishra said that Cloud computing can be the solution to Big data problem., 

Cloud computing is very important in BIG data analytics due to its application sharing and cost effective properties. This technology will help in current genomic data storage and analysis. To head towards sustainable livelihood and development, such analyses with respect to agriculture including plants and animals are crucial he said. 90% of the data in the world today has been created in the last two years alone, he explained.

Hundreds of Agricultural institutions across the country should be connected and for this CLOUD is a good option. Development of user friendly crop computational algorithms and tools is needed, he said.

Cloud computing poses problems for developers and users of cloud software as it requires large data transfers over precious low-bandwidth. This also raises new privacy and security issues. However, it is an increasingly valuable tool for processing large datasets and it is already used by the US federal government, pharmaceutical companies, internet companies, scientific labs and bioinformatics services, added Dr. Mishra.

Dr. Binay Panda who spoke on “Big Data and Personalized Medicine: Challenges and Opportunities for India”, Dr. Dinesh Gupta spoke on “Big Data Analysis in Biotechnology: Applications of Machine Learning and challenges towards clinical applications” and Dr. Michael Gromiha on “Algorithms and Applications of Bioinformatics in Big Data analysis”. Prof. T Madhan Mohan chaired the programme. 

Basic Sciences Needed for the Success of ‘Make In India’ Opines Nobel Laureates 
Advances in Basic sciences would be essential for applications. This was repeatedly emphasized by two Nobel laureates-Prof David Gross and Prof Serge Haroche, both Noble prize winners in Physics, as they delivered Nobel laureates talk at the 103rd Indian Science Congress in Mysore last evening. They explained as to how fundamental research in quantum physics had lead to applications in the field of electronics, medicine, with further prospects for quantum computers in years to come. ``Transistors did not come from entertainment companies. Nuclear technology was not discovered by oil companies with large budgets seeking alternate sources of energy, but by men like Einstein’’, Prof David Gross pointed out. He emphasized that science should also be pursued for sheer curiosity and said that a nation which did not encourage its youth to pursue basic science would lose brilliant minds to other nations where they were encouraged.

Nobel Laurete David J Gross said that the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s Make in India slogan requires Invent in India for newer technologies, and for that you have to Discover in India.

Pointing out that for Make in India, its products will have to be competitive as there are already superior and cheaper goods being manufactured in Korea and other countries, he felt. Prof. Gross said thatIndia has enormous potential and could do better by more investments in basic sciences and research and development.

The Nobel Laureate said that China has overtaken the US in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) last year and India is projected to do so by 2045. ``In 2000, both India and China invested 0.8 per cent of their GDP in science and research. By 2010, China’s investment had risen to close to two percent, while India’s was still at 0.8. Now, India has moved up to 0.9 while China’s investment is 2.8 per cent. Similarly, Brazil, another emerging economy invests over 2 per cent of GDP in science and research, South Korea 3.7. Most European countries too invest around 3.7 percent”, he said.

He felt that the Indian scientific and research apparatus was bureaucratic, rigid and ineffective and not up to standards of a country that would like to increase its investments. ``Lots have to change in how you manage science. I understand politicians; they are not sure how the money allocated will be spent. It is up to you (scientific community) now to change how those funds will be used’’, he asserted. Prof. Gross said that he would like to witness India progressing well in years to come.

Prof David Gross an American particle physicist and string theorist was awarded Nobel Prize in 2004 in Physics along with Frank Wilczekand and David Politzer, for their discovery of asymptotic freedom. Prof Serge Haroche is a French physicist who was awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize for Physics jointly with David J. Wineland for "ground-breaking experimental methods that enables measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems"- a study of the particle of light, the photon. Prof Serge Haroche today delivered a lecture on the subject of “What is Light?”: A question which has shaped our vision of the world through centuries. 

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) would induce Fertility among Male: Says Prof Manuela Simoni A Senior Researcher on the Subject at the India Science Congress 
"One third of the infertility in the world is due to the male reproductive problems. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) can used to induce fertility in hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and in male idiopathic infertility" said Prof Manuela Simoni of University of Moderna and Reggio Emillia, Italy addressing the session on Recent Advances in Male Reproduction as part of 103rd Indian Science Congress at University of Mysore.

Prof. Manuela referring to her study in the field said that, "FSH treatment can improve male fertility in selected cases. Idiopathic infertility in male which is caused by DNA fragmentation can be treated by FSH treatment. We have recently reviewed the pharmacogenetic potential of FSH for male idiopathic infertility and the study shows that FSH treatment induces male fertility significantly" added Manuela.

Speaking on this occasion, Dr C V Rao, of Florida International University brought out insight into Luteinizing Hormone (LH) which is released from pituitary gland that is required for reproductive competence in both the genders. The LH stimulation therapy is an effective way of treating infertility" he said. Dr. C V Rao added that, LH can directly regulate male and female reproduction tract functions. Prof Vassilios Papadopoulos, Prof Dianne M Creasy, and Martin Culty were present. Prof P P Mathur chaired the session on the subject of recent advances in Male reproductivity. 

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