Mental Institute dedicated to the nation by the President of India, Sri Pranab Mukherjee



Speech by the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee on the occasion of dedication of the National Institute of Mental Health And Neurological Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore to the nation as an institute of national importance 
I am delighted to be here today on this historic occasion. The National Institute of Mental Health and Neurological Sciences – or NIMHANS, as we know it, has long been recognized for its outstanding contribution in the area of mental health. Beginning its journey as far back as in 1850, NIMHANS has, today, evolved into a foremost Institute of National Importance. NIMHANS has cut across boundaries and disciplines by integrating care with prevention and rehabilitation. It has taken the lead in integrating biological sciences with social and behavioural studies. At the very outset, I would like to congratulate all the founding members and successive Directors of this institution for their vision and leadership. They have developed this Institution into what it is today, and the nation appreciates their efforts and contribution.


Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is only appropriate that NIMHANS, located in the IT City of Bangalore, should adopt modern, computer-based Hospital Information Systems to improve efficiencies in all its Centres. The use of information technology to invigorate health care delivery also helps in reducing costs, optimising resource management and minimising paper work. The e-hospital and e-project programmes taken up by NIMHANS are, therefore, excellent initiatives, worthy of emulation by other institutions.

Our national indicators relating to the health sector in India remind us that health care is one of the positive contributors to the progress and development of our country. Today, there is an increasing realisation all over the world, that there can be no health without mental health. Our country’s first comprehensive mental health policy was notified only as recently as last October on the occasion of World Mental Health Day. I am glad to note that it covers several aspects of mental health - including the rights of the mentally ill, the need to provide support to care givers, decriminalization of suicide - and other progressive policy initiatives. The policy, supported by the “Mental Health Action Plan 365”, spells out the specific roles of the Central Government, the State Governments, local bodies and civil society. A Bill on mental health-care,currently under consideration in Parliament, also seeks to provide a robust legislative framework that assures standardised mental health services.

I would stress that while formulating policy, our Government must always take care to ensure that due priority is given to human resource development in the field of mental healthcare and delivery. We also need to systematically devise innovative methods for enhancing the delivery of mental health care services. I am glad to see that the National Mental Health Policy of the Government of India seeks to speedily integrate mental health care services into general health care as part of non-communicable disease. It is also an important priority to address the stigma experienced by persons who are mentally ill. They should not continue to be subjected to neglect and marginalisation. The first-ever National Mental Health Survey that NIMHANS will undertake is a good step in this direction. I understand the Survey will cover a representative population across many States and Union Territories of India and that Phase 1 of the study has commenced in 12 States. It is also appropriate that the survey will not only include an assessment of mental health systems in each State but also the availability of adequate human resources for health services. The outcome of this survey will, no doubt, be valuable input for enhancement of the standards and quality of health services in the country.

I am glad that the current ongoing research into Mental Health and Neuroscience is in a promising phase of discovery and development. Findings in stem cell research, molecular genetics, and the availability of new methods of brain imaging, for example, have brought new hope for the treatment of brain disorders. It has been convincingly proven that a complex interaction of genes and environment predispose an individual to mental illness - and external influences contribute to its progression. It is apt that NIMHANS has, through its research, been able to provide empirical evidence of the benefits of yoga in building equanimity of the mind. I am confident that NIMHANS shall also contribute to the discovery of new drugs and new therapeutic modalities.

Indian mental health professionals have proven that community care of the mentally ill is a feasible and cost effective option. This is a route that leads to significant recovery. Several models have shown that integration of mental health with primary health care, training of health functionaries, easier availability of essential drugs and better management are increasing effectiveness within resource constraints in India.

I am also happy to learn that NIMHANS has taken a number of initiatives such as the “Brain bank”, the Free Legal Aid Clinic in its outpatient block, Centre for Well Being, Centre for Public Health and Centre for Addiction Medicine. I understand that about half the patients at NIMHANS pay only a nominal fee or avail the highly specialized services offered by NIMHANS free of cost. These models - as well as the NIMHANS Community Mental Health and Rehabilitation Centre and Neuro-biology Research Centre (NRC) are successful models that can be replicated in other parts of the country. Similarly, the MEG Research Centre is the first of its kind in India. It is indeed a great pleasure for me to inaugurate this facility today.

I am also pleased to inaugurate the NIMHANS heritage museum. I congratulate all those associated with its creation. Designating NIMHANS as the Institute of National Importance is a tribute to its various patient care activities, innovations, research and new initiatives. I have no doubt that NIMHANS will continue to inspire and support the development of the mental health sector at state, national and even international levels.

With these words, I once again congratulate NIMHANS and dedicate this Institute of National Importance to the nation.

JAI HIND
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President of India dedicates NIMHANS, Bangalore to the nation as an institute of national importance 
The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee dedicated the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences(NIMHANS), Bangalore to the nation as an Institute of national importance today (December 22, 2015). He also inaugurated the Magneto Encephalography Research Center and NIMHANS Heritage Museum on the occasion.

Speaking on the occasion, the President said there is increasing realization across the world today that there can be no health without mental health. India’s first comprehensive mental health policy was notified in last October on the occasion of World Mental Health Day which covers several aspects of mental health - including the rights of the mentally ill, the need to provide support to care givers, decriminalization of suicide - and other progressive policy initiatives. The policy, supported by the “Mental Health Action Plan 365”, spells out the specific roles of the Central Government, the State Governments, local bodies and civil society.

The President said the Government must take care to ensure that due priority is given to human resource development in the field of mental healthcare and delivery. We also need to systematically devise innovative methods for enhancing the delivery of mental health care services. The stigma experienced by persons who are mentally ill should be addressed and it should be ensured that they are not subjected to neglect and marginalisation.

The President expressed happiness that NIMHANS has taken a number of initiatives such as setting up a Brain bank”, a Free Legal Aid Clinic in its outpatient block, Centre for Well Being, Centre for Public Health and Centre for Addiction Medicine etc. He stated that these innovations as well as the NIMHANS Community Mental Health and Rehabilitation Centre and Neuro-biology Research Centre (NRC) are successful models that could be replicated in other parts of the country. 
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Address by the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at the second Annual Convocation of the Central University of Karnataka 
1.             I am happy to be here today to attend the second annual convocation of the Central University of Karnataka. It is one of the sixteen central universities started in 2009. These universities were mostly established in the backward regions of the country to make higher education more accessible to the people.
2.             Karnataka is a historical land marked by its multi-cultural, multi-ethnic and multi-lingual nature. Buddhism, Jainism, Veera-shaivism or Lingayitism and Islam have flourished here. The Vachana Movement, Sufi saints, Keertanakaras and the Thatva Padakaaras have shaped the hearts and minds of the people of this region. Urdu and Persian literatures have flourished here and so to Kannada folk literature, which gave this region its indigenous identity.
3.             This land carries with it a legacy of diverse educational experiments and experiences. It is the seat of two universities in the past – Anubhava Mantapa of Basavanna and Mahmud Gawan’s Madrsa – both of which attracted intellectuals from across the country and abroad. It is also worth mentioning about Sannati, an ancient Buddhist centre of learning, and Nagavi Ghatikasthan. It is incumbent on the contemporary educational institutions in the state to take forward this tradition of knowledge. In this, I see a prominent role for the Central University of Karnataka. Being a new university, it can set its educational priorities to achieve the lofty ideals set by the earlier seers and educationists.
4.             The Central University of Karnataka, from a modest beginning, has made tremendous progress in a short period of time. It has nine schools with sixteen departments and two centres, with many more in the pipeline. With student strength of twelve hundred, this University is proceeding in the right direction to mould the destinies of the youth of this region. It has through its policies played an assimilative role in terms of providing greater reach to higher education. Particularly, its commitment to women’s development by waving off fees for girl students coming from economically weaker sections is commendable.

Dear graduating students:
5.             On this auspicious occasion, let me congratulate you all on your achievement. I can see a palpable sense of joy in you. Today, you bid adieu to your alma mater which has been your academic universe for the last few years. Be confident in the education you were provided here. Be assured that you have been provided with the implements to shine wherever you go and flourish in whatever you do. At the same time in this moment of elation, you must comprehend the hopes and expectations that your near and dear ones, the society and the nation at large have from you. As bright young minds ready to start a promising career, you have a duty towards the upliftment of the under-privileged and the alleviation of burning problems of our society. I am confident you will achieve success and contribute to the development of our nation.

Friends:
6.             On the foundation of a robust education system, nations have from times past overcome poverty, social malaise and economic turmoil to push forward their productive frontiers. In ancient India, a thriving culture of knowledge generation and propagation existed. It was backed by globally-renowned seats of learning like Nalanda, Takshashila, Vikramashila, Valabhi and Odantapuri. These institutions were a melting pot for scholastic pursuits of learners far and wide.
7.             The scenario is quite dissimilar now. Our institutions of higher learning lag behind many in the international rankings brought out by reputed agencies. For the last three years on different occasions, I have urged Indian institutions to adopt a more proactive approach to present their credentials better. A higher rank improves morale, enhances job prospects of students, and helps in attracting both quality faculty and meritorious students. It is a matter of great satisfaction that for the first time, two Indian institutions have figured amongst the top 200 universities this year. I hope other Indian institutions would follow suit. Nascent universities like yours through a sustained effort at better academic management can soon be in the reckoning.
8.             With change comes progress. This truism applies to the education system as well. World-class education is feasible only with world-class faculty. Faculty development must occupy the top priority in our institutions. The theoretical framework of any discipline undergoes rapid change as new concepts continuously emerge replacing older ones. With the qualities of foresight and eagerness, our teachers can always stay abreast of the latest developments in their field.
9.             In the context of teaching, we have to overcome the twin challenges of closing the vacancy gap expeditiously and also attracting meritorious people to this profession. A flexible approach to mitigate shortage of teachers is needed. Adjunct faculty from industry and research institutions can be hired. They would provide an industry orientation in the higher education pedagogy. Specialists from abroad could inject new ideas. The Global Initiative for Academic Networks (GIAN) is a welcome step in this direction.
Ladies and Gentlemen:
10.         Over 40 crore students are likely to seek education at different levels by 2016. Our education system has to gear up to meet the triple challenges of access, affordability and quality. This task is compounded by the fact that 30 crore youth have been envisaged for skills training by 2022. To my mind, technology-led models could offer a viable solution in the education and skills delivery landscape. For instance, massive open online courses (MOOCs) have come up in a big way since it first started in 2008. Leading universities of the world have applied this technology model to provide quality education to larger number of education seekers. Rich course content and flexible programmes, aided by innovative tools of evaluation and periodic classroom interaction in the form of Modified MOOCs can work well for a country like India where students are diverse in terms of educational attainments, socio-economic backgrounds and location. Interactive MOOCs can also power vocational training and improve delivery of skills knowledge.
11.         The mobile phone technology can also act as an enabler for formal and vocational education. Skills training apart, education content from best institutions can be made available on mobiles. E-platforms cannot substitute classroom teaching but it can perhaps play a complementary role. ICT tools like the National Knowledge Network have to be used extensively for collaboration of ideas, knowledge and academic resources.
12.         A developing country like India needs innovative solutions to issues in renewable energy, climate change, drinking water, sanitation and urbanization. It is incumbent on our universities to align their research priorities with these challenges. Our universities have to be the breeding grounds for creative pursuits and cutting-edge technology. They have to inculcate in their students a scientific temper and a spirit of inquiry. Research promotion at the under-graduate level could facilitate this objective.
Friends:
13.         Central universities are intended to be a vehicle for social transformation. They have to reach out to people in their region by disseminating knowledge, encouraging innovation, promoting environmental conservation and developing skills. They have to elicit the participation of talented local youth, increasing their employability and ushering in upward mobility of the deprived.
14.         The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana has been launched with the objective to develop model villages with improved basic amenities, enhanced human development, access to rights and entitlements and wider social mobilization. Financial inclusion, creation of digital infrastructure and the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan have been dovetailed into this scheme. I had called upon the central universities to start working with at least five villages each to transform them into model villages. You must organize resource persons and experts to provide solutions to the wide range of issues concerning the adopted villages. Your effort in this direction will usher in an India which is progressive and equal. It will strengthen our democracy by achieving what has been said in the Upanishads, which I now quote:
सर्वेभवन्तुसुखिनः
सर्वेसन्तुनिरामयाः 
सर्वेभद्राणिपश्यन्तु
मा कश्चिद्दुःखभाग्भवेत् 
Om Sarve Bhavantu Sukhinah
Sarve Santu Nir-Aamayaah
Sarve Bhadraanni Pashyantu
Maa Kashcid-Duhkha-Bhaag-Bhavet
(Which means: May all be happy, may all be free from illness, may all see what is auspicious, may no one suffer).
Ladies and Gentlemen:
15.         A good education system is one that can help develop social responsiveness in students. Ways should be devised to integrate student engagement with society in the academic framework. For instance, higher level students can be assigned to teach in government schools located nearby. It will help address the existing shortage of teachers at primary and secondary levels and also create a desire in them to enter the teaching profession. Students can also be deployed to undertake community-based projects. They can identify problems and involve themselves in research to find solutions. Measures like these would mould students into confident and purposeful human beings, who can through their conviction and own example inspire others.
16.          I once again compliment the graduating students and wish them a bright future ahead. I wish the management and faculty of this University Godspeed in their endeavours. Let me conclude in the words of Mahatma Gandhi:
We must become the change we want to see in the world”.
         Thank you.
         Jai Hind.
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