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Authenticity and Quality check of Ayurvedic medicines



Authenticity and Quality check of Ayurvedic medicines
The Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 and the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 have exclusive provisions for the regulation and quality control of Ayurvedic medicines. The licensing and quality control of Ayurvedic medicines is under the purview of State Governments and the legal provisions are framed or amended by the Central Government. Good Manufacturing Practices and Quality Standards for manufacturing of Ayurvedic medicines are prescribed in the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 and Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia and authoritative books listed in Schedule I of the Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940. Authenticity of the medicines is checked on the basis of standards of identity, purity and strength prescribed in the pharmacopeia. For this purpose Central Government has set up Pharmacopoeial Laboratory of Indian Medicine, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh.


There are 27 State Drugs Testing Laboratories for testing of Ayurvedic medicines and raw materials. 41 private sector laboratories are also approved under the provisions of Drugs & Cosmetics Rules, 1945 for carrying out testing of Ayurvedic drugs & raw materials. Pharmacopoeial Commission of India Medicine & Homoeopathy and Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee are in place to develop quality standards and Standard Operating Procedures for the manufacturing of Ayurvedic drugs.

Under National AYUSH Mission, Central Government provides financial support to the States for strengthening the infrastructural and functional capacity of the Drugs Testing Laboratories, Pharmacies, Enforcement Framework and Testing of drugs. Two statutory bodies in the name of Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani Drugs Technical Advisory Board (ASUDTAB) and Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani Drugs Consultative Committee (ASUDCC) are constituted under the provisions of Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 to advise the Central and State Governments in technical and enforcement matters of Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani drugs respectively.

Ayurvedic Hospitals attached to All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur (Rajasthan), Institute of Postgraduate Teaching & Research in Ayurveda, Jamnagar (Gujarat) and Banaras Hindu University are financed by the Central Government. There are thirty Ayurvedic Research cum Treatment Centres as part of the Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), which is an autonomous organization totally supported by the Central Government. There are seventeen Centres of Excellence having Ayurvedic treatment facility which are supported by the Central Government. Under National AYUSH Mission, a large number of co-located AYUSH facilities are also supported at PHCs, CHCs, District Hospitals and dispensaries etc.

This information was given by the Minister of State for AYUSH (Independent Charge) and Health & Family Welfare, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.
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Government taking various steps for creating infrastructure facilities for the development of AYUSH: Shri Shripad Yesso Naik
The Government has allocated adequate funds to the tune of Rs.900 crore under Revised Estimate for the year 2015-16 for AYUSH.

Under the Central Sector Schemes, various steps taken for creating infrastructure facilities for the development of AYUSH includes:

(i) Funding of thirty projects till date for creating infrastructure facilities under the scheme of “Centre of Excellence Scheme”.

(ii) Funding support to ten projects till date for creating infrastructure facilities under the scheme of “Development of AYUSH Cluster”.

(iii) Support for creation of Infrastructure facilities for development of eleven National Institutes relating to AYUSH sector.

Also, the National Ayush Mission envisages creation of infrastructure facilities besides other activities through the components of AYUSH services, AYUSH educational institutions, and enforcement of quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani & Homoeopathy (ASU&H) drugs and sustainable availability of ASU & H raw-materials in the states/UTs during 12th Plan.

The three new Institutes i.e. All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Homoeopathy, Shillong and North Eastern Institute of Folk Medicine, Pasighat are in advance stage of construction. The details of these Institutes are as under:

(i) All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA), New Delhi:

An Apex Institute of Ayurveda with 200 bedded referral hospital and to impart education in the field of Ayurveda at M.D. and Ph. D. level.

(ii) North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Homoeopathy (NEIAH), Shillong :

A state of the art institute consisting of Ayurveda College and Homoeopathy College along with attached hospital is of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy of 100 beds and 50 beds. The institute will provide under graduate, post graduate, doctoral and post doctoral teaching.

(iii) North Eastern Institute of Folk Medicine (NEIFM), Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh:

It is the Centre of Excellence and Apex Research Centre for all aspect of Folk Medicine knowledge with linkage and collaboration with other research. The objective of the institute is to provide better medical/clinical facilities in North Eastern Region.

This information was given by the Minister of State for AYUSH (Independent Charge) and Health & Family Welfare, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.
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Conservation of endangered medicinal plants
The Government is not neglecting the endangered species of medicinal plants. To look into all matters related to medicinal plants, the Government of India has set up National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) under Department of AYUSH (now Ministry of AYUSH) in year 2000. Since its inception NMPB is working towards conservation and development of medicinal plants along with promotion of medicinal plants cultivation on farmers land to meet the ever increasing demand. Presently, the NMPB, Ministry of AYUSH is implementing the following two schemes for overall development of medicinal plants sector in the country:

1. Central Sector Scheme for Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants

2. Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM)

Under the Central Sector Scheme, conservation of medicinal plants is being carried out mainly through in-situ conservation by way of plantation/ resource augmentation of species in their natural habitat and establishing Medicinal Plants Conservation and Development Areas (MPCDAs) etc., and through ex-situ conservation by developing herbal gardens.

In order to reduce the pressure on wild population of medicinal plants species, the Ministry of AYUSH under the NAM scheme is promoting large scale cultivation of medicinal plants on farmers land and in this regard provides financial assistance as subsidy @ 30%, 50% and 75% of cost of cultivation to farmers for cultivation of medicinal plants including endangered species.

As per Botanical Survey of India (BSI), out of 8,000 medicinal plants only 53 species are under threatened categories like Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, etc.

This information was given by the Minister of State for AYUSH (Independent Charge) and Health & Family Welfare, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.
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Central Research Institute of Yoga and Naturopathy being set up at Bhubaneswar, Odisha
The Central Government has approved setting up of a Central Research Institute of Yoga and Naturopathy at Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

Land has been obtained from the State Government of Odisha and registered in the name of the Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy (CCRYN). The funds have been released to Central Public Works Department for construction of boundary wall and walking track etc.

This information was given by the Minister of State for AYUSH (Independent Charge) and Health & Family Welfare, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.


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