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Number of Mines in the Country



Number of Mines in the Country 
As per information provided by Indian Bureau of Mines (a sub-ordinate office of the Ministry of Mines), there are a total of 3783 mines in the country as on 29.02.2016, wherein 1845 mines are working. Out of these working mines, 1658 mines are in the Private Sector. 


Indian Bureau of Mines, during inspection of mines in the year 2015-16 (upto 20th February) has pointed out 32 environmental violations. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has issued directions to various State Governments for filling complaints under section 15/19 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 in the competent courts of law in case of 92 and 64 mining projects during the year 2014 and 2015 (up to October 2015) respectively for violation of the provisions under the said Act.

The compliance of safety norms is primarily the responsibility of the operator of the Mines defined under section 18 of the Mines Act, 1952. The safety norms are being checked for compliance by the Directorate General of Mines Safety through inspections and enquiries made by the officers of the Directorate.

This information was given by Minister of Mines and Steel Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today. 
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Recession in Mining Sector 
According to new series of the Gross Domestic Product, the Gross Value Added (GVA)by the mining and quarrying sector at constant prices is rising over a period of time.  The details are provided in the table below:-
GVA at constant prices (at 2011-12 prices)

Mineral
2013-14
{2nd RE(NS)}
2014-15 (1stRE)
2015-16(AE)
GVA of Mining & Quarrying Sector (at constant Prices)
 in Rs. crore
267378
296328
316811
Source; Indian Bureau of Mines
NS:  New Series Estimates; RE: Revised Estimates; AE: Advance Estimates;

To boost the investment in mining sector, FDI up to 100% is allowed in exploration, mining, minerals processing and metallurgy under the automatic route for all non-fuel and non-atomic minerals including diamonds and precious stones. Further,   the Government has amended the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) (MMDR)Act, 1957 through the MMDR Amendment Act, 2015 which inter-alia provides following provisions for promoting the mining industry:
(i)                grant of mineral concessions through auction by competitive bidding;
(ii)             transition provisions for extension of existing leases to obviate disruptions in supply of ore and to ensure regular supply of raw material to the industry;
(iii)           allowing easy transferability of mineral concessions granted through auction, which would facilitate investments into the mining sector; and
(iv)           establishment of National Mineral Exploration Trust for regional and detailed exploration;
This information was given by Minister of Mines and Steel Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.
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Import of Minerals 
 Name of Minerals
2013-14
2014-15 (P)
Alabaster
23975
24831
Alumina
27542194
21244790
Andalusite
187621
201731
Antimony Ores & Conc.
888707
1004076
Arsenic Sulphide (Natural)
576
2041
Asbestos
13298986
17168105
Bauxite
3662474
8560886
Bentonite
201663
316055
Borax
3551233
4474017
Building And Monumental Stones Nes
1147451
1481235
Chromite
3099722
2871479
Cobolt Ores & Conc.
17358
366480
Copper Ores & Conc.
332267404
285028249
Diamond
1349155094
1252140913
Diatomite
186713
87085
Earth Clay
16862
2979
Emerald (Cut & Uncut)
22328772
63062394
Flint
....
2257
Fluorspar
2412179
2967071
Garnet( Cut And Uncut)
46894
68743
Garnet(Abrasive)
10542
10297
Granite
2402008
2261146
Graphite(Natural)
1235588
1335288
Iron Ore
3423552
65947416
Kieselguhr
717
804
Kyanite
13711
17006
Lead Ores & Conc.
3880931
3846804
Limestone
21580366
21961663
Magnesite
2216905
3327761
Manganese Ore
28306272
34669120
Marble
22107203
23848492
Molybdenum Ores & Conc.
5558080
8645534
Nickel Ores & Conc.
1207103
3842487
Niobium Or Tantalum Ores & Conc.
163720
179733
Other Minerals Nes
592588
2286200
Precious & Semi-Precious Stones
 (Cut & Uncut):
12574990
14675050
Preciuos Metal Ores & Concentrates
106977
22252599
Rock Phosphate
55177899
61803761
Salt ( Other Than Common Salt)
120999
114191
Sand (Excl. Metal Bearing)
61432
98399
Sillimanite
14307
10754
Sulphur  (Exc. Sublimed Precipited & Colloidal)
11002926
17446236
Tin Ores & Conc.
380
....
Titanium Ores & Conc.
1933433
971521
Tripoli Earth
740
....
Tungsten Ores & Conc.
28235
61582
Vanadium Ores & Conc.
8674
1378
Vermiculite
8396
11486
Witherite
7122
5268
Wollastonite
30479
32549
Zinc Ores & Conc.
1562269
1693837
Zirconium Ores & Conc.
3772861
3331466
Total
1939147283
1955765245
Source: Indian Bureau of Mines;
P: Provisional
This information was given by Minister of Mines and Steel Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.
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Geo-Heritage Sites 

Geological Survey of India (GSI) declares geo-heritage sites/ national geological monuments for protection and maintenance. The State-wise details are given in Annexure. GSI or the respective State governments take necessary measures to protect these sites.
There is no proposal pending with UNSECO for declaration of geo-heritage sites.
Annexure

State-wise details of the geological heritage sites/ national geological monuments

S. No
Geological heritage site /
National geological monument

S. No
Geological heritage site /
National geological monument


ANDHRA PRADESH
18
Kishangarh Nepheline Syenite, Ajmer Dist.
1
Volcanogenic bedded Barytes, Mangampeta, Cuddapah Dist.
19
Welded Tuff, Jodhpur Dist.   
2
Eparchaean Unconformity, Chittor Dist.
20
Jodhpur Group – Malani Igneous Suite Contact, Jodhpur Dist.
3
Natural Geological Arch, Tirumala Hills, Chittor Dist.
21
Great Boundary Fault at Satur, Bundi Dist.
4
Erra Matti Dibbalu- the dissected and stabilized coastal red sediment mounds located between Vishakhapatnam and Bhimunipatnam.




MAHARASHTRA


KERALA
22
Lonar Lake, Buldana Dist.   
5
Laterite near Angadipuram PWD rest house premises, Malapuram Dist.


CHATTISGARH
6
Varkala Cliff Section, Thiruvanatapuram Dist.
22
Lower Permian Marine bed at Manendragarh, Surguja Dist.


TAMILNADU


KARNATAKA
7
Fossil wood near Tiruvakkarai, South Arcot Dist.
24
Columnar Lava, St Mary Island  Udupi Dist.
8
National fossil wood park, Sattanur, Tiruchirapalli Dist.
25
Pillow lavas near Mardihalli, Chitradurga Dist.
9
Charnockite, St. Thomas Mount, Madras.
26
Peninsular Gneiss, Lalbagh, Banglore
10
Badlands of Karai Formation with Cretaceous fossils along Karai – Kulakkalnattam Section, Perambalur District.
27
Pyroclastics & Pillow lavas, Kolar Gold fields, Kolar Dist.


GUJARAT


HIMACHAL PRADESH
11
Sedimentary Structures – Eddy Markings, Kadan Dam, Panch Mahals Dist.  
28
Siwalik Fossil Park, Saketi, Sirmur dt.,


RAJASTHAN


ODISHA
12
Sendra Granite, Pali Dist.
29
Pillow Lava in lron ore belt at Nomira, Keonjhar dist.
13
Barr Conglomerate, Pali Dist.


JHARKHAND
14
Stromatolite Fossil Park, Jharmarkotra Rock Phosphate deposit, Udaipur Dist.
30
Plant Fossil bearing Inter-trappean beds of Rajmahal Formation, upper Gondwana sequence around Mandro, Sahibganj dist.
15
Gossan in Rajpura-Dariba Mineralised belt, Udaipur Dist.


NAGALAND
16
Stromatolite Park near Bhojunda, Chittaurgarh Dist.
31
Nagahill Ophiolite Site near Pungro,
17
Akal Fossil Wood Park, Jaisalmer Dist.

SIKKIM


32
Stromatolite bearing Dolomite / Limestone of Buxa Formation at Mamley, near Namchi, South district.

This information was given by Minister of Mines and Steel Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.


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