Age relaxation for widows



Age relaxation for widows
The Ministry of Women and Child Development is considering taking up a proposal for age relaxation for widows for employment in Government and Central PSUs. The Ministry is also considering moving a proposal for tax rebates for single women who are having children. These are at a preliminary stage and formal proposals have not yet been prepared.


This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.
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Crimes against Children
As per National Crime Records Bureau, a total of 38,172 cases, 58,224 cases and 89,423 cases were registered under crime against children during 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively.

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 which came into force on 15.01.2016, has provisions for punishment relating to offences against children, viz. punishment for cruelty to child, employment of child for begging, sale and procurement of children for any purpose etc.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, SmtManeka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the RajyaSabha today.
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Conviction under POCSO Act
               The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 came into force on 14.11.2012. It is only 3 years since the Act has been in force and even the data for the year 2015 is under collection, therefore a review of the Act is not planned at this stage. However, Section 44 of the POCSO Act, 2012 empowers the NCPCR and State Commission for Protection of Child Rights for monitoring the implementation of the provisions of this Act in such a manner as may be prescribed.
               On 14.01.2016, Ministry of Women and Child Development and NCPCR jointly held a consultation with all stakeholders responsible for implementing the POCSO Act. During the consultation it was emphasized that there is a need for dissemination of information, creation of awareness and registration of cases under POCSO Act.
               In 2014, out of 406 cases in which trial was completed under POCSO Act, conviction was done in 100 cases.

Data for the year 2014 (01.01.2014-31.12.2014)
Cases reported
Cases Chargesheeted
Trial Completed
Cases Convicted
Conviction Rate
8904
6573
406
100
24.6%
*Source: Crimes in India, NCRB 2014.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.

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605 Special Courts set up under the POCSO Act across the country
As reported by National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), there are 605 special Courts across the country and 478 Special Public Prosecutors have since been appointed under Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012. Section 44 of the POCSO Act, 2012 empowers the NCPCR and State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) for monitoring the implementation of the provisions of this Act. Section 32 of POCSO Act provides that the State Government shall appoint a Special Public Prosecutor for every Special Court for conducting cases only under the provision of this Act. However, the Ministry has been requesting to State/UTs from time to time to implement the provisions of POCSO Act 2012.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.
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Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi expresses satisfaction at the budgetary allocation for the WCD Ministry for the Financial Year 2016-17

Significant increase of 11% in the Gender Budget for 2016-17
Women’s safety, fighting malnutrition, preventing crimes against women and children, and economic empowerment of women shall remain the priority areas for the Ministry of Women and Child Development in the coming year. The Minister for Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi said that these priorities are adequately reflected in the budget for the financial year 2016-17.

She was briefing media persons about the budget allocation for the Ministry of Women and Child Development in New Delhi today. Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi said that in reference to the Gender Budget 2016-17, the financial allocation for women in Central Budget stands as Rs.90,624 Crore as against Rs.81,249 Crores which is a significant increase of 11%.

Expressing satisfaction at the allocation, the Minister said that, “we are very happy with the budget, we got everything we asked for.”

The main highlights of the Budget 2016-17 of Ministry of Women and Child Development are as below:

1. The allocation of the Ministry for the year 2016-17 is Rs. 17,300 crores as against the original allocation of Rs 8,335 crores in 2015-16. Which was later revised at RE stage toRs. 17,257 crores. The Budget 2016-17 also contains provision of Rs.108 crore for Non-Plan expenditure bringing the total budgetary allocation for the Financial Year 2016-17 to Rs.17,408 Crores.

2. This allocation needs to be seen along with the overall Gender Budget of the central government. Gender Budget is divided in two parts. Part A covers all the programmes run by different Ministries which are fully dedicated to women. Part B covers those programmes of different Ministries which have a specific allocation for women or which benefit women in quantifiable terms.

3. The total allocation for Part A in the Gender Budget for 2016-17 is Rs. 17,412 crores as against Rs. 11,388 crores in 2015-16. Similarly, the allocation under Part B for 2016-17 is Rs. 73,212 crores as against Rs. 69,860 crores in 2015-16. Together, the total allocation for women in the Central Budget stands at Rs. 90,624 crores as against Rs. 81,249 crores which is a significant increase of 11%.

4. Major increase in the allocation include the component of Indira AwasYojana dedicated to women, components of schemes of farmer welfare, higher education, MNREGA etc.

5. The primary area of focus of the Ministry is malnutrition. A number of measures have been taken to enhance the capacity of the Ministry to deliver supplementary nutritional services for women and children in line with the philosophy of Economic Survey which had stated that investment in maternal and child nutrition is the best way to make economic social investment for reaping the benefits of demographic dividend.

6. The Ministry has been given enhanced allocation of Rs. 400 crores in 2016-17 for the MatritavaSahyogYojna as against the previous year’s final allocation of Rs. 233 crores.

7. An allocation of Rs. 360 crores has been made in 2016-17 as against Rs. 65 crores last year under the National Nutrition Mission.

8. Alongwith this, an allocation of Rs. 450 crores has been made in 2016-17 under the World Bank assisted ICDS Strengthening Project as against last year’s final allocation of Rs. 35 crores.

9. An additional sum of Rs. 15 crores has been provided to the Food and Nutrition Board for establishment of state-of-the art laboratories at four regional locations in the country.

10. The Budget of NIPCCD has also been increased from Rs. 20 crores in 2015-16 to Rs. 40 crores in 2016-17.

11. Similarly, the budgetary allocations for key programmes for women have also been enhanced.

12. The allocation of establishment of shelter homes for women has been increased from Rs. 52 crores in 2015-16 to Rs. 100 crores in 2016-17. This will enable the Ministry to create additional facilities, especially for widows.

13. The Ministry had proposed to significantly expand the reach of National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW) to establish a network of village level facilitation centres. Accordingly, the Budget for the NMEW has been enhanced from Rs. 26 crores in 2015-16 to Rs. 50 crores in2016-17.

14. The Ministry has been giving focused attention to the subject of trafficking of women and children and it has been decided to establish a comprehensive framework to combat this problem. A Committee has already been constituted to draft a new legislation and design an institutional framework for this purpose. The allocation for this has accordingly been increased from Rs. 20 crores in 2015-16 to Rs. 35 crores in 2016-17.

15. One of the key elements of Ministry’s functioning is a comprehensive outreach programme which can enable change of mind-set of common people. In order to further strengthen this, the budget has been enhanced from Rs. 40 crores in 2015-16 to Rs. 60 crores in 2016-17.

16. Establishment of One Stop Centres for providing safety to women affected by violence is being significantly expanded in 2016-17. For this purpose, the Budget has been enhanced from Rs. 13 crores in 2015-16 to Rs. 75 crores in 2016-17.

17. A sum of Rs. 500 crores has been provided under the Nirbhaya Fund to the Ministry in 2016-17.
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