Vehicular Pollution



Vehicular Pollution 

The complaints mostly relate to phasing out of diesel vehicles direction of NGT in context with phasing out of 10 year old diesel vehicles in Delhi/NCR, price differential between diesel and gasoline fuel, technologies for reducing emissions from diesel vehicles, etc. 


The Emission standards are notified by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) under the provisions of Motor Vehicles Act, 1989. There are separate sets of emission norms applicable for diesel and gasoline vehicles. Presently, BS - IV emission norms are applicable for 63 cities. Recently, the Government has finalised leapfrogging to Bharat Stage VI (BS-VI) mass emission norms by 1st April, 2020 and released draft notification on 19th February, 2016 to this effect. It is estimated that investment requirement for gasoline works out to be about 20,000 crore and for diesel, it is estimated to be 60,000 crore as per Auto-Fuel Vision and Policy - 2025. 

The compliance of emission norms for new vehicles are ensured through Type Approval testing of the new vehicles at the certified testing centres. Once a Type Approval Certificate is issued, then only a particular model of a vehicle is allowed to ply on the roads. Conformity of Production (CoP) testing is also done on new vehicles to ensure compliance. State/UT Governments are responsible for implementation of notified emission norms. The compliance of emission from in-use vehicles is done through Pollution Under Control Testing (PUC) carried out at the PUC centres authorized by State Transport Departments. Possession of a valid PUC certificate is a requirement for a vehicle to ply on roads. 

This information was given by Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar, in Lok Sabha today. 

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Agreement on Pollution Abatement 

The Government of India has signed a loan agreement with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in January, 2016 for a project of ‘Pollution abatement of river Mula-Mutha at Pune under National River Conservation Plan (NRCP)’. JICA is providing a soft loan of 19,064 million Japanese Yen to Government of India for the project at 0.3% per annum interest rate, which is to be repaid by Government of India in a period of 40 years, including 10 years’ grace period. The Pune Municipal Corporation has no liability to repay the loan. 

The major components sanctioned under the project include construction of 11 new Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) of 396 million litres per day (mld) capacity, laying of sewer lines and renovation/rehabilitation of existing intermediate pumping stations, installation of Central Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system for centralized monitoring of functioning of STPs, construction of community toilet facilities in slum and fringe areas, public participation and awareness programme. The cost of the project will be shared between Government of India and the State Government/Pune Municipal Corporation in the ratio of 85:15 respectively. 

This information was given by Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar, in Lok Sabha today. 

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Water Pollution 

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in association with State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) / Pollution Control Committees(PPCs) is monitoring the quality of water bodies at 2500 locations across the country under National Water Quality Monitoring Programme (NWQMP) which indicate that organic pollution is the predominant cause of water pollution. Based on the magnitude of organic pollution, CPCB in 2008 identified 150 polluted river stretches which increased to 302 in 2015. The rivers stretches are polluted mainly due to discharge of untreated / partially treated sewage and discharge of industrial wastewater. CPCB assessed the total volume of municipal wastewater generation in the country at about 61,948 MLD as against the installed sewage treatment capacity of 23,277 MLD leaving a wide gap of more than 38,671 MLD. Similar observations were made by WHO in its reports on water pollution. 

The steps taken by the Government to address the issues of water pollution include the following:- 

i. Preparation of action plan for sewage management and restoration of water quality in aquatic resources by State Governments; 

ii. Installation of Online Effluent Monitoring System to check the discharge of effluent directly into the rivers and water bodies; 

iii. Setting up of monitoring network for assessment of water quality; 

iv. Action to comply with effluent standards is taken by SPCBs / PCCs to improve the water quality of the rivers; 

v. Financial assistance for installation of Common Effluent Treatment Plants for cluster of Small Scale Industrial units; 

vi. Issuance of directions for implementation of Zero Liquid Discharge; 

vii. Issuance of directions under Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to industries and under Section 18(1)(b) of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974; 

viii. Implementation of National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) and National Wetland Conservation Programme (NWCP) for conservation and management of identified lakes and wetlands in the country which have been merged in February, 2013 into an integrated scheme of National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems (NPCA) to undertake various conservation activities including interception, diversion and treatment of waste water, pollution abatement, lake beautification, biodiversity conservation, education and awareness creation, community participation etc. 

This information was given by Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar, in Lok Sabha today. 

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Green Economy 

The concept of green economy lacks an internationally agreed definition or universal principles. The Rio + 20 outcome document identifies green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication and it affirms that approach will be different in accordance with the national circumstances and priorities for each country. Accordingly, green economy in India is seen in the context of sustainable development and inclusive economic growth including poverty eradication. The Government endeavors to address all the three dimensions of sustainable development (social, economic and environmental) in a balanced manner. 

One of the objectives of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change is to hold the increase in global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change. The Agreement also talks about reaching the global peaking of emissions by the second half of the century, recognizing that peaking will take longer for developing country Parties. 

This information was given by Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar, in Lok Sabha today. 

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Air Pollution 

The Government has notified National Ambient Air Quality Standards envisaging 12 pollutants to control air pollution under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. These norms have been formulated to adopt uniform methodology for measurement of air pollutants with the help of network of 612 monitoring stations set up across the country. The Government has also notified emission standards for on-road vehicles and mass emission standards for new vehicles under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. The same are enforced by Transport Departments of the State Governments through Pollution Under Control (PUC) regime. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has set up a mechanism called ‘Environmental Surveillance Squad’ (ESS) programme for carrying out surprise inspections of industrial units based on adoption of a uniform approach and elimination of subjectivity in scheduling of inspection. The role of State Pollution Control Boards / Pollution Control Committees is critical in enforcing the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. 

The steps taken by the Government to mitigate air pollution in cities in the country include the following:- 

(i) Notification of National Ambient Air Quality Standards envisaging 12 pollutants; 

(ii) Formulation of environmental regulations / statutes; 

(iii) Setting up of monitoring network for assessment of ambient air quality; 

(iv) Introduction of cleaner / alternate fuels like gaseous fuel, ethanol blend etc. replacing petrol and diesel; 

(v) Promotion of cleaner production processes; 

Taking note of the gravity of Air Pollution, the Government has taken some more measures, which include: 

(i) Launched National Air Quality index by the Prime Minister in April, 2015 starting with 10 cities and now extended to 23 cities; 

(ii) Implementation of Bharat Stage IV (BS-IV) norms in 63 selected cities and universalization of BS-IV by 2017; 

(iii) Decision taken to leapfrog directly from BS-IV to BS-VI fuel standards by 1st April, 2020; 

(iv) Comprehensive review of all Waste Management Rules including Municipal Solid Waste, Plastic Waste, Hazardous Waste, Bio-medical Waste and Electronic Waste. 

(v) Ban on burning of leaves, biomass, municipal solid waste; 

(vi) Promotion of public transport network of metro, buses, e-rickshaws and promotion of car pooling, Pollution Under Control, lane discipline, vehicle maintenance; 

(vii) Revision of existing environmental standards and formulation of new standards for prevention and control of pollution from industries. 

(viii) Regular co-ordination meetings at official and ministerial level with Delhi and other State Governments within the NCR. 

(ix) Issuance of directions under Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and under Section 18(1)(b) of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. 

(x) Installation of on-line continuous (24x7) monitoring devices by major industries. 

This information was given by Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar, in Lok Sabha today. 

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