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Priority Sector for Skill Development



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Priority Sector for Skill Development 

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said thatAs per National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015, India had an employment base of 461.1 million in the 24 Sectors in 2013 which is expected to increase to 581 million by 2022.  A sector wise list is at Annexure-I.  About 104.62 million people would need fresh skilling in these sectors during 2015-22.  In addition, 298.25 million persons of existing workforce especially below 45 years of age would need skilling upskilling and reskilling.



Sr No.
Sector
Employment Base in 2013
(million)
Projected Employment by 2022
(million)
Incremental Human Resource Requirement (2013-2022)
1
Auto and Auto Components
10.98
14.88
3.9
2
Beauty and Wellness
4.21
14.27
10.06
3
Food Processing
6.98
11.38
4.4
4
Media and Entertainment
0.4
1.3
0.9
5
Handlooms and Handicrafts
11.65
17.79
6.14
6
Leather and Leather Goods
3.09
6.81
3.72
7
Domestic Help
6
10.88
4.88
8
Gems and Jewellery
4.64
8.23
3.59
9
Telecommunication
2.08
4.16
2.08
10
Tourism, Hospitality & Travel
6.96
13.44
6.48
11
Furniture and Furnishing
4.11
11.29
7.18
12
Building, Construction and Real Estate
45.42
76.55
31.13
13
IT and ITES
2.96
5.12
2.16
14
Construction Material and Building Hardware
8.3
11
2.7
15
Textile and Clothing
15.23
21.54
6.31
16
Healthcare
3.59
7.39
3.8
17
Security
7
11.83
4.83
18
Agriculture
240.4
215.6
(24.8)
19
Education/ skill development
13.02
17.31
4.29
20
Transportation and Logistics
16.74
28.4
11.66
21
Electronic and IT Hardware
4.33
8.94
4.61
22
Pharma and Life Sciences
1.86
3.58
1.72
23
BFSI
2.55
4.25
1.7
24
Retail
38.6
55.95
17.35
Grand Total
461.1
581.89
120.79








































In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said, National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has over 250 training providers with about 4000 training centres including 226 in Rajasthan across the country. A state wise list of the training centres is:

 NSDC’s Operational Training Centers, (state /union territory wise)
as on 29th February, 2016
State
Fixed centres
Mobile centres
Grand Total
Andhra Pradesh
64
13
77
Assam
61
1
62
Bihar
129
6
135
Chandigarh
6
1
7
Chhattisgarh
653
3
656
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
1
1
Delhi
118
22
140
Goa
4
2
6
Gujarat
99

******

Skill Development Service Cadre 
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that Cabinet has approved the formation of Group ‘A’ Service titled ‘Indian Skill Development Service’ comprising of 263 posts including 3 posts at Senior Administrative Grade level, 28 posts at Junior Administrative Grade Level, 120 posts at Senior Time Scale Level and 112 posts at Junior Time Scale level. 50% of the officers in the Junior Time Scale are to be sourced through the Indian Engineering Service Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said,An additional expenditure of Rs. 33, 64,578/- per annum is involved as the service is to be established from the already existing cadre. The officers of the proposed cadre are to be deployed in Directorate General of Training (Headquarters) and its various field formations spread all across the Country. 
******
Skill Development of SC/ST Students 

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that the Government has taken several steps to link skill development with education at secondary school and college level:

(i) At the secondary school level skill development is being provided under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Vocational training (CSSV), through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), in secondary education (from classes 9 to 12) under NSQF (National Skills Qualification Framework). It aims to             promotea nationally integrated education and competency based skill            framework which provides for multiple pathways both between general and vocational education. CSSV is owned by MHRD and jointly funded by them (75%) and participating State Government (25%). As of March, 2016 - NSDC is working with 15 State Governments viz. Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Telengana, Delhi Uttrakhand, West Bengal, Assam and Rajasthan for implementation of the scheme in their states through its approved and funded Sector Skill Councils. The scheme is currently covering over 3000 schools and benefiting approximately 2.25 Lakh school students including SC/ST students from classes 9 to 12.
(ii) At the college level, skill development is being provided through three Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) schemes under UGC: Community Colleges, B. Voc., and KAUSHAL Kendras. All three schemes leverage the institutional mechanism for industry-interface under MSDE. The assessment and certification of skill competence for these schemes is to take place through the industry led Sector Skill Councils (SSCs). Assessment is also aligned with the National Occupational Standards (NOS) and then Qualification Packs (QPs) developed by SSCs.
(iii)            Further, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) through NSDC has initiated programmes in Higher Education Institutions to integrate delivery of outcome based skill development training into mainstream 2nd and 3rd year curriculum of existing undergraduate level programmes.

In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said, these initiatives benefit the students including SC/ST students at school and college levels and have outreach to SC/ST areas as well.


******

Digital Vouchers 
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), in consultation with Department of Financial Services and Indian Banks Association (IBA), has designed a simple model Skill Loan Scheme aimed at providing a loan facility to individuals who intend to take up skill development courses. In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said, Steps undertaken to ease out the procedure of sanction of Skill Loans are:

(i) Any individual who has secured admission in a course as per National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) run by organizations/institutions including ITIs, Polytechnic, NSDC etc. to be notified for the purpose is eligible for a Skilling Loan.

(ii) Loans will range from Rs. 5,000/- to Rs. 150,000/.

(iii) There is no specific restriction with regard to the age and minimum qualification of the student to be eligible for skilling loan.

(iv) Apart from all member banks of IBA, scheme will also be applicable to Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) and other financial institutions regulated by RBI.

(v) No collateral for such skilling loan will be taken.

(vi) Risk of banks covered through Credit Guarantee Fund under the National Credit Guarantee Trust Company Ltd (NCGTC).

(vii) No processing fee will be charged by Banks/MFIs.

(viii) The bank may have installment during the course period itself or may consider moratorium of 6-12 months for specific courses or certain sectionsof the students.

(ix) Simple Application form has been designed to ensure easy application procedure. 
******

Skill Development in Aviation Sector 
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that the Ministry of Civil Aviation has had a comprehensive skill gap analysis in the civil aviation sector and to formulate a road map. The draft report has identified possible skill requirements in areas such as airport, airlines, MRO (maintenance, repair and operations), cargo and ground handling. Draft Report indicates that by 2035, the Indian Civil Aviation sector (across the study segments of Airport, Airlines, Cargo, MRO and Ground Handling) would employ 0.8 to 1 million personnel directly and another 3 million indirectly (for 1 direct job about 3.5 indirect jobs are created), after factoring in the likely improvements in economic output and labour productivity.

In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said, the Government has facilitated setting up Aerospace and Aviation Sector Skill Council to create Occupational Standards, develop competency framework, conduct Train the Trainer Programs, and Assess and Certify trainees on the curriculum aligned to National Occupational Standards developed by them. National Skill Development Corporation approved Training Providers (TPs) are providing Training in aviation sector. So far, 1430 persons have been trained by TPs in aviation sector. 
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Trades for Skill Development 


The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said thatNational Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) is a Public Private Partnership (PPP) entity to promote private training providers across the country. NSDC has 176 Training Centres in Mumbai and Bundelkhand regionwhich run training programme in various sectors like Apparel, Automobile, Building and Construction, Capital Goods, Gems and Jewellery, etc. In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said, A statement on training centres and persons trained in Mumbai, Bundelkhand, Banda and Chitrakoot is:

Trainings Completed by NSDC Training Partners- details are available till 29 February 2016
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
Mumbai
14302
10520
13526
11912
26535
Trainings Completed by NSDC Training Partners in Bundelkhand Region
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
Jhansi
0
94
736
302
366
Banda
0
0
158
232
21
Chitrakoot
0
0
0
0
0
Mahoba
0
0
0
13
32
Hamirpur
0
0
70
65
20
Lalitpur
0
113
247
115
493
Jalaun
0
0
4
122
86
Sagar
0
0
1213
521
836
Panna
0
0
329
97
63
Tikamgarh
0
0
775
112
19
Chhatarpur
0
0
654
180
353
Damoh
0
32718
433
59
175
Datia
0
0
201
43
118




















Training Centres

Fixed
Mobile
 Total
Mumbai
88
18
106




Bundelkhand Region 
Jhansi
4
0
4
Banda
1
0
1
Chitrakoot
1
0
1
Mahoba
4
0
4
Hamirpur
3
0
3
Lalitpur
2
0
2
Jalaun
6
0
6
Sagar
22
0
22
Panna
3
0
3
Tikamgarh
7
0
7
Chhatarpur
9
0
9
Damoh
6
0
6
Datia
2
0
2

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Vocational Training for Developmentof Skill 


The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said thatNational Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) is a competency-based framework that organizes qualifications into ten levels, with the entry level being 1, and the highest level being 10. Each of these levels is characterized by the certain categories of competencies such as: (i) Professional knowledge, (ii) Professional Skills,(iii) Core skills, (iv) Responsibility. As per timelines indicated in the NSQF notification, after 2016 government funding will not be available for the training courses, which are not NSQF aligned.List of major scheme of Government of India, for imparting vocational education/training for development of skill of youth in the country is attached as under: 

Details of Schemes for Skill Development of various Ministries/Departments

S. N.
Name of Ministrie/Department
Name of the Scheme
1.
M/o Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS)
Craftsmen Training Scheme      
Craftsmen Instructor Training Scheme
Skill Development Initiative Scheme (SDIS)
2.
M/o Rural Development
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
Rural Self-Employment Training Institutes (RSETIS)       
3.
M/o Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM)
4.
M/o Textiles
Integrated Skill Development Scheme (ISDS)
5.
M/o Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
National Food Security Mission – Farmers Field School    
Agri-Clinic and Agri-Business Centres Scheme     
Extension Reforms - Farm School
Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKS)
6.
M/o Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
Entrepreneurship Development Programmes (EDPS)        
Entrepreneurship Skill Development Programmes (ESDPS)
Management Development Programmes (MDPS)
Assistance to Training Institutions Scheme (ATI  SCHEME)
Skill Upgradation & Quality Improvement and Mahila Coir Yojana (MCY)
7.
M/o Tourism and Culture
Scheme of Capacity Building for Service Provides
Hunar se Rozgar tak Initiative
8.
M/o Human Resource Development
Vocationalization of School Education                
Scheme of Community Development through Polytechnics
National Institute of Open Schooling Distance Vocational  Education Programmes (Practical Learning through Accredited Vocational Institutes (AVI)  
Jan Shikshan Sansthan
9.
M/o Communication & IT
Scheme for Financial Assistance to States for Skill Development in Electronic System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) Sector
Skill Development in ESDM for Digital India
10.
M/o Tribal Affairs
Vocational Training for Tribal Youth
11.
M/o of Women and Child Development
Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP)
12.
M/o Commerce and Industry
Indian Leather Development Programme
13.
M/o Development of North Eastern Region  
Capacity Building & Technical Assistance
14.
M/o Home Affairs
UDAAN
15.
M/o Minority Affairs
Seekho aur Kamao        
Nai Roshini (The Scheme for Leadership Development of Minority Women)
16.
M/o Social Justice and Empowerment
Financial Assistance for Skill Training of persons with Disabilities
Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Scheduled Castes Sub Plan (SCSP)
National Scheduled Castes Finance & Development Corporation (NSFDC)
National Safai karamcharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC)
National Backward Class Finance & Development Corporation (NBCFDC)
17.
M/o Food Processing
Skill Development Programmes under NIFTM and IICPT
18.
M/o Chemicals and Fertilizers
Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology

In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said, The implementation mechanism of Government Schemes have inherent component of monitoring implementation, irregularities, public  grievances etc. and appropriate actions wherever required is taken by implementing Agency/Ministry/Department concerned.Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY),a flagship scheme of Government of India. To ensure quality of trainings to the satisfaction of trainees, following measures are taken under PMKVY:


i)        Grievance Portal: There is a grievance portal for candidates to register their grievances. PMKVY monitoring team conducts investigation and actions as per PMKVY Consequence management system are taken.
ii)      Call Validation: Candidates undergoing training are contacted via phone calls to seek their feedback on the training being provided.
iii)    Site Visits: The SSC & PMKVY monitoring team conduct site visits on sample basis to ensure that quality trainings are being provided to students, also before authorizing a centre it is the responsibility of the SSCs to ensure that training centre is well equipped to conduct the trainings.
iv)    Student Feedback Forms: The students have to fill a Student Feedback Form which seeks candidate’s experience of training, these forms are collected by the Assessor at the time of assessments.


The National Knowledge Commission (NKC) has made certain recommendations on vocational education which inter alia includes (i) increase the flexibility of VET within the mainstream education system (ii) quantify and monitor the impact of vocational education (iii) expand capacity through innovative delivery models (iv) ensure proper certification and (v) ensure a robust regulatory and accreditation framework.The Government has taken several additional measures to scale skilling with speed and standards in the country. This includes:


(i)     The National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015 which provides an umbrella framework to all skilling activities including skill development scheme/programme being carried out within the country.
(ii)   A National Skill Development Mission which seeks to converge, coordinate, implement and monitor skilling activities on a pan-India basis. The Institutional framework of the National Skill Development Mission has been put in place with constitution of the Governing Council headed by the Prime Minister, Steering Committee chaired by Minister, SDE and Executive Committee.
(iii) Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) a flagship outcome-based skill training scheme was launched on 15 July 2015 to benefit 24 lakh youth across India. So far over 17 lakh persons have been enrolled/trained under PMKVY.
(iv) Strategic partnerships have been undertaken between Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and other Ministries/Departments in the Central Government, to collaborate on scaling up skill training activities in specific sectors and leveraging existing infrastructure.
(v)   Common Norms for all skill development programmes across Central Ministries/Departments.
(vi) 1141 new ITIs with 1.73 lakh seats added in past 1 year. Total ITIs are now 13,105 with 18.7 lakh seats in 126 trades. 

******

Vocational Training Centres for SCs/STs 

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said thatNational Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has over 250 Training Partners with over 4,000 Training Centres across the country.
In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said,Although National Skill Development Corporation’s (NSDC) Training Providers do not have training centres exclusively for SCs/STs, Training is being provided in these training centres promoting the participation in skill development programmes by all socio-economic groups including SCs/STs. The SCs/STs trained by NSDC’s Training Providersare as under:
Trainings Completed as on 29 February 2016
Year
SC
ST
OBC
Total
2010-11
27
4
45
76
2011-12
3,503
793
5,909
10,205
2012-13
24,207
16,475
36,785
77,467
2013-14
82,953
40,763
134,224
257,940
2014-15
130,656
56,200
214,992
401,848
2015-16
95,374
48,452
130,656
274,482

******


Reservation in Skill Development 

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that there are a number of skill development schemes across various sectors being implemented by Central Ministries/Departments. All these schemes have provisions to promote the participation in skill development programmes by all socio-economic groups including SCs/STs. Under the Craftsmen Training Scheme, candidate belonging to SC/ST category get the reservation in the proportion to their population in each State and Union Territory.In addition, National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation (NSFDC) provides grant to eligible Scheduled Caste persons for Skill Development Programmes.

In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said, National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) though does not have any exclusive scheme for providing training to SC/ST/OBC candidates, however NSDC’s training providers have provided training to SC/ST/OBC candidates as under:

Trainings Completed as on 29 February 2016
Year
SC
ST
OBC
Total
2010-11
27
4
45
76
2011-12
3,503
793
5,909
10,205
2012-13
24,207
16,475
36,785
77,467
2013-14
82,953
40,763
134,224
257,940
2014-15
130,656
56,200
214,992
401,848
2015-16
95,374
48,452


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