UNESCO report on Universal Educational Goals

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UNESCO report on Universal Educational Goals
In it’s Global Education Monitoring Report, 2016, UNESCO has claimed that India will be half a century late in achieving its universal education goals. The Report also states that India will achieve universal primary education by 2050, universal lower secondary education (Grades VI - VIII in case of India) by 2060 and universal upper secondary education (Grades IX-XII in case of India) by 2085.

UNESCO has informed that these projections have been made based on past trends. It has not involved the Ministry of Human Resource Development in this exercise.
With the enactment of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 which provides for free and universal elementary education and the implementation of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, which is the key vehicle to implement the RTE Act, near universal access and enrolment has been achieved at the primary and upper primary level.
As per UDISE 2014-15, the Gross Enrolment Ratio at primary and upper primary level is 100.08% and 91.24% respectively. Additionally, near universal access has been achieved at the elementary level of schooling and 97% and 96.6% habitations have been covered with primary and upper primary schools respectively.
The Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) provides for universalisation of access to and improvement of quality at the secondary stage. As per UDISE 2014-15, the Gross Enrolment Ratio at secondary and higher secondary level is 78.51% and 54.21% respectively.
Overall there has been substantial growth in enrolment in secondary education (Grade IX-X) in the country. Total enrolment for Grades IX and X has increased from 30.7 million in 2009-10 to 38.3 million students in the academic year 2014-15. This represents a 24.8% increase over a five-year period. There has also been steady improvement in the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER). The national average GER increased by 15.6 percentage points (from 62.9% in 2009-10 to 78.5 % in 2014-15). Accordingly, it is envisaged that the target of universal secondary (Grades IX-X) education will be achieved sooner than 2030.
The statements and predictions made in the UNESCO Report are based on past linear trends and assumptions. It is expected that in view of the increased emphasis on programmatic initiatives aimed at reducing out of school children, current new policy and targeted interventions India may be able to achieve the goals of universal primary, lower secondary and secondary education much earlier.
This information was given by the Minister of State (HRD), Shri Upendra Kushwaha today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question.

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Number of teachers for disabled students
The Government of India is implementing Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) as the main programme for universalising elementary education for all children from 6-14 years of age. Its overall goals include universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in education and enhancement of learning levels of children. The focus of SSA is on providing inclusive education to children with special needs (CWSN), wherein children with and without disabilities participate and learn together in the same class.
CWSN need inclusive teaching strategies, adapted curriculum, adapted teaching techniques and modified evaluation strategies. In line with this, the National Council for Educational Research and Training has developed material for training of regular teachers in curricular adaptation at primary and upper primary level. So far 3.59 lakh regular teachers have been trained on this material.
To further strengthen the skills of regular teachers to teach CWSN, they are given category specific training. 195027 teachers have been trained on low vision, 102961 teachers on disabilities, 227206 teachers on intellectual disability, 151977 teachers on cerebral palsy, 189580 teachers on learning disabilities, 173544 teachers on multiple disabilities and 134240 teachers on Autism have been trained till now in SSA.
In Chhattisgarh till now, 799 teachers have been trained on low vision, 10047 teachers have been oriented to the needs of children with blindness, 1317 teachers have been sensitized to the needs the children with mental retardation, 700 teachers have been given training on cerebral palsy, 923 teacher on learning disabilities, 1044 teachers have been trained on multiple disabilities and 956 teachers have been imparted training on Autism under the SSA.
Besides under SSA, two resource persons are engaged in every Block Resource Centre exclusively for CWSN. Under SSA 18174 such resource persons are engaged. In Chhattisgarh, 215 such resource persons are engaged. In Chhattisgarh, 25301 regular teachers have been trained on curricular adaptations.
The Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) component of the integrated Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan caters to the needs of CWSN at secondary level of schooling. Under the IEDSS, any school where the number of the children with disabilities is more than 5, should appoint one special educator. In case the number of children is less, the special educator can work for a cluster of schools. In accordance with this ratio, the requisite number of special educators may be appointed in schools (or for a cluster of schools) for children requiring special teacher support. The special educators provide counselling to the parents, help in identifying the needs of CWSN and help in other ways whenever necessary. 3245 special educators approved under IEDSS are in position at present.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development is giving grant to States and UTs for the salary component of special educators, the subject matter of their recruitment and deployment comes within the purview of the States and UTs concerned.
This information was given by the Minister of State (HRD), Shri Upendra Kushwaha today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question.

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