Promoting Bio-Fertilizers



Promoting Bio-Fertilizers 
Government is promoting bio-fertilizers through various schemes of National Mission of Sustainable Development (NMSA)/Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) and National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) and Indian Council of Agricultural Sciences (ICAR).  The pattern of assistance is given below.                                                                                                                  
                          Pattern of assistance for promotion of biofertiliser/organic Inputs
NMSA-Organic & INM Component of SHM
Component:
1. Setting up of State of art liquid/ carrier based Biofertilizer/Biopesticide units
Pattern of assistance:
100% Assistance to State Govt/Govt. Agencies upto a maximumlimit of Rs.160.00 lakh /unit and 25% of cost limited to Rs.40lakh/unit for individuals/ private agencies through NABARD ascapital investment of 200 TPA production capacity

Component:
2. Setting up of Bio-fertilizer and Organic fertilizer testing Quality Control Laboratory (BOQCL) or Strengthening of existing Laboratory under FCO.
Pattern of assistance:
Assistance up to maximum limit of Rs. 85 lakh for newlaboratory and up to a maximum limit of Rs. 45 lakh forstrengthening of existing infrastructure to State GovernmentLaboratory under Agriculture or Horticulture Department.

Component:
3. Promotion of Organic Inputs on farmer’s field (Manure,Vermi-compost, Bio-Fertilizers Liquid / solid, Wastecompost, Herbal extracts etc.)
Pattern of assistance:
50 % of cost subject to a limit of Rs. 5000/- per ha and Rs. 10,000 perbeneficiary. Propose to cover 1 million ha area.
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana- (PKVY) one of the sub scheme of NMSA- Adoption of organic farming through cluster approach under Participatory Guarantee system (PGS) certification.
Under PKVY scheme- Fifty or more farmers will form a cluster and their 50 acres of land will be brought under Organic Farming.
(Component of Guidelines) 2.2
Integrated Manure Management
Component
Ist year        IInd year    IIIrd year ( amount in Rs)
                  

2.21
Liquid Bio-fertilizer consortia (Nitrogen fixing/ Phosphate Solubilizing/ potassium mobilizing bio-fertilizer) @ Rs.500/acre x 50
25000
0
0
Each farmer member will be assisted for procuring liquid
bio-fertilizer and its application to soil/seed to increase crop production.
2.2.2
Liquid Biopesticides (Trichoderma viridae, Pseudomonas, fluorescens, Matarhizium,  Beaviourie bassiana, Pacelomyces, verticillium) 2 Rs.500/ acre x 50
0
25000
0
Each farmer member will be assisted for procuring and application of liquid bio pesticides for suppression of disease in crop plants

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 
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Steps Taken to Increase the Production of Pulses and Oilseeds Intervention Made in Drought Affected Areas 
             National Food Security Mission (NFSM) is under implementation for enhancing total food grain production including pulses.  The pulse component has been extended to 622 districts of 27 states including North-Eastern States and 50% of total NFSM allocation is made for pulses.
            National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) is under implementation since 2014-15 in 27 states including North-Eastern States for increasing production and productivity of oilseeds including area expansion of oil palm.
            Under both NFSM-pulses and NMOOP financial assistance is available for organizing cluster demonstration and Front Line Demonstration (FLD) of improved technologies, supply of quality seeds including seeds minikits of new varieties, production inputs like soil  ameliorants, micro nutrients, bio-fertilizers, plant protection chemicals including bio-agents, farm machineries, water saving devices and capacity building of farmers/extension workers to increase the production and productivity of the pulses and oilseeds.
Production of pulses and oilseeds is comparatively less than their demand in the country.  The status of estimated production, consumption and shortfall of pulses is given below:-
 (Qty in lakh tonnes)
Year
Estimated production
Total availability/consumption
Shortfall/import
Pulses
2012-13
183.40
221.79
38.39
2013-14
192.50
229.14
36.44
2014-15
171.50
217.85
45.85


The status of estimated total availability and import of edible oil is as under:-

Edible Oil                                                                                                      (Qty in lakh tonnes)
Year
Domestic availability
Export & Industrial use
Total availability/consumption
Shortfall/import
2012-13
100.60
8.41
198.24
106.05
2013-14
109.00
7.10
211.66
109.76
2014-15
98.00
5.94
230.59
138.53

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 
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Intervention Made in Drought Affected Areas 
Intervention made in drought affected areas:

(i) Implementation of Diesel Subsidy Scheme for protective irrigation of crops;

(ii) Enhancement of ceiling on seed subsidy to partially recompense the farmer for the additional expenditure incurred in resoling and/or purchasing appropriate varieties of seeds;

(iii) Implementation of interventions on perennial horticulture crops under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH);

(iv) Implementation of Additional Fodder Development Programme (AFDP) as a sub-scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).

Central Research Institute of Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), in collaboration with State Agricultural Universities has prepared contingency plans for 600 districts for implementing location specific interventions to sustain agriculture production in the eventuality of any extreme climatic events.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has been launched with the objective of extending the coverage of irrigation in a focused manner. Under PMKSY focus has been given for: Creation of new water sources; Repair, restoration and renovation of defunct water sources; Construction of water harvesting structures, secondary & micro storage, ground water development and Enhancing potentials of traditional water bodies at village level.

Central Government has relaxed the norms under MGNREGA to provide additional employment of 50 days over and above the 100 days per household in the areas affected by natural calamities including drought for the current year.

Further, in order to protect farmers against crop failure due to natural calamities, pests & diseases, weather conditions, Government of India had introduced the National Crop Insurance Programme (NCIP) from Rabi 2013-14 season with component schemes of Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS), Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) and Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme (CPIS). In addition, National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) which was to be withdrawn after implementation of NCIP from Rabi 2013-14, has been extended further. These schemes have been recently reviewed and a new scheme namely, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) has been approved for implementation from Kharif 2016 season.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 

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Promotion of Micro Irrigation 
The Micro Irrigation technologies (both Drip and Sprinkler) are quite popular amongst the farmers and adoption rate is also high. The State-wise details of area covered under micro irrigation are given below in table 1.

            The National Mission on Micro Irrigation programme in the country, State-wise including West Bengal was subsumed under National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) and implemented as “On farm Water Management” (OFWM) during 2014-15. The same is now being implemented as “Per Drop More Crop” component under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchyee Yojana (PMKSY) from 2015-16 onwards.

            Various steps taken by Government for promotion of micro irrigation include (i) Training and awareness programmes, (ii) Awareness through print media and radio & TV talks, (iii) Organization of workshops, seminars and interactive meetings, (iv) Publicity creation through Exhibitions, Fairs and Kisan Melas, (v) Publication of literature and (vi) Short duration films.

            The State-wise position regarding Central Grant released and utilized under the scheme during last and current Five Year Plan period is at table-II.
Table-I
State-wise details of total area covered under micro irrigation including West Bengal
S. No.
State
Total Area
 Covered
(in hectare)*
1
Andhra Pradesh
1221416
2
Arunachal Pradesh
613
3
Assam
439
4
Bihar
102050
5
Chhattisgarh
259741
6
Goa
1936
7
Gujarat
912931
8
Haryana
574809
9
HP
2928
10
Jharkhand
16222
11
Karnataka
905802
12
Kerala
29464
13
Madhya Pradesh
374372
14
Maharashtra
1322125
15
Manipur
77
16
Mizoram
2152
17
Nagaland
5205
18
Odisha
102615
19
Punjab
44870
20
Rajasthan
1697586
21
Sikkim
9085
22
Tamil Nadu
355752
23
Telangana
67896
24
Tripura
492
25
UP
36682
26
Uttarakhand
1147
27
West Bengal
51180
28
J&K
85
29
Meghalaya
0
30
Others
46500
Grand Total
8146172

* Based on information as available as on 8-3-2016.
Table-II
S.No.
States
Current Five Year Plan Period
(2012-13 to 2015-16)
Central Grant Released
Central Grant Utilized*
1
Andhra Pradesh
854.65
1084.69
2
Bihar
154.50
98.38
3
Chhattisgarh
79.22
62.11
4
Goa
0.37
0.50
5
Gujarat
718.24
702.41
6
Haryana
102.94
85.65
7
Himachal Pradesh
5.25
3.30
8
Jammu & Kashmir
0.00
0.67
9
Jharkhand
55.00
25.56
10
Karnataka
549.95
539.21
11
Kerala
13.23
6.35
12
Madhya Pradesh
371.19
345.51
13
Maharashtra
557.06
516.60
14
Odisha
61.92
58.90
15
Punjab
15.00
15.79
16
Rajasthan
317.37
300.49
17
Tamil Nadu
299.28
418.03
18
Telangana
170.32
159.72
19
Uttar Pradesh
18.45
10.19
20
Uttarakhand
17.38
9.83
21
West Bengal
0.00
0.00
22
Arunachal Pradesh
0.00
0.00
23
Assam
1.50
0.95
24
Manipur
6.83
0.00
25
Meghalaya
0.50
0.00
26
Mizoram
13.50
0.00
27
Nagaland
0.00
0.00
28
Sikkim
16.41
7.28
29
Tripura
3.00
2.00

Grand Total
4403.06
4454.12


.

* Utilized amount includes utilization of Unspent Balance of previous year. The Scheme is in implementation since 2005-06 (All States except North Eastern & Himalayan States) and since 2010-11 (North Eastern & Himalayan States). Based on available information as on 8-3-2016.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 

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Launching of National Agriculture E-Market 
Government has approved a scheme for setting up of National Agriculture Market (NAM) on 01.07.2015 with a budget of Rs.200 crore, which is to be implemented during 2015-16 to 2017-18.

The scheme envisages implementation of the National Agriculture Market (NAM) by setting up of an appropriate common e-market platform that would be deployed in 585 regulated wholesale markets in States/Union Territories (UTs) desirous of joining the e-platform. Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) has been selected as the lead agency to implement the national e-platform. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) will meet the cost on software and its customization for the States. DAC&FW will also provide grant as one time fixed cost for related equipment / infrastructure subject to the ceiling of Rs.30.00 lakh per Mandi. State Governments will propose the regulated markets which are to be integrated with NAM.

As on date, proposals from 12 States/UTs namely Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, UT of Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh for integration of 365 mandis with NAM have been given in principle approval and grant has been released to Gujarat, Telangana, Jharkhand and Rajasthan. Meanwhile, other States like Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Punjab Odisha, Tamil Nadu, UT of Puducherry, Administration of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram have also expressed their willingness to join NAM.

It is proposed to launch NAM on 14th April 2016, on pilot basis, tentatively in 20 mandis across 8 States. The schedule for implementation of NAM is as follows:-

(i) Launch of NAM platform on pilot basis: 14th April 2016.

(ii) Integration of 200 regulated markets by September, 2016.

(iii) Integration of 200 regulated market by March, 2017.

(iv) Integration of 185 regulated markets by March 2018.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 


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