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Cases of Atrocities Against SCS


Cases of Atrocities Against SCS 
Article 17 of the Constitution of India has abolished ‘untouchability’ forbade its practice and made enforcement of any disability arising therefrom as an offence punishable in accordance with law. An Act of Parliament namely, the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 prescribes punishment for enforcement of any disability arising from practice of untouchability. Likewise, another Act of Parliament namely, the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) {PoA} Act, 1989, which also falls within the provisions of Article 17 of the Constitution,  is an Act of Parliament to prevent commission of offences of atrocities against members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The PoA Act as amended by the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2015(No. 1 0f 2016) and enforced with effect from 26.01.2016, iter-alia, prescribes punishment for obstructing or preventing a member of Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe in any manner, with regard to using common property resources of an area, or burial or cremation ground equally with others.


     As per the latest data of the National Crime Records Bureau(NCRB) , Ministry of Home Affairs, for the calendar year 2014, the State/ Union Territory wise number of cases related to atrocities against members of Scheduled Castes, as registered under the PoA Act in conjunction with the IPC, is given in the statement annexed.   The NCRB has not yet generated the similar data for the calendar year 2015.

S.
No.
States/UT
Number of cases of offences of atrocities against members of Scheduled Castes registered under PoA Act in conjunction with the IPC, during 2014.
1
2
1.
Andhra Pradesh
2104
2.
Arunachal Pradesh
0
3.
Assam
2
4.
Bihar
7874
5.
Chhattisgarh
359
6.
Goa
12
7.
Gujarat
1075
8.
Haryana
444
9.
Himachal Pradesh
113
10.
Jharkhand
903
11.
Karnataka
1865
12.
Kerala
712
13.
Madhya Pradesh
3294
14.
Maharashtra
1763
15.
Manipur
1
16.
Meghalaya
0
17.
Mizoram
0
18.
Nagaland
0
19.
Odisha
1657
20.
Punjab
123
21.
Rajasthan
6734
22.
Sikkim
3
23.
Tamil Nadu
1486
24.
Telangana
1427
25.
Tripura
1
26.
Uttar Pradesh
8066
27.
Uttarakhand
60
28.
West Bengal
130
29.
A & N Islands
0
30.
Chandigarh
1
31.
D. & N. Haveli
0
32.
Daman & Diu
0
33.
Delhi
86
34.
Lakshadweep
0
35.
Puducherry
5

Total
40300
Note:- (i) The PoA Act does not extend to State of Jammu & Kashmir.  
Source: - National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs
As the PoA Act is  implemented by the respective State Governments and Union Territory Administrations, therefore, with a view to ensure its effective implementation, due central assistance is provided to them mainly for strengthening of the enforcement and judicial machinery, inter-caste marriages, awareness generation, and relief and rehabilitation of the affected persons. They are also addressed from time to time to implement provisions of the Act in letter and spirit. The implementation status of the Act in various States and Union Territories is also reviewed by a Committee headed by Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment. The Committee constituted in the year 2006, with members drawn from Ministries of Home Affairs, Social Justice and Empowerment, Tribal Affairs, Law and Justice, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes and three non-official members, has so far held twenty two meetings wherein implementation of the two Acts in 24 States and 4 Union Territories has been reviewed.
This information was given by the Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha here today.

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Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers

The Self Employment Scheme for the Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS) has been revised in accordance with the provision of “Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act 2013” (MS Act, 2013) to provide the following benefits to the identified manual scavengers and their dependants.
(i)     Onetime cash assistance of Rs.40000/- to identified manual scavengers.
(ii)   Loans for project cost upto Rs. 15.00 lacs on concessional rates of interest.
(iii) Credit linked back-end capital subsidy upto Rs. 3,25,000/-.
(iv) Skill Development Training upto two years with stipend of Rs.3000/- per month.
State-wise details of financial assistance provided under SRMS since 6.12.2013, the date of coming in to force of MS Act, 2013, through National Safai Karamcharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC) are given:

  Status of rehabilitation of  identified and eligible Manual Scavengers under Revised SRMS       

 Details of Onetime Cash Assistance provided
2014-15
2015-16 (upto- 15.02.2016)
Amount (Rs. In lac)
Beneficiaries (Number)
Amount (Rs. In lac)
Beneficiaries (Number)
1
Andhra Pradesh
18
45
0
0
2
Bihar
0
0
52.4
131
3
Chhattisgarh
0
0
0
0
4
Karnataka
7.2
18
28.4
71
5
Madhya Pradesh
0
0
14.4
36
6
Odisha
0
0
57.6
144
7
Punjab
0
0
28.8
72
8
Rajasthan
0
0
56.4
141
9
Tamil Nadu
0
0
68
170
10
Uttar Pradesh
433.2
1083
2108
5270
11
Uttarakhand
0
0
53.6
134
12
West Bengal
38
95
0
0

Total
496.4
1241
2467.6
616

Status of  Comprehensive rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers for the years 2015-16 (till 15.2.2016)

Comprehensive Rehabilitation (Number of beneficiaries)



S.NO.
STATE
Capital Subsidy
Loans
Also opted Skill Development Training
opted only skill development training


1
Andhra Pradesh
0
0
0
0

2
Bihar
0
0
0
*91

3
Chhattisgarh
0
0
0
0

4
Karnataka
190
190
0
0

5
Madhya Pradesh
0
0
0
*100

6
Odisha
83
0
56
0

7
Punjab
21
0
0
100

8
Rajasthan
0
0
0
100

9
Tamilnadu
0
0
0
*150

10
Uttar Pradesh
0
0
0
*680

11
Uttarakhand
71
0
15
101

12
West Bengal
0
0
0
0

Grand Total
365
190
71
301

* Proposals have been sanctioned and funds are  released to the training instititute  against uploading of relevant data by the concerned Training Institutes

Status of  Comprehensive rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers for the years 2015-16 (till 15.2.2016)
Comprehensive Rehabilitation (Funds released)  (Rs. In lacs)


s.no.
State
Capital Subsidy Released
Loans
Also opted Skill Development Training
opted only skill development training

1
Andhra Pradesh
0
0
0
0

2
Bihar
0
0
0
0

3
Chhattisgarh
0
0
0
0

4
Karnataka
128.63
574.75
0
0

5
Madhya Pradesh
0
0
0
0

6
Odisha
38.29
0
7.81
0

7
Punjab
13.36
0
0
2.82

8
Rajasthan
0
0
0
2.82

9
Tamilnadu
0
0
0
0

10
Uttar Pradesh
0
0
0
0

11
Uttarakhand
38.665
0
2.405
3.27

12
West Bengal
0
0
0
0

Grand Total
218.94
574.75
10.215
8.91
Note: In case of Karnataka, the amount shown in column 10 has been sanctioned to the State Channelising Agency.                           

The major cause for manual scavenging is the existence of insanitary latrines. Section 5 of the MS Act, 2013 prohibits construction of insanitary latrines and engaging of manual scavengers from the date of commencement of the Act i.e. 06.12.2013. The Act provides for identification of insanitary latrines and their demolition/conversion into sanitary latrines on a time bound basis. The municipalities, Cantonment Boards and railway authorities have been mandated to construct adequate number of community sanitary latrines within a period of three years from the date of commencement of the Act to eliminate the practice of open defecation.


This information was given by the Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha here today.



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