Detention Policy in Primary Education




Change in No-Detention Policy
Section 16 of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 stipulates that ‘No child admitted in a school shall be held back in any class or expelled from school till the completion of elementary education’. Thus, the policy covers elementary stage of schooling covering classes 1 to 8.


In pursuance of a resolution adopted in the 59th meeting of the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) held on 6th June, 2012, a Sub-Committee was constituted for assessment of implementation of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) in the context of No-Detention provision in the RTE Act, 2009. The Sub-Committee submitted its report in August, 2014. The report of the Sub-Committee was placed before CABE in its meeting held on 19.8.2015, wherein it was decided to request all States/UTs to share their views on the No-Detention policy. 28 States have shared their views on the No Detention policy out of which 23 States have suggested modification to the No Detention policy.

In pursuance of the decision taken in the CABE Committee meeting held on 19.8.2016, another Sub-Committee under the Chairpersonship of Prof. Vasudev Devnani, Minister of Education, Government of Rajasthan was constituted on 26.10.2015 inter-alia, to review the feedback received from States/UTs on the ‘No-Detention’ policy.The recommendations of the Committee are as under:

(i) There should be an examination at Class 5. It should be left to the States and UTs to decide whether this exam will be at the school, block, District or State Level.

(ii) If a child fails then allow the child an opportunity to improve. There should be additional instruction provided to children and the child should be given an opportunity to sit for another exam. If the child is unable to pass the exam in the second chance, then detain the child.

(iii) At Classes 6 and 7, there should be a school based exam for students.

(iv) At Class 8, there should be an external exam. In case the child fails, the child should be given additional instruction and then appear for an improvement exam. If fails again then detain. The matter regarding amendment to Section 16 of the RTE Act, 2009 is under the active consideration of this Ministry.

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Committee on Various Aspects of Education
A sectoral Group of Secretaries was formed to look into ‘Education and Social Development’.

The terms of Reference of the Group was as follows:

(i) A Mid-Term Review of Major Policies/Programs/Schemes/Projects (including Flagship Schemes) of each Ministry/Department in the Group and suggest realignment of physical targets, financial outlays and implementation strategies up to the year 2018-19, wherever considered necessary. The implementation strategies may be framed keeping in view the different priorities and capabilities of various State Governments. In this context, focus may also be given to measures for reduction in regional disparities. The Group was expected to carry out a critical review of schemes with a view to preparing an Action Plan with corrective measures and monitoring mechanism;

(ii) Pinpoint the possibilities of convergence between programs/schemes of various Ministries;

(iii) Recommend new Tax and Non-Tax initiatives for the Budget 2017-18, with emphasis on creative, innovative and practical ideas for each Ministry/Department;

(iv) Suggest new policy initiatives in light of emerging trends & challenges in the sector and make specific recommendations for job creation, harnessing the demographic dividend and for meeting the rising aspirations of the weaker section of society;

(v) Review processes, procedures & institutions with focus on Citizen centric simplification / fast-tracking;

(vi) Review all autonomous Organizations within their fold in terms of their continuance etc.;

(vii) Review role of CPSUs, their JVs & Subsidiaries (excluding those which have been reviewed by NITI Aayog) and suggest appropriate actions in regard to them;

(viii) Review Implementation of Observations and directions given by Hon'ble Prime Minister/Ministries and PMO in the last two and half years;

(ix) Develop full proof mechanisms for eliminating parking of funds under various schemes. The Group of Secretaries made the following recommendation under the theme of ‘Promote English and Science in school education’ of School Education Sector:

(i) English to be a compulsory subject in schools from standard 6 onwards;

(ii) At least one English medium school in every block;

(iii) Science education facility to be ensured in a radius of 5 kilometers.

The Report of the Group of Secretaries on Education and Social Development incorporates recommendations of the Group made across all the themes. The excerpt from the report describing this recommendation and action points in particular on promoting English and Science in school education is as under:

(i) English to be a compulsory subject in schools from standard 6 onwards: English will be a subject from standard 6 to 10 in all schools.

(ii) At least one English medium school in every block: This proposal has been endorsed. (iii) Science education facility to be ensured in a radius of 5 kilometers: Guidelines have been issued under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) to all the States/UTs to facilitate them for establishment, maintenance and management of Integrated Science and Mathematics Laboratory for Secondary Stage (Classes IX and X).

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Scholarship for Students Pursuing Education in Foreign Universities
Government scholarships for students undertaking higher education in foreign universities in the field of art, agriculture, law, medicine, engineering are as follows:- 
 
1. National Overseas Scholarship for Scheduled Tribe Students: The scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided to meritorious Scheduled Tribe students for pursuing Master level courses, Ph.D. and Post-Doctoral Research Programmes in foreign universities in the field of Engineering, Technology and Science. The family income ceiling of the candidates/parents is Rs. 6.00 lac per annum.
 
2. National Overseas Scholarship for Scheduled Caste students: The scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided for pursuing Master level course and Ph.D. in foreign universities in the field of Pure and Applied Sciences, Social Science, Agricultural Science etc. The family income ceiling of the candidates/parents is Rs. 6.00 lac per annum. The number of awards available is 100 per annum.
 
3. Dr. Ambedkar Scheme of Interest Subsidy on Educational Loan for Overseas Studies for the Students belonging to the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and Economically Backward Classes (EBCs): The scheme is implemented by Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The objective of the scheme is to provide interest subsidy to meritorious OBC and EBC students so as to provide them opportunities to pursue higher education abroad in the field of Arts, Engineering, Medical and Agriculture. The income ceiling is Rs. 3 lakh per annum for OBCs and Rs. 1 lakh for EBCs. 50% of the outlay is earmarked to girl students.
 
4. Padho Pardesh:- The Ministry of Minority Affairs  is implementing the scheme wherein interest subsidy is provided to minority students to puruse Master’s Level Courses, M.Phil and Ph.D. in foreign universities in the field of Arts, Engineering, Agriculture and Medical. The family income ceiling of the candidates/parents is Rs. 6.00 lakh per annum.
 
5. Overseas Doctoral Fellowship Programme:- The scheme is implemented by Science and Engineering Research Board, a statutory body of Department of Science and Technology. The objective of the scheme is to build national capacity where the talent supply of researchers in areas of interest to the country is sub-critical.  The selected fellow is provided US $ 24,000 per annum for a period of 4 years for undertaking the doctoral research program in Science, Technology, Engineering and Medicine from overseas top ranking universities.

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