Productivity of Shipyards



Productivity of Shipyards 
As regards mechanization and productivity levels of shipyards in the country, the Central Public Sector Shipyards, CSL is sufficiently mechanised and modernised on par with good quality medium size international standards. Defence Public Sector shipyards are sufficiently mechanised and comprehensive modernisation has been undertaken to augment their capacity. About HDPEL, Government of India has decided to restructure the shipyard through joint venture with private sector shipyards. 


Some Indian shipyards in the private sector lack mechanization and have low productivity levels due to lack of shipbuilding orders resulting in lack of economies of scale and hence benefits from high mechanization; low financial resources ; lack of ancillary industry support leading to delays in procurement of requisite equipment; lack of established vendors/contractors for outsourcing for hull and outfitting works; lack of concurrent design, engineering and construction capabilities to factor in changing user requirements leading to wasted efforts and reduced productivity; lack of modular construction approach resulting in less productivity at difficult confined space.

Based on the recommendations of the High Power Steering Committee (HPSC), cruise shipping policy had been approved by the Government in June, 2008. The salient features of the policy include conducive fiscal regime, development of facilities at Ports and connectivity through rail, road transport, air and metro, quick completion of immigration formalities, hassle free customs clearance, etc. The steps taken to implement the policy include the following:

• Foreign flag vessels carrying passengers have been allowed to call at Indian ports for a period of 10 years with effect from February 6, 2009 without obtaining a license from Director General of Shipping.

• Cruise Terminals are being developed in Cochin, Chennai and Mormugao Ports with the financial assistance from Ministry of Tourism.

• Major ports are providing rebates to cruised vessels calling at their ports. Mumbai Port provide rebate of 40% on Vessel Related Charges (VRC). Chennai Port provide rebate of 20% on VRC while Cochin Port provide 20% on VRC for GT 30,000 and less and 30% on VRC for GT above 30,000. At Mormugao port 50% rebate is provided on Port dues & 70% on pilotage, berth hire & anchorage charges.

• Central Board of Excise & Customs (CBEC) has permitted Green Channel facility to all the international passengers who come onshore for tourism purposes and has also decided to permit Indian Nationals to travel from one Indian port to another Indian port in a foreign cruise ships/vessels during its domestic leg for tourism purposes.

The steps taken by the Government to rejuvenate the shipping industry in the country include the following:

• To bring parity in tax regime of Indian seafarers employed on Indian flag ships vis-à-vis those on foreign flag ships, the period of stay in India is to be counted as per the entries made in his Continuous Discharge Certificate (CDC).

• Government has exempted Customs and Central Excise duty on the bunker fuel used in Indian flag vessels for transportation of EXIM, empty and domestic containers between two or more ports in India. This tax incentive will enhance Indian tonnage as well as promote use of transshipment hubs in India.

• Service Tax incidence on coastal transportation has been brought at par with road and rail in the Union Budget 2015-2016. This has reduced cost of domestic transportation through coastal shipping for shipper and encouraged use of coastal shipping as a mode of transport.

• Indian flag vessels have been given Right of First Refusal (RoFR) by removing the earlier 10% price band with respect to L1 for operation in coastal waters. Similar benefit has been extended to Indian dredgers for undertaking dredging works in non-major ports. This would help Indian flag vessels as well as dredgers to get more business.

• Facility for online application for registration, chartering permission, Multi-modal Transport Operator license and for e-payment of requisite fee has been introduced.

• Registration process for Ship Repair Units dispensed with.

• To counter cost disadvantage vis-à-vis imported ships, Government of India, has, on November 24, 2015 exempted Customs and Central Excise duties on inputs used in shipbuilding.

• Financial assistance policy for Indian shipyards has been approved for ten years commencing from April 1, 2016. All government departments or agencies including CPSUs are being instructed to provide Right of First Refusal to Indian shipyards while procuring or repairing vessels.

• Institutional Mechanism on Infrastructure has recommended grant of Infrastructure Status to shipyards.

• To bring down the cost of construction of barges, river sea vessels and port and harbor crafts and to meet demand for steel by ship and barge builders, the Government has decided that re-rolled steel obtained from re-cycling yards/ship breaking units would be certified for use in construction of these vessels.

The Maritime Agenda 2010-2020 has identified steps required to upgrade port infrastructure to provide world class facilities.

The above information was given by Minister of State for Shipping Shri Pon Radhakrishnan in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today. 
*****
Targets Under Sagarmala Project 
Implementation of the Sagarmala Programme is being done in accordance with the concept approved by Cabinet on 25th March, 2015. As part of the approved concept note, broad activities under Sagarmala have been identified and their current status is provided below:

• Setting up of Sagarmala Cell: Sagarmala Cell was set up on 1st May, 2015

• Formation of Sagarmala Development Company (SDC): Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) meeting for SDC was held on 12th October, 2015. Draft business plan, MoA and AoA for SDC have been prepared.

• Preparation of National Perspective Plan (NPP):The draft NPP has been prepared in February 2016.

• Implementation of Pilot Projects and preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPR) for the Pilot Projects: Twelve projects have been identified for taking up under Sagarmala in FY15-16 out of which 6 projects have been approved and fund of Rs. 90 Crore has been released in 3 projects. Ten additional projects have been taken up for DPR preparation, 58 road projects and 23 rail connectivity projects have been submitted to Ministry of Road Transport & Highways and Ministry of Railways respectively for consideration.

• Preparation of Detailed Master Plans for the Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs) identified: Perspective Plans for 14 CEZs are under development.

No MoU has been signed with other countries under Sagarmala Project.

Sagarmala institutional framework has been designed to promote co-operative federalism and ensure the involvement of Central Ministries, Governments of maritime states and other stakeholders. As part of the Sagarmala institutional framework, the National Sagarmala Apex Committee (NSAC) was constituted on 13th May, 2015 and its first meeting was held on 5th October, 2015. The Sagarmala Coordination & Steering Committee (SCSC) was constituted on 8th July, 2015 and first meeting was held on 1st October, 2015. The members of this committee is drawn from various Central Ministries and Maritime States. Further, Inter-ministerial working groups have been constituted and meetings held to create the roadmap for implementation of the opportunities identified as part of the Sagarmala Programme.

The above information was given by Minister of State for Shipping Shri Pon Radhakrishnan in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today. 
*****
River Information System 
The Government proposes to launch a River Information System (RIS) on lines of Air Traffic Control. RIS is a combination of tracking and meteorological equipment with specialized software designed to optimize traffic and transport processes in inland navigation. The system enables swift electronic data transfer between mobile vessels and shore (base stations) through advance and real-time exchange of information so as to ensure navigation safety in inland waterways. It also provides virtual navigational aids to guide the vessel during navigation.

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has taken up installation of RIS initially in National Waterway-1 (NW-1) on river Ganga, in three phases, viz. Haldia-Farakka, Farakka-Patna, and Patna-Varanasi. RIS in the Haldia-Farakka stretch has already been operationalized and in the other two stretches, it is targeted to be operationalised by December 2016.

All the vessels plying on National Waterways (NWs) need to be made compatible for using RIS. As RIS ensures safety of vessels in navigation, as per the Inland Vessel Act, it will be the responsibility of the states to direct all the vessels to be equipped with RIS compatible equipment. So far, all vessels of IWAI and the vessels of private operators deployed for imported coal movement for Farakka power plant are RIS compatible.

Out of the existing five National Waterways, NW-1, 2 and 3 have been developed with targeted depth, navigational aids and terminal facilities with storage and mechanized handling facilities. These NWs have been made operational and vessels are plying on them. “Jal Marg Vikas” project for capacity augmentation of NW-1 between Haldia and Allahabad (1620 km), has been initiated with assistance from the World Bank at an estimated cost of Rs. 4200 crore. The project, inter-alia envisages three multi-modal terminals with rail and road connectivity at Varanasi, Sahebganj and Haldia.

NW- 4 and 5 are yet to be made operational for which various studies/ developmental works are underway. Dredging of fairway and construction of temporary terminals has recently started in NW-5.

In view of the importance of the inland water transport and its potential to be a supplementary mode of transport to rail and road networks, the Government has launched an ambitious plan of developing 106 more inland waterways identified in 24 States, for which a National Waterways Bill, 2015 has been passed by the LokSabha.

The above information was given by Minister of State for Shipping Shri Pon Radhakrishnan in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today. 
*****
Investment in Port Sectior 

As on date there are  33 Public Private Partnership(PPP) projects having estimated cost of Rs.32001.30 crore and 280.97 Million Ton Capacity under implementation stage and 45 projects worth Rs.18414.72 crore investment and 283.52 Million Ton Capacity under operation in Major Ports.  The details are as shown below:

PPP PROJECTS UNDER IMPLEMENTATION

Sl. No.
Name of the Port
No. of Project
Cost
Capacity
1.
Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT)
2
4321.40
15.70
2.
Paradip Port Trust (PPT)
4
1723.51
28.00
3.
Visakhapatnam Port Trust (VPT)
6
2604.08
42.85
4.
Kamarajar Port Limited (KPL)
4
6284.08
31.80
5.
VOC Port Trust (V.O.C.P.T. Tuticorin)
8
1556.17
43.78
6.
Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT)
3
2243.56
12.85
7.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT)
3
12515.00
75.60
8.
Kandla Port Trust (KPT)
3
753.50
30.39

TOTAL
33
32001.30
280.97



PPP PROJECTS UNDER OPERATION


Sl. No.
Name of the Port
No. of Project
Cost
Capacity
1.
Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT)
2
185.00
3.12
2.
Paradip Port Trust (PPT)
6
648.62
33.00
3.
Visakhapatnam Port Trust (VPT)
8
2359.26
40.34
4.
Kamarajar Port Limited (KPL)
3
1131.00
23.00
5.
Chennai Port Trust (ChPT)
3
1335.75
20.60
6.
VOC Port Trust (V.O.C.P.T. Tuticorin)
4
308.91
18.44
7.
Cochin Port Trust (CoPT)
4
7135.00
58.00
8.
New Mangalore Port Trust (NMPT)
2
328.00
4.00
9.
Mormugao Port Trust (MoPT)
2
656.00
9.61
10.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT)
3
2028.00
34.30
11.
Kandla Port Trust (KPT)
8
2304.18
39.11

TOTAL
45
18419.72
283.52

The above information was given by Minister of State for Shipping Shri Pon Radhakrishnan in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.
*****
Oil Pollution in Seas 
The Government has formulated the National Oil Spill –Disaster Contingency Plan (NOS-DCP) for establishing an integrated national system for responding promptly and effectively to deal with any oil pollution incident. The Indian Coast Guard (ICG), is designated as the Central Coordinating Agency (CCA) for marine oil spill response activities.

Government has also formulated a scheme in the year 2015 to provide financial assistance to all Major Ports and cargo handling 26 Non-Major Ports under State Maritime Boards/State Governments for procurement of Pollution Response (PR) equipments/materials to combat oil pollution and mitigating measures. Financial assistance up to 50% of the total cost of the procurement of PRequipments/materials is provided under the scheme with the balance 50% to be contributed by the concerned port from its own resources.

Initiatives taken by the Indian Coast Guard (ICG) in this regard are:

(i) Conduct of International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC) Level 1 and level 2 courses.

(ii) Vetting of facility contingency plans of ports and oil handling agencies.

(iii) Assistance in drafting and vetting of Local Contingency Plan of Coastal States for shoreline response.

(iv) Conduct of joint inspection of tier-1 facilities of oil handling agencies and major ports.

As per the information of Directorate General of Shipping, Mumbai no leakage of oil arising out of its transfer in merchant ships (during their cargo operations at sea) has been reported during the past three financial years and till date.

The above information was given by Minister of State for Shipping Shri Pon Radhakrishnan in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today. 
*****
Modernization of Dhubri River Port 
A floating terminal is being maintained at the Dhubri river port on the bank of river Brahmaputra which caters to the operations of two Roll-on Roll-off vessels of Inland Water Transport Directorate of the Government of Assam and other private boat operators.

In view of the potential of the Dhubri river for transportation of goods to Meghalaya and other parts of Assam, and its strategic location near the international border including the demands from various quarters of Assam, a project for development of a Roll-on Roll-off (Ro-Ro) terminal at Dhubri at a cost of Rs. 46.69 crore has been sanctioned in 2012. This work is being done by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD) and will facilitate safe navigation of men and material from Dhubri to Hatsingmari on the opposite bank of river Brahmaputra.

The above information was given by Minister of State for Shipping Shri Pon Radhakrishnan in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today. 
*****


No comments

Powered by Blogger.