National Crop Insurance Programme

National Crop Insurance Programme 
Continued efforts are being made to create awareness about crop insurance schemes by the extension division of implementing States in coordination with the insurance companies. The salient activities under awareness campaign, involve the publicity of features & benefits of the scheme through advertisements in leading National/local News Papers, telecast through audio-visual media, distribution of pamphlets, participation in agriculture fairs/mela/gosti and organization of workshops/trainings and SMS through Kisan Portal etc. State Governments/UTs are also being regularly persuaded to increase the coverage including notifying more crops under crop Insurance schemes. Recently, Chief Ministers of those States which did not opt till date or had opted but withdrew later on, have been requested to review the matter personally and issue necessary direction to implement the scheme for the benefits of the farmers.

Ten private General Insurance Companies have been empanelled alongwith Agriculture Insurance Company (AIC) of India Ltd for implementation of Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS) and Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) components scheme of NCIP.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Lok Sabha today. 

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana 
In order to enhance irrigation facilities in the country and also provide Har Khet ko pani, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has been approved for implementation across the country. Major objective of PMKSY is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at field level, expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on –farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop), enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of re-using treated Municipal Waste Water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.

In order to increase agricultural growth through enhancement of production and productivity of crops; Government of India is implementing, through State Governments various Crop Development Schemes/Programmes viz. National Food Security Mission (NFSM); Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH); National Mission on Oilseeds & Oilpalm (NMOOP); National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) etc.

As per Employment and Unemployment Survey conducted by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) for 2011-12 (latest available) the share of employment in agriculture has been 48.9% as compared to 24.3% in secondary and 26.8% in tertiary sectors.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Lok Sabha today. 

Promotion of Horticulture 
Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is being implemented during XII Plan under Krishi Unnati Yojana, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme w.e.f. 2014-15, for holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo. Under MIDH, the sub-scheme Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States (HMNEH) focuses on holistic development of horticulture in North Eastern region.

For the year 2014-15 the total contribution of Agriculture sector in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at constant price (2011-12) is approximately 17%. Horticulture accounts for 30% (approx) of India’s agricultural GDP. During the year 2013-14 total value of export of Horticulture is Rs. 14,365 crore.

MIDH scheme also encourages aggregation of farmers into farmers groups like FIGs/FPOs and FPCs to bring economy of scale and scope, enhance horticulture production augment farmer’s income and strengthen nutritional security, improve productivity by way of quality germ plasm, planting material and water use efficiency through Micro Irrigation, support skill development and create employment generation opportunities for rural youth in horticulture. Capacity buildings of farmers and technitions is also provided for adopting improved technologies, through existing institutions like State Agriculture Universities, Krishi Vigyan Kendras, institutes with Department of Horticulture in States. Scheme also envisages creation of infrastructure for Post Harvest Management (PHM) and marketing for better price realization of produce in order to ensure sustainable and insured livelihood for people employed in horticulture sector.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Lok Sabha today. 

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