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One Hundered More Flood Forecasting Stations to be Setup



One Hundered More Flood Forecasting Stations to be Setup 
             Central Water Commission (CWC) under Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation will set up 40 flood forecasting stations for the first time in the States of Arunachal Pradesh (3), Himachal Pradesh (1), Kerala (2), Rajasthan (12), Sikkim (8) and Tamil Nadu (14) during the current five year plan. In addition to this 60 more flood forecasting stations will be set up in other States already having flood forecasting stations to cover their uncovered areas.

               Central Water Commission (CWC) has, inter-alia, been entrusted with flood forecasting activities in India. For this purpose, a network of 878 stations on major rivers and their tributaries has been set up. Presently, flood forecasts are issued for 176 stations (148 level forecast and 28 inflow forecast) using hydrological data from its own network and Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) received from Flood Metrological Organization (FMO) of India Metrological Department (IMD). The existing flood forecasting network of CWC covers 19 states/UTs/NCT, 10 major river basins and 72 sub-basins.
So far, 445 stations have been modernized with automatic data collection and transmission systems.  Mathematical models on rivers Jhelum, Alaknanda, Bhagirathi, Ganga, Brahmaputra, Yamuna, Chambal, Baitarani, Vamsadhara, Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Tapi, Godavari and Krishna have been developed.  The forecast is disseminated using the email, SMS and website facilities.
            The modernization of network includes installation of automatic sensor based data collection and satellite based data transmission systems for near real time flood forecasting and development of medium range hydrologic and hydraulic models with a warning time of upto 72 hours using one dimensional mathematical modeling tools, for effective flood forecasting.
The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation had launched new flood forecasting website e-Surface Water Information System (“e-SWIS”) during the flood season of 2014, which has facilitated timely forecast dissemination through email/SMS. The trends of river water levels at the forecasting stations of the network during the last 72 hours are also made available to the general public at the web portal (http://india-water.gov.in//ffs).In addition, flood-warning messages are also disseminated using Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) of Google to make the warning more effective.

        State-wise Distribution of Existing and Proposed Flood Forecasting Stations of CWC
Sl. No.
Name of State/UT
Existing
flood forecasting Stations
Proposed Flood Forecasting Stations during XII Plan
Level
Inflow
Total
Level
Inflow
Total
1
Andhra Pradesh
5
3
8
4
5
9
2
Arunachal Pradesh
0
0
0
2
1
3
3
Assam
24
0
24
5
0
5
4
Bihar
32
0
32
2
0
2
5
Chhattisgarh
1
0
1
0
0
0
6
Gujarat
6
5
11
0
1
1
7
Haryana
0
1
1
1
0
1
8
Himachal Pradesh
0
0
0
1
0
1
9
Jammu & Kashmir
1
0
1
5
0
5
10
Jharkhand
1
4
5
1
14
15
11
Karnataka
1
3
4
0
4
4
12
Kerala
0
0
0
0
2
2
13
Madhya Pradesh
2
1
3
0
1
1
14
Maharashtra
7
2
9
0
1
1
15
Orissa
11
1
12
0
2
2
16
Rajasthan
0
0
0
2
10
12
17
Sikkim
0
0
0
3
5
8
18
Tamilnadu
0
0
0
5
9
14
19
Telangana
4
4
8
2
3
5
20
Tripura
2
0
2
0
0
0
21
Uttar Pradesh
34
1
35
4
1
5
22
Uttarakhand
3
0
3
1
3
4
23
West Bengal
11
3
14
0
0
0
24
NCT of Delhi
2
0
2
0
0
0
25
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
1
0
1
0
0
0

Total
148
28
176
38
62
100




Basin-wise Existing Flood Forecasting Stations
Sl. No.
Name of River-systems
Number of flood forecasting Stations
Level
Inflow
Total
1
Ganga & Tributaries
77
10
87
2
Brahmaputra & Tributaries
27
-
27
3
Barak-System                 
05
-
05
4
Eastern-Rivers               
08
01
9
5
Mahanadi
03
01
04
6
Godavari
14
04
18
7
Krishna
03
06
09
8
West flowing Rivers
09
06
15
9
Pennar
01
-
01
10
Indus (Jhelum)
01
-
01
Total
148
28
176

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Storage Status of 91 Major Reservoirs of the Country as on December 03, 2015 
The water storage available in 91 major reservoirs of the country as on December 03, 2015 was 81.109 BCM which is 51% of total storage capacity of these reservoirs. This was 78% of the storage of corresponding period of last year and 75% of storage of average of last ten years.

The total storage capacity of these 91 reservoirs is 157.799 BCM which is about 62% of the total storage capacity of 253.388 BCM which is estimated to have been created in the country. Out of these reservoirs, 37 reservoirs have hydropower benefit with installed capacity of more than 60 MW.

REGION WISE STORAGE STATUS:

NORTHERN REGION 


The northern region includes States of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan. There are 6 reservoirs under CWC monitoring having total live storage capacity of 18.01 BCM. The total live storage available in these reservoirs is 11.88 BCM which is 66% of total live storage capacity of these reservoirs. The storage during corresponding period of last year was 60% and average storage of last ten years during corresponding period was 67% of live storage capacity of these reservoirs. Thus, storage during current year is better than the corresponding period of last year but is less than the average storage of last ten years during the corresponding period.

EASTERN REGION 

The Eastern region includes States of Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal and Tripura. There are 15 reservoirs under CWC monitoring having total live storage capacity of 18.83 BCM. The total live storage available in these reservoirs is 11.30 BCM which is 60% of total live storage capacity of these reservoirs. The storage during corresponding period of last year was 78% and average storage of last ten years during corresponding period was 73% of live storage capacity of these reservoirs. Thus, storage during current year is less than the corresponding period of last year and is also less than the average storage of last ten years during the corresponding period.

WESTERN REGION 

The Western region includes States of Gujarat and Maharashtra. There are 27 reservoirs under CWC monitoring having total live storage capacity of 27.07 BCM. The total live storage available in these reservoirs is 13.00 BCM which is 48% of total live storage capacity of these reservoirs. The storage during corresponding period of last year was 68% and average storage of last ten years during corresponding period was 74% of live storage capacity of these reservoirs. Thus, storage during current year is less than the storage of last year and is also less than the average storage of last ten years during the corresponding period.

CENTRAL REGION 

The Central region includes States of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. There are 12 reservoirs under CWC monitoring having total live storage capacity of 42.30 BCM. The total live storage available in these reservoirs is 27.06 BCM which is 64% of total live storage capacity of these reservoirs. The storage during corresponding period of last year was 74% and average storage of last ten years during corresponding period was 59% of live storage capacity of these reservoirs. Thus, storage during current year is less than the storage of last year but is better than the average storage of last ten years during the corresponding period.

SOUTHERN REGION 

The Southern region includes States of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, AP&TG (Two combined projects in both states) Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. There are 31 reservoirs under CWC monitoring having total live storage capacity of 51.59 BCM. The total live storage available in these reservoirs is 17.86 BCM which is 35% of total live storage capacity of these reservoirs. The storage during corresponding period of last year was 55% and average storage of last ten years during corresponding period was 71% of live storage capacity of these reservoirs. Thus, storage during current year is less than the corresponding period of last year and is also less than the average storage of last ten years during the corresponding period.

States having better storage than last year for corresponding period are Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Tripura. States having lesser storage than last year for corresponding period are Punjab, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh-Telangana (Two combined project in both states), Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. 

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Ministry of Water Resources to Join Hands with Ministry of HRD for The Success of Namami Gange 
Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Sushri Uma Bharti has called for sustained cooperation with the Ministry of Human Resources Development for the success of Namai Gange programme. Addressing a meeting regarding the role of IITs and educational institutes in Namami Gange programme in New Delhi today the Minister mentioned areas where the intervention of HRD Ministry is specifically required which includes rural sanitation, reuse of solid waste, adult education on environment –with focus on Ganga, development of projects especially for the most polluted tributaries –Ramganga, Kali and Yamuna, determination of e-flow and Jan bhagidari . She also mentioned that the major challenge for river Ganga is to keep it clean with approximately 20 crore people taking dip in the river every year. Sushri Bharti said, “Small stretches of rural areas can be adopted by educational institutes for treatment of small drains carrying rural sewage and solid waste and facilitate in providing 100% rural sanitation.”

Speaking on the occasion Union Minister for Human Resources Development Smt. Smriti Irani proposed a three-pronged approach for the involvement of her Ministry in Namami Gange programme .This will include, integration of all villages along river Ganga in Unnat Bharat Abhiyan - inspired by the vision of transformational change in rural development processes by leveraging knowledge institutions to help build the architecture of an Inclusive India; Special Literacy Package for Namami Gange – 100% literacy to the villages along river Ganga with special address to adult literacy and bringing team of national and international experts to develop innovative technologies and perform research in areas to address the challenges faced by river Ganga. She emphasized that most challenging part in the implementation of Namami Gange program is to bring behavioural changes and initiate a social movement. The Minister said these issues issue can be addressed by her Ministry by providing adult literacy and involvement of students in creating awareness.

The meeting started with a presentation about the various ongoing and planned activities under Namami Gange and how the educational institutes such as IITs, IISC, SPA, etc. can join in the successful implementation of Namami Gange programme. It was mutually agreed by both the Ministries that Secretaries of both the Ministries will discuss these possible approaches and identify the actionable points through which HRD Ministry can be involved in Namami Gange program. The action plan will include goal posts for three months and review of the progress every six months.

The meeting was also attended by Shri Shashi Shekhar Secretary, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation and Shri Vinay Sheel Oberoi Secretary, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development along with representatives from IIT Delhi and Kharagpur and Additional Mission Director, National Mission for Clean Ganga. 


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