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Private Universities



Private Universities 
During the last three years (2012, 2013 and 2014) and current year, 139 Universities (2 Central Universities, 32 State Universities, 104 Private Universities and 1 Deemed to be University) have been established in the Country. The State-wise details of these Universities are as under: 


Ø Central University (2): Uttar Pradesh-1 and Bihar-1.

Ø State University (32): Assam-2, Delhi-1, Gujarat-2, Haryana-4, Kerala-3, Madhya Pradesh-1, Punjab-1, Rajasthan-6, Telangana-2, Tamil Nadu-3, Uttar Pradesh-1 and West Bengal-6.

Ø Private University (104): Arunachal Pradesh-7, Assam-2, Chhatisgarh-3, Gujarat-9, Haryana-12, Himachal Pradesh-5, Jharkhand-2, Karnataka-10, Maharashtra-4, Madhya Pradesh-5, Manipur-1, Odisha-1, Punjab-8, Rajasthan-15, Sikkim-1, Uttar Pradesh-7, Uttarakhand-5 and West Bengal-7.

Ø Deemed to be University (1): Haryana-1.

Government has not granted permission to private universities to collaborate with foreign institutions.

Degrees awarded with due permission of University Grants Commission (UGC) by approved Private Universities are valid for all purposes including appointments in Government services in the country.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question. 



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Massive Open Online Courses 
Government of India has approved a scheme for Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) to provide best quality e-learning resources to students across country. An Indian platform called Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM) is being developed for hosting of MOOCs. SWAYAM-MOOCs project is intended to address the needs of school level 9-12 to Under Graduate and Post Graduate students, covering all disciplines. About 2000 courses shall be launched, with a support from network/Cloud that can support 10 Lakh concurrent users and up to 3 Crores Learners.

The Government plans to recognize certificates issued via SWAYAM platform in the country. To enhance digital learning in the country, Government has approved National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) in the year 2009, to provide high quality personalized and interactive knowledge modules over the internet/intranet for all learners in Higher Educational Institutions in anytime anywhere mode. Through this scheme the Ministry is providing connectivity to all colleges and Universities and providing high quality e-content free of cost.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question. 
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Central and State Shares in Mid-Day-Meal 
The ratio of sharing of funds between Centre and the State Governments for the Mid Day Meal Scheme was 75:25 for non-NER States /UTs and 90:10 for NER States till
2014-15. The Central Government has decided that the sharing pattern of Mid Day Meal Scheme will be in the ratio of 60:40 for non-NER States, 100% for UTs and 90:10 for NER States and 3 Himalayan States w. e. f. 2015-16. 

The funds released to Government of Uttar Pradesh and utilized by the State Government during the last three years including current year under Mid Day Meal Scheme is as under:

                                                                                        (Rs. in lakh)
Year
Release
Expenditure
2012-13
132113.69
110536.65
2013-14
120750.57
115316.06
2014-15
105142.49
117628.94
2015-16
67478.43
65715.38


The Central Government had meetings with State Governments at Aurangabad and Amritsar on 11th July, 2015 and 16th September, 2015 respectively to review the performance of the Mid Day Meal Scheme.         

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question.

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Quality Education 
It has been a constant endeavor of the Government to make the country emerge as a quality and affordable education destination for Indian as well as foreign students. Further, upgrading Indian Higher Educational Institutions is a continuous process. However, the Government has taken various measures for improving the standards of higher education in the country. The University Grants Commission (UGC) has issued the UGC Minimum Qualifications for Appointment of Teachers and other Academic Staff in Universities and Colleges and Measures for the Maintenance of Standards in Higher Education, Regulations, 2010 for improving the standard of teaching in Indian universities. It has also issued the Mandatory Assessment and Accreditation of Higher Educational Institutions, Regulations, 2012 whereby all eligible higher educational institutions are required to get themselves accredited. The UGC has also issued the Promotion and Maintenance of Standards of Academic Collaboration between Indian and Foreign Educational Institutions, Regulations 2012, which provide a framework for academic collaboration between Indian and foreign higher educational institutions. UGC also implements various schemes aimed at improving the quality of higher education, such as Universities with Potential for Excellence (UPE), Colleges with Potential for Excellence (CPE), Special Assistance Programme (SAP), Centres with Potential for Excellence in a Particular Area (CPEPA) etc.

The All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) has informed that in order to promote quality of technical education, it has introduced various schemes such as Research Promotion Scheme, Faculty Development Programme, Visiting Professorship, National Faculty in Engineering and Technology with Industrial Collaboration (NAFETIC), Innovation Programme Scheme and Quality Improvement Programme etc. It has also issued the Mandatory Accreditation of all Programs/Courses in Technical Education Institutions, University Departments and Institutions Deemed to be Universities imparting Technical Education Regulations, 2014 which makes it mandatory for each technical education institution, university department and institution Deemed to be University imparting technical education to get its programs/courses accredited. AICTE has also issued Regulations for Entry and Operation of Foreign Universities/Institutions imparting Technical Education in India to facilitate collaboration and partnerships between Indian and Foreign Universities/Institutions in the field of technical education, research and training.

Under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA), the overall quality of existing State higher educational institutions is sought to be improved by ensuring their conformity to prescribed norms and standards and adoption of accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework. Certain academic, administrative and governance reforms are a precondition for receiving funding under RUSA.

The Government has also established new Indian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institutes of Management to enhance the quality of education in Indian Higher Educational Institutes.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question. 
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Correction of Names in Certificates 
Educations being a subject in the Concurrent List of the Constitution, majority of schools are under the purview of the State Governments and, therefore, it is for the respective State Government to take appropriate action in bringing improvement in the process of correcting the names written wrongly in the marksheets and certificates. As far as schools affiliated to Central Board of School Education (CBSE) are concerned, the Examination Bye-Laws of CBSE allow correction in name to the extent of correction in spelling errors in the candidate’s name, surname, parents’ or guardian’s name to make it consistent with records of the schools in which the candidate studies. Such correction is made within one year of the date of declaration of result provided the application to this effect is forwarded by the Head of the institution along with true copy each of the admission form filled by the parents at the time of admission, School Leaving Certificate of the previous school submitted by the parents at the time of admission and portion of the page of admission and withdrawal register indicating the details of the candidate, duly attested by the Head of the institution.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question. 
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Check on Brain-Drain 
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has launched the scheme of Faculty Recharge Programme wherein candidates are selected through global advertisements. Further, under the CV Raman Post-doctoral Fellowships Scheme the young faculties are attached to United States of America (USA) Universities to enable them to work with USA Scientists in their respective area of specialization.

To strengthen the infrastructure for quality teaching and research, UGC has introduced a number of schemes such as Special Assistance Programme (SAP), Universities with Potential for Excellence (UPE), Basic Scientific Research Programme (BSR), Centres with Potential for Excellence in Particular Areas (CPEPA), Major and Minor Research Projects (MRP), Colleges with Potential for Excellence (CPE), Enhancing Faculty Resources of Universities etc.

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has also launched a programme titled the ‘Global Initiative of Academic Networks’ (GIAN) in higher education aimed at tapping the talent pool of scientists and entrepreneurs internationally to encourage their engagement with Indian higher educational institutions so as to augment the country’s existing academic resources, accelerate the pace of quality reform, and elevate India’s scientific and technological capacity to global excellence. GIAN includes participation of foreign faculty, including those of Indian origin, as faculty to participate in delivering short or semester-long courses. 352 foreign faculties from 38 countries are participating in the programme.

Some students from the country go abroad for various reasons including further studies/employment. There are students who come back after completing their education while others stay back after getting employment. In many cases, such persons, after working in a foreign country for a period of time, also return to India. Therefore, no authentic figures of students going out of the country can be reliably compiled

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question. 
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Display of information by Universities 

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has issued directions to Vice-Chancellors of Universities on 2nd July, 2015 that all relevant information regarding the university and its college institutions should be displayed on the website of the concerned institution for the benefit of students seeking admission in universities/colleges and their parents. The letter of the UGC is available at  http://www.ugc.ac.in/ pdfnews/9470833_university-info.pdf .

The Government has notified the UGC (Furnishing of Information by Universities) Rules, 2015 according to which every university and its affiliated colleges shall, on or before the date specified by the All India Survey on Higher Education every year in this behalf, upload complete and correct data, as required by the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), on the survey portal (www.aishe.gov.in). The ultimate responsibility of correct, complete and timely uploading of the data annually on All India Survey on Higher Education portal in respect of university, college shall be of the Registrar or Principal of the University or college respectively.  

The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is maintaining a “Know Your College Portal” athttp://www.knowyourcollege-gov.in through which the information about a college, as uploaded on AISHE, can be easily accessed.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question.

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Enhancing skills for wage employment in the country 
The Ministry of Human Resource Development has taken several steps to promote vocational education in the country to generate employment and introduced schemes of Community College, B. Voc degree programme and Deen Dayal Upadhyay KAUSHAL Kendras to award Certificates, Diplomas, Advanced Level Diplomas and Bachelor’s as well as Master’s Degree programme. With a view to provide engineering skills to the unemployed youth, the Ministry has approved an initiative under the umbrella of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushalya Vikas Yojana (PMKVY). Under this, each technical institution in the Country has been advised to conduct courses in core engineering skills after the college-hours for the unemployed and interested youth in the vicinity. The existing infrastructure and teaching faculty available with the institution would be used for these trainings. Each College is expected to train 100 such youth and help in their placement after due certification, thereby adding 10 lakh youth trained in the engineering skills to the labour force. This initiative will be launched from the academic year 2016-17.

AICTE has also issued National Employability Enhancement Mission (NEEM) Regulation, 2013, which aims to offer on the job practical training to enhance employability of graduates/diploma holders or students pursuing graduation/diploma to increase their employability in any technical or non-technical stream or have discontinued studies of degree or diploma course.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question. 
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Approval to Educational Institutions 
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has informed that at present there are 740 Universities (46 Central Universities, 342 State Universities, 227 Private Universities and 125 Deemed to be Universities) which are awarding degrees or diplomas to the students in the country.  There were 40760 Colleges in the country as on 31st March, 2015. A total of 5749 stand alone institutions responded to the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) during 2012-13.

Universities are established either by the Act of Parliament or by the Act of the concerned State Legislature. UGC is maintaining a list of Universities at www.ugc.ac.in. The name of a University is included in the UGC list on the basis of the Act as passed by the Parliament or by the concerned State Legislature and notification issued by the concerned Government. Professional Colleges seek the approval of concerned regulatory council(s) for offering professional courses. The list of colleges approved by these councils is available at their websites viz.- http://mciindia.org for Medical Council of India;  www.aicte-india.org for All India Council for Technical Education;  http://dciindia.org.in for Dental Council of India; etc.

As per the AISHE Report for 2012-13 there were 3,01,52,417 students enrolled in Indian Universities/Institutions/Colleges at different levels i.e. Graduate, Post-graduate, Research  (M. Phil. /Ph.D.) & Diploma.
The UGC has informed that it has conveyed to Vice Chancellors of Universities on 2nd July, 2015 to display all information regarding the University and its affiliated Colleges on their website for the benefit of the students and parents.  The information required to be displayed includes information about courses and relevant approvals from statutory bodies.
This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question
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Accreditation of Institutions 
The Government has undertaken a collaborative, multi-stakeholder and multi-pronged consultation process for formulating the New Education Policy (NEP), which included online, grassroots and national level thematic deliberations on the 33 identified themes. Out of these 33 themes, one of the themes under School Education is “Schools standards, School assessment and School Management systems’ wherein the discussion note states that there is a need to put in place a School Quality Assessment and Accreditation System to cover all aspects of school functioning, including scholastic and co-scholastic domains, physical infrastructure, faculty management, school leadership, learning outcomes and satisfaction of pupils and their parents/ guardians. Similarly, under Higher Education, the theme “Ranking of institutions and accreditations” underlines the concern on the poor performance of our Universities in World Ranking and Global ratings.

As per the University Grants Commission (UGC) (Mandatory Assessment and Accreditation of Higher Educational Institutions) Regulations, 2012, notified on 19th January, 2013, it is mandatory for each Higher Educational Institution to get accredited by an Accreditation Agency after passing out of two batches or six years, whichever is earlier, in accordance with the norms and methodology prescribed by such agency or the Commission, as the case may be. Further, every Higher Educational Institution, which has completed six years of existence or two batches having passed out, whichever is earlier, is to apply within six months from the date of coming into force of these Regulations, to the Accreditation Agency, for accreditation. The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has notified similar regulations on 29th January, 2014.

According to the Regulations, the process of accreditation has been laid down for achieving the objectives of advancing academic quality; enabling students and other stakeholders to make informed choices with regard to Higher educational institutions; to facilitate Higher Educational Institutions to augment quality, by bench-marking uniform reference points pertaining to academic standards; to facilitate Higher Educational Institutions to acquire international recognition, cross-border and trans-national collaborations, etc.

The National Board of Accreditation (NBA) is already conducting accreditation of technical programmes being offered by technical institutions whereas National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) does the institutional accreditation.

Apart from making assessment and accreditation mandatory for higher educational institutions, the UGC has already laid down minimum standards of instruction for the grant of first degree, Master’s degree and M.Phil/Ph.D degree. The UGC has also laid down minimum qualifications for the appointment of teachers and academic staff in Universities and Colleges. The UGC has further laid down the UGC (Institutions Deemed to be Universities) Regulations, 2010 and UGC(Maintenance of Standards in Private Universities) Regulations, 2003 for maintaining standards in Deemed to be Universities and Private Universities respectively.

Since the New Education Policy is still being evolved, conclusions would have to await its finalization.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani yesterday in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question. 


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