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Prevalence of Sickle Cell Anaemia Among Tribals



Prevalence of Sickle Cell Anaemia Among Tribals
The prevalence of Sickle Cell Anemia is higher in the tribal belt of Central, Western and Southern India; not so much in the tribes of North-East India. It is chiefly confined to dravidians and pre-dravidians tribes inhabiting malaria endemic regions. There is a little worthwhile treatment for the disease as of now but with management of disease, severity and complications can be curtailed to improve the quality of life and life span. The sickle cell gene is passed from generation to generation in a pattern of inheritance. Government has decided to screen three crore tribal children across the country to find the incidences of Sickle Cell Anemia among them. The children with Sickle Cell trait or disease are counselled through their parents not to marry the other carrying trait or disease in order to control spread of the disease to next generation. The Ministry organised regional training workshops in collaboration with Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to facilitate State/ UTs to train adequate manpower to undertake the screening exercise using a simple and cost effective screening test developed by ICMR. In addition, Department of Biotechnology is involved in research to find cure of the disease.

This information was given by Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Shri Jual Oram in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today

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Implementation of Forest Rights Act
The Forest Rights Act is being implemented across the country. Forest Rights Act is an act to recognize and vest pre-existing rights to forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers.

Till 29.02.206, out of 44.15 lakh claims that have been filed, 17.20 lakh titles have been distributed over 89.90 lakh acres of forest land.

The Government of India has framed comprehensive Rules and has issued detailed guidelines for effective implementation of the Act. It has also issued clarifications on points of doubt from time to time. The implementation is also being regularly monitored through Monthly progress report that is received from the States.

This information was given by Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Shri Jual Oram in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today. 

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Inclusion of Communities of Puducherry in ST List
UT Administration of Puducherry has submitted the proposal for declaration of communities namely (i) Irular (including Villi and Vettaikaran); (ii) Kattunayakan; (iii) Malalikuravan; (iv) Yerukkula; and (v) Kuruman as Scheduled Tribe.

Government of India on 15.6.1999 (as further amended on 25.6.2002), has approved modalities for deciding claims for inclusion in and other modifications in lists of Scheduled Tribes (STs). According to these, proposals recommended and justified by State Government / UT Administration concerned, can be processed further. Thereafter, it has to be concurred with by Registrar General of India (RGI) and National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) for consideration for amendment of legislation.

Proposals received from Puducherry have been processed as per modalities. Proposal for identification of Irular (including Villi and Vettaikaran), had been agreed by RGI and NCST.

This information was given by Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Shri Jual Oram in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today. 

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