Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries - a Central Sector Scheme on Blue Revolution

Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries - a Central Sector Scheme on Blue Revolution 
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for implementation of an umbrella schemefor integrated development and management of fisheries at an outlay of Rs.3,000 crore, for a period of five years. The Central Sector Scheme covers development and management of inland fisheries, aquaculture, marine fisheries including deep sea fishing, mariculture and all activities undertaken by the National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) towards realizing “Blue Revolution”. The scheme has the following six broad components: 

(a) National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) and its activities,

(b) Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture,

(c) Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations,

(d) Strengthening of Database & Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector,

(e) Institutional Arrangement for Fisheries Sector and

(f) Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) and other need-based Interventions.

The components of the scheme namely (a) Strengthening of Database & 3eographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector, (b) Institutional Arrangement for the Fisheries Sector and (c) Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) and other need-based Interventions would be implemented Departmentally (Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF)) with 100% central funding.

The scheme provides for suitable linkages and convergence with the "Sagarmala Project" of the Ministry of Shipping, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNAREGA), RashtriyaKrishiVikasYojana (RKVY), National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) etc.

The Central Sector Scheme aims at a focussed and integrated approach for development and management of fisheries and aquaculture sector to ensure a sustained annual growth rate of 6% - 8% as against an overall annual growth rate of about 4% during the 11th Five Year Plan period.

The scheme with its multi-dimensional activities, focuses mainly on increasing production and productivity from aquaculture and fisheries resources, both inland and marine. The scheme is intended to utilise most of the unutilised fisheries resources keeping in view the overall sustainability, bio-security and environmental concerns.

Besides providing a major impetus to the fishery sector, the scheme provides to encourage economically weaker sections such as Scheduled Castes(SCs), Scheduled Tribes(STs), Women and their co-operatives to take up fishing and fisheries related activities.

The scheme would also encourage increasing private investment, entrepreneurship development, more Public Private Partnership (PPP) and better leveraging of institutional finance. Besides, the scheme encompasses skill development and capacity building in fisheries and allied activities; and creation of post-harvest and cold chain infrastructure facilities.

The scheme would benefit the entire fisheries sector covering about 14.50 million fishers. Besides the fishers, the scheme would also benefit other stakeholders such as fish farmers, fisheries entrepreneurs, fish retailers, wholesalers, fish processors, fish exports and women groups amongst others. Besides the increase in fish production at the primary level, the scheme would also stimulate growth of the subsidiary and allied industries and growth of other related economic activities, especially in the coastal regions, leading to many direct andindirect benefits to the entire fisheries sector.

The Central Sector Scheme will be implemented in all the States including North East States and Union Territories.


Fisheries is a sunrise sector with varied resources and potential, engaging over 14.50 million people at the primary level and many more along the value chain. Transformation of the fisheries sector from traditional to commercial scale has led to an -increase in fish production from 7.5 lakh tonne in 1950-51 to 100.70 lakh tonne during 2014-15, while the export earnings from the sector registered at Rs.33,441 crore in 2014-15 (US$ 5.51 billion). With an overall annual growth rate of about 4% during the 11th Five Year Plan period, the sector contributed about 0.92% to the National Gross Domestic Production(GDP) and 5.58% to the agricultural GDP (2013-14). Constituting about 6.30% of the global fish production and 5% of global trade, India today has attained the status of the second largest fish producing and second largest aquaculture nation in the world. 
Satellite-Based Imagining and Geospatial Technology 
The Government has recently launched a pilot study called KISAN+ (C (K) rop Insurance using Space technology geoi N formatics). The programme envisages use of high resolution remote sensing data (from Indian and International Satellites), sophisticated modeling activity and other geospatial technology (smartphone, Global Positioning System (GPS), Bhuvan Server) for improving the accuracy of crop yield estimation through more efficient Crop Cutting Experiments. At some sample locations images will be collected using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAVs)/Drones. The project proposes to use multi-parameter modeling for Block level yield estimation. A study has been entrusted to Mahalanobis National Crop Forescast Centre (MNCFC) to conduct a pilot in 4 districts (1 district each) in 4 States (Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Maharasthra) during Kharif 2015 season, 8 districts (2 districts each) during Rabi 2015-16 season.

The timely and accurate yield assessments are essential for settling insurance claims for crop damage to the farmers. With use of advance technology, it is expected that there will be improvements in yield estimation, which will in turn help the farmers for assessing the extent of loss in a precise manner and reducing the time for arriving at final yield data for calculation of claims under crop insurance scheme.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundaria in Lok Sabha today. 
Recent Initiatives to Improve Profitability of Agricultural Profession 
§ Soil Health Card (SHC) scheme is being implemented under which the farmers can know the major and minor nutrients available in their soils which will ensure judicious use of fertiliser application and thus save money of farmers. The balanced use of fertiliser will also enhance productivity and ensure higher returns to the farmers.

§ Neem Coated Urea is being promoted to regulate urea use, enhance its availability to the crop and reduce cost of fertilizers application. The entire quantity of domestically manufactured urea is now neem coated.

§ Parampragat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is being implemented with a view to promoting organic farming in the country. This will improve soil health and organic matter content and increase net income of the farmer so as to realise premium prices.

§ The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) is being implemented to expand cultivated area with assured irrigation, reduce wastage of water and improve water use efficiency.

§ In addition to the above, Government is also implementing several Centrally Sponsored Schemes- National Food Security Mission (NFSM); Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH); National Mission on Oilseeds & Oilpalm (NMOOP); National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA); National Mission on Agricultural Extension & Technology (NMAET); National Crop Insurance Programme (NCIP); Unified National Agriculture Markets; and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).

The Government undertakes procurement of wheat and paddy under its ‘MSP operations’. In addition, Government implements Market Intervention Scheme (MIS) for procurement of agricultural and horticultural commodities not covered under the MSP Scheme on the request of State/UT Government. The MIS is implemented in order to protect the growers of these commodities from making distress sale in the event of bumper crop when the prices tend to fall below the economic level/cost of production. Losses, if any, incurred by the procuring agencies are shared by the Central Government and the concerned State Government on 50:50 basis (75:25 in case of North-Eastern States). Profit, if any, earned by the procuring agencies is retained by them.

This information was given by the Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Sh. Radha Mohan Singh in Lok Sabha today. 

Promotion to Bio-Pesticides 
The Government of India is promoting use of bio-pesticides under the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach which employs cultural, mechanical & biological methods of pest control alongwith need based judicious use of chemical pesticides. The Central Integrated Pest Management Centres (CIPMCs) promote IPM through Farmers’ Field Schools and various training programmes. Package of practices for control of pests and diseases in 66 crops have been revised to include techniques to reduce dependence on chemical pesticides and encourage use of bio-pesticides and other alternative plant protection measures. The requirement for registration of bio-pesticides has been simplified to facilitate introduction of bio-pesticides. Central Government provides grant-in-aid of Rs.45.00 lakhs for building and Rs.20.00 lakh for procuring equipments for Bio-control Laboratories for production of bio-control agents including bio-pesticides to State Governments. Central Government also provides Rs.20.00 lakh as grants-in-aid to State Governments for procuring equipments for Bio-pesticides Testing Laboratories.

Farmers Field Schools are being organized with the assistance of Central Integrated Pest Management Centres (CIPMCs) across the country (including Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan) in crops like cotton, vegetables, potato, tomato, citrus (Kinno) which are considered as preferable hosts for white fly, wherein the farmers are being trained/ taught about the identification and conservation methods of various predators like chrysopa, lady bird beetles, spiders and other predatory fauna found in agro eco-system. In the current year (upto November 2015) 48 FFSs have been organized in States of Haryana, Punjab & Rajasthan in which a total of 1440 farmers have been trained.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Balyan in Lok Sabha today. 

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