Leakage in Cylinders



Leakage in Cylinders 

The Minister of State (I/C) for Petroleum & Natural Gas Shri Dharmendra Pradhan informed the Lok Sabha in a written reply today that strict instructions have been issued to all distributors to carry out pre-delivery inspection at customers premise at the time of refill delivery. However, in case any subsequent leakage emergency, a multi-lingual emergency helpline 1906 has been publicized on which the customer can contact in emergency. 


In order to ensure the quality of LPG cylinders, the following quality checks are carried out:- 

a. LPG cylinders bottled at Plants are checked and only sound cylinders are sent for filling. After filling, the cylinders are despatched to the distributors after passing for quality checks for leaks. 

b. Statistical quality checks are conducted for the cylinders at bottling plants before despatch to distributors. 

c. LPG cylinders are periodically tested for safety as per norms of the Chief controller of Explosives, PESO. 

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Targets of Production of Oil/Gas 


The Minister of State (I/C) for Petroleum & Natural Gas Shri Dharmendra Pradhan informed the Lok Sabha in a written reply today that the targets as fixed by upstream Central Public Sector Enterprises  (CPSEs) of oil and gas sector and actual achievements in production of crude oil and natural gas during the Twelfth Plan  period is as under:

Year
Crude Oil
(Million Metric Tonne)
Natural Gas
(Billion Cubic Metre)
Target
Actual Achievements
Target
Actual Achievements
2012-13 to 2015-16
(upto Feb.,2016) *
152.10
147.00
148.61
139.46

        * Provisional

The lower production of crude oil in the country is attributed to various reasons, including inter-alia, decline in production from the major producing fields of the country, particularly in Western offshore and onshore fields in Gujarat and North-Eastern region, which are quite old and ageing, no major discoveries made in the recent past and challenges experienced in development of marginal and deep water fields in transfer of technology, logistics, isolated structures and viability thereof. Some of the important factors responsible for shortfall in production of natural gas are sharp decline in production in KG deep-water block operated by RIL, natural decline in major gas producing fields like Bassein and M&S Tapti, delay in commencement of production from eastern offshore fields, fire incident in Tatipaka gas pipeline of GAIL and lower gas upliftment by consumers, particularly in Tripura, Assam and Cauvery basin.   

Production targets are being regularly monitored, both by Government and CPSEs. Some of the important measures taken by the CPSEs to achieve the targets fixed for the production of crude oil and natural gas include inter-alia, implementation of various enhanced oil recovery / improved oil recovery schemes, field re-development projects, development of marginal fields on cluster concept, monetization of small and marginal discoveries in onshore areas through service contracts or outsourcing, expeditious development of new discoveries, developing new and marginal fields on fast track, use of modern technology for maximizing production from mature fields and enhancing well productivity, prioritisation of wells with high potential and drilling campaigns for non-associated gas.

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High Sulphur Content in Petroleum Coke 


            The Minister of State (I/C) for Petroleum & Natural Gas Shri Dharmendra Pradhan informed the Lok Sabha in a written reply today that as per information available, the sulphur contents in Petroleum Coke, Coal and Fuel Oil are as following:

Petroleum Coke
Coal
Fuel Oil
Produced from low sulphur crude
Produced from high sulphur crude


0.6 to 1.5%*
6 to 7%*
0.2 to 4.5%#
3.5 to 4.5%#

* Source IOCL
# Source  MRPL

Petroleum Coke is generally used as industry fuel by Cement, Steel, Graphite, Aluminium (etc) industry as per techno-economic considerations.  However, the industry is required to adhere to stipulated emission standards.

IOCL has informed that the domestic Petcoke may be consumed even with higher sulphur content to sustain refinery production/viability as the same gets produced due to introduction of BS-4/BS-5 fuels to reduce pollution and protect our environment.  As per information given by Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), Petroleum Coke import in the country in the last 3 years and current year is given in the Table-I of the annexure.

The details of the Petroleum Coke produced in the country in the last three years and the current year as provided by the Refineries producing the same is given in the Table –II of the annexure.

Table-I
Data for Petroleum coke imports into India in last 3 years:
Commodity

 PETROLEUM
 COKE
Import quantity (in MMT)
2012-2013
2013-2014
2014-2015
2015-2016(Apr-Dec)
3.34
3.57
5.81
6.56
          Source: DGFT
Table-II
Refinery-wise the production of Petroleum Coke during the last three years and the current year:
                                                            (Figures in TMT)

S. No.
Refinery
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
(upto Feb, 2016)
1.
IOC-Guwahati
55
61
60
52
2.
IOC-Barauni
142
124
132
125
3.
IOC-Koyali
606
681
761
665
4.
IOC-Digboi
40
35
35
28
5.
IOC-Panipat
886
978
870
766
6.
IOC-Bongaigaon
129
128
137
131
7.
NRL, Numaligarh
65.5
67.5
92.9
86.3
8.
MRPL, Mangalore
-
-
367
765
9.
RIL, Jamnagar
2837
2799
2844

10.
RIL, SEZ
3578
3849
3600

11.
EOL, Vadinar
1739
2112
2248

12.
BORL, Bina
409.6
438.5
530.0
433.9
13.
HMEL, Bhatinda
457
795
770


Total
10944.1
12068
12446.9
3052.2























***** 
Emission Norms 

The Minister of State (I/C) for Petroleum & Natural Gas Shri Dharmendra Pradhan informed the Lok Sabha in a written reply today that in an inter-ministerial meeting held on 06.01.2016 among Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises and Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, it was inter alia decided that the country will leap frog directly from BS-IV to BS-VI fuel standards and BS-VI fuel standards will be implemented across the country w.e.f 01.04.2020. This Ministry conveyed its readiness on 22.5.2015 to all Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) and other stakeholders for switching-over directly from BS-IV to BS-VI autofuels w.e.f. 1.4.2020. 

He also further stated that BS-IV autofuels was initially introduced in 13 cities on 01.04.2010 which was further expanded to 50 more cities by 15.3.2015 in following phases:- 

(i) Year 2012 – 13 cities 

(ii) Year 2013 - 7 cities

(iii) Year 2014 – 6 cities

(iv) Year 2015 - 24 cities

Presently, it has also been made available in whole of Northern India w.e.f. 1.4.2015 covering J&K (Except Leh/Kargil), Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi and the bordering districts of and parts of Rajasthan (Bharatpur, Alwar, Hanumangarh and Sriganganagar) and Western Uttar Pradesh (Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Baghpat, Meerut, Bijnor, Ghaziabad, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Bulandshar, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Rampur, Moradabad, Aligarh, Badaun, Bareilly, Mathura, Mahamaya Nagar, Etah, Agra, Ferozabad, Etawah and Mainpuri). 

***** 
Exploration of Oil and Gas 

            The Minister of State (I/C) for Petroleum & Natural Gas Shri Dharmendra Pradhan informed the Lok Sabha in a written reply today that Government takes various policy & administrative initiatives to facilitate hydrocarbon exploration in the country. Some of the policy decisions taken by the Government in recent years to enhance Exploration and Production (E&P) activities can be brought out as:

        i.            Policy to grant relaxation, extension & classifications at development & production stage for early monetization of hydrocarbon discoveries.
     ii.            Discovered Small Field Policy.
   iii.            Unified Licensing Policy- new Hydrocarbon Exploration Licensing  policy.
    iv.            Policy for Grant of Extension to small & medium sized discovered fields.
      v.            Policy for marketing freedom for gas produced from Deepwater & Ultra Deepwater areas.

The level of exploration and production activities depend on various factors including prospectivity of a region.

Exploration blocks are awarded through International Competitive Bidding process in a transparent manner based on the quantified Bid Evaluation Criteria. Investment decisions are taken by the contracts keeping in view the provisions in the Production Sharing Contract signed with the Government.

The details of exploratory work carried out by ONGC, OIL and Pvt. JV companies since inception are as under:-

 Company
2D(Line- Kilometer)
3D (Square- Kilometer)
OIL- Nomination
73948.67
14248.72
ONGC-Nomination
882315.89
112375.79
Pvt JV
(including ONGC/OIL)-Under PSC regime
375116
282310.4
Total
1331380.56
408934.91

Under PSC regime, 282 exploration blocks have been awarded for exploration of oil and gas so far. Production of Oil /Gas has commenced in 6 nos. of Pre-NELP exploration blocks and 11 nos. of NELP blocks.
The details of production of crude oil/gas from the hydrocarbon blocks awarded for exploration are at Annexure-I.

The Ministry is monitoring projects costing Rs 100 crore and above. Out of these at present, the following projects are reported to be stalled/kept on hold:

1. GAIL: Kochi-Koottanad-Bangalore-Mangalore Pipeline Phase-II: The matter is sub-judice at Supreme Court of India.
2. IOCL CBR-Trichy Pipeline: On hold as a direct fall out of above mentioned court case.
3. IOCL Ennore-Trichhy-Madurai LPG Pipeline: On hold as a direct fall out of above mentioned court case.
4. GAIL: Surat Paradip Pipeline Project: Due to delay in development of Gas sources and absence of anchor gas customer along the pipeline route.

The Government has formulated a new Hydrocarbon Exploration & Licensing Policy.

The prices of Petrol and Diesel have been made market determined by the Government effective with 26th June, 2010 and 19th October, 2014 respectively. Since then, the Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) take appropriate decision on pricing of Petrol and Diesel in line with their international prices and other market conditions.

In order to protect the consumers from the fluctuations in the prices in the international market, the Government continues to modulate the Retail Selling Price of Subsidized domestic LPG and PDS Kerosene and their basic prices have not been revised after 25th June, 2011.
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Annexure-I







Bidding Round
Exploration  Block
State
Operator
Year of Commencement of Production
Cumulative Production since Inception till February, 2016 from Exploration blocks awarded Under PSC regime 
Oil+ Condensate (TMT)
GAS (MSCM)
NELP
CB-ONN-2000/2
Gujarat
Niko Resource Limited
2003-04
0
692560.74
NELP
CB-ONN-2000/1
Gujarat
Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Limited (GSPC)
2007-08
331.83
9161.02
NELP
KG-DWN-98/3
Offshore
Reliance Industries Limited
2008-09
3520.24
73874317.71
NELP
CB-ONN-2002/3
Gujarat
GSPC
2012-13
0.49
0
NELP
CB-ONN-2003/2
Gujarat
GSPC
2012-13
4.88
194.2
NELP
KG-OSN-2001/3
Offshore
GSPC
2012-13
6.94
240416.8
NELP
CB-ONN-2002/1
Gujarat
ONGC
2013-14
0.13
0
NELP
CB-ONN-2004/1
Gujarat
ONGC
2014-15
0.83
0
NELP
CB-ONN-2004/2
Gujarat
ONGC
2014-15
1
0
NELP
CB-ONN-2001/1
Gujarat
ONGC
2015-16
0.67
0
NELP
CY-ONN-2002/2
Tamilnadu
ONGC
2015-16
5.66
500.45
Pre-NELP
CB-OS/2
Gujarat
Tata Petrodyne Limited
2002-03
3118.1
6592525.57
Pre-NELP
CB-ON/7
Gujarat
Hindustan Oil Exploration Company
2004-05
112.86
8701.06
Pre-NELP
RJ-ON-90/1
Rajasthan
Cairn Energy Limited
2006-07
46656.13
2736993.81
Pre-NELP
CB-ON/3
Gujarat
Essar Oil Limited
2007-08
12.6
437.23
Pre-NELP
CB-ON/2
Gujarat
GSPC
2009-10
44.06
33640.64
Pre-NELP
RJ-ON/6
Rajasthan
Focus Energy Limited
2010-11
10.63
1148967.82


53827.04
85338417.06




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