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Production and Import of Pulses



Production and Import of Pulses 
India imports pulses to meet gap between domestic production and demand.  Major pulses imported by India are peas, chickpeas (gram), moong/urad, lentils, pigeon pea (tur).  Pulses in India are imported by private sector and not by Government.  However, in order to meet growing demand, the Government imported 5,000 ton pigeon pea (tur), recently.  The Government promotes production of pulses through National Food Security Mission & other programmes. Government also announces Minimum Support Price (MSP) for pulses every year to  support farmers

Production of pulses in the country is generally lower than their requirement by 40-50 lakh tonnes. The quantity of pulses imported during 2015-16 (April-September) is 22.54 lakh tonnes.
The details of production of pulses in the country during 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16 are as under:

Year
Production of Pulses (Million Tonnes)
Kharif
Rabi
Total
2013-14
5.99
13.25
19.25
2014-15*
5.63
11.57
17.20
2015-16#
5.56
-
5.56
             *4th advance estimates   #1st advance estimates (kharif only
            The details of import of pulses during 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15 are as under:-

Year
Quantity of pulses imported
(Lakh tonnes)
2012-13
40.13
2013-14
31.77
2014-15
45.84
This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 
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Rabi Crops Sowing Crosess 370 Lakh Hactare 

          As per preliminary reports received from the States, the total area sown under Rabi crops as on 04th   December, 2015 stands to 370.28 lakh hectares.
             Wheat has been sown/transplanted in 152.56 lakh hectares, pulses in 100.42 lakh hectares, coarse cereals in 46.71 lakhhectares. Area sown under oilseeds is 61.89 lakh hectares and Rice is 8.70 lakh hectares.        
 The area sown so far and that sown during last year this time is as follows:
                                                                                                                              Lakh hectare 
Crop
Area sown in 2015-16
Area sown in 2014-15
Wheat
152.56
208.64
Pulses
100.42
106.93
Coarse Cereals
46.71
43.04
Oilseeds
61.89
69.01
Rice
8.70
11.15
Total
370.28
438.77

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New Initiative to Enable Higher Agriculture Yield Per Unit 
With the view to reduce cost of cultivation, enable higher yield per unit and realize remunerative prices, for farmer, some of the important new initiatives taken.

(i) Soil Health Card (SHC) scheme by which the farmers can know the exact nutrient level available in their soils which will ensure judicious use of fertiliser application and save money. The balanced use of fertiliser will also enhance productivity and ensure higher returns to the farmers.

(ii) Neem Coated Urea is being promoted to regulate urea use, enhance its availability to the crop and cut on cost. The entire quantity of domestically manufactured urea is now neem coated.

(iii) Parampragat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is being implemented with a view to promoting organic farming in the country. This will improve soil health and organic matter content and increase net income of the farmer so as to realise premium prices.

(iv) The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) is another innovative scheme to expand cultivated area with assured irrigation, reduce wastage of water and improve water use efficiency.

(v) The Government is also implementing several Centrally Sponsored Schemes - National Food Security Mission (NFSM); Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH); National Mission on Oilseeds & Oilpalm (NMOOP); National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA); National Mission on Agricultural Extension & Technology (NMAET); National Crop Insurance Programme (NCIP); Unified National Agriculture Markets; and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).

(vi) The Government undertakes procurement of wheat and paddy under its ‘MSP operations’. In addition, Government implements Market Intervention Scheme (MIS) for procurement of agricultural and horticultural commodities not covered under the Minimum Price Support Scheme on the request of State/UT Government. The MIS is implemented in order to protect the growers of these commodities from making distress sale in the event of bumper crop when the prices tend to fall below the economic level/cost of production. Losses, if any, incurred by the procuring agencies are shared by the Central Government and the concerned State Government on 50:50 basis (75:25 in case of North-Eastern States). Profit, if any, earned by the procuring agencies is retained by them.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 

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Implementation of Soil Health Card Programme 
Under the Soil Health Card Scheme, as on 27.11.2015, 55.02 lakh soil samples collected, 31.43 lakh samples analyzed and 26.53 lakh Soil Health Cards issued to farmers.

Government has plan to increase infrastructure and capacity of soil testing laboratories. From 2014-15, and up to October, 2015, under the Soil Health Management, 103 Static, 77 Mobile Soil Testing Laboratories and strengthening of 269 numbers of existing laboratories sanctioned.

As per Operational Guidelines of Soil Health Card Scheme, samples to be collected and tested in a grid of 2.5 hectare in irrigated area and 10 hectare in rainfed areas.

Soil Testing Laboratories are established under Soil Health Management Scheme and from 2014-15, and upto October, 2015, 77 Mobile Soil Testing Laboratories sanctioned to various States.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha today. 


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