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Heritage Status to Indian Sites by UNESCO


Heritage Status to Indian Sites by UNESCO
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the nodal agency for forwarding any request for World Heritage status to any Indian site whether cultural or natural. Based on the proposals received from the Central or State Government agencies as well as management Trusts, etc., and after their due scrutiny, the Government forwards the nomination dossiers to the World Heritage Center. The list of places in India which have been granted World Heritage status by UNESCO is given below in Table-1.


There are 10 enlisted criteria (given below) for determining Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) for World Heritage nomination. The proposed nomination must satisfy at least one of these 10 criteria.

TABLE-1
CULTURAL SITES

UNDER PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA

S.No
Name of Site
State
1.
Ajanta Caves (1983)
Maharashtra
2.
Ellora Caves (1983)
Maharashtra
3.
Agra Fort (1983)
Uttar Pradesh
4.
Taj Mahal (1983)
Uttar Pradesh
5.
Sun Temple, Konarak (1984)
Odisha
6.
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)
Tamil Nadu
7.
Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)
Goa
8.
Group of Temples, Khajuraho (1986)
Madhya Pradesh
9.
Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986)
Karnataka
10.
Group of Monuments, FatehpurSikri (1986)
Uttar Pradesh
11.
Group of Temples, Pattadakal (1987)
Karnataka
12.
Elephanta Caves ( 1987)
Maharashtra
13.
Great Living Chola temples at Thanjavur, Gangaikondacholapuram and Darasuram (1987 & 2004)
Tamil Nadu
14.
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)
Madhya Pradesh
15.
Humayun’s  Tomb, Delhi (1993)
Delhi
16.
Qutb Minar Complex, Delhi (1993)
Delhi
17.
Prehistoric Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)
Madhya Pradesh
18.
Champaner-Pavagarh Archaeological Park (2004)
Gujarat
19.
Red Fort Complex, Delhi (2007)
Delhi
20.
Hill Forts of Rajasthan
 (Chittaurgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer and Ranthambhore, Amber and Gagron Forts)      (2013)
(Amber and Gagron Forts are under protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums)
Rajasthan
21.
Rani ki Vav (2014)
Gujarat

Under Protection of Ministry of Railways

22.
Mountain Railway of India ( Darjeeling,1999), Nilgiri (2005), Kalka-Shimla(2008)
West Bengal,  Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh
23.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004)
Maharashtra

Under Protection of Bodhgaya Temple Management Committee

24.
Mahabodhi Temple, Bodhgaya (2002)
Bihar

Under Protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums Department

25.
Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010)
Rajasthan

NATURAL SITES

Under Protection of Ministry of Environment & Forest

26.
Kaziranga National Park (1985)
Assam
27.
Manas Wild Life Sanctuary (1985)
Assam
28.
Keoladeo National Park (1985)
Rajasthan
29.
Sunderban National Park (1987)
West Bengal
30.
Nanda Devi  and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988, 2005)
Uttarakhand
31.
Western Ghats (2012)
Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu
32.
Great Himalayan National Park (2014)
Himachal Pradesh

CRITERIA FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF OUTSTANDING UNIVERSAL VALUE (OUV) AS PER UNESCO’S OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES

(i)    
to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;

(ii)   
to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a   cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;

(iii)            
to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;


(iv)  
to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological   ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;

(v)   
to be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change;
(vi)  
to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria.
(vii)           
to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;

(viii)          
to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features;

(ix) 
to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals;

(x)   
to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.


This information was given by Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.


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Digitization and Conservation of Manuscripts by Manuscripts Conservation Centres
The Manuscripts Conservation Centres are engaged in preventive and curative conservation of Manuscripts. However, financial assistance for conducting workshops relating to imparting of training of scholars in conservation is also released. Total fifty five (55) workshops have been organized by MCCs in last five years. No complaint relating to conservation of manuscripts have been received during the last five years.

The centre-wise allocation and utilization of grants made by National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM) for Manuscripts Conservation Centres (MCCs) in last five years across the country is given below. Total grants released to 39 Manuscripts Conservation Centres (MCCs) in the last five years are Rs. 5,55,36,000/- (Rupees Five crore fifty five lakh thirty six thousands only) and utilization Certificates have already been received from these Centres for the said amount.

The centre-wise and year wise allocation and utilization of grants released by NMM to MCCs for conservation of Manuscripts and Training Workshops

Grant Released for Conservation (amount in lakh)

Sl. No.
Name of Manuscripts Conservation Centre (MCC)

2014-15
1
AITIHYA
Raghunathpur, P.O. SisupalaGada, Puri Road), Bhubaneswar-2 Orissa
2.50
Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
2
Aklank Shodh Sansthan
AklankVidyalaya Association
BasntVihar, Kota
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2011-12
3
A P State  Archives and Research Institute
Tarnaka,  Hydrabad-7

5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshops have been carried out by them in 2011-12,
2013-14 and 2014-5
4
Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute
Deccan Gymkhana, Pune-411 037

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2011-12
5
B.L Institute of Indology
VallabSmarak Complex
PO Alipur, Delhi-3

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2010-11
6
Centre for Heritage Studies
Hill Palace, Thripunithura,
Ernakulam, (Kerala)

Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
7
Central Institute of Buddhist Studies
Choglamsar, Leh (Ladakh) – 194104

Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
8
Central Library
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2010-11
9
Department of Manuscriptology
Kannada University,
HampiVidyaranya – 583 276
Dist. Bellary, (Karnataka)

Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
10
Digambar Jain PandulipiSamrakshan Kendra
Sawai Ramsing Road
Jaipur – 302004, Rajasthan
5.00
Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
11
Government Museum, Chennai

Conservation activities done and Training- workshops have been carried out by them in 2010-11 and 2011-12
Sl.No.
Name of Manuscripts Conservation Centre (MCC)

2014-15
12
Gurucharan College, Silchar

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2010-11
13
Himalayan Society of  Heritage & Art Conservation Centre, Nainital, Uttaranchal
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshops have been carried out by them in 2012-13 and 2014-15
14
INTACH  ICI
Orissa Art Conservation Centre
Bhubaneswar – Orissa-751 014
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshops have been carried out by them in 2011-12, 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15
15
ICKPAC, INTACH Chitrakala Parishath Art Conservation Centre,
Kumara Krupa Road, Bangalore-560 001.
5.00
Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
16
INTACH, Indian Council of Conservation Institutes
HIG- 44, Sector – E, Aliganj Scheme
Lucknow – 226024
4.70
Conservation activities done and Training- workshops have been carried out by them in 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13 and 2013-14
17
Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library, Patna

Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
18
Keladi Museum & Historical Research,
P.O. KELADI
SagarTq, - 577401, SimogaDt,. Karnataka

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2012-13
19
Krishnakant Handiqui, Guwahati

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2011-12
20
KundKund Jananpith
Devi Ahilya University
584, M.G. Road, Tukoganj, Indore-452 001

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop have been carried out by them in 2010-11 and 2013-14
21
Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2012-13
22
Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Institute of Indology, Ahmedabad

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop have been carried out by them in 2011-12 and 2012-13
23
Language & Culture, Kasumputy, Shimla
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop have been carried out by them in 2010-11, 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15
Sl.No.
Name of Manuscripts Conservation Centre (MCC)

2014-15
24
Manipur State Archives
WashinglomLikoi, Imphal - 795 001 Manipur
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop have been carried out by them in 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15
25
Manuscript Library
University of Calcutta,
Kolkata-700073. 
2.50
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2011-12
26
Mazahar Memorial Museum
Bahariabad, Ghazipur (UP)
6.86
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2010-11
27
Nagarjuna Buddhist Foundation
18, AndhiariBagh,
Gorakhpur – 273 001
5.00
Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
28
National Institute of Prakrit Studies and Research
Srovanabelagola, Dist: Hassan
(Karnataka)
7.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2011-12
29
Oriental Research Institute,
Sri venkateswar University
Tirupati -517507

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop have been carried out by them in 2010-11, 2011-12 and 2012-13
30
ORI, Manuscripts Library,
University of Kerala,
Kariavattom, Trivandrum, Kerala
7.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2012-13
31
Orissa State Museum, Bhubaneswar, Orissa

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2011-12
32
Patna Museum, Vidyapati Marg, Patna, Bihar
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop have been carried out by them in 2010-11, 2011-12, 2013-14 and 2014-15
33
Rampur Raza Library, Hamid Manzil
Rampur – 244901 U.P.
2.50
Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
Sl.No.
Name of Manuscripts Conservation Centre (MCC)

2014-15
34
Sambalpur University Library
Sambalpur University
Burla – 768001
5.00
Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
35
Sri Dev Kumar Jain Oriental Research
Institute, Devashram, Mahadeva Road,
Arrah, Bihar – 802 301
2.50
Conservation activities done but no Training- workshop has been carried out by them
36
Sri Vadiraja Research Fondation
Sri PuthigeMatha, Car Street, Udupi
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2010-11
37
Tripura University
Suryamaninagar
Tripura West

Conservation activities done and Training- workshop have been carried out by them in 2010-11, 2011-12 and 2013-14
38
Thunchan Memorial Trust
ThunchanParambu
Tirur – 676 101 Keralam
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2010-11
39
Vrindavan Research Institute
Raman Reti, Vrindavan 281121
5.00
Conservation activities done and Training- workshop has been carried out by them once in 2012-13

Total
110.56
555.36


This information was given by Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.


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Monuments & Sites Identified/Proposed by State Governments for Central Protection
There are 3686 monuments/sites declared as of National importance are under the protection of Archaeological Survey of India. Though no such demand has been received in the recent past from the Conservationists to include more ancient monuments in the list of Archaeological Survey of India protected monuments, a few proposals have been received from State Governments, list thereof is given below. 

List Of Monuments/Sites Identified/Proposed By State Governments For Central Protection

Sl. No.
Name of Monument/Site
State
1.
Ancient Buddhist  Institute Remains in the locality of Nyarma Thiksay, District Leh
Jammu& Kashmir
2.
Group of Temples at Ranipur Jhariyal, District Bolangir
Odisha
3.
Proposal for protection as of national importance in respect of Biranchi Nayarana Temple, buguda, Orissa.
Odisha
4.
Vimalesvari Temple, Huma, Dist. Sambhalpur
Odisha
5.
Nilamadhava Temple, Kantilo, Dist. Nayagarh
Odisha
6.
Ganjam Fort, Ganjam
Odisha
7.
Nrusinghanatha Temple, Paikmal, Dist. Baragarh
Odisha
8.
Suku Sari Deula and Bhabanisankara Temple Complex by the side of Sari Deula in Bhubaneswar
Odisha
9.
Protection proposal of Jagatjit Palace, Kapurthala, Punjab.
Punjab
10.
Birth Place of Madan Mohan Malviya, Lucknow
Uttar Pradesh
11.
Proposal of Jyotisher, Dist. Kurukshetra, Haryana.
Haryana
12.
Submerged temples in Govind Sagar lake in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh.
Himachal Pradesh
13.
Unakoti Rock cut carvings near north Tripura district
Tripura
14.
Buddhist Stupa and other Navograha temples excavated at Pilak in south Tripura district
Tripura
15.
Buddhist Stupas at Boxanagar in west Tripura district
Tripura
16.
Rock cut Carvings across the bank of Gomti River at Chabimura in south Tripura district
Tripura
17.
Fateh Billas Mahal, Khetri
Rajasthan
18.
Fort of Bajrang Garh
Madhya Pradesh
19.
Protection of Patna College Building and Jackson hostel.
Bihar
20.
Mandar Parvat, Bihar
Bihar
21.
Birth Place of Dr. Dwarikanath Kotnis Memorial, Solapur
Maharashtra
22.
Birth Place of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar at Mhow
Madhya Pradesh

This information was given by Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.


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Revised Entry Ticket Prices for Centrally Protected Ticketed Monuments
          The entry fee for centrally protected ticketed monuments has been reasonably increased with effect from 1.4.2016. The revised entry fee applicable is given below.

          The entry fee has now been revised reasonably in consultation with all stakeholders without putting such burden on the tourist and after giving sufficient notice.


          Periodical review of entry ticket prices would be done in consultation with all stakeholders.

Entry fee Structure at Centrally Protected Ticketed Monuments effective from 1.4.2016

Previous Entry Fee rates
Entry fee w.e.f. 1.4.2016
Category A monuments
(World Heritage Monuments)
(i) Citizen of India and visitors from SAARC and BIMSTEC countries and overseas citizens of India
Rs.10/- per head
Rs.30/- per head
(ii) Others (All Nationals other than from countries mentioned above)
Rs.250/- per head
Rs.500/- per head
(iii) Others (as ii above)
---
*Rs.750/- per head
Category B monuments
(Other ticketed Monuments)








(i) Citizen of India and visitors from SAARC and BIMSTEC countries and overseas citizens of India
Rs.5/- per head
Rs.15/-per head
(ii) Others (All Nationals other than from countries mentioned
above)
Rs.100/- per head
Rs.200/-per head
(iii) Others (as ii above)
---
*Rs.300/- per head

        *Provided that the Rs.750/- and Rs.300/- ticket is optional for Nationals of countries other than mentioned in (i) above. This would entitle the ticket holder to additional facilities as specified by Director General, by order, from time to time.


 This information was given by Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.

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Annual Revenue from Historical Tourist Places of ASI
The annual revenue through entry fee at centrally protected ticketed monuments/sites and museums of Archaeological Survey of India during the year 2014-15 is Rs.9358.93 lakhs.

The centrally protected monuments/ sites are conserved, preserved and maintained by way of structural repairs on need basis, as per archaeological norms, subject to availability of resources. In addition to conservation, preservation, day-to-day maintenance, and development of environs of centrally protected monuments including providing of tourist related amenities (e.g. drinking water, toilet blocks, facilities for physically challenged, pathways, cultural notice boards/signage, vehicle parking, cloak rooms, etc.) at the centrally protected monuments/sites are the regular activities which the ASI undertakes as per needs and availability of resources.

The expenditure incurred on monuments/sites of national importance in the country during the last three years is as under:

1. 2013-14 Rs.16963.86 lakhs,
2. 2014-15 Rs.23551.95 lakhs,
3. 2015-16 Rs.23861.24 lakhs.

Tourist facilities are constantly upgraded to make monuments tourist friendly. As regards transportation, all ASI monuments, sites and museums are well connected by public transport and/or road network.

This information was given by Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today. 

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39 Countries Brought on Board for Trans-National Nomination for World Heritage Under Project “Mausam” of M/O Culture

The Government has identified 39 countries (as given below) to bring on board for trans-national nomination for World Heritage under Project “Mausam”. The disciplines involved in the project are those of archaeology, history, sociology, ethnography, marine archaeology, oceanography, geography, economics, satellite imagery technology, numismatics, art and architecture.

An amount of Rs. 150, 244, 502/- is approved for Project “Mausam” for the period April 2015-March 2017.

Financial Year
ASI
IGNCA
Total
2015-16
Rs. 43,130,475/-
Rs. 35,095,500/-
Rs. 78,225,975/-
2016-17
Rs. 39,815,646/-
Rs. 32,202,881/-
Rs. 72,018,527/-
Total
Rs. 82,946,121/-
Rs. 67,298,381/-
Rs. 150,244,502/-

List of 39 Indian Ocean countries identified under Project Mausam:

1
Bahrain
2
Bangladesh
3
Cambodia
4
China
5
Comoros
6
Egypt
7
Eritrea
8
Réunion, French Department
9
Indonesia
10
Iraq
11
Iran (Islamic Republic)
12
Jordan
13
Kuwait
14
Kenya
15
Lebanon
16
Madagascar
17
Malaysia
18
Maldives
19
Mauritius
20
Mozambique
21
Myanmar
22
Oman
23
Pakistan
24
Philippines
25
Qatar
26
Singapore
27
Sri Lanka
28
Saudi Arabia
29
Seychelles
30
Somalia
31
South Africa
32
Sudan
33
Syrian Arab Republic
34
United Republic of Tanzania
35
Thailand
36
Turkey
37
United Arab Emirates
38
Viet Nam
39
Yemen


This information was given by Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.

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