Reforms in the Labour Laws



Reforms in the Labour Laws 
Reforms in labour laws are an ongoing process to update legislative system to address the need of the hour and to make them more effective and contemporary to the emerging economic and industrial scenario. Government has taken a number of initiatives for governance reforms as well as legislative reforms. The Second National Commission on Labour has recommended that the existing Labour Laws should be broadly grouped into four or five Labour Codes on functional basis. Accordingly, the Ministry has taken steps for drafting four Labour Codes by simplifying, amalgamating and rationalizing the relevant provisions of the Central Labour Laws.

Ø  Code on Wages
Ø  Code on Industrial Relations
Ø  Code on Social Security & Welfare
Ø  Code on Safety & Working Conditions

Ministry of Labour & Employment has also taken steps for drafting a Small Factories Bill for regulating the working and service conditions of small manufacturing units employing less than 40 workers.  Apart from this, amendments in individual legislations have also been taken up.

          
   The process of Legislative reforms involves consultation with stakeholders including Central Trade Unions, Employers’ Association and State Governments in the form of tripartite consultation. During recent months, several such tripartite meetings have been held for considering various legislative reform proposals where the representatives of Central Trade Unions participated and gave their suggestions on the legislative proposals. The suggestions received from the stakeholders are considered by the Government. The legislative proposals are at different stages.

This information was given by Shri Bandaru Dattatreya, the Minister of State (IC) for Labour and Employment in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.
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Procedure for Factory Visit by Labour Officers 
            With a view to bringing about greater transparency and accountability, an effective and result oriented inspection scheme has been started with the launch of Shram Suvidha Portal on 16.10.2014. As per the new scheme inspections in respect of Central Labour Laws enforced by Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) Organisation shall be carried out in alignment with the ‘Shram Suvidha Portal’. Under the new inspection scheme, inspections have been structured as (i) emergency inspection, (ii) mandatory inspection, (iii) CAIU (Central Analysis and Intelligence Unit) inspection and (iv) optional inspection. Establishments covered under central sphere which are under the purview of Central Industrial Relation Machinery are being inspected by the inspectors of the Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) Organisation.

            The new system of inspection seeks to protect the rights and interests of the workers through strict enforcement of labour laws by ensuring the following:
·         By bringing about greater transparency and accountability through use of Information Technology enabled systems and mandatory authorization.
·         By making inspections more effective and result oriented by targeting instances of default and non-compliance, instead of routine periodic inspections.
·         By minimizing personal interface to remove scope for misuse and arbitrariness thus leaving no scope for the interest of the labourer to be compromised.

This information was given by Shri Bandaru Dattatreya, the Minister of State (IC) for Labour and Employment in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.
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Women Registered in Employment Exchanges In U.P. 
As per information received from the states, the number of women job seekers, all of whom may not necessarily be unemployed, registered with employment exchanges of Uttar Pradesh as on 31st December, 2014 and employment provided to them through these employment exchanges during the said period is -
State/UT
No. of women jobseekers
( in Lakh)
Placement effected       
(in number)
Uttar Pradesh
21.55
17
All India
170.78
60796

Employment Exchanges sponsor candidates against the vacancies notified by the employers. This ministry is implementing the National Career Service (NCS) Project as a Mission Mode Project for transforming the National Employment Service to provide a variety of employment related services like career counseling, vocational guidance, information on skill development courses, internships, etc.  The NCS Portal (www.ncs.gov.in) is supported by a toll-free (1800-425-1514) call center/helpdesk and has multi delivery channel including employment exchanges to improve the delivery of employment services to all including women.
            Government has taken various steps to improve status of women workers, to provide training and employment exclusively to women under Skill Development, one National Vocational Training Institute (NVTI) at Noida, Uttar Pradesh and ten Regional Vocational Training Institutes (RVTIs) have been set up across the Country, the sanctioned seating capacity of these institutes, the targets fixed for providing skill training for the year 2014-15 were fixed at 3260 seats. The Government has approved 8 new Regional Vocational Training Institutes for Women in the States where there is no existing RVTI.  The Government has also formulated the National policies on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship for focusing on skilling of workforce and enhancing their employability. 
This information was given by Shri Bandaru Dattatreya, the Minister of State (IC) for Labour and Employment in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.
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Promotion of Labour-Intensive Manufacturing 
The Government is strategically promoting labour-intensive manufacturing and expanding employment opportunities in tourism and agro-based industries.

To increase the employability in agriculture sector, non-farm employment opportunities for rural workers have been accelerated. Focus of the Government has been on skilling of rural youth and creating gainful employment opportunities. The Ministry of Agriculture has taken various initiatives like National Food Security Mission, RashtriyaKrishiVikasYojana (RKVY), Custom Hiring Centres, Establishment of the Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centres (ACABC),Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC), National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC), Development of Women cooperatives and various Skill Programmes.

In addition, Ministry of Rural Development, Department of Rural Development is implementing Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA) so as to enhance the livelihood security of the rural households by providing upto 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a year to every household on demand for doing unskilled manual work. Ministry of Rural Development has also undertaken a placement linked skill development scheme, called Pt. DeenDayalUpadhyayaGrameenKaushalyaYojana (DDU-GKY) for rural poor youth which primarily targets skilling of unemployed youth to improve their employability. Various Ministries also run skill development schemes across many sectors including in agriculture.

The Ministry of Tourism is leveraging India’s rich cultural heritage for development of tourism and inherent job creation.

The total direct and indirect employment generated by the tourism sector in the country is estimated through Tourism Satellite Account of India (TSAI). The TSAI is prepared once in 5 years on the basis of data of International Passenger Survey, Domestic Tourism Survey and National Accounts Statistics.

As per the 2nd TSAI - 2009-10 and subsequent estimation, the total direct and indirect employment through tourism during 2012-13 was 28.8 and 38.2 million, respectively. These estimates are not available State-wise.

Government of India supplements the efforts of the State Governments/UT Administrations in encouraging the tourism sector by providing various incentives to tourism and hospitality establishments like tax holidays for new hotels and convention centres, facilitating foreign direct investment (FDI) and credit availability for hotels& tourism related industries, etc.

Further, the 12th Five Year Plan projects 5 crore new work opportunities to be generated in the non-farm sector and provide skill certification to equivalent numbers. For skilling to provide employment, a new Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has been established to coordinate the skill activities across Ministries and enhancing employability across sectors. According to data compiled by National Skill Development Agency (NSDA),97,986 and 10,569 persons were skilled during the financial year 2014-15 and 2015-16 (till May, 2015) respectively in tourism sector. Similarly, in agriculture sector, 11,43,671 and 1,18,279 persons were skilled during the financial year 2014-15 and 2015-16 (till May, 2015) respectively. This information was given by Shri Bandaru Dattatreya, the Minister of State (IC) for Labour and Employment in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today. 


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