Impact of Climate Change in NER

Impact of Climate Change in NER 
A study has been conducted by the Indian Network of Climate Change Assessment (INCCA) to assess the impact of climate change on four key sectors of Indian economy, namely agriculture, water, natural ecosystems & biodiversity and health in four climate sensitive regions of India, namely the Himalayan region, the Western Ghats, the Coastal Area and the North-East Region (NER). Based on this, a report titled "Climate Change and India: A 4X4 Assessment - A Sectoral and Regional Analysis for 2030s" was published in 2010. The study projects an overall warming, increase in precipitation with variable water yield, change in the composition of the forests, spread of Malaria in new areas and threats of its transmission for longer duration, which are likely to cause adverse impact on the lives of human beings. 

The report projects rise in temperature in the North Eastern Region (NER) in the range of 1.8° C to 2.1° C and increase in the mean annual rainfall in the order of 0.3% to 3% in 2030s, with respect to the 1970s. Projected increase of night-time temperature may lead to decrease in the production of rice and may affect the nutritional health of the population. Soil erosion due to increase in intensity of precipitation events may lead to an increase in occurrence of landslides, affecting agriculture activities, including tea plantations. The report also projects that the window of transmission of malaria may remain open for at least for 7 to 9 months in a year.

Climate Change related activities are addressed through various schemes of Government of India by integrating these concerns into programme implementation. The Government has formulated the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) in June 2008 to deal with the climate change related issues. NAPCC comprises eight Missions in specific areas of solar energy, enhanced energy efficiency, sustainable habitat, water, sustaining Himalayan Ecosystems, Green India, sustainable agriculture and strategic knowledge for climate change.

Thirty two States/Union Territories including all States from North Eastern Region have prepared State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) consistent with objectives of NAPCC and incorporating State specific vulnerabilities, adaptation needs and other priorities. SAPCC will be implemented by the States through State plans, Central Schemes and other sources of funding. A thematic scheme on "Climate Change Action Programme (CCAP)" with an outlay of Rs. 290 Crores was launched during the 12th Five Year Plan to address the issues related to climate change. Coordinated studies on climate change in the North Eastern Region is one of the components under CCAP to undertake studies on impacts of climate change on forests biodiversity, water, agriculture and human settlement with a view to develop adaptation and mitigation benefits in the region.

This was stated by Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region (Independent Charge) Dr. Jitendra Singh in Lok Sabha today in a written reply to a question by Shri Jagdambika Pal. 
Assessment of Socio-Economic Challenges 
Difficult hilly terrain, inaccessible areas, sparse population, inadequate physical infrastructure, poor financial resource base are the major challenges for development of the North Eastern Region (NER) of the country. Recognizing the challenges and the need for significant levels of investment in the region, there has been constant focus of the Government of India for development of the region through special programmes for social and physical Infrastructure development, human resource development, capacity building, etc. Development efforts of the States of the region are also being supplemented through liberal funding pattern of the sectoral developmental schemes and area specific development packages.

This was stated by Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region (Independent Charge) Dr. Jitendra Singh in Lok Sabha today in a written reply to a question by Shri Kanwar Singh Tanwar. 
Helicopter Service in NER 
In order to provide connectivity to remote areas and difficult terrains, helicopter services are in operation within the States of North East and also for inter-state services in the Region. Helicopter services are in operation in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagland, Sikkim and Tripura under a subsidy scheme, of Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA). Under this scheme cost of operation after deducting recovery from passengers, is shared in the ratio of 75:25 between MHA and North Eastern States.

Under the scheme, Pawan Hans Helicopters Ltd (PHHL), a public sector enterprise under the Ministry of Civil Aviation, is the major service provider in the North Eastern States. In addition, States also engages private helicopter services under the scheme.

This was stated by Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region Dr. Jitendra Singh in Lok Sabha today in a written reply to a question by Shri Baijayant Jay Panda. 

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