Assistance to Farmers for Loss of Crops

Assistance to Farmers for Loss of Crops 
State Governments initiate necessary relief measures to farmers in the wake of drought from State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) which is readily available with them. Additional financial assistance to State Government, over and above SDRF, is considered from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) on receipt of relief memoranda from State Governments and in accordance with extant norms and procedures. During Kharif 2015, the Governments of Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jharkhand declared drought in parts of their States and submitted memoranda seeking financial assistance for drought affected areas from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF). An amount of Rs.1540.20 crore has been approved for Karnataka from NDRF. The proposals from other States are at various stages of processing / finalisation. 

Besides other measures and provisions of funds under SDRF as also NDRF, the following interventions have been made in the wake of deficient rainfall as per IMD forecast of below average monsoon:

a) Implementation of Diesel Subsidy Scheme for protective irrigation of crops;

b) Enhancement of ceiling on seed subsidy to partially recompense the farmer for the additional expenditure incurred in resowing and/or purchasing appropriate varieties of seeds;

c) Implementation of interventions on perennial horticulture crops under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH);

d) Implementation of Additional Fodder Development Programme (AFDP) as a sub- scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).

Central Government has relaxed the norms under MGNREGA to provide additional employment of 50 days over and above the 100 days per household under MGNREGA in the areas affected by natural calamities including drought for the current year. Central Research Institute of Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), in collaboration with State Agricultural Universities has prepared contingency plans for 600 districts for implementing location specific interventions to sustain agriculture production in the eventuality of any extreme climatic events. States have also been advised to ensure availability of short duration and drought tolerant varieties of seeds so as to be in a position to supply them to farmers in case such a need arises. All State Governments have also been advised to initiate advance remedial action e.g. constructing water harvesting structures under MGNREGA and other such schemes, promoting agronomic practices for moisture conservation, promoting cultivation of less water consuming crops and restoring irrigation infrastructure by desilting canals, energizing tube-wells, replacing/repairing faulty pumps, etc.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 

Government to Promote Organic and Innovative Techniques of Farming 
Government is promoting organic farming through various schemes/ programmes under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)/ Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) of NMSA, Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Mission on Oilseeds & Oil Palm (NMOOP) Network Project on Organic Farming of ICAR and National Programme on Organic Production (NPOP) of APEDA.

The Government is implementing Soil Health Management under National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). Soil Health Management (SHM) is one of the components under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). SHM aims at promoting Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) through judicious use of chemical fertilizers including secondary and micro nutrients in conjunction with organic manures and biofertilizers for improving soil health and its productivity; upgradation of skill and knowledge of soil testing laboratory staff, extension staff and farmers through training and demonstrations.

“Soil Health Card” Scheme is also implementing in the country since February 2015 to provide Soil Health Card to all farmers in the country. Soil Health Card will provide information to farmers on soil nutrient status of their soil and recommendation on appropriate dosage of nutrient to be applied for improving soil health and its fertility. Soil health card will be issued every 3 years for all land holdings in the country. Under this scheme, also financial assistance is given to State Governments for training of farmers on application of further on soil test basis, amounting to Rs. 24000/- per training.

The Government under Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) w.e.f. 2014-15. The following new technology machines/equipment have been identified and promoted under SMAM for planting, ploughing and harvesting of paddy, wheat and pulse

Planting machines - Resource conversation technologies such as Zero till machine, strip till drill, happy seeder, raised bed planter, paddy transplanter, pneumatic planter, ridge furrow planter, multi-crop planter, pneumatic vegetable seeder etc.

Ploughing machines - Mould board plough, disc plough, hydraulically reversible mould board plough.

Harvesting machines - Multi crop combine harvester, crop reaper (self propelled and tractor operated), reaper -cum- binder, brush cutter etc. As far as mode of educating farmers for use of these machines, the details are as under informed:-

The Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institutes (FMTTIs) conduct training programmes on operation, maintenance and repair of agricultural machines for farmers. The farmers admitted in these training programmes are provided stipend @ Rs. 500/-per week, to and fro travel expenses on actual basis and lodging is provided free of cost in the hostel of the Institutes. Financial assistance @ Rs.4000/- per person per week is also provided to the State Governments and ICAR Institutions for conducting training of farmers through the institutions identified by them.

The FMTTIs also conduct demonstration of the equipments on the farmers' field in order to promote adoption of these equipments by the farmers. Financial assistance @ Rs. 4000 per hectare is also provided to the State Government and ICAR institutions for conducting demonstration of equipments on the farmers’ fields.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 

Supply of New Varieties of Seeds to Farmers 
To ensure seedS & fertilizers availability to farmers on time the following actionS are taken by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW):-

• In the beginning of crop, season seed requirement and source wise availability of seedS is assessed through the state Agriculture Department.

• As per the requirement, district wise and source wise seed distribution target is fixed and this is monitored at state and central levels through regular meetings/reviews.

• To make available chemical fertilizers (Urea, DAP, MOP & NPK) to farmers on time, the following arrangements have been made by Department of Fertilizers:

• The month-wise demand is assessed and projected by the Department of Agriculture, Co-operation and Farmers Welfare (DAC &FW) in consultation with the State Governments before commencement of current cropping season.

• On the basis of month-wise & state-wise projection given by DAC&FW, Department of Fertilizers allocates sufficient/adequate quantities of fertilizers to States by issuing monthly supply plan and continuously monitoring the availability through following system:

(i) The movement of all major subsidized fertilizers is being monitored throughout the country by an on-line web based monitoring system ( also called as Fertilizer Monitoring System (FMS).

(ii) The State Governments are regularly advised to coordinate with manufacturers and importers of fertilizers for streamlining the supplies through timely placement of indents for railway rakes through their state institutional agencies like Markfed etc.

(iii) Regular Weekly Video Conference is conducted jointly by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW), Department of Fertilizers (DoF), and Ministry of Railways with State Agriculture Officials and corrective actions are taken to dispatch fertilizer as indicated by the State Governments.

(iv) The gap between demand (requirement) and production is met through import.

In all existing 8460 panchayats in Bihar, new types of seeds have been made available to farmers by implementing various central and state schemes like Chief Minister Seed Crash Programme, Integrated Seed Village Scheme and Distribution of Certified Seeds through various schemes.

All types of fertilizers which are notified under Fertilizer Control Order (FCO), 1985 are made available in sufficient quantity through 23924 retail fertilizers dealers to the farmers in the state.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 

Rabi Crops Sowing Crosess 496 Lakh Hactare 

          As per preliminary reports received from the States, the total area sown under Rabi crops as on 18th   December, 2015 stands to 496.58 lakh hectares.
             Wheat has been sown/transplanted in 239.45 lakh hectares, pulses in 123.70 lakh hectares, coarse cereals in 52.45 lakhhectares. Area sown under oilseeds is 69.20 lakh hectares and Rice is 11.79 lakh hectares.      
 The area sown so far and that sown during last year this time is as follows:
                                                                                                                              Lakh hectare 
Area sown in 2015-16
Area sown in 2014-15
Coarse Cereals

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