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Honorarium and Appointment of Anganwadi Workers



Honorarium and Appointment of Anganwadi Workers 

The details of number of posts of Anganwadi Workers (AWWs)/ Supervisors sanctioned, in position and vacant in the country as on 30.09.2015 are as under:


Sanctioned
In-position
Vacant
Anganwadi Workers (AWWs)
14,00,000
12,82,965
1,17,035
Supervisors
55,187
35,432
19,755

As per Schematics norms of the ICDS Scheme, Government of India is responsible for the Planning & Policy issues whereas State Governments are responsible for the implementation of the Scheme. The reasons for shortage of Anganwadi workers and supervisors across the country are largely due to administrative, procedural and legal delays in filling-up of vacant posts by the State Governments/ UT Administrations. Ministry of WCD has repeatedly impressed upon the State Governments/ UT Administrations to take all required measures for early filling-up vacant positions.
Anganwadi Workers & Helpers are “honorary workers” from the local community who come forward to render their services, on part time basis, in the area of child care and development. They are paid a fixed honorarium per month as decided by the Government from time to time.

Presently, Angnawadi Workers and Anganwadi Helpers are paid honorarium @       Rs. 3000/- per month and Rs.1500/- per month respectively w.e.f. 01-04-2011. The honoraria of Anganwadi Workers of Mini- Anganwadi Centres has been revised from Rs.1500/- to Rs.2250/- per month w.e.f. 04-07-2013. Apart from these, additional amount of honoraria are also paid by most of the State Governments / UT Administrations from their own resources.

The honorarium of Anganwadi Workers was revised in 2011. The Government of India issued guidelines on 01.08.1975 & 22.08.1975 for appointment of Anganwadi Worker which inter-alia provide that an Anganwadi Worker should be a lady (18-44 years) from the local village and acceptable in the local community. However, these guidelines were modified on 22.10.2012 under Strengthening and Restructuring of ICDS Scheme by prescribing minimum qualification of Matriculation and age limit of 18-35 years for appointment of Anganwadi Worker.
The guidelines issued by Government of India for revision of Honorarium paid for the Anganwadi Worker/ Anganwadi Helper at the rates mentioned in para (b) above are being followed by all the States/UTs, as per the available information.            
This information was given by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, SmtManeka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to aquestion in Lok Sabha today. 


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Funding for Special Juvenile Police Units 
Section 63 of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 (JJ Act) provides for creation of a Special Juvenile Police Unit (SJPU) by State Governments/UT Administrations for every district and city to coordinate and upgrade the treatment by police of juveniles and children. In addition, Rule 84 of the Central Model Rules, 2007 framed under the JJ Act provides for appointment of child welfare officer of the rank of police inspector and two social workers by State Governments/UT Administrations, of which one shall be a woman, having experience of working in the field of child welfare. The Ministry of Women and Child Development is providing financial assistance to State Governments/UT Administrations under Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) for appointment of two social workers under the District Child Protection Units and deputing their services to the SJPU as and when required.

This information was given by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in Lok Sabha today. 
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SABLA Scheme to benefit nearly 100 lakh adolescent girls per annum 
The Government is implementing Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG)–‘Sabla’, a Centrally-sponsored scheme in 205 districts selected from all the States/UTs. The scheme Sabla aims at empowering Adolescent Girls (AGs) (11-18 years) through nutrition, health care and life skills education.

Scheme Sabla has two major components viz. Nutrition and Non Nutrition. Under the Nutrition component, the out of school AGs in the age group of 11-14 years attending AWCs and all girls in the age group of 14-18 years are provided Supplementary Nutrition containing 600 calories, 18-20 grams of protein and micronutrients, per day for 300 days in a year. The non-nutrition component addresses the developmental needs of adolescent girls. Under this componentout of school adolescent girls of 11-18 years are being provided IFA supplementation, health check-up & referral services, nutrition & health education, ARSH counseling/guidance on family welfare, life skill education, guidance on accessing public services and vocational training (only 16-18 year old adolescent girls). It also aims towards mainstreaming out of school AGs into formal/non formal education. Nearly 100 lakh adolescent girls per annum are expected to be benefitted under the scheme.

The funds released to states/UTs under SABLA scheme during 2014-15 were Rs 61021.36 lakhs and utilisation was Rs 58498.58 lakhs. An amount of Rs 27486.79 lakhs has been released to states under SABLA in 2015-16 till date and amount utilised is Rs 7844.49 lakhs.

The total number of beneficiaries under the scheme were 10228911 during 2014-15 and 4868553 in 2015-16 till date.

The Government has received requests/proposals from the State Government of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to include more districts under the said scheme, these States have been informed that the budgetary allocation for the scheme Sabla for the 12th Plan Period is Rs.3650 crore, as such the scheme cannot be implemented in all the districts of the country.

(d) The implementation of the schemes is reviewed from time to time as per details given below:-

i. The monitoring and supervision mechanism set up under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme is used for the scheme Sabla as well.

ii. Performance of the scheme is reviewed on a quarterly/annual basis to identify gaps

iii. Monitoring committees are set up at all levels (National, State, District, Block and Village level) to take stock of the progress of the scheme as also strengthen the coordination and convergence between concerned departments.

Review meetings/field visits are undertaken to ensure effective implementation of the scheme. The identified gaps are communicated to the States/UTs for taking corrective measures under the scheme.Based on the review, the identified gaps are communicated to the States/UTs for taking corrective measures under the scheme.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today. 
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Constitution of Internal Complaints Committee mandatory for all organisations of State/Central Government and private sector 
The constitution of Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) for receiving complaints of sexual harassment of women is mandatory in all Ministries/Departments of Union as well as State Governments and in the private sector too.

The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 mandates all the workplace which include any department, organisation, undertaking, establishment, enterprise, institution, office, branch or unit which is established, owned, controlled or wholly or substantially financed by funds provided directly or indirectly by the appropriate Government or the local authority or a Government company or a corporation or a co-operative society having more than 10 workers to constitute Internal Complaint Committee (ICC) for receiving complaints of sexual harassment. The Act casts an obligation upon employers to constitute Internal Complaint Committee. Section 23 of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 casts responsibility on the appropriate Government to monitor the implementation of this Act and maintain data on the number of cases filed and disposed off.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development had issued advisories to all States/UTs Government on 23rd December, 2013 and 27th October, 2014 to ensure effective implementation of the Act. The Ministries/Departments in Government of India have also been advised on 12th November, 2014 to ensure the compliance of the Act. The Associated Chambers of Commerce & Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), Confederation of Indian Society, Chamber of Commerce & Industry (CCI), and National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) have been requested to ensure effective implementation of the Act amongst their members in private sector entities.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today. 

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Poorna Shakti Kendra (PSK) project being implemented in selected districts of 12 states in a pilot mode 

The Poorna Shakti Kendra (PSK) project is being implemented in a pilot mode in selected districtsUnder the Scheme National Mission for Empowerment of Women.
The project entails setting up of convergence centres at the district, block and Gram Panchayat (GP) level. The convergence centres are meant to facilitate greater access for women to government schemes/programs, create awareness on gender issues and facilitate/handholding of women in need/affected by violence.
The number of Poorna Shakti Kendras presently functional in the country, State/ UT-wise is given below:
State/UT in which Poorna Shakti Kendra  is functional under NMEW Scheme
S.No.
State
PSK District
1.      
Telangana
 i. Medak

2
Rajasthan
ii.Pali (in 150 GP)
3.      
Bihar
iv. Aurangabad

4
Chandigarh
v.Chandigarh
5.      
Gujarat
 vi. Sabarkantha

6
Assam
vii. Kamrup, Metro
7.      
West Bengal
 viii.  Malda
8
Meghalaya
ix. Jaintia Hills, Jawai
9.      
Mizoram
  x. Champai

10
Uttarakhand
xi. Haridwar
11
Himachal Pradesh
xii.   Solan (under process for continuation)
12.                         
Nagaland
xiii. Kohima 


























Each Kendra at Gram Panchayat level has two Mahila Gram Samanvyaks (Women Village Coordinators) who act as motivators for the women in the area and are also responsible for providing support/awareness on various issues related to empowerment of women. A monthly honorarium of Rs 4000 has been provided for each Village Coordinator at the Gram Panchayat level.
This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.
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293 Observation and 47 Special Homes for juveniles functioning in States/UTs 
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 (JJ Act) provides for setting up of Observation Homes and Special Homes for juveniles during pendency of inquiry and for reception and their rehabilitation. These homes can be established and maintained by the State Government itself or under an agreement with Voluntary Organisation in every district or a group of districts as may be required. 293 Observation and 47 Special Homes are presently functioning in States/UTs.

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights has reported that it has registered 71 complaints/cases concerning child abuse/sexual exploitation / torture / ill-treatment /disappearance/ running away of children / lack of residential facilities and other regularities committed in Child Care Institutions (CCIs) including Observation and Special Homes for juveniles during the last three years and current year 2015-16.

Rule 10(C) of Central Model Rules, 2007 under JJ Act, 2000 provides for monitoring of institutions for juveniles by Juvenile Justice Boards and seeking compliance from CCIs in cases of any noticeable lapses and improvement based on suggestion of the Board. Section 35 of the JJ Act, 2000 also provides for inspection of CCIs including Observation and Special Homes by State and District level Inspection Committees. The rehabilitations measures undertaken in CCIs include education, vocational training, counselling, mental health etc., to ensure that the juvenile is reformed and becomes a useful citizen of society.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today. 
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Measures taken by the Government to improve the condition of Child Care Institutions 
The Ministry is implementing the Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) under which financial assistance is provided to State Governments /UT Administrations for setting up and managing Child Care Institutions (CCIs) by themselves or in association with Voluntary Organisations. The primary responsibility of managing the CCIs is of the State Governments/UT Administrations concerned.

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has reported that it has registered 13 complaints of running away of children from different CCIs during the last three years and the current year 2015-16.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development has been requesting the State Governments/UT Administrations from time to time to identify and register all CCIs under the provisions of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 so as to ensure that minimum standards of care can be maintained. To improve the condition of CCIs,Government has enhanced financial norms under ICPS w.e.f 1st April, 2014. Some of the key features of the revised scheme are: Increased child maintenance grant from Rs. 750 to Rs. 2000 per child per month, increased financial norm for construction and maintenance of a new home for 50 children from Rs 77.61 lakh to Rs. 1.29 crore, increased financial support for a special unit of 10 children for children with special needs from Rs.4.22 lakh to Rs 10.48 lakh, flexibility in staffing pattern and enhanced cost of construction from Rs.600 per sq. ft to Rs.1000 per sq. ft or as per PWD norms, whichever is lower.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today. 
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Steps taken by Government for survival, protection and education of Girl Child 

Government of India has introduced the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme for survival, protection & education of girl child. It aims to address the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) through a mass campaign across the country targeted at changing societal mindsets and creating awareness about the criticality of the issue. It is a joint initiative of Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and Ministry of Human Resource Development.  The Sectoral interventions under the programme include the following:

i)          Ministry of Women and Child Development: Funds are provided to districts and States for Training and Capacity-building-Orientation and Sensitization, for various Innovation and Awareness generation activities. 

ii)      Ministry of Health & Family Welfare: Monitoring for effective implementation of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act, 1994 includes strengthening PNDT Cells and setting up monitoring committees; Increase institutional deliveries; Promoting registration of births.

iii) Ministry of Human Resource Development:  Ensure universal enrolment of girls; achieve decreased drop-out rate; Implement girl child friendly standards in schools; strict implementation of Right to Education (RTE); construction of functional toilets for girls.
Under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme, an amount of Rs. 25.00 crore has been allocated for the media campaign for the Financial Year 2015-16.
SukanyaSamridhiYojana comes under the purview of Department of Economic Affairs,Ministry of Finance. The number of SukanyaSamridhi Accounts opened State/Union Territory-wise, is as follows:-

Sl. No.
Name of Postal Circle
Total No. of Accounts opened upto 31-10-2015
( from the date of introduction)
1
Andhra Pradesh
662615
2
Assam
130086
3
Bihar
193132
4
Chhattisgarh
66192
5
Delhi
93557
6
Gujarat
163396
7
Haryana
224368
8
Himachal Pradesh
113726
9
Jammu & Kashmir
110154
10
Jharkhand
316695
11
Karnataka
873650
12
Kerala
271246
13
Madhya Pradesh
227535
14
Maharashtra
525111
15
North East
36789
16
Odisha
305379
17
Punjab
181254
18
Rajasthan
241791
19
Tamilnadu
1118786
20
Uttar Pradesh
858531
21
Uttarakhand
204125
22
West Bengal
503136

Total
7421254

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Measures taken by the Government for gender equality/socio-economic development/empowerment of women 
According to the National Sample Survey Report (2011-12), the workforce participation rates of male is 54.4% and female is 21.9%. As per the India Country Report, 2015 by Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation on the Millennium Development Goals, the percentage share of females in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector during 2011-12 increased to 19.3% which is higher than 18.6% reported during 2009-10 by National Sample Survey Organisation.

Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner and Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation are involved in collection and dissemination of data covering wide range of issues that affect women’s empowerment. The report titled “Women and Men in India – 2015” by Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, Government of India highlights the status of women covering health, education, work and decision making along with social obstacles in women’s empowerment.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development is administering following schemes for gender equality/socio-economic development/empowerment of women:

i. Swadhar and Short Stay Homes to provide relief and rehabilitation to destitute women and women in distress.

ii. Working Women Hostels for ensuring safe accommodation for working women away from their place of residence.

iii. Support to Training and Employment Program for Women (STEP) to ensure sustainable employment and income generation for marginalised and asset-less rural and urban poor women across the country.

iv. Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) to provide micro-finance services to bring about the socio-economic upliftment of poor women.

v. National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW) to strengthen the overall processes that promote all-round Development of Women

vi. Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme for Children of Working Mothers (including single mother) to provide day care facilities for running a crèche of 25 children in the age group 0-6 years from families having monthly income of less than Rs 12,000.

vii. One Stop Centre to provide integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence.

viii. Scheme for Universalisation of Women Helpline intended to provide 24 hours immediate and emergency response to women affected by violence.

ix. Sabla Scheme for holistic development of adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18 years.

x. In order to strengthen the process of gender budgeting the Ministry of Women and Child Development has been undertaking various capacity building measures for the officials of the State Governments by organising training programs/workshops regularly.

In order to improve employability a separate Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has been created.

Equal Remuneration Act, 1973 provides for payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers for the same work of similar nature without any discrimination. In order to ensure social security to the workers including women in the unorganised sector, the Government has enacted the Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act 2008.

The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 regulates employment of women in certain establishments for a certain period (12 weeks) before and after childbirth and provides for maternity and other benefits.

Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) Scheme is being implemented as Conditional Maternity Benefit for pregnant and lactating women to improve health and nutrition status to better enabling environment by providing cash incentives to pregnant and nursing mothers to partly compensate wage loss both prior to and after delivery.

The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 has been enacted, which covers all women, irrespective of their age or employment status and protect them against sexual harassment at all workplaces both in public and private sector, whether organised or unorganised.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today. 
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No deficiency of funds under ICDS Scheme: Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi 
There is no deficiency of budget under the ICDS Scheme. During 2015-16, the initial allocation of Rs.8335.77 crores for ICDS has been increased to Rs.15485.77 crores through Supplementary Grants. The funds for Supplementary Nutrition under SNP are released on the basis of number of beneficiaries availing the service.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today. 
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426 cases registered under the Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act, 2005 during the year 2014 
As per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), they(NCRB) have started collecting data on the Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act, 2005 using Ministry of Home Affairs approved revised proforma of ‘Crime in India’ since 2014. A total number of 426 cases have been registered under the Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act, 2005 during the year 2014. The number of cases filed under the Act clearly shows that women are taking recourse the law to get reliefs from domestic violence.

State /UT Governments are responsible for implementation of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act (PWDVA), 2005. The Act provides for an inbuilt mechanism to facilitate the entire system of access to justice. It identifies specific functionaries such as the Protection Officers and Services Providers whose primary duty is to assist women in accessing reliefs provided under the law. All the States/UTs are required to appoint the Protection Officers, registration of Service Providers and notification of shelter homes and medical facilities. As on date, all State Governments have appointed Protection Officers.

The Central Government has been emphasizing upon the need to impart training to First Class Judicial Magistrates/Metropolitan Magistrates through National/State Judicial Academies to deal with cases under Domestic Violence Act.

Continuous awareness creation among men and women in the society through workshops, seminars, street plays, Nari ki Chaupals, Beti Janmotshav are being undertaken at the district level. Further, advertisements in the press and electronic media educating people about issues of domestic violence, Child Sex Ratio and Child Marriage etc are also being taken up. Platforms such as the International Women’s Day and the National Girl Child Day are used to create awareness on rights of women. Through Sabla programme of this Ministry, adolescent girls in the age group of 11 to 18 years are imparted about training with regard to legal rights of women.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today. 
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‘Guidelines Governing Adoption of Children 2015’ will help expand adoption programme in the country and address delays in adoption process: Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi 
The main features of the ‘Guidelines Governing Adoption of Children 2015’ include: provisions for linking the orphan/abandoned/surrendered children of all Child Care Institutions (CCIs) to the adoption system, making the entire adoption process online, treating NRI Prospective Adoptive Parents (PAPs) at par with the domestic PAPs and reducing the timeframe for completion of Home Study Report of the PAPs from two months to one month.

The major objectives sought to be achieved through these Guidelines are: expanding adoption programme in the country and addressing delays in the adoption process with an IT enabled platform of Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System (CARINGS).

The Guidelines were brought into effect to make the entire adoption process hassle free by minimizing delays at various levels. The provisions include declaring orphan, abandoned and surrendered children legally free for adoption by Child Welfare Committee(CWC) in a time bound manner, enabling online registration of PAPs for referral and matching, conducting Home Study Reports of the PAPs within a period of one month, mandating District Child Protection Unit(DCPU) to expedite placement of all adoptable children including setting up of linkage between Specialised Adoption Agency(SAA) and Child Care Institution(CCI) to reach all adoptable children etc.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today. 



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