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Environment Ministry releases new categorisation of industries



Environment Ministry releases new categorisation of industries

‘Re-Categorisation of Industries a landmark decision, new category of white industries will not require environmental clearance’: Javadekar 
The Government today released a new categorization of industries based on their pollution load.  Releasing the new categorization here today, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar, said, “The new category of White industries which is practically non-polluting will not require Environmental Clearance (EC) and Consent and will help in getting finance from lending institutions. The exercise of Re-categorization was being carried out for last one year. This is a landmark decision to give a fair picture of the industries”.
 “Re-categorization of industries based on their pollution load is a scientific exercise. The old system of categorization was creating problems for many industries and was not reflecting the pollution of the industries. The new categories will remove this lacuna and will give clear picture to everyone. 25 industrial sectors which were not critically polluting were also earlier categorized as Red. This was creating wrong impression to everyone”, Shri Javadekar added.
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has developed the criteria of categorization of industrial sectors based on the Pollution Index which is a function of the emissions (air pollutants), effluents (water pollutants), hazardous wastes generated and consumption of resources. For this purpose the references are taken from the the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution ) Cess (Amendment) Act, 2003, Standards  so far prescribed for  various pollutants under Environment (Protection) Act , 1986 and Doon Valley Notification, 1989 issued by MoEFCC. The Pollution Index PI of any industrial sector is a number from 0 to 100 and the increasing value of PI denotes the increasing degree of pollution load from the industrial sector. Based on the series of brain storming sessions among CPCB, SPCBs and MoEFCC , the following criteria on  ‘Range of Pollution Index ‘for the purpose of categorization of  industrial sectors is finalized.   

o       Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 60 and above -  Red category
o        Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  41 to 59      –  Orange category
o       Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  21 to 40       –  Green category
o       Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score incl.&upto 20    -  White category

The salient features of the ‘Re-categorization’ exercise are as follows:
Ø      Due importance has been given to relative pollution potential of the industrial sectors based on scientific criteria. Further, wherever possible, splitting of the industrial sectors is also considered based on the use of raw materials, manufacturing process adopted and in-turn pollutants expected to be generated.
Ø      The Red category of industrial sectors would be 60.
Ø      The Orange category of industrial sectors would be 83.
Ø      The Green category of industrial sectors would be 63.
Ø      Newly-introduced White category contains 36 industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting.
Ø      There shall be no necessity of obtaining the Consent to Operate’’ for White category of industries. An intimation to concerned SPCB / PCC shall suffice.
Ø      No Red category of industries shall normally be permitted in the ecologically fragile area / protected area.
The details of the industries falling under Red, Orange , Green and White categories are presented in tables 1, 2, 3 & 4 respectively (given below).
The newly introduced White category of industries pertains to those industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting, such as Biscuit trays etc. from rolled PVC sheet (using automatic vacuum forming machines), Cotton and woolen hosiers making (Dry process only without any dying/washing operation), Electric lamp (bulb) and CFL manufacturing by assembling only, Scientific and mathematical instrument manufacturing, Solar power generation through photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW).
The purpose of the categorization is to ensure that the industry is established in a manner which is consistent with the environmental objectives. The new criteria will prompt industrial sectors willing to adopt cleaner technologies, ultimately resulting in generation of fewer pollutants. Another feature of the new categorization system lies in facilitating self-assessment by industries as the subjectivity of earlier assessment has been eliminated. This ‘Re-categorization’ is a part of the efforts, policies and objective of present government to create a clean & transparent working environment in the country and promote the Ease of Doing Business.
Other similar efforts include installation of Continuous Online Emissions/ Effluent Monitoring Systems in the polluting industries,   Revisiting the CEPI (Comprehensive Environment Pollution Index) concept for assessment of polluted industrial clusters, revision of existing industrial emission/effluent discharge standards, initiation of special drive on pollution control activities in Ganga River basin and many more in the coming days.


Annexure
Table 1 : List of Red Category of Industries 
Sl No.
Industry Sector
Sl No.
Industry Sector
1
Isolated storage of hazardous chemicals
39
Yarn / Textile processing
2
Automobile Manufacturing (integrated)
40
Chlor Alkali
3
Hazardous waste recycling  (Spent cleared metal catalyst )
41
Ship Breaking
4
Lubricating oils  and grease mfg. 
42
Oil and gas extraction
5
DG Set  (> 5 MVA)
43
Metal surface treatment
6
Carbon black & allied
44
Tanneries
7
Lead acid battery
45
Ports /harbor/jetties
8
Phosphate rock processing
46
Synthetic fibers
9
Power generation plant
47
Thermal Power Plants
10
Hazardous Waste Recyclers (Spent catalyst)         
48
Slaughter house
11
Chlorinated hydrocarbons
49
Aluminium Smelter
12
Sugar
50
Copper Smelter
13
Fibre glass production
51
Fertilizer (basic)
14
Fire crackers
52
Integrated Iron & Steel
15
E-Waste Recyclers
53
Pulp & Paper ( bleaching)
15
Milk and dairy products
54
Zinc Smelter
17
Phosphorous
55
Oil Refinery
18
Pulp & Paper 
56
Petrochemicals 
19
Coke making
57
Pharmaceuticals
20
Explosives / detonators
58
Pulp & Paper ( Large-Agro + wood),
21
Paints varnishes, pigments
59
Distillery
22
Organic Chemicals
60
Railway locomotive work shop/  service centers
23
Airports and Commercial Air Strips

24
Asbestos
25
Basic chemicals
26
Cement
27
Chlorates, per-chlorates & peroxides
28
Chlorine, fluorine, bromine, iodine
29
Dyes and Dye- Intermediates
30
Health-care Establishment
31
Hotels (Big) 
32
Lead acid battery -recyclers
33
Waste electrical and electronic recyclers
34
Glue and gelatin
35
Mining and ore beneficiation
36
Nuclear power plant
37
Pesticides 
38
Photographic film /chemicals

Table 2 : LIst of Orange  Category of Industries 
Sl. No.
Industry Sector
Sl. No.
Industry Sector
1
Almirah, Grill Manufacturing
43
Large Cotton spinning and weaving
2
Aluminium & copper extraction from scrap
44
Lime manufacturing (using lime kiln)
3
Automobile servicing, repairing
45
Liquid floor cleaner, black phenyl
4
Ayurvedic and homeopathic medicine
46
Manufacturing of glass
5
Brickfields
47
Manufacturing of mirror from sheet glass
6
Building and construction  >20,000 sq. m
48
Manufacturing of mosquito repellent coil
7
Cashew nut processing
49
Manufacturing of Starch/Sago
8
Ceramics and Refractories
50
Mechanized laundry using oil fired boiler
9
Chanachur and ladoo using husk fired oven
51
Medium scale Hotels
10
Coal washeries
52
Modular wooden furniture
11
Coated electrode
53
New highway construction project
12
Coffee seed processing
54
Non-alcoholic beverages(soft drink)
13
Compact disc computer floppy
55
Paint blending and mixing (Ball mill)
14
Copper waste recyclers                      
56
Paints and varnishes (mixing and blending)
15
Dairy and dairy products ( small scale)
57
Parboiled Rice Mills
16
DG set ( >1MVA but < 5MVA)
58
Pharmaceutical formulation
17
Dismantling of rolling stocks
59
Ply-board manufacturing
18
Dry cell battery
60
Potable alcohol ( IMFL) by blending
19
Dry coal / mineral processing
61
Printing ink manufacturing
20
Fermentation (Extra Neutral Alcohol)
62
Printing or etching of glass sheet
21
Ferrous and Non- ferrous metal extraction
63
Printing press
22
Fertilizer (granulation / formulation / blending
64
Producer gas plant
23
Fish feed, poultry feed and cattle feed
65
Recyclers - used oils
24
Fish processing and packing
66
REcyclers - waste oils
25
Flakes from rejected PET bottle
67
Recycling  - Paint and ink Sludge
26
Foam manufacturing
68
Reprocessing of waste plastic /PVC
27
Food and food processing
69
Rolling mill (oil or coal fired)
28
Forging of ferrous and non- ferrous
70
Silica gel
29
Formulation/pelletization of camphor tablets etc.
71
Silk /saree screen printing
30
Glass ceramics, earthen potteries and tile
72
Spray painting
31
Gravure printing, digital printing on flex, v
73
Steel and steel products with furnaces
32
Heat treatment using oil fired furnace
74
Stone crushers
33
Hot mix plants
75
Surgical and medical products (latex)
34
Ice cream
76
Synthetic detergents and soaps
35
Industry or processes involving foundry operations
77
Synthetic resins
36
Iodized salt from crude/ raw salt
78
Synthetic rubber excluding molding
37
Jute processing without dyeing
79
Tephlon based products
38
large Bakery and confectionery
80
Thermocol manufacturing ( with boiler)
39
Transformer repairing/ manufacturing
81
Thermometer
40
Tyres and tubes vulcanization/ hot retread
82
Tobacco products including cigarettes
41
Vegetable oil manufacturing
83
Tooth powder, toothpaste, talcum powder
42
Wire drawing and wire netting




Table 3 : List of Green category of Industries

Sl. No.
Industry Sector
Sl. No.
Industry Sector
1
Aluminium utensils
36
Ready mix cement concrete
2
Ayurvedic medicines
37
Reprocessing of waste cotton
3
Small Bakery /confectionery
38
Rice mill (Rice hullers only)
4
PP film
39
Rolling mill ( gas fired) and cold rolling mill
5
Biomass briquettes
40
Rubber goods (gas operated baby boiler)
6
Melamine resins
41
Saw mills
7
Brass and bell metal utensils
42
Soap manufacturing
8
Candy
43
Spice Blending
9
Cardboard / corrugated box
44
Spice grinding
10
Carpentry & wooden furniture
45
Steel furniture
11
Cement products
46
Grains processing
12
Ceramic colour by mixing
47
Tyres /tube retreating
13
Chilling plant and ice making
48
Chilling /ice plant
14
Coke briquetting
49
CO2 recovery
15
Small Cotton spinning and weaving
50
Distilled water 
16
Dal Mills
51
Small Hotels
17
Decoration of ceramic cups
52
Optical lenses
18
Digital printing on PVC clothes
53
Mineralized water
19
Handling, storage of food grains
54
Tamarind powder
20
Flour mills
55
Marble stone
21
Electrical Glass , ceramic, earthen potteries
56
Emery powder
22
Glue from starch
57
Flyash export
23
Gold and silver smithy
58
Mineral stack yard
24
Non-polluting Heat treatment
59
Oil and gas transportation pipeline
25
Insulation /coated papers
60
Seasoning of wood
26
Leather foot wear /products
61
Synthetic detergent
27
Blending of Lubricating oil, greases
62
Tea processing
28
Pasted veneers
63
Pulverization of bamboo
29
Oil mill Ghani 

30
Packing materials
31
Phenyl/toilet cleaner 
32
Polythene and plastic products
33
Poultry, Hatchery and Piggery
34
Power looms (without dye and bleaching)
35
Puffed rice (muri) (gas or electrical heating)


Table 4 : List of White category of Industries

Sl. No.
Industry Sector
1.        
Air coolers /conditioners
2.        
Bicycles ,baby carriages
3.        
Bailing of waste papers
4.        
Bio fertilizer /bio-pesticides
5.        
Biscuits trays
6.        
Blending / packing of tea
7.        
Block making of printing
8.        
Chalk making
9.        
Compressed oxygen gas
10.     
Cotton and woolen hosiers
11.     
Diesel pump repairing
12.     
Electric lamp ( bulb) and CFL
13.     
Electrical and electronic item
14.     
Engineering and fabrication units
15.     
Flavoured betel nuts
16.     
Fly ash bricks/ block
17.     
Fountain pen
18.     
Glass ampules
19.     
Glass putty and sealant
20.     
Ground nut decorticating
21.     
Handloom/ carpet weaving
22.     
Leather cutting and stitching
23.     
Coir items from coconut husks
24.     
Metal caps containers etc
25.     
Shoe brush and wire brush
26.     
Medical oxygen
27.     
Organic and inorganic nutrients
28.     
Organic manure
29.     
Packing of powdered milk
30.     
Paper pins and u clips
31.     
Repairing of electric motors /generators
32.     
Rope (plastic and cotton)
33.     
Scientific and mathematical instrument
34.     
Solar module non-conventional energy apparatus
35.     
Solar power generation through solar photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW)
36.     
Surgical and medical products assembling

***

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