Scholarship for Primary and Secondary Classes in Rural and Backward Areas



Scholarship for Primary and Secondary Classes in Rural and Backward Areas 
The Central Government Ministries/ Departments namely Social Justice & Empowerment, Tribal Affairs, Minority Affairs, and School Education & Literacy are implementing the following schemes to provide scholarships to the children studying between primary to secondary classes including rural and backward areas:


Name of the Ministry / Department
Name of the Scholarship
Social Justice & Empowerment
(i)     Pre-Matric Scholarship for SC students
(ii)   Pre-Matric scholarship to the children of those engaged in occupations involving cleaning and prone to health hazards
Tribal Affairs
Umbrella scheme for education of  ST students
Minority Affairs
(i)     Pre-Matric Scholarship for students belonging to minority community
(ii)   Post-Matric Scholarship for students belonging to minority community
School Education & Literacy
(i)     National Means-cum-Merit Scholarship Scheme
(ii)    National Scheme of Incentive to Girls for Secondary Education



The scheme-wise details of budget allocated is as follows:
                                                                                                           (Rs. in crores)
Name of Scheme
BE 2014-15
RE 2014-15
BE 2015-16
Pre-Matric Scholarship for SC students
834.00
500.00
842.55
Pre-Matric scholarship to the children of those engaged in occupations involving cleaning and prone to health hazards
10.00
10.00
10.00
Umbrella scheme for education of ST Students
1036.84
1065.85
1154.84
Pre-Matric Scholarship for students belonging to minority community
1100.00
1130.00
1040.10
Post-Matric Scholarship for students belonging to minority community
598.50
548.50
580.10
National Means-cum-Merit Scholarship Scheme
70.00
70.00
70.00
National Scheme of Incentive to Girls for Secondary Education
100.00
100.00
100.00

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question.

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Skill Mission in Universities 
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has given skill orientation to higher education in the recent past. The UGC has come out with three major initiatives by way of starting Community Colleges, B.Voc degree programme and Deen Dayal Upadhyay Kaushal Kendras leading to award of Certificates, Diplomas, Advanced level Diplomas and Bachelor’s as well as Master’s Degree programmes. These skill programmes are offered by individual institutions in collaboration with industry. The details of target set and achieved under these schemes during 2013-14 & 2014-15 are given below:
Programme
Year
Target
Approved
Allocation
Release
(In crores of rupees)
Community Colleges
2013-14
100
64
29.13
6.04
2014-15
100
102
94.92
29.13
2015-16
100
111
67.18
24.68
B.Voc Degree Programme
2014-15
100
127
231.36
80.64
2015-16
100
70
241.06
24.42
Deen Dayal Upadhyay KAUSHAL Kendras
2015-16
100
65
170.65
98.70

The Skill Mission is being implemented by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).  The Department of Higher Education and MSDE have set up a Committee to coordinate their skill development efforts.
This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question.
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Access to Higher Education for Economically Poor 
The Government is committed to enlarging access and equity in the higher education sector, and consequently, to provide schematic interventions, that seek to overcome social and economic disadvantages.

In order to ensure that no one is denied access to professional education, the Central Government is implementing the Central Sector Plan Scheme titled “Scheme on Interest Subsidy on Educational Loans” from scheduled Banks for professional education of students from economically weaker sections. The Scheme provides full interest subsidy during the period of moratorium (i.e. duration of a recognised professional course plus one year) on educational loans availed by all students belonging to economically weaker sections whose annual income is not more than Rs.4.5 lakhs. Towards this end, since 2009-10 and upto 30th September, 2015, an amount of Rs.5501.36 crores has been released to Banks, National Scheduled Tribes Finance & Development Corporation (NSTFDC), National Scheduled Castes Finance & Development Corporation (NSCFDC) and National Safai Karmacharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC).

The Government has also recently notified the Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Education Loans (CGFSEL) to mitigate the risks and provide guarantee for educational loans taken under the Indian Bank’s Association (IBA) Model Educational Loan Scheme. An amount of Rs.500 crores has been earmarked in 2015-16 under the scheme.

The Central Government is also implementing the Central Sector Scheme of Merit-cum-Means based Scholarship for College and University Students for providing financial assistance to meritorious students with annual family income less than rupees six lakhs to meet their day-to-day expenses while pursuing higher studies. Another Central Sector Scheme viz. Special Scholarship Scheme for Jammu & Kashmir supports students from the State having parental annual income less than rupees six lakhs for pursuing higher studies.

The UGC has reported that it is taking regulatory measures and implementing several schemes to ensure that access to higher education in India percolates effectively to the weaker and marginalized sections of society. These measures are the following:

1. UGC(Promotion Of Equity in Higher Educational Institutions) Regulations, 2012

2. Scheme of Women’s Hostel

3. Post Doctoral fellowship of SC/ST

4. PG Scholarship for Professional Courses for SC/ST

5. Ishan Uday special scholarship scheme for the North East Region

6. Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowships for SC/ST

Also, the UGC is implementing the scheme of Community Colleges in Universities and Colleges in the country. The main objective of the scheme is to offer low cost, high quality education locally, which encompasses both traditional skill development as well as traditional course work, thereby providing opportunities to the learner to move directly to employment sector or to move to the Higher Education sector. A total of 64 Community Colleges have been approved under the scheme (7 Universities and 57 Colleges).

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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Inclusion of Students with Learning Disability 
The Government of India is implementing the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) as the main programme for universalising elementary education for all children from 6-14 years of age and this covers children with special needs (CWSN).

SSA provides for two resource persons at the Block Resource Centre (BRC) exclusively for CWSN, 20910 resource persons are currently engaged under the SSA. There is no prescribed ratio of trained teachers for CWSN including children with learning disabilities as the focus of SSA is on providing inclusive education to CWSN in mainstream schools. 14488 general teachers have been specifically trained under SSA on learning disabilities during 2014-15. To further facilitate the inclusion of CWSN in mainstream schools, the National Council for Education Research and Training has prepared books on curricular adaptations for children with visual impairment, hearing impairment, cognitive impairment and intellectual impairment for general teachers at primary and upper primary levels. 1.26 lakh teachers under SSA have already been trained on this exemplar material during 2014-15. Regular parental counselling programmes are also conducted under SSA for parents of CWSN, and 5.31 lakh such parents have been given training during 2014-15.

Section 3 of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 provides for free and compulsory education to all children from 6-14 years of age. This also includes children with learning disabilities. Section 29 of the Act mentions all round development of the child, building up child’s knowledge, potentiality, talent and development of physical and mental abilities to the fullest extent through learning activities, discovery and exploration in a child friendly and child-centered manner and comprehensive and continuous evaluation of child’s understanding of knowledge. Section 30 of the Act states that no child shall be required to pass any Board examination till completion of elementary education. All these facilitate inclusion of children with learning disabilities in regular schools.

As per Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 every child is entitled to free textbooks under SSA. Moreover, CWSN are also provided assistive devices and educational material free of cost. During 2014-15, under SSA, 2.60 lakh CWSN have been provided assistive devices and necessary educational material like communication boards, daily living skill kits, augmentative and alternative communication tools etc.

At the Secondary level, the Government is implementing the scheme of Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) under the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shikha Abhiyan (RMSA) with an objective to enable all students with different abilities who have completed eight years elementary education, an opportunity to complete four years of secondary schooling.

At the secondary level, necessary education material is provided in Government and Government aided secondary schools. The IEDSS scheme provides access to learning material ensuring that each student with special needs will have access to learning material like textbooks, audiotapes, talking books and textbooks in large print, as per the individual requirement.

The Kendriya Vidyalayas have a provision of horizontal reservation of three percent in admissions to promote the inclusion of students with special needs.

In Kendriya Vidyalayas all teachers are being trained to deal with various learning disabilities among the students. 11607 teachers have attended short term and long term training programmes as on 31.03.2015. Besides, as on 02.06.2015, out of 1128 Kendriya Vidyalayas, 402 Kendriya Vidyalayas have appointed counsellors to ensure facilitation of learning of all students and sensitization of teachers, students and parents.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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Commissions for Sanskrit Language 
A panel headed by Shri N. Gopalaswami has been set up by this Ministry of Human Resource Development on November 18th, 2015 to assess and review the present schemes for the development of Sanskrit and Veda Vidya, to study and suggest ways and means to bring a qualitative change in Sanskrit Education both in School Education and Higher Education, and to suggest measures to integrate Sanskrit studies with other disciplines like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Medical Science & Law.

The Second Sanskrit Commission led by Prof. Satya Vrat Shastri was set up on 10th January 2014. This Commission was asked to submit its recommendations within one year but it could not submit its report within that period and the Commission’s term expired on 09.01.2015.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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Checking Commercialisation of Education 
While there has been rapid expansion of private higher education institutions in the last decade, universities & affiliated colleges and deemed to be universities have to be set up as “not for profit” institutions for operating in the sector. The Government has consistently held the view that education in India is not regarded as a commercial activity and all educational institutions have to be set up in the “not for profit” mode. Fee Fixation Committees have been set up by the State Governments, which are fixing fee for all professional and technical courses.

The Government has taken following initiatives to curb commercialization of education: -

(i) Section 13 of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 clearly prohibits collection of any capitation fee.

(ii) Clause 12A(2)(d) of the UGC Act, 1956 provides for the minimum standards which a person possessing such qualification should be able to maintain in his work relating to such activities and the consequent need for ensuring, so far as may be, that no candidate secures admission to such course of study by reason of economic power and thereby prevents a more meritorious candidate from securing admission to such course of study.

(iii) The Deemed to be Universities are regulated by the UGC (Institutions Deemed to be Universities) Regulations, 2010 and its amendment in the year 2014 and 2015. Various provisions have been added in the UGC Regulations, 2010 to prevent commercialization of higher education.

(iv) Private Universities are regulated by the UGC as per the provisions contained in the UGC (Establishment of and Maintenance of Standards in Private Universities) Regulations, 2003. Clause 3.9 of the above regulation provides that the admission procedure and fixation of fees shall be in accordance with the norms/guidelines prescribed by the UGC and other concerned statutory bodies.

(v) Pursuant to the judgement of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the Islamic Academy of Education Vs the State of Karnataka and T.M.A. Pai Foundation Vs the State of the Karnataka, Fee Fixation Committees have been set up by the State Governments, which are fixing fee for all professional and technical courses.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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Basic Facilities in Government Schools 
Under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) scheme 3.11 lakh school buildings, 18.61 lakh additional classrooms, 2.38 lakh drinking water facilities, 19.48 lakh teachers posts and 10.14 lakh toilets (including toilets approved under Swachh Vidyalaya Initiative) have been sanctioned so far since the inception of the scheme in 2001 across States and UTs till September 30th, 2015. As per Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) 2013-14, the drinking water facilities, ramps, boundary wall, playground, library and electricity facilities are available in 94.14%, 64.94%, 56.98%, 51.89%, 78.29% and 48.86% of schools respectively.

The Government of India financially supports States and Union Territories (UTs), for creation and improvement of infrastructural facilities in schools across the country under the SSA programme. The requirements of infrastructural facilities in schools are worked out every year by the respective State/Union Territory on incremental basis depending on their need and priority and this is reflected in their Annual Work Plan and Budget (AWP&B).

As per UDISE, the enrolment figures at elementary level in Government schools during 2011-12, 2012-13 and 2013-14 were 12.94 crore, 12.50 crore and 12.20 crore respectively.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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Quality of Education in Deemed Universities 
In order to regulate the process of declaration of Institutions as Deemed to be Universities, preventing institutions of dubious quality from being so declared, and further to maintain quality of higher education imparted by Deemed to be Universities, the University Grants Commission (UGC) has notified the UGC (Institutions Deemed to be Universities) Regulations, 2010 which were amended in the year 2014 and 2015.

As per Clause 7.0 of the UGC (Institutions Deemed to be Universities) Regulations, 2010, the Deemed to be Universities are required to maintain a minimum level of infrastructure facilities, have adequate number of academic programmes and should be financially viable. To supervise their functioning and to ensure continuity of necessary infrastructural facilities at these Universities, UGC conducts review of every Deemed to be University, after a period of every five years, or even earlier if necessary, with the help of Expert Committees. These institutions are then asked to submit compliance reports in respect of the deficiencies pointed out by the UGC Expert Committees.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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New Navodaya Vidyalayas 
The Navodaya Vidyalaya Scheme provides for opening of one Navodaya Vidyalaya in each district of the country. Opening of new Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas in uncovered districts depends on the willingness of the concerned State Government to make available suitable land free of cost for construction of school buildings and required temporary accommodation (free of rent) to start the Vidyalaya, and is subject to the availability of funds and approval by the competent authority.

The functioning of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) has been studied in the past by IIM, Ahmedabad, IIM, Lucknow and by an expert committee headed by Shri Y.N Chaturvedi. These studies covered several aspects like admissions, performance of the students, pace setting role of the Vidyalayas and other miscellaneous management issues. The recommendations made by these committees were taken into consideration from time to time in laying down mechanisms for the fulfillment of the objectives for setting up the JNVs. More recently, an in-house evaluation study was conducted by the Programme Evaluation Organisation, NITI Aayog. Apart from this, the functioning is also reviewed on a continuous basis by its Executive Committee and the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) headed by the Minister of Human Resource Development.

Improvement of the functioning of the JNVs is a continuous process. The students of the JNVs have consistently been performing well over the years.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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Sports as Compulsory Subject 
Ministry of Human Resource Development has constituted a Committee for integration of Sports in Higher Education as part of New Education Policy consultations. The Terms of Reference of the Committee include charting out a blue print for the integration of sports within the University framework, recommending the administrative structure required to govern the process of integration, identifying the priority areas of sports infrastructure including the choice of specific sports and creating necessary partnerships with internationally acclaimed universities, which are well endowed with sports infrastructure and where sports education is well developed.

Further, out of the 33 themes identified for consultation on New Education Policy, one of the themes under School Education is “Comprehensive Education – Ethics, Physical Education, Arts & Crafts, Life Skills”. It has been stated in the background note that our students need to have a holistic development which cannot be achieved only through information and instruction. Knowledge needs sensitization to values, ethics, appreciating arts, physical education, sports and life skills.

The Government has undertaken a collaborative, multi-stakeholder and multi-pronged consultation process for formulating the New Education Policy (NEP), which included online, grassroots and national level thematic deliberations. The Government of India has constituted a Committee for the Evolution of the New Education Policy (NEP) which will examine the outcome documents, recommendations, suggestions and views received and submit a Draft National Education Policy as well as a Framework for Action (FFA). The draft reports of the Committee for integration of Sports in Higher Education and also outcome documents of the theme “Comprehensive Education – Ethics, Physical Education, Arts & Crafts, Life Skills” have been forwarded to the Committee for the Evolution of the New Education Policy (NEP).

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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Adoption of Villages Under Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 
The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has launched the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA) on 11th November, 2014 to enable higher educational institutions to work with the people of rural India in identifying development challenges and evolving appropriate solutions for accelerating sustainable growth. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has advised all the higher educational institutions which are funded by the Central/State Governments and all Institutions which are under approval by the regulatory bodies to adopt clusters of backward Gram Panchayats/ villages in their vicinity and apply their knowledge and expertise to improve the infrastructure in the Gram Panchayats (GPs). The details regarding the UBA can be accessed at http://unnat.iitd.ac.in.

Higher educational institutions have been advised to give special emphasis on issues pertaining to sanitation, drinking water supply, energy, agriculture and allied activities, irrigation, education, health, etc. and provide innovative solution in consultation with Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRI).

So far, 128 villages have been identified for intervention by institutions of higher education.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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Early Childhood Care Under New Education Policy 
The Government has undertaken a collaborative, multi-stakeholder and multi-pronged consultation process for formulating the New Education Policy (NEP), which included online, grassroots and national level thematic deliberations with experts. The online consultation process was undertaken on www.MyGov.in portal from 26th January, 2015 to 31st October, 2015 and nearly 29,000 suggestions have been received on the 33 identified themes.

The Government has also conducted thematic consultations through NCERT, CBSE, regulatory bodies and several centrally funded universities and institutions, autonomous bodies, attached offices having domain expertise.

The NEP consultation process was discussed in the 63rd Central Advisory Board on Education (CABE) Meeting held on 19th August 2015. Six Zonal Meetings were held by the Minister of Human Resource Development in Eastern, Central, North-Eastern, Western, Southern and Northern Zones covering all States and UTs in September-October 2015 which was attended by Education Ministers and officials of the respective States/UTs.

The Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) in its 58th Meeting held on 7th June, 2011 constituted a Sub-Committee on the “Extension of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 to Pre-school education and secondary education”. In the 63rd Meeting of CABE held on 19th August, 2015 it was informed that the Sub-Committee has not submitted its report and the status was discussed. It has been decided to reconstitute the Sub-Committee.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question. 
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Provision of Coaching To SC/ST Students by UGC 
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has informed that in order to enable students belonging to Scheduled Castes (SCs)/Scheduled Tribes (STs)/Other Backward Classes (Non-creamy layer)/Minority communities, who need remedial coaching to come up to the level necessary for pursuing higher studies efficiently and to reduce their failure and drop-out rate, it has been providing financial assistance to Universities and Colleges for conducting special classes outside the regular time table.  Such assistance is provided under the UGC Coaching Schemes for SC/ST/OBC (Non-Creamy Layer) & Minority Students for Universities and Colleges. Financial assistance of rupees five lakhs, for non-recurring items, as one time grant and rupees seven lakhs per annum, for recurring items, is provided to Universities under the scheme. Colleges are eligible to receive rupees five lakhs, for non-recurring items, as one time grant and rupees two lakhs per annum, for recurring items, under the scheme. The details of these Schemes are available at http://www.ugc.ac.in/pdfnews/1910509_Guidelines-for-Coaching-Schemes-university.pdf andhttp://www.ugc.ac.in/pdfnews/ 2722093_Guidelines-for-Coaching-Schemes-college.pdf respectively.
During 2012-2013 to 2014-15, the UGC has released a grant of Rs. 162.14 crores to Central Universities, Deemed to be Universities and Colleges exclusively under the Remedial Coaching scheme for SC/ST/OBC (Non-Creamy Layer).
The UGC has further informed that 1,38,474 SC students, 48,513 ST students and 1,76,515 OBC students benefited from the Coaching Classes in Colleges during the last three years. The UGC has reported that there is no provision for scholarship/incentives to the students for such coaching facilities. The UGC is separately providing financial assistance to SC/ST students under the following schemes:-
1)      Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for SC candidates
2)      Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for ST candidates
3)      Post- Doctoral Fellowship for SC/ST candidates
4)      Post-Graduate Scholarship for Professional Courses for SC/ST Candidates.
Details of guidelines of these schemes are available at www.ugc.ac.in.
This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question.

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