National policy for skill development



National policy for skill development 
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that the government launched the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015 on 15th July, 2015.
The primary objective of this policy is to meet the challenge of skilling at scale with speed, standard (quality) and suitability. It aims to provide a umbrella framework to all skilling activities being carried out within the country, to align them to common standards and link skilling with demand centres. The policy also identified the overall institutional framework which will act as a vehicle to reach the expected outcomes.

He said, at present, there are over 70 skill development schemes/programmes being run by Ministries/Departments of the Central Government. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) targeting to benefit 24 lakh persons in the country. The scheme is being implemented across the country and as on 30th November, 2015, 4.38 lakh persons have been trained.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today the Minister said, there are certain challenges like demand and supply mismatch, geographical issues, limited resources, low aspirational value in the way of skilling. The National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship provides a robust strategy to tackle these issues and successfully achieve the skilling objectives. 
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Deen Dayal Upadhyay Rural Skill Development Scheme for Bihar 

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that the Scheme of Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal  Yojana (DDU-GKY) is being implemented by Ministry of Rural Development.  The Government (Ministry of Rural Development) is undertaking a placement linked skill development program called Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) for rural poor youth. Important features of DDU-GKY, inter-alia, are as follows:
·                          Market-led, placement-linked training programme for rural youth.
·                          Mandatory assured placement to 75% of the trained candidates.
·                          Focus on rural youth from poor families in the age group of 15 to 35 years.
·                          Social inclusion of candidates through mandatory coverage of socially disadvantaged groups.
·                          Minimum Salary of Rs.6000 per month or minimum wages specified by a State Government, whichever is higher (after a three month training course).
·                          Post-placement support to candidates.
·                          Career progression support, job-retention support and foreign placement support for quality outcomes in placements.
·                           In allocation of skill projects, primacy given to Training Partners who can train and support overseas placement and captive placements.
He said, DDU-GKY is undertaken as PPP Project through Private and Public organizations registered with Ministry of Rural Development. DDU-GKY is a demand driven program. At present, an organization that is a registered legal entity in India can partner with DDU-GKY as a Project Implementing Agency (PIA).
In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today the Minister said, as DDU-GKY aims  skilling for rural poor youth to be aspirational and provide training benchmarked to global norms, as far as possible; the  implementation strategy therefore enables the youth to access best of  training  and related facilities in locations where they are most suitably available  and does not therefore make it  necessary for the centres to be taken to the candidate, but rather the candidates are taken to training centers to ensure quality and better assimilation into mainstream labour markets.  Total 51 training centers are active in Bihar. At present, candidates from 24 districts in Bihar, (1568 villages) are covered for skilling under DDU-GKY projects in these training centers. Names of the Districts are:


NAMES OF 24  DISTRICTS IN BIHAR  COVERED UNDER DDU-KGY PROJECTS
1.     ARARIA
2.   ARWAL
3.   AURANGABAD
4.   BEGUSARAI
5.    BHAGALPUR
6.   BHOJPUR
7.    BUXAR
8.   DARBHANGA
9.   KATIHAR
10.                      KHAGARIA
11.MADHEPURA
12.                       MADHUBANI
13.                       MUNGER
14.                       MUZAFFARPUR
15.                       NALANDA
16.                       PASCHIM CHAMPARAN
17.                       PATNA
18.                      PURNIA
19.                       ROHTAS
20.                     SAMASTIPUR
21.                       SITAMARHI
22.                     SIWAN
23.                     SUPAUL
24.                     VAISHALI

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Funds to States for skill development activities 

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that the government launched National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015 on 15th July, 2015, which projects Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), reskilling, upskilling and skilling of 298.25 million existing workforce especially below 45 years of age. In addition, the report projects skilling of 104.62 million new entrance over 2015-2022.

            In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today the Minister said, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) which targets to train 14 lakh persons and certificate 10 lakh persons under Recognition of Prior Learning.  Under PMKVY, funds are not released to State Governments rather a monetary reward is directly credited to bank account of trainees on their successful assessment and certification.  As on 30th November, 2015, 5.32 lakh persons have been enrolled and 4.38 lakh persons have successfully completed training under PMKVY throughout India.  A state/Union Territory wise list of persons enrolled/trained under PMKVY is:

State/UT
Total Enrolled
Trainings Completed
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
194
141
Andhra Pradesh
25834
21717
Arunachal Pradesh
477
462
Assam
13133
9632
Bihar
23051
14656
Chandigarh
1374
1157
Chhattisgarh
8930
6483
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
53
36
Delhi
24596
21596
Goa
140
120
Gujarat
15584
14103
Haryana
24012
19531
Himachal Pradesh
9142
7817
Jammu and Kashmir
4788
4014
Jharkhand
8376
6991
Karnataka
21087
17451
Kerala
3579
2602
Madhya Pradesh
44759
37910
Maharashtra
32701
28049
Manipur
607
334
Meghalaya
1218
988
Mizoram
187
121
Nagaland
508
283
Odisha
17278
14090
Puducherry
2432
1827
Punjab
23669
20339
Rajasthan
31170
26173
Sikkim
466
338
Tamil Nadu
63376
55129
Telangana
24666
21391
Tripura
4949
4542
Uttar Pradesh
58770
46072
Uttarakhand
3520
2889
West Bengal
38338
29475
Total
532964
438459

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Training for Selected Subjects Under Skill Development Scheme 
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that the government has launched Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) on 15th July, 2015 which is a reward based, demand driven scheme aiming to benefit 24 lakh persons with training of 14 lakh fresh entrants and certification of 10 lakh persons under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). The scheme has a coverage of 328 job roles developed by 28 Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) which are industry led bodies intended to align the skilling efforts as per the industry’s requirement. As on 30th November, 2015, 5.32 lakh people have been enrolled under the scheme through 6,380 training centres in 29 States and 5 Union Territories with a coverage of 570 Districts of the Country.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today the Minister said, further, as per the available data, maximum trainees got employment in Information Technology-Information Technology enabled Services (IT-ITeS) and Telecom sectors. 
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Loan for Skill Development 
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that Skill Loan Scheme was launched by the Prime Minister on 15th July, 2015 to provide loan facility to aspirants wanting to do skill development courses aligned to National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF). The Important features of the Scheme, inter-alia, are as follows:

• Any Indian National who has secured admission in a course run by Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), Polytechnics or in a school recognised by Central or State education Boards or in a college affiliated to recognised university, training partners affiliated to National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) Sector Skill Councils, State Skill Mission, State Skill Corporation can avail loan for the purpose.

• No processing fee is charged by Banks.

• Amount of loan ranges from Rs. 5,000 to Rs.150, 000/- depending on the course having a repayment period of 3 to 7 years.

• Simple rate of interest @ 11% and 12% per annum is charged during the period of study.

• No minimum course duration.

• No specific restriction with regard to age.

• Risk of banks covered through Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Skill Development (CGFSSD)

• Under the scheme of CGFSSD, interest rate to be charged by Member Lending Institution (MLI) should not be more than 1.5% per annum over Base Rate.

• Borrower must enter into an agreement with National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company (NCGTC) for providing guarantee against default in repayment of the loan extended by lending institutions.

• The fund shall provide guarantee cover to the extent of 75% of the amount in default.

• The loan is sanctioned without any collateral security or third party guarantee.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today the Minister said, at present there is no proposal to disburse the loan through a digital voucher directly to the student’s bank account. . 
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Skill Development Programmes for Girls in West Bengal 
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that there are a number of skill development schemes across various sectors being implemented by Central Ministries/Departments. The data on the girls covered under these skill development programmes is not maintained centrally. However, most of these schemes have special provisions to promote the participation in skill development programmes by all socio-economic groups, including women. 30% of all the seats for the courses in all Government and Private ITIs are reserved for women candidates which includes girls as well.

He said, further, there are 402 Government Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) exclusively for women. Furthermore, Government has set up ten Regional Vocational Training Institutes (RVTIs) including one in Kolkata, West Bengal and one National Vocational Training Institute (NVTI) (at Noida, Uttar Pradesh) in Central Sector for skill Development of Women including girls across the Country.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today the Minister said, further, the Government has set up the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) as a Public Private Partnership (PPP) entity to promote private training providers for setting up skill development centres across the Country. As on 30th November, 2015, NSDC training partners have enrolled 5.32 lakh candidates through 6,380 training centres across 29 States and 5 Union Territories in 570 Districts across the Country. In 2015-16, as on 31st October, 2015, NSDC training partners have trained a total of 1,55,236 women candidates across the Country out of which 54,456 have got placement. This includes West Bengal where 10,711 women candidates have been trained and 4,196 got placement. 
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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that as an effort to align skill development initiatives with the incremental human resource requirement, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana has been introduced by the Government on 15th July, 2015. The scheme has a target to cover 24 lakh persons with training of 14 lakh fresh entrants and certification of 10 lakh persons under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). There is a budget provision of Rs. 1000 crore for the current financial year 2015-16. National Skill Development Corporation, a Public Private Partnership (PPP) entity, is the implementing agency of the scheme. As on 30th November, 2015, 5.32 lakh candidates have been enrolled under the scheme for 328 job roles developed by 28 Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) across the Country.

He said, further, to integrate PMKVY with industrial training, steps have been taken and Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) have been invited to start skill development training under the scheme. Private ITIs have come forward and PMKVY training has been started in some of these institutes.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today the Minister said, regular monitoring is done by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship of the progress made by NSDC in implementation of skill development training under the scheme. 
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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that as an effort to align skill development initiatives with the incremental human resource requirement, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana has been introduced by the Government on 15th July, 2015. The scheme has a target to cover 24 lakh persons with training of 14 lakh fresh entrants and certification of 10 lakh persons under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). There is a budget provision of Rs. 1000 crore for the current financial year 2015-16. National Skill Development Corporation, a Public Private Partnership (PPP) entity, is the implementing agency of the scheme. As on 30th November, 2015, 5.32 lakh candidates have been enrolled under the scheme for 328 job roles developed by 28 Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) across the Country.

He said, further, to integrate PMKVY with industrial training, steps have been taken and Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) have been invited to start skill development training under the scheme. Private ITIs have come forward and PMKVY training has been started in some of these institutes.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today the Minister said, regular monitoring is done by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship of the progress made by NSDC in implementation of skill development training under the scheme. 
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