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Satellite Navigation System



Satellite Navigation System
Four of the seven satellites in IRNSS constellation (IRNSS-1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D) are in orbit. Remaining three satellites (IRNSS-1E, 1F and 1G) are targeted for launch during January 2016 to March 2016.

Self reliance in the strategically important area of position related information will be achieved with the use of indigenously built constellation of seven IRNSS satellites and a network of required ground segment.

The IRNSS constellation is planned to be completed by March 31, 2016. By design, the service area of IRNSS constellation encompasses the SAARC countries. Like GPS, the Standard Positioning Services of IRNSS is made available to all the users. The SAARC member countries, therefore, can adopt the IRNSS system for the navigational services.

This information was provided the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in a reply to an unstarred question by Shrimati V. Sathya Bama and Shri S.P. Muddahanume Gowda in Lok Sabha today.
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Launch of American Satellites
The ISRO, in its recent PSLV-C30/ASTROSAT mission on 28th September 2015, has launched four identical nano satellites “Lemur” belonging to Spire Global Inc. of the United States. These nano satellites (together weighing 28 kg) carried instruments for vessel tracking and weather studies.

ISRO, through its commercial arm - Antrix Corporation Limited, till date, has launched 51 satellites from 20 countries.

In the process of launching these 51 satellites from 20 countries, revenue to the extent of 17.17 Million USD and 79.98 Million Euros was earned.

This information was provided the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in a reply to an unstarred question by Shri P. Nagarajan in Lok Sabha today.
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Indian Space Programme

The primary objective of the Indian Space Programme/Mission is to achieve self-reliance in Space Technology and to execute programmes/missions for the socio-economic development of the country
The programmes/ missions drawn up and proposed by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for the socio-economic development of the country include (i) Earth Observation programme for natural resources inventory and management (like agriculture, land and water resources, fisheries), near real time disaster management support, weather forecasting, smart governance; (ii) Satellite Communication programmes for telecommunication,  television broadcasting, Direct-to-Home services, search and rescue, tele-education, telemedicine and (iii) Satellite Navigation programme for location based services. To enable these, ISRO has embarked on the following programmes:
                                i.      Launch Vehicle development programme comprising of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) and next generation GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle missions.
                              ii.      Earth Observation programme consisting of state-of-the-art remote sensing satellites viz. Resourcesat, Cartosat, Oceansat, Radar Imaging Satellite, Geo-Imaging Satellite and weather/climate satellites viz. INSAT-3DR missions.
                            iii.      Satellite Communication programme comprising of INSAT/GSAT communication satellites
                            iv.      Satellite Navigation programme consisting of constellation of 7 Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) along with associated ground segment intended to provide accurate positional information and timing services.
                              v.      Space science and planetary exploration programme

The Funds allocated/utilised for the purpose during 11th and 12th Plan periods are given below:
(Rs  In Crores)
   Five Year Plan
Allocation
Utilization
Revised Estimates

11th Plan (2007-12)
20,268.51
19,207.55
First 3 Years of 12th Plan (2012-2015)
15,878.07
15,848.60

The Government, in September 1992, has set up Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix), as ISRO’s commercial arm, under the administrative control of Department of Space for commercial exploitation of indigenously developed space technology products and services. Antrix has taken steps to provide products and services by way of: (i) Marketing of Indian Remote Sensing Satellites data to international customers, (ii) Establishment of ground stations in foreign countries to receive the IRS data (iii) Leasing of satellite transponders on-board INSAT/ GSAT satellites, (iv) Launching foreign satellites on-board Indian launch vehicles; (v) Building/marketing satellites and sub-systems for international customers and (vi) providing mission support services for foreign satellites.

Antrix, through the above activities has earned during:

(i)                 11th Five Year Plan Period: Revenue of  Rs 5177.27 Crores; Out of which, Foreign Exchange equivalent was Rs 511.53 Crores (77.34 Million USD and 13.93 Million Euros); and
(ii)               First three years of 12th Five Year Plan Period (till 31 March 2015): Revenue of Rs 4764.71 Crores; Out of which, Foreign Exchange equivalent wasRs  564.47 Crores (14.20 Million USD and 63.43 Million Euros).

This information was provided the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in a reply to an unstarred question by Shrimati Jayshreeben Patel and Dr. Subhash Bhamre in Lok  Sabha today. 
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Launch of Satellites Designed by Students
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is addressing the possibility of launching satellites being designed by students of various Indian institutions / Universities, as given below. These satellites are under various stages of development.

Student Satellite
Institution / University
SWAYAM
College of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra. 
PISAT
PES University, Bangalore, Karnataka
PRATHAM
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai
SATHYABAMASAT
Sathyabama University, Chennai, Tamilnadu
NIUSAT
Noorul Islam Univeristy, Kumaracoil, Tamilnadu
PARIKSHIT
Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka
IITMSAT
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, Chennai, Tamilnadu


Since 2009, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has launched four student satellites.

The details of Students satellites launched by ISRO since 2009 are given below:

Satellite
Institution
Launch Date
Remarks
ANUSAT
Anna University, Tamilnadu
20-04-2009
Successful
STUDSAT
Consortium of Engineering Colleges
12-07-2010
Successful
SRMSat
SRM University, Tamilnadu
12-10-2011
Successful
JUGNU
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
12-10-2011
Successful

This information was provided the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in a reply to an unstarred question by Shri K. Ashok Kumar in Lok  Sabha today. 

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Launch of Astrosat
The Astrosat is the first dedicated Indian astronomy mission launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

Astrosat was launched successfully onboard Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C30 on 28th September 2015 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. The objectives of the mission are to study the stars and galaxies in Ultraviolet, optical and X-ray wavelength bands to enhance our understanding of the universe. The sanctioned cost of Astrosat is Rs 177.85 crores and the cost incurred upto end March 2015 is Rs 172.68 crores (provisional).

This information was provided the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in a reply to an unstarred question by Shri Mohite Patil Vijaysinh Shankarrao, Shri Dhananjay Mahadik, Shri Satav Rajeev, Dr. Heena Vijaykumar Gavit, Shrimati Supriya Sule, Shri T. Radhakrishnan and Dr. J. Jayavardhan in Lok Sabha today.
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Allocation of Funds for Space Programme

The funds allocated for various space programmes during the last three years, year-wise are given below:
Rs (in Crores)
Space Programme
2012-13
(Actuals)
2013-14
(Actuals)
2014-15
(Revised Estimates)
Space Technology
2896.49
2960.15
3514.61
Space Applications
575.35
591.13
736.20
Space Science
313.00
406.77
305.85
INSAT Operational
974.09
1041.00
1124.03
Other Programmes& Direction/Administration
97.35
169.91
145.31
Total
4856.28
5168.96
5826.00


This information was provided the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in a reply to an unstarred question by Shri Vincent H. Pala  in Lok  Sabha today. 


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