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National policy on disaster management



National policy on disaster management 
National Policy on Disaster Management (NPDM) was approved by the then Union Cabinet on 22nd October, 2009 with the vision “To built a safe and disaster resilient India by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster oriented and technology driven strategy through a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response”. NPDM provides for an integration approach for management with emphasis on building strategic partnerships at various levels. 


The primary responsibility for management of disaster rests with the State Government concerned. The institutional mechanism put in place at the Centre, State and District levels helps states to manage disasters in an effective manner. Disaster Management is a multidisciplinary activity which is to be performed in cohesive synergy among all stakeholders. The National Policy on disaster management puts in place an enabling environment for all. It is expected by all the stakeholders to put up their best efforts in managing any disaster as per the framework of NPDM. Every disaster teaches us new lessons and the Govt/Society learns to adapt with them accordingly. NPDM has been fruitful in developing a holistic, proactive multi disaster oriented and technology driven approach in the Country.

Since its raising, NDRF has been responding in various rescue operations in disasters within the country and abroad and saved many precious lives and retrieved dead bodies of victims. NDRF personnel responded outstandingly and the details of victims rescued and retrieved by NDRF till date is as under:

• Rescued 4,68,971 human lives

• Retrieved 2267 dead bodies

• Trained Community Volunteers 39,20,493

• Besides, NDRF is also imparting training to SDRF Personnel and other stakeholders.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri KirenRijiju in a written reply to question by Shri Ajay Sanchetiin the Rajya Sabha today. 
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Central Victim Compensation Fund Scheme 
The Government has introduced the Central Victim Compensation Fund (CVCF) scheme. Its key features including aims and objectives are given below:-

(i) to support and supplement the existing Victim Compensation Schemes notified by States/UT Administrations,

(ii) to reduce disparity in quantum of compensation amount notified by different States/ UTs for victims of similar crimes, and

(iii) to encourage States/UTs to effectively implement the Victim Compensation Schemes (VCS) notified by them under the provisions of section 357A of Cr.P.C. and continue financial support to victims of various crimes especially sexual offences including rape, acid attacks, crime against children, human trafficking etc. including women victims of cross border firing.

The guidelines of the Central Victim Compensation Fund (CVCF) Scheme have been circulated among all the States/UTs and are available at the website of Ministry of Home Affairs viz http://mha.nic.in. The States/UTs have been requested to modify State Victim Compensation Schemes accordingly.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri HaribhaiParathibhai Chaudharyin a written reply to question by Smt. Renuka Chowdhury in the Rajya Sabha today. 
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Tamil Nadu flood disaster 
The State Governments concerned are primarily responsible for undertaking necessary relief and response measures in the wake of natural calamities. The Government of India supplements the efforts of the State Governments by extending financial and logistical support, wherever required. In the immediate aftermath of the natural disaster in Tamil Nadu in November, all the concerned Ministries of Government of India played their supporting roles in rescue and relief efforts. The situation of rescue & relief works in Tamil Nadu is being monitored very closely by Government of India. National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) took review of the situation in the State on day to day basis. NCMC on a continued basis coordinated efforts of all the Central agencies in concert with the State Government, ensuring necessary relief and assistance for immediate rescue operations and restorations of communications in the State. National Executive Committee under the chairmanship of Home Secretary reviewed the position with all central Ministries/ agencies concerned and along with representatives of the State Government on day to day basis. Prime Minister visited the State on 3rd December and reviewed the progress with the Chief Minister.

The Disaster Management is multi-disciplinary subject, which require coordinated and holistic approach from all Ministries/ Departments of Central and State level. There are institutional mechanisms at the National and State level for effective management of natural disasters. Improvement of disaster management system is a continuous and evolving process of governance. Though the rescue and relief operations are primarily the responsibility of the State Governments, the Government of India extends all the possible logistics and financial assistance to the States to supplement their efforts to meet the situation effectively.

In order to support the affected people of the State, the Government of India had released assistance of Rs. 388.42 crore (Rs. 133.795 cr. + Rs. 254.625 crore), in advance, from SDRF and Rs. 552.00 crore from Special Assistance of central plan schemes to Tamil Nadu on 23rd November 2015. In addition, an amount of Rs. 1000 crore (Rs. 133.69 cr + Rs. 866.31 cr.,) to the State Government on 3rd December 2015 for immediate relief operations.

The Government of India had extended all possible assistance through deployment of the resources of Army, Indian Air Force, Navy, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for search and rescue operations, and provision of relief and rescue material including food, water, medicines etc. to the Tamil Nadu Government during the disaster response phase.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri KirenRijiju in a written reply to question by Dr. E.M. SudarsanaNatchiappanin the Rajya Sabha today. 
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Governor of J & K Shri N. N. Vohra to deliver Dr. Anandswarup Gupta, Memorial lecture tomorrow 
The Bureau of Police Research & Development, Ministry of Home Affairs is organizing its annual event - Dr. Anandswarup Gupta Memorial lecture to commemorate the 45th Founders’ Day of BPR&D here tomorrow. This year’s lecture would be delivered by the Governor of Jammu & Kashmir, Shri N. N. Vohra.

This lecture is organized to commemorate the BPR&D’s founder Director Dr. Anandswarup Gupta. Dr. Gupta briefly served in the Royal Air Force before joining the Indian Police in 1939. Dr. Gupta was appointed as first Director, when the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) was established in 1970. In addition, he was also the first Director of Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, New Delhi. He wrote two books on Police – “Crime and Police in India (up to 1861)” and “The Police in British India (1861-1947)”. He was, indeed, an intellectual giant and visionary leader whose invaluable guidance, care, insight, and mentoring could lead BPR&D to emerge as a renowned organization of Government of India in the field of research & development of police related matters.

The mission of BPR&D is to stimulate and facilitate methodical studies of endemic and emergent problems in the principles and practices of law enforcement policing and reformative correctional systems in the country so that workable enduring solutions that factor in local environment conditions may be evolved and adapted by the departments in different regions and give Unity in Diversity a new meaning. It is the only research & development organization in the police department throughout the country. It has five divisions i.e. Research, Modernization, Training, National Police Mission and Special Police Division. BPR&D also has five outlying units as Central Detective Training Schools (CDTS) working at Kolkata, Hyderabad, Chandigarh, Ghaziabad and Jaipur along with one Central Academy for Police Training (CAPT) at Bhopal. 
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