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Problems faced by Tribals



Problems faced by Tribals
            Ever since the beginning of the planning process, efforts have been made to ensure that the tribal people are included in the growth process. However, there is still a considerable gap in human development indices between Scheduled Tribes (STs) and other social groups. As per Census 2011, National Family Health Survey-3 (2005-06) and other surveys, the status regarding Scheduled Tribes population is as follows:-

                                                                                                                 
(Figures in %)
Indicators
All Social Groups
STs
Persons below poverty line in rural areas, 2011-12 (Tendulkar Methodology)
             25.7            
     45.3
Prevalence of Anemia in women (<12 .0="" deciliter="" grams="" per="" span="">
55.3
68.5
Child Mortality Rate
18.4
35.8
Infant Mortality Rate
57.0
62.1
Literacy Rate (Male)
80.9
68.5
Literacy Rate (Female)
64.6
49.4
Drop-out Rates (Class I - X) (2013-14 provisional)
47.4
62.4
Good Houses
53.1
40.6
Households availing latrine facilities within premises
46.9
22.7
Households having television
47.2
21.9
Households having two wheeler
21.0
9.0
Households with drinking water facilities at premises
46.6
19.7
Households using electricity as source of light
67.3
51.8

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs administers two special area programmes namely Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) and Grants under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution wherein funds are provided to 23 States and 27 States, respectively.  Under these programmes this Ministry supplements the State Tribal Sub Plan as an additive for undertaking various tribal development initiatives and for raising the level of administration in Scheduled Areas with an aim to boost the economic and social status of tribal people. The grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution also cover setting up of Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRSs).  Besides, this Ministry has launched a new Central Sector Scheme ‘Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana (VKY)’ during 2014-15. The VKY has been adopted as a strategic process to ensure effective utilization of available financial resources under Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP). This process envisages to ensure delivery of goods and services to the tribal population across the country while striking at the critical gaps in the sectors of Housing, Livelihood, Health & Sanitation, Drinking Water, Agriculture & Irrigation, Electricity, Education, Skill development, Sports & Games and Preservation of Cultural Heritage, etc. in a targeted manner through appropriate institutional mechanism.
Funds Released under Art.275(1)
(Rs.in Lakh)
S.N
States
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
(as on 26.11.15)
Total Release
Total Release
Total Release
Total Release
Total Release
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
Andhra Pradesh
7998.00
4834.00
350.00
2139.00
3400.00
2
Arunachal Pradesh
1082.83
0.00
832.19
1880.40
1400.80
3
Assam
3419.00
0.00
3540.25
0.00
0.00
4
Bihar
959.00
0.00
0.00
586.00
0.00
5
Chhattisgarh
9294.00
8534.00
9172.11
10778.00
11904.31
6
Delhi
0.00
0.00
0.00
65.00
0.00
6
Goa
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
400.00
7
Gujarat
9426.00
4629.60
10275.69
8592.45
10350.00
8
Himachal Pradesh
431.00
474.00
474.00
190.99
444.32
9
Jammu & Kashmir
1390.00
150.34
1146.75
0.00
0.00
10
Jharkhand
9181.00
7369.50
9280.40
9873.00
8732.66
11
Karnataka
4263.00
4800.00
4800.00
4880.40
3590.00
12
Kerala
463.00
510.00
510.00
748.94
520.44
13
Madhya Pradesh
14015.50
16518.04
15793.47
17321.42
8912.16
14
Maharashtra
10805.00
2911.00
12489.00
11701.29
11700.67
15
Manipur
937.00
1031.00
1031.00
1600.00
779.40
16
Meghalaya
2798.00
0.00
2924.38
2334.03
303.02
17
Mizoram
1056.00
810.75
1133.61
1877.78
1119.81
18
Nagaland
2301.00
2454.00
2886.93
2067.15
2169.34
19
Odisha
11347.00
11283.99
14706.50
12728.22
12600.00
20
Rajasthan
7642.00
7737.98
9437.80
9755.92
6512.85
21
Sikkim
259.00
272.58
302.90
370.30
450.30
22
Tamil Nadu
614.25
0.00
901.00
639.60
0.00
23
Telangana
0.00
0.00
0.00
3894.40
4050.00
24
Tripura
1250.00
1375.00
1355.00
1218.99
1250.63
25
Uttar Pradesh
1484.91
200.00
0.00
743.49
1514.74
26
Uttarakhand
0.00
0.00
267.00
1530.36
92.02
27
West Bengal
6066.99
6104.00
6104.00
5747.00
6300.00
Grand Total
108483.48
81999.78
109713.98
113264.13
98497.47


Funds Released under SCA to TSP
(Rs. in lakh)
S.N
 States
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16 (as on 26.11.15)
Total Release
Total Release
Total Release
Total Release
Total Release
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
Andhra Pradesh
6057.00
4125.00
5789.00
2937.82
2080.00
2
Assam
5475.00
4674.00
6563.63
1788.59
3000.00
3
Bihar
1147.00
0.00
0.00
403.00
313.30
4
Chhattisgarh
10645.00
9478.00
9478.00
9826.50
6654.80
5
Goa
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
6
Gujarat
8838.00
7410.00
8448.00
10382.74
10500.00
7
Himachal Pradesh
1851.00
1262.00
1768.00
998.00
357.00
8
J & K
1143.00
0.00
1702.41
0.00
0.00
9
Jharkhand
10704.00
11413.25
12187.00
9571.10
7844.00
10
Karnataka
2170.00
1853.25
2471.00
3000.00
2840.50
11
Kerala
574.00
549.00
549.00
530.00
357.50
12
Madhya Pradesh
15593.85
17525.00
17525.00
15274.22
8203.25
13
Maharashtra
7055.93
0.00
7728.00
11726.17
7738.46
14
Manipur
705.00
1230.00
1581.90
1118.00
665.00
15
Odisha
14449.15
13321.00
13321.00
14925.04
13485.03
16
Rajasthan
1840.00
7441.00
8377.00
8822.04
5005.00
17
Sikkim
451.01
437.00
437.00
520.25
210.00
18
Tamil Nadu
572.00
0.00
651.00
217.33
0.00
19
Telangana
0.00
0.00
0.00
3541.00
3100.00
20
Tripura
2244.00
1955.00
2102.10
1183.94
1400.07
21
Uttarakhand
0.00
0.00
139.60
805.83
0.00
22
Uttar Pradesh
0.00
0.00
0.00
697.79
905.51
23
West Bengal
4720.00
2580.75
4181.36
5730.00
6133.00
 Total
96234.94
85254.25
105000.00
103999.36
80792.42


Funds released under Vanbandhu  Kalyan Yojana (VKY)  during the year 2014-15 and 2015-16 (as on 26.11.2015)
(Rs. in lakh)
S.No.
Name of States
2014-15
2015-16


Funds Released
Funds Approved
Funds Released
1
2
3
4
5
1
Andhra Pradesh
1000.00
500.00
250.00
2
Arunachal Pradesh
0.00
200.00
200.00
3
Bihar
0.00
310.00
250.00
4
Chhattisgarh
1000.00
1416.50
0.00
5
Gujarat
1000.00
1723.00
547.00
6
Himachal Pradesh
1000.00
100.00
0.00
7
Jharkhand
1000.00
1593.60
0.00
8
Kerala
0.00
100.00
100.00
9
Madhya Pradesh
1000.00
2900.00
0.00
10
Maharashtra
1000.00
2000.00
0.00
11
Mizoram
0.00
200.00
200.00
12
Nagaland
0.00
310.65
310.65
13
Odisha
1000.00
1800.00
150.00
14
Sikkim
0.00
135.00
125.00
15
Rajasthan
1000.00
1692.84
646.42
16
Telangana
1000.00
720.00
320.00
17
Tripura
0.00
250.00
250.00
18
Uttar Pradesh
0.00
170.00
170.00
19
West Bengal
0.00
1000.00
900.00
 Total
10000.00
17121.59
4419.07

            This information was given by Union Minister of State for Tribal Affairs Shri Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai Vasava in a written reply in Rajya Sabha. 

***********
Issue of Polavaram Dam Tribals
As informed by the National Commission for Scheduled Tribe (NCST), a constitutional body, it has never refused to meet tribals and their leaders from Polavaram Dam.

However, a representation dated 01.12.2013 from Dr. P. Pulla Rao of Polavaram, Andhra Pradesh addressed to Union Minister of Tribal Affairs regarding oppression and brutality against tribals in Devaragodhi, Polavaram Mandalam, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh was sent to the NCST on 03.12.2013 desiring that team of NCST may be deputed immediately for going to the place for on-site assessment for requisite needy and corrective measures. The Chairperson deputed Member, NCST, Smt. K. Kamala Kumari on 1.1.2014 to visit Polavaram.

Smt. K. Kamala Kumari visited the Polavaram project site from 07.01.2014 to 11.01.2014. Her report was discussed in the 64th meeting of Commission held on 21.11.2014. The State Government of Andhra Pradesh was provided the tour report by the Commission with the request to furnish the action taken report (ATR) on it, to the Commission. ATR has not been received in the Commission as yet.

This information was given by Union Minister for Tribal Affairs Shri Jual Oram in a written reply in Rajya Sabha.
***********
Superstitions among Tribal Population
It is a fact that several superstitions are prevailing among the general population of the country, including the tribals.

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has no programme that collects information about the various kinds of superstitions prevailed among the tribal people. It, however, implements various schemes wherein financial assistance is provided to States for promoting education among the scheduled tribes namely, Post Matric Scholarship for Scheduled Tribe Students, Hostels for Scheduled Tribe Boys and Girls, Establishment of Ashram School in Tribal Sub Plan Areas, Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship, Top Class Education and National Overseas Scholarship for Scheduled Tribes, etc. These schemes also aim at creating awareness amongst the tribals about the ill-effects of superstitions.

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Tribal Affairs Shri Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai Vasava in a written reply in Rajya Sabha.

***********
Increasing Grants-in-Aid for Welfare of Tribals
Budget allocation made to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs for the various welfare schemes of scheduled tribes during the last three years and the current year is given as under:

(Rs. in crore)
Year
BE
2012-13
4090.00
2013-14
4279.00
2014-15
4479.00
2015-16
4792.19


It is evident from the above table that the budget allocation made available to the Ministry has been increasing over the years.

            This information was given by Union Minister of State for Tribal Affairs Shri Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai Vasava in a written reply in Rajya Sabha.

***********
Implementation of recommendation of Prof. Virginius Xaxa Committee
The Government has taken cognizance of the recommendations made by the High Level Committee under Prof. Virginius Xaxa. The recommendations are being examined in consultation with the Ministries/Departments and Tribal Welfare Departments of States.

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Tribal Affairs Shri Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai Vasava in a written reply in Rajya Sabha.


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