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Country’s Share in International Food Trade



Country’s Share in International Food Trade

Based on the data maintained by International Trade Centre, India’s share in international food trade in 2014 is estimated at 2.5%.  The details of India’s export of food products in 2014-15, estimated from data maintained by Department of Commerce is as below:


India's Export of Food Products                                                                                               Unit:  US $ Million
Sl. No.
HS Code
Commodity
2014-2015
1
2
MEAT AND EDIBLE MEAT OFFAL.  
4929.27
2
3
FISH AND CRUSTACEANS, MOLLUSCS AND OTHER AQUATIC INVERTABRATES.  
5249.51
3
4
DAIRY PRODUCE; BIRDS' EGGS; NATURAL HONEY; EDIBLE PROD. OF ANIMAL ORIGIN, NOT ELSEWHERE SPEC. OR INCLUDED.  
379.03
4
7
EDIBLE VEGETABLES AND CERTAIN ROOTS AND TUBERS.  
1180.8
5
8
EDIBLE FRUIT AND NUTS; PEEL OR CITRUS FRUIT OR MELONS.  
1610.71
6
9
COFFEE, TEA, MATE AND SPICES.  
2871.86
7
10
CEREALS.  
9550.98
8
11
PRODUCTS OF THE MILLING INDUSTRY; MALT; STARCHES; INULIN; WHEAT GLUTEN.  
305.55
9
12
OIL SEEDS AND OLEA. FRUITS; MISC. GRAINS, SEEDS AND FRUIT; INDUSTRIAL OR MEDICINAL PLANTS; STRAW AND FODDER.  
2213.94
10
13
LAC; GUMS, RESINS AND OTHER VEGETABLE SAPS AND EXTRACTS.  
1947.54
11
15
ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE FATS AND OILS AND THEIR CLEAVAGE PRODUCTS; PRE. EDIBLE FATS; ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE WAXEX.  
973.29
12
16
PREPARATIONS OF MEAT, OF FISH OR OF CRUSTACEANS, MOLLUSCS OR OTHER AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES  
155.39
13
17
SUGARS AND SUGAR CONFECTIONERY.  
1075.16
14
18
COCOA AND COCOA PREPARATIONS.  
138.87
15
19
PREPARATIONS OF CEREALS, FLOUR, STARCH OR MILK; PASTRYCOOKS PRODUCTS.  
489.85
16
20
PREPARATIONS OF VEGETABLES, FRUIT, NUTS OR OTHER PARTS OF PLANTS.  
504.71
17
21
MISCELLANEOUS EDIBLE PREPARATIONS.  
587.5
18
22
BEVERAGES, SPIRITS AND VINEGAR.  
377.84
19
23
RESIDUES AND WASTE FROM THE FOOD INDUSTRIES; PREPARED ANIMAL FODER.  
1630.12


India's total food export
36171.92


 Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority(APEDA), under Department of Commerce is responsible for promoting export of food products from the country.  Its Agriculture Export Promotion Scheme comprises four components; Infrastructure development; Transport Assistance; Market Development and Quality development.

           

            The following categories of agricultural and food products are processed in the country:

i)                    Fruits;
ii)                  Vegetables including spices;
iii)                Cereals;
iv)                Pulses;
v)                  Oilseeds;
vi)                Milk;
vii)              Eggs;
viii)            Poultry Meat;
ix)                Meat;
x)                  Marine ;

As per information available from Central Statistics Office(CSO), the total number of establishments in the food processing sector estimated under Sixth Economic Census of 2013, was 18.46 lakhs of which 2% were registered under the Factories Act of 1948.  Further out of 47.78 lakh persons employed in the food processing units, the units registered under the Factories Act of 1948 accounted for 36%.  The Ministry of Food Processing Industries is implementing schemes to set up infrastructure facilities for the benefit of both the organised and unorganised units of the food processing sector.

To promote food processing units in the country, the Ministry of Food Processing Industries is implementing schemes of Mega Food Parks, Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure, setting up/ Modernisation of Abattoirs and Strengthening of Institutions.  Under these schemes, grants-in-aid is given for setting up projects.  Further 100% Foreign Direct Investment(FDI) is allowed in food processing in the country through automatic route.  Recently, Government also announced 100% FDI in marketing of food products produced and manufactured in India.

            This information was given by the Minister of State for Food Processing Industries Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.

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Success Rate of Mega Food Parks Scheme
The Mega Food Parks Scheme aims at creating modern infrastructure facilities for food processing in the country along the value chain from farm to market based on hub and spokes model. It includes creation of infrastructure for primary processing and storage near the farm at Primary Processing Centres (PPCs) and Collection Centres (CCs) and common facilities and enabling infrastructure at Central Processing Centre (CPC). The minimum land required for a Central Processing Centre in Mega Food Park is 50 acre and implementation period is 30 months.

The Mega Food Park project is implemented by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) which is a Body Corporate registered under the Indian Companies Act. However, State Government/ State Government entities/Cooperatives will not be required to form a separate SPV. Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided as grant-in-aid @ 50% of eligible project cost in general areas and @ 75% of eligible project cost in NE Region and difficult areas [Hilly States and Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDP) areas] subject to a maximum of Rs. 50 crore per project.

Functioning of Mega Food Parks is closely monitored by the Ministry through a well-established mechanism as per the scheme guidelines. This includes detailed scrutiny of the progress reports received from the SPV, verification of the claims by the Project Management Consultant (PMC) and Programme Management Agency (PMA), assessment of the progress through site visits by PMA and officers of Ministry, periodic review meetings in the Ministry etc.

Impact assessment of the Mega Food Park projects is undertaken by the Ministry from time to time through Professional Agencies.

Each Mega Food Park, on completion, is likely to have a cluster of 30-35 units leveraging an investment of about Rs.250 Crore and expected annual turnover of about Rs. 500 Crore. Development of such processing clusters will help in induction of latest technology in the production systems in the catchment area and enhancing the income of farmers. The project help in creating opportunities for direct and indirect employment especially in rural areas, reduction in wastage of agricultural produce and creating linkage between farmers and processors for value addition.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Food Processing Industries Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today. 

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