Satellite Mapping of ASI Monuments



Satellite Mapping of ASI Monuments 

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with National Remote Sensing Centre, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for preparation of satellite based maps indicating prohibited and regulated areas clearly for the information of public and also to facilitate procedure for grant of permissions for construction related activity within prohibited and regulated areas of all 3686 centrally protected monuments. 


ISRO has a repository of photographs of various monuments/sites that have been taken at periodic intervals. Using these photographs that are taken routinely through satellites over a period of time and combining them with the map-plotted boundaries of plots for which permissions under AMASR Act have been given, a surveillance system is within the realm of technological possibility. 

This information was given by Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation Dr. Mahesh Sharma in a written reply in Lok Sabha today. 

*****

National Commission for Cultural and Heritage Sites 

The Government does not intend to constitute a National Commission for Cultural and Heritage Sites. The Government had introduced a Bill named “The National Commission For Heritage Sites Bill, 2009” in the Rajya Sabha on 26.02.2009, which was referred to the Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Transport, Tourism and Culture. The same was pending since then for making necessary amendments in the Bill in pursuance to the recommendations, made in the 150th Report of Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Transport, Tourism and Culture, on the Bill. Accordingly, consultations were held with various stakeholders including the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), National Monuments Authority (NMA) as well as Ministries of Urban Development, Environment, Forest & Climate Change (the then Environment & Forests) etc. 

Based on the consultations, the Government decided not to constitute a National Heritage Sites Commission as envisaged in the said Bill. The Bill was accordingly withdrawn by the Government from the Rajya Sabha on 31.07.2015. 

This information was given by Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation Dr. Mahesh Sharma in a written reply in Lok Sabha today. 

*****

Monuments/Sites Identified/Proposed by State Governments for Central Protection 

Monuments protected by State Governments are looked after by concerned Department of respective Governments.  There is no incidence where a State protected monument is taken up for Central protection.  Therefore, question of handing over of any monument does not arise. `

Though no such demand has been received in the recent past from the Conservationists to include more ancient monuments in the list of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) protected monuments, a few proposals have been received from State Governments. List thereof is given below.

LIST OF MONUMENTS/SITES IDENTIFIED/PROPOSED BY STATE GOVERNMENTS FOR CENTRAL PROTECTION

Sl. No.
Name of Monument/Site
State
1.
Ancient Buddhist  Institute Remains in the locality of Nyarma Thiksay, District Leh
Jammu& Kashmir
2.
Group of Temples at Ranipur Jhariyal, District Bolangir
Odisha
3.
Proposal for protection as of national importance in respect of Biranchi Nayarana Temple, buguda, Orissa.
Odisha
4.
Vimalesvari Temple, Huma, Dist. Sambhalpur
Odisha
5.
Nilamadhava Temple, Kantilo, Dist. Nayagarh
Odisha
6.
Ganjam Fort, Ganjam
Odisha
7.
Nrusinghanatha Temple, Paikmal, Dist. Baragarh
Odisha
8.
Suku Sari Deula and Bhabanisankara Temple Complex by the side of Sari Deula in Bhubaneswar
Odisha
9.
Protection proposal of Jagatjit Palace, Kapurthala, Punjab.
Punjab
10.
Birth Place of Madan Mohan Malviya, Lucknow
Uttar Pradesh
11.
Proposal of Jyotisher, Dist. Kurukshetra, Haryana.
Haryana
12.
Submerged temples in Govind Sagar lake in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh.
Himachal Pradesh
13.
Unakoti Rock cut carvings near north Tripura district
Tripura
14.
Buddhist Stupa and other Navograha temples excavated at Pilak in south Tripura district
Tripura
15.
Buddhist Stupas at Boxanagar in west Tripura district
Tripura
16.
Rock cut Carvings across the bank of Gomti River at Chabimura in south Tripura district
Tripura
17.
Fateh Billas Mahal, Khetri
Rajasthan
18.
Fort of Bajrang Garh
Madhya Pradesh
19.
Protection of Patna College Building and Jackson hostel.
Bihar
20.
Mandar Parvat, Bihar
Bihar
21.
Birth Place of Dr. Dwarikanath Kotnis Memorial, Solapur
Maharashtra
22.
Birth Place of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar at Mhow
Madhya Pradesh

Applications received from various States/ UTs and amount approved

Sl No.
States
Amount approved
(Rs. In Lakh)
Number of Libraries
1
Andhra Pradesh
80.00
2
2
Arunachal Pradesh
310.00
2
3
Assam
110.00
2
4
Chhattisgarh
174.00
2
5
Goa
310.00
2
6
Gujarat
106.10
1
7
Karnataka
310.00
2
8
Kerala
114.99
1
9
Manipur
60.0
2
10
Mizoram
150.00
2
11
Odisha (Orissa)
263.36
2
12
Rajasthan
246.97
2
13
Tamil Nadu
160.00
2
14
Telangana
164.25
2
15
Tripura
310.00
2
16
Uttar Pradesh
293.00
2
17
West Bengal
309.79
2
18
Puducherry (Pondicherry)
246.49
2
19
Madhya Pradesh
**
**
20
Sikkim
**
**

Total
3718.95
34

This information was given by Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation Dr. Mahesh Sharma in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.


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Scheme for maintenance of National Libraries 

National Library, located in Kolkata, is the only National Library under the Ministry of Culture. Other Libraries of national importance under Ministry of Culture are: (i) Delhi Public Library, Delhi (ii) Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library, Patna (iii) Central Secretariat Library,Delhi (iv) Rampur Raza Library, Uttar Pradesh. These Libraries incur expenditure on maintenance and purchase of books out of their total Budget allocation.

 The Scheme “National Mission on Libraries – Up-gradation of Libraries – providing services to the public” has been approved with a total outlay of Rs.400 Crore for the 12th Plan period. The Mission will upgrade infrastructure of selected libraries and upgrade technology in 35 State Central Libraries and 35 District Libraries (to be identified by State Governments) and 6 Libraries under the Ministry of Culture. The details of applications received from various States/UTs and amount approved is given below.

Applications received from various States/ UTs and amount approved

CULTURAL SITES

(Under Protection of Archaeological Survey of India)

S.No
Name of Site
State
1.
Ajanta Caves (1983)
Maharashtra
2.
Ellora Caves (1983)
Maharashtra
3.
Agra Fort (1983)
Uttar Pradesh
4.
Taj Mahal (1983)
Uttar Pradesh
5.
Sun Temple, Konarak (1984)
Odisha
6.
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)
Tamil Nadu
7.
Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)
Goa
8.
Group of Temples, Khajuraho (1986)
Madhya Pradesh
9.
Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986)
Karnataka
10.
Group of Monuments, FatehpurSikri (1986)
Uttar Pradesh
11.
Group of Temples, Pattadakal (1987)
Karnataka
12.
Elephanta Caves ( 1987)
Maharashtra
13.
Great Living Chola temples at Thanjavur, Gangaikondacholapuram and Darasuram (1987 & 2004)
Tamil Nadu
14.
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)
Madhya Pradesh
15.
Humayun’s  Tomb, Delhi (1993)
Delhi
16.
Qutb Minar Complex, Delhi (1993)
Delhi
17.
Prehistoric Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)
Madhya Pradesh
18.
Champaner-Pavagarh Archaeological Park (2004)
Gujarat
19.
Red Fort Complex, Delhi (2007)
Delhi
20.
Hill Forts of Rajasthan
 (Chittaurgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer and Ranthambhore, Amber and Gagron Forts)      (2013)
(Amber and Gagron Forts are under protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums)
Rajasthan
21.
Rani ki Vav (2014)
Gujarat
 

** The applications received from the States of Madhya Pradesh and Sikkim are incomplete.

This information was given by Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation Dr. Mahesh Sharma in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.
*****

Policy to adopt World Heritage Sites 

UNESCO, with the help of 21 member World Heritage Committee and advisory bodies such as International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), within the framework of its Operational Guidelines, decides about the cultural and natural sites to be included on the World Heritage list. Such cultural and natural sites must display the necessary Outstanding Universal Value (OUV), fulfill one or more out of 10 prescribed criteria (as given below), maintain the condition of authenticity and integrity and should be in a good state of conservation.

At times, concerns are raised by the World Heritage Centre during inscription process those relate to the state of conservation or its management (including that of its buffer). State party addresses such concerns by giving necessary commitment to effectively manage the site and its buffer, thus safeguarding its Outstanding Universal Value (OUV).


Criteria for the assessment of Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) as per UNESCO’s Operational Guidelines:-

1.      to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
2.      to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a   cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
3.      to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;
4.      to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological   ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;
5.      to be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change;
6.      to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria.
7.      to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;
8.      to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features;
9.      to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals;
10.     to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.


There are 32 sites from India declared as World Heritage properties as follows.

CULTURAL SITES

(Under Protection of Archaeological Survey of India)

22.
Mountain Railway of India ( Darjeeling,1999), Nilgiri (2005), Kalka-Shimla(2008)
West Bengal,  Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh
23.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004)
Maharashtra

Under Protection of Bodhgaya Temple Management Committee

24.
Mahabodhi Temple, Bodhgaya (2002)
Bihar

Under Protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums Department

25.
Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010)
Rajasthan

NATURAL SITES

Under Protection of Ministry of Environment & Forest


26.
Kaziranga National Park (1985)
Assam
27.
Manas Wild Life Sanctuary (1985)
Assam
28.
Keoladeo National Park (1985)
Rajasthan
29.
Sunderban National Park (1987)
West Bengal
30.
Nanda Devi  and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988, 2005)
Uttarakhand
31.
Western Ghats (2012)
Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu
32.
Great Himalayan National Park (2014)
Himachal Pradesh

This information was given by Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) and Minister of State for Civil Aviation Dr. Mahesh Sharma in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.
*****

Revenue Earned from Monuments under Archaeological Survey of India 

The revenue collected from the entry fee at the ticketed monuments of the Archaeological Survey of India is remitted into the Government account in the Consolidated Fund of India.  This is in accordance with the Central Government Account (Receipts and Payments) Rules.

The details of revenue earned from 116 ticketed monument-wise  (State-wise) during the last two years are given below : 

LIST OF MONUMENTS/SITES IDENTIFIED/PROPOSED BY STATE GOVERNMENTS FOR CENTRAL PROTECTION

Sl. No.
Name of Monument/Site
State
Action Taken
1.
Ancient Buddhist  Institute Remains in the locality of Nyarma Thiksay, District Leh
Jammu and Kashmir
The proposal is further processed  for issuing Preliminary Notification
2.
Group of Temples at Ranipur Jhariyal, District Bolangir
Odisha
Listed for getting Verified
3.
Proposal for protection as of national importance in respect of Biranchi Nayarana Temple, buguda, Orissa.
Odisha
Listed for getting Verified
4.
Vimalesvari Temple, Huma, Dist. Sambhalpur
Odisha
Listed for getting Verified
5.
Nilamadhava Temple, Kantilo, Dist. Nayagarh
Odisha
Listed for getting Verified
6.
Ganjam Fort, Ganjam
Odisha
Listed for getting Verified
7.
Nrusinghanatha Temple, Paikmal, Dist. Baragarh
Odisha
Listed for getting Verified
8.
Suku Sari Deula and Bhabanisankara Temple Complex by the side of Sari Deula in Bhubaneswar
Odisha
Listed for getting Verified
9.
Protection proposal of Jagatjit Palace, Kapurthala, Punjab.
Punjab
Concerned were requested to take up  for State protection
10.
Birth Place of Madan Mohan Malviya, Lucknow
Uttar Pradesh
Listed for getting Verified
11.
Proposal of Jyotisher, Dist. Kurukshetra, Haryana.
Haryana
Not considered for Central protection.
12.
Submerged temples in Govind Sagar lake in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh.
Himachal Pradesh
State Government has been communicated to take up protection at their end.
13.
Unakoti Rock cut carvings near north Tripura district
Tripura
Listed for getting Verified
14.
Buddhist Stupa and other Navograha temples excavated at Pilak in south Tripura district
Tripura
Listed for getting Verified
15.
Buddhist Stupas at Boxanagar in west Tripura district
Tripura
Listed for getting Verified
16.
Rock cut Carvings across the bank of Gomti River at Chabimura in south Tripura district
Tripura
Listed for getting Verified
17.
Fateh Billas Mahal, Khetri
Rajasthan
State Government has been communicated to take up protection at their end.
18.
Fort of Bajrang Garh
Madhya Pradesh
Listed for getting Verified
19.
Protection of Patna College Building and Jackson hostel.
Bihar
Concerned has been communicated to take up the matter to declare it as a State protected monument.
20.
Mandar Parvat, Bihar
Bihar
Listed for getting Verified
21.
Birth Place of Dr. Dwarikanath Kotnis Memorial, Solapur
Maharashtra
Listed for getting Verified
22.
Birth Place of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar at Mhow
Madhya Pradesh
Listed for getting Verified


REVENUE DATA FROM ENTRANCE FEE AT CENTRALLY PROTECTED TICKETED MONUMENTS UNDER ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA DURING THE LAST TWO YEARS
Amount in Rupees


Sl.No
Name of State and Monument/ Site
2013-14
2014-15

Andhra Pradesh


1.
Buddhist Stupa and remains, Amaravathi
110070
158530
2.
Ancient Remains at Nagarjunakonda
623265
606980
3.
Rock-cut Hindu Temple, Undavalli
308940
416245
4.
Buddhist Monuments, Guntuplli
90205
115335
5.
Fort, Chandragiri

405220
526295

Assam


6.
Ahom Raja’s Palace, Garhgaon, Sibsagar
293595
315751
7.
Karenghar of Ahom Kings, Sibsagar
871615
819290
8.
Ranghar pavillion, Jaisagar
3634435
447695
9.
Bisnudol, Joysagar
96630
107460
10.
Group of four Maidams Charaideo, Sibsagar
217825
217455

Bihar


11.
Remains of Patliputra, (Kumrahar) Patna
998890
924895
12.
Ancient Site of Vaishali, Kolhua
1442925
1567015
13.
Excavated Remains at Nalanda
4684480
5275665
14.
Ruins of Vikramshila, Antichak
297580
336960
15.
Sher Shah Suri’s Tomb, Sararam
1201815
1396365

Chhattisgarh


16.
Laxman Temple, Sirpur
341315
380300

Gujarat


17.
Champaner Monuments, Champaner
1661310
1802970
18.
Sun Temple, Modhera
2501020
2547795
19.
Rani-ki-Vav, Patan
1998390
2495290
20.
Ashokan Rock Edicts, Junagadh
395395
48885
21.
Buddhist Caves, Junagadh
500960
521285
22.
Baba Pyare & Khapra Khodiya Caves, Junagadh
25385
6575


Haryana


23.
Sheikh Chilli's Tomb, Thanesar
474545
637360
24.
Suraj Kund, Faridabad

223180
258110

Himachal Pradesh


25.
Kangra Fort, Kangra
694370
814850
26.
Rock- Cut Temple, Masroor
227220
246840

Jammu & Kashmir


27.
Palace Complex at Ramnagar
22050
22955
28.
Group of Temples,         Kiramchi
20454
29045
29.
Avantiswamin Temple, Avantipur
164665
193165
30.
Ancient Palace at Leh
860600
1091850

Karnataka


31.
World Heritage Site, Hampi
58237340
14753000
32.
Daria Daulat Bagh, Sriragapatna
7101025
7139785
33.
Keshva Temble, Somanathpur
2154580
1954660
34.
Palace of Tipu Sultan, Bangalore
1129745
2290050
35.
Chitradurga Fort, Chitradurga
2085865
2346035
36.
Bellary Fort, Bellary
113670
43540
37.
Durga Temple Complex, Aihole
1641500
1776145
38.
Jaina & Vaishnava Caves, Badami
3017540
3104100
39.
Group of Monuments, Pattadakal
4825940
4979140
40.
Gol-Gumbaz, Bijapur
5495050
5761275
41.
Ibrahim Rouza, Bijapur
1364535
1238590
42.
Temple and Sculpture Shed, Lakkundi
108570
88775

Kerala


43.
Bekal Fort, Pallikkare
1637180
1683660
44.
Mattancherry Palace Museum, Kochi, District Ernakulam
1773365
1922255

Madhya Pradesh


45.
Buddhist Caves, Bagh
111445
127880
46.
The Palace in the Fort, Burhanpur
350465
352085
47.
Bhojshala and Kamal Maula’s mosque, Dhar
16773
16707
48.
Hoshang Shah’s Tomb, Mandu
1172700
1385600
49.
Group of Monuments, Mandu
1841700
2269215
50.
Roopmati Pavilion, Mandu
1881440
2308635
51.
Western Group of Temples, Khajuraho
22402030
20442150
52.
Buddhist monuments, Sanchi
3618460
4128920
53.
Gwalior Fort, Gwalior
2274115
2144225

Maharashtra


54.
Ajanta Caves
9910010
9700160
55.
Ellora Caves
20622820
20404810
56.
Bibi ka Maqbara, Aurangabad
7818100
8224535
57.
Daulatabad Fort, Aurangabad
3615645
3538880
58.
Pandulena Caves, Mahoor
1114270
1230030
59.
Aurangabad Caves, Aurangabad
530850
582375
60.
Elephanta Caves, Gharipuri
12255330
14060230
61.
Buddhist Caves, Kanheri
1167450
1784475
62.
Shaniwarwada, Pune
4727995
5217920
63.
Agakhan Palace, Pune
1316205
1641640
64.
Lenyadri Caves
2030805
2329930
65.
Caves, temple and inscriptions, Karla
1199560
1298830
66.
Caves, temple and inscriptions, Bhaja
263255
294030
67.
Raigad Fort, Raigad
855275
822225
68.
Kolaba Fort
300715
280130
69.
Old Fort, Sholapur
111495
127270

NCT Delhi


70.
Jantar Mantar, Delhi
2869495
2363600
71.
Tomb of Khan-i-Khana, Delhi
111830
123950
72.
Purana Qila, Delhi
5318120
5930835
73.
Sultanghari Tomb, Delhi
16025
14685
74.
Tughluqabad Fort, Delhi
425790
466710
75.
Kotla Feroz Shah, Delhi
581595
643280
76.
Safdarjung Tomb, Delhi
1047535
1901915
77.
Red fort, Delhi
60719750
59748550
78.
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi
71198110
63551550
79.
Qutb Minar, Delhi
101505890
102926690

Odisha


80.
Sun Temple,  Konarak
24352060
25702130
81.
Udayagiri & Khandagiri Caves, Bhubaneshwar
3036420
2231590
82.
Rajarani Temple, Bhubaneshwar
221345
253685
83.
Ratnagiri Monuments, Ratnagiri
247320
242515
84.
Buddhist Remains, Lalitagiri
170975
181950

Rajasthan


85.
Chittorgarh Fort, Chittorgarh
4618240
5003855
86.
Kumbhalgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh
2767295
3085840
87.
Deeg Palaces, Deeg
300600
337810

Tamilnadu


88.
Group of Monuments, Mamallapuram
27424160
27050890
89.
Fort, Thirumanayam
400815
366420
90.
Gingee Fort, Gingee
1234205
1086600
91.
Fort, Dindigul
192345
157305
92.
Muvarkoil, Kodumbalur, Pudukkottai
5740
7150
93.
Rock Cut Jain Temple, Sittannavassal
206790
250975
94.
Natural Cavern called Eladipallanan, Sittannavassal
189310
199225


Telangana


95.
Charminar, Hyderabad
 8476725
9104805
96.
Golconda Fort, Hyderabad
9292120
10229425
97.
Fort, Warangal
644770
754865

Uttar Pradesh


98.
Taj Mahal, Agra
218273950
212355330
99.
Agra fort, Agra
102186790
105890140
100.
Fatehpur Sikri
56134640
63075490
101.
Akbar’s tomb, Sikandara, Agra
7203245
6314525
102.
 Mariam’s tomb, Sikandara, Agra
283330
328915
103.
Itimad-ud-Daulah, Agra
7743795
8806055
104.
Rambagh group of monuments, Agra
402570
385765
105.
Mehtab Bagh, Agra
2524250
3019835
106.
Old fort (Shahi fort), Jaunpur
1209765
1141076
107.
Lord Cornwallis Tomb, Ghazipur
162060
229820
108.
Observatory Man Singh (Man Mahal), Varanasi
188070
740914
109.
Excavated Remains at Sarnath
10930205
12667554
110.
Monuments of  Sravasti, Sahet-Mahet
2507125
2906950
111.
Jhansi Fort, Jhansi
1276190
1387275
112.
Rani Mahal, Jhansi
70670
89970
113.
Residency, Lucknow
2278370
2236575

West Bengal


114.
Kooch Bihar Palace, Kooch Bihar
2130810
2024115
115.
Hazarduari Palace, Murshidabad
7312550
7564500
116.
Bishnupur Group of Temples, Bishnupur
540905
643900

Total:
968517827
933850612

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