World Bank AID for Cleaning of Ganga River



World Bank AID for Cleaning of Ganga River 

The World Bank has provided financial assistance/loan for $ 1 Billion for abatement of pollution of river Ganga against the National Ganga River Basin (NGRB) project approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) at an estimated cost of Rs. 7000 crores under the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) for implementation in the States viz., Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
The principal objective of the project is to fund creation of pollution abatement infrastructure for conservation and restoration of water quality of the river, institutional development component for setting dedicated implementation entities at Centre and States, setting up a Ganga Knowledge Centre, comprehensive water quality monitoring system and capacity building of Central Pollution Control Board, State Pollution Control Boards and Urban Local Bodies. 

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Prof. Sanwar Lal Jat in a written reply in Lok Sabha today. 

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Clean Ganga Fund 

As part of Namami Gange programme, Government of India has set up “Clean Ganga Fund” for encouraging contributions from Resident Indians, Non-Resident Indians, Persons of Indian Origin, Institutions, and Corporates towards Ganga Rejuvenation. The total contribution received as on 4th March 2016 in Clean Ganga Fund is Rs. 87.69 Crores. As approved by the Cabinet, the funds will be utilized for undertaking various activities under Namami Gange programme under the new initiatives including hybrid Annuity based Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects. IDFC Foundation has offered to establish suitable disbursal framework for optimal utilization of the funds by engaging multiple agencies for undertaking projects. 

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Prof. Sanwar Lal Jat in a written reply in Lok Sabha today. 

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Impact of Dams Constructed by China 

As a lower riparian State with considerable established user rights to the waters of the River, India has conveyed its views and concerns to the Chinese Authorities, including at the highest levels of the Government of the People’s Republic of China. India has urged China to ensure that the interests of downstream States are not harmed by any activities in upstream areas. 

Government carefully monitors all developments on the Brahmaputra River. According to reports, Zangmu hydroelectric project has been fully operationalized in October, 2015. The ‘Outline of the 12th Five Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development of the People’s Republic of China’ indicates that three more hydropower projects on the main stem of the Brahmaputra River in Tibet Autonomous Region have been approved for implementation by the Chinese Authorities. These four projects are considered to be run of the River (RoR) hydro-electric projects. 

In 2006, the two sides established an India-China Expert Level Mechanism (ELM) on Trans-border Rivers. In October, 2013, the two Governments signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Strengthening Cooperation on Trans-border Rivers. Subsequently, the Joint Statement issued during the visit of Prime Minister of India to China in May, 2015 states, “The two sides will further strengthen cooperation through the Expert-Level Mechanisms, on the provision of flood season hydrological data and emergency management, and exchange views on other issues of mutual interest. 

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Prof. Sanwar Lal Jat in a written reply in Lok Sabha today. 

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Waste Water Recycling by RO Companies 

Government is aware that a drawback of Reverse Osmosis Technology is that some water gets wasted due to the use of this technology. However, application of Reverse Osmosis in drinking water treatment systems is preferable when the Total Dissolved solids (TDS) in raw water is high or there are multiple contaminants in raw water which warrant the use of Reverse Osmosis technology. Further, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has issued specification on Reverse Osmosis based point of use water treatment system in its specification IS 16240:2015. The specification states that RO system is not recommended for arsenic level above 0.1 mg/1 and fluoride level about 8.0 mg/1. also, the minimum recovery shall be equal to or more than 20 percent. 

State Governments take several measures for providing safe drinking water to the people of the State by using different water purification technologies/processes like pre-chlorination, aeration, coagulation, sedimentation, filtration , disinfection etc. Central Government supplements the efforts of the State Governments in this regard through various schemes and programmes. 

Central Government has been taking necessary action for encouraging recycle and reuse of water among different stakeholders including government and private industries. The National Water Policy, 2012 has also recommended that the recycle and reuse of water, including return flows, should be the general norm. The Policy has further recommended that recycle and reuse of water, after treatment to specified standards, should also be incentivized through a properly planned tariff system. 

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Prof. Sanwar Lal Jat in a written reply in Lok Sabha today. 

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Ganga Gram Yojana 

Under the “Namami Gange” Programme, the government plans to develop the villages located along the main stem of river Ganga which have historic, cultural, and religious and/or tourist importance. Works related to Ganga Grams will encompass comprehensive rural sanitation, development of water bodies and river ghats, construction/ modernization of crematoria etc. The main objectives of developing Ganga Gram (Model Village) is:- 

Make the village open defecation free 

Abate direct discharge of untreated liquid wastewater from such villages into river Ganga 

Facilitate adequate infrastructure for crematoria 

Develop proper solid waste disposal facilities in order to avoid any pollution to river Ganga 

Promote better sanitation practices in the villages through IEC activities. 

Based on the recommendations of the concerned local authorities, 206 villages having historic, cultural, tourist and/or religious importance have been selected in the first phase. This includes all 78 villages in Sahebganj district, Jharkhand and 128 villages from Uttarakhand, UP, West Bengal and Bihar (Uttarakhand-4, West Bengal-58, Uttar Pradesh-53, and Bihar-13). 

Government of Jharkhand, in association with UNDP, has prepared a comprehensive plan for 78 villages in Sahebganj district, which is under active consideration of NMCG. Preliminary base line survey has been completed in 38 other villages and a comprehensive sanitation plan is under preparation. After the initial development of “Ganga Gram”, this model would be replicated in other villages located along the main stream of river Ganga. 

As per the approved cabinet note of Namami Gange, a provision of Rs.1750 Crores has been kept for rural sanitation scheme contemplated for improving sanitation and civic amenities in identified villages on the banks of River Ganga and to develop them as ‘Ganga Grams”. 

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Prof. Sanwar Lal Jat in a written reply in Lok Sabha today. 

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Eviction of Children from Polavaram Project Area 

1317 children of 1539 Project Displaced Families (PDFs) in submergence villages of Polavaram Irrigation Project, AP have been shifted to Rehabilitation centers along with their parents. All the children of below 6 years age are being provided feeding and education through Anganwadi centers and the children of over 6 years are being provided education in Primary and High Schools. There is no demand from the tribal and farmers for financial rehabilitation packages for all the children over the age of 6 years in their individual capacity. 

As per Policy on R & R for Project Affected Families 2005, a “Family” includes a person, his or her spouse, minor sons, daughters, brothers or sisters; and other members residing with him and dependent on him for their livelihood. Hence the minor children of the shifted families are not entitled for financial rehabilitation package in their individual capacity. However, in Resettlement & Rehabilitation centers the children below 6 years age have been provided timely feeding and nursery education through Anganwadi centers and the children of above 6 years are being provided school education. 

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Prof. Sanwar Lal Jat in a written reply in Lok Sabha today. 

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