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Study on Conditions of Muslim Population in the Country


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Study on Conditions of Muslim Population in the Country

Pursuant to the receipt of Sachar Committee Report and under the Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme, with an objective to enhance opportunities for education, ensure an equitable share for minorities in economic activities and employment, enhanced credit support for self-employment, recruitment to State and Central Government jobs, skill development of minorities, measure for special  development initiatives, protection and management of Waqf Properties, etc. the Government has already undertaken various schemes/initiatives for the welfare of six notified minorities, including Muslims, the details of which are listed.


All these schemes/initiatives are being implemented by various Ministries/ Departments of the Central Government either exclusively or by earmarking of 15% of overall physical/financial target (under the scheme) or by monitoring the flow of funds in the minority concentration areas for the welfare of minorities throughout the country.  These schemes are being implemented in addition to other schemes of the Central and State Governments, which are meant for different beneficiaries stipulated under such schemes without any differentiation on socio-religious ground.  The details of implementation of these schemes/initiatives are available on the website of the Ministry of Minority Affairs – www.minorityaffairs.gov.in

Subsequently, the Ministry of Minority Affairs constituted a committee on 05.08.2013 under the Chairmanship of Prof. Amitabh Kundu to evaluate the process of implementation of decisions taken by Government of India on the recommendations of Sachar Committee Report; to assess the schemes/programmes implemented by the Ministry of Minority Affairs; to assess the efficacy of the Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme, etc. The committee submitted its report on 09.10.2014. The report of the committee was examined in the Ministry of Minority Affairs and decided that since the recommendations of the committee are overarching, covering the policies and programmes of other Ministries/Departments also, the views of the concerned Ministries/Departments are required. Accordingly, all the concerned Ministries/Departments have been requested to give their views/comments on the recommendations of the committee. Further action is contingent upon receipt of the comments from all the concerned stakeholders.

The Ministry of Minority Affairs has not received any such report.

The Government of West Bengal has informed that such study was conducted by a private organization and it has not taken cognizance of that study.

Details of schemes / initiatives for the welfare of minorities are as under:

i. Enhancing opportunities for education
a. Pre-Matric Scholarship
b. Post-Matric Scholarship
c. Merit-cum-Means  Scholarship
d. Maulana Azad National Fellowship
e. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme for providing services through Anganwadi Centres
f. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and opening of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas
g.‘Padho Pardesh'- Interest subsidy on educational loans for overseas studies
h.‘Nai Udaan'- Support for students clearing Prelims conducted by UPSC, SSC, State Public Service Commissions, etc.
i. Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madarsas (SPQEM)
j. Scheme for Infrastructure Development of Minority Institutions (IDMI)
k. Greater Resources for Teaching Urdu
l. Free Coaching and Allied Scheme
m. Schemes of Maulana Azad Education Foundation (MAEF) for promotion of education.
n. Mid Day Meal Scheme
o. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
p. Sakshar Bharat/ Maulana Azad Taleem-e-Balighan
q. Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)
r. Block Institutes of Teachers Education
s. Women’s Hostel.

ii. Ensuring an equitable share for minorities in economic activities
a. Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (renamed as Aajeevika/ National Rural Livelihood Mission)        
b. Swarn Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) (renamed as National Urban Livelihood Mission)
c. 'Seekho Aur Kamao' – Skill Development Initiatives
d. Upgrading Skill and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development (USTTAD)
e. Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)
f. Restructuring of NMDFC and Loan schemes of National Minority Development & Finance Commission (NMDFC)
g. Bank credit under Priority Sector Lending
h. Issue of guidelines for giving special consideration for recruitment of minorities.
i. Opening of new Bank Branches/ awareness campaigns.
j. Nai Manzil - An integrated Education and Livelihood Initiative for the Minority Communities

iii. Improving the conditions of living of minorities
a. Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY)
b. Basic Services for Urban Poor (BSUP)
c. Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP)
d. Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG)
e. Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT)
f. National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)
g. Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP)
h. Waqf matters
i. Strengthening of State Waqf Boards
j. Computerisation of records of States Waqf Boards.

iv. Prevention and control of communal disharmony and violence
a. Issue of guidelines on communal harmony.

v.Others
a. 'Nai Roshni'- Leadership development of minority women
b. ‘Jiyo Parsi’- Scheme for containing population decline of small minority community
c. Hamari Dharohar
d. Representation of minorities in Urban & Rural local bodies
e. Exemption of Waqf properties from State Rent control Act
f. Appropriate training modules to be prepared for sensitization of Government functionaries
g. Multi-media campaign for wide publicity of Government schemes/programmes
h. Annual Meeting between CWC and ASI and protection of Waqf monuments
i. Setting up of Assessment & Monitoring Authority (AMA)
j. Setting up of National Data Bank (NDB)
k. Review of Delimitation Act
l. Dissemination of information in vernacular languages.

************

Percentage of Muslims in Government Jobs


As per the data made available under Census 2011, the details of Work Participation Rate (WPR) amongst major religious groups are as under:

Major religious groups          WPR
Hinduism 41%
Islam 32.6%
Christianity 41.9%
Sikhism 36.3%
Buddhist 43.1%
Jains 35.5%
Other religions and persuasions 48.5%
Religion not stated 31.3%
All 39.8%

The recruitment of minorities in Government, Public Sector Banks, Public Sector Undertakings was 8.57% in 2014-15.  Religion-wise data as well as employment in Private sector are not maintained.

Pursuant to the receipt of Sachar Committee Report and under the Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme, with an objective to enhance opportunities for education, ensure an equitable share for minorities in economic activities and employment through existing and new schemes, enhanced credit support for self-employment, recruitment to State and Central Government jobs, skill development of minorities, measure for special  development initiatives, protection and management of Waqf Properties, etc. the Government has already undertaken various schemes/initiatives for the welfare of minorities, the details of which are at Annexure.

All these schemes/initiatives are being implemented by various Ministries/ Departments of the Central Government either exclusively or by earmarking of 15% of overall physical/financial target (under the scheme) or by monitoring the flow of funds in the minority concentration areas for the welfare of minorities throughout the country.  These schemes are being implemented in addition to other schemes of the Central and State Governments, which are meant for different beneficiaries stipulated under such schemes without any differentiation on socio-religious ground.  The details of implementation of these schemes/initiatives are available on the website of the Ministry of Minority Affairs – www.minorityaffairs.gov.in


Details of schemes / initiatives for the welfare Of minorities are as under:

I. Enhancing opportunities for education
a. Pre-Matric Scholarship
b. Post-Matric Scholarship
c. Merit-cum-Means  Scholarship
d. Maulana Azad National Fellowship
e. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme for providing services through Anganwadi Centres
f. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and opening of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas
g. ‘Padho Pardesh'- Interest subsidy on educational loans for overseas studies
h. ‘Nai Udaan'- Support for students clearing Prelims conducted by UPSC, SSC, State Public Service Commissions, etc.
i.Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madarsas (SPQEM)
j.Scheme for Infrastructure Development of Minority Institutions (IDMI)
k.Greater Resources for Teaching Urdu
l.Free Coaching and Allied Scheme
m.Schemes of Maulana Azad Education Foundation (MAEF) for promotion of education.
n. Mid Day Meal Scheme
o. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
p. Sakshar Bharat/ Maulana Azad Taleem-e-Balighan
q. Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)
r. Block Institutes of Teachers Education
s. Women’s Hostel.

II. Ensuring an equitable share for minorities in economic activities
a. Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (renamed as Aajeevika/ National Rural Livelihood Mission)        
b. Swarn Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) (renamed as National Urban Livelihood Mission)
c. 'Seekho Aur Kamao' – Skill Development Initiatives
d. Upgrading Skill and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development (USTTAD)
e. Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)
f.  Restructuring of NMDFC and Loan schemes of National Minority Development & Finance Commission (NMDFC)
g.  Bank credit under Priority Sector Lending
h.  Issue of guidelines for giving special consideration for recruitment of minorities.
i.  Opening of new Bank Branches/ awareness campaigns.
j.  Nai Manzil - An integrated Education and Livelihood Initiative for the Minority Communities.

III.       Others
a.  Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP)
b. 'Nai Roshni'- Leadership development of minority women.

In so far as recruitment of minorities in Government jobs, Public Sector Banks, Public Sector Undertakings is concerned, the share of minorities was 8.57% in 2014-15.  Religion-wise data is not maintained.

Pursuant to the receipt of Sachar Committee Report and under the Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme, with a view to enhance opportunities for education, ensure an equitable share for minorities in economic activities and employment through existing and new schemes, enhanced credit support for self-employment, recruitment to State and Central Government jobs, skill development of minorities, measure for special  development initiatives and affirmative action, protection and management of Waqf Properties etc. the Government has already undertaken various schemes/initiatives for the welfare of minorities, the details of which are at Annexure.

All these schemes/initiatives are being implemented by various Ministries/ Departments of the Central Government either exclusively or by earmarking of 15% of overall physical/financial target (under the scheme) for the welfare of minorities throughout the country.  These schemes are being implemented in addition to other schemes of the Central and State Governments, which are mean for different beneficiaries stipulated under such schemes without any differentiation on socio-religious ground.  The details of implementation of these schemes/initiatives are available on the website of the Ministry of Minority Affairs – www.minorityaffairs.gov.in

*****

Welfare Schemes for Muslims

The details of Minorities covered under various schemes Community-wise are  enlisted.

Further, under the scheme of Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP), assets are created for the welfare of the community as a whole and not for individuals.

Community-wise data are not maintained for the Free Coaching and Allied Scheme, Padho Pardesh and Nai Manzil schemes. Community-wise data are also not maintained for the following schemes included under the Prime-Minister’s 15 Point Programme:
(i)   Swarn Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)/ National Urban Livelihood Mission(NULM)
(ii)  Upgradation of ITI s into Centres of Excellence
(iii) Integrated Housing Slum Development Programme - Flow of benefits/funds to cities having substantial minority population
(iv)  Urban Infrastructure Governance - Flow of benefits/funds to cities having substantial minority population
(v)  Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns - Flow of benefits/funds to cities having substantial minority population
(vi) Basic Service for Urban Poor - Flow of benefits/funds to cities having substantial minority population
(vii)  National Rural Drinking Water Programme - Flow of benefits/funds to districts having substantial minority population
(viii) Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madarasas
(ix)  Infrastructure Development for Minority Institutions
(x)  National Rural Livelihood Mission-Revolving Fund disbursed to Self Help Groups (Scheme came into operation from 2014-15)
(xi)  National Rural Livelihood Mission-Community Investment Fund disbursed to Self Help Groups (Scheme came into operation from 2014-15)
(xii)  Indira AwaasYojana


There is no per capita/community- wise fund allocation under the following
Schemes:
a) Seekho aur Kamao
b) Nai Roshni
c) Equity contribution to NMDFC
d) Pre-matric Scholarship Scheme
e) Post-matric Scholarship Scheme
f) Merit-cum-Means based Scholarship Scheme
g) Free Coaching and Allied Scheme
h) Maulana Azad National Fellowship
i) Support for minority students clearing prelims conducted by        UPSC/SSC/State PSCs etc.
j) Padho Pardesh-interest subsidy on educational loans for overseas studies
k) Multi-sectoral Development Programme
l) Swarn Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)/ National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM)
m) Upgradation of ITI s into Centres of Excellence
n) Integrated Housing Slum Development Programme - Flow of benefits/fundsto cities having substantial minority population
o) Urban Infrastructure Governance - Flow of benefits/funds to cities havingsubstantial minority population
p) Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns -Flow of benefits/funds to cities having substantial minority population
q) Basic Service for Urban Poor - Flow of benefits/funds to cities havingsubstantial minority population
r)  National Rural Drinking Water Programme  - Flow of benefits/funds to districts  having substantial minority population
s)Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madarsas
t)  Infrastructure Development for Minority Institutions
u)  National Rural Livelihood Mission- Revolving Fund disbursed to Self Help Groups (Scheme came into operation from 2014-15)
v)  National Rural Livelihood Mission-Community Investment  Fund disbursed to Self Help Groups (Scheme came into operation from 2014-15)
w)  Indira Awaas Yojana
However, the details of funds allocated and expenditure incurred under various schemes may please be seen are listed.
Scheme-Wise and Community-Wise Beneficiaries

Name of the Scheme
Muslim
Christian
Sikh
Buddhist
Parsi
Jain
Seekho aur Kamao
14685
3487
1523
417
3
329
Nai Roshni
62366
1412
1523
725
250
119
Equity contribution to NMDFC
143348
26859
732
218
Nil
132
Pre-matric Scholarship Scheme
5869697
894877
455335
234243

839

41602

Post-matric Scholarship Scheme
5869697
894877
455335
234243

103


15467

Merit-cum-Means based Scholarship Scheme
97729
21975
12117
456


9



6484

Maulana Azad National Fellowship
517
109
75
34
20
1
Support for Minority who have cleared Preliminary Examination conducted by UPSC/SSC/State PSC. etc
238
451
5
9
0
83
Priority Sector Lending by Banks
70,86,084

28,73,156

16,76,508

3,96,401

7,229
1,71,061

Funds Allocated And Expenditure Incurred Under Educational Schemes
Name of schemes
2015-16
Funds allocated (Rs. in crore)
Expenditure (Rs. in crore)
Pre-matric Scholarship Scheme
1040.00*
529.02*
Post-matric Scholarship Scheme
580.10*
213.56*
Merit-cum Means based Scholarship Scheme
335.00*
201.46*
Maulana Azad National Scholarship Scheme for meritorious  girl students (by Maulana Azad Education Foundation)

NA
(Given by MAEF)


57.60
Free Coaching and Allied Scheme
45.00
44.87
Maulana Azad National Fellowship
55.59
55.52

Support for minority students clearing prelims conducted by UPSC/SSC/State PSCs etc.
4.00
3.97
Padho Pardesh-interest subsidy on educational loans for overseas studies
4.19

4.15



Statement showing details of funds allocated /spent under various schemes
 underPM’s New 15-PP during 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16
 (Rs. in crore)    
S. N.
Scheme
2015-16
Target
Achievement
1
Swarn Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)/ National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM)
54.38
51.54
2
Upgradation of ITI s into Centres of Excellence
0.000
1.377
3
Integrated Housing Slum Development Programme - Flow of benefits/funds to cities having substantial minority population 
  - 
2171.53
(cumulative)
4
Urban Infrastructure Governance - Flow of benefits/funds to cities having substantial minority population
  -
10259.78
(cumulative)
5
Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns - Flow of benefits/funds to cities having substantial minority population
 -
    -
6
Basic Service for Urban Poor - Flow of benefits/funds to cities having substantial minority population
 -
5894.89
(cumulative)
7
National Rural Drinking Water Programme  - Flow of benefits/funds to districts having substantial minority population 
-
 823.02
8
Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madarasas
  -
191.0032
9
Infrastructure Development for Minority Institutions
 -
  0.40
10
National Rural Livelihood Mission-
Revolving Fund disbursed to Self Help Groups (Scheme came into operation from 2014-15)
27.14
17.60
11
National Rural Livelihood Mission-
Community Investment  Fund disbursed to Self Help Groups (Scheme came into operation from 2014-15)
133.44
27.32
12
Indira Awaas Yojana – Financial (Rs. in crore)

2,645.50
1,567.59

13
Priority Sector Lending by Banks
(outstanding credit) (Rs. in  crore)

3,19,077.53
2,84,524.28





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