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Highest Dowry Deaths in UP and Bihar in 2012, 2013 & 2014



Highest Dowry Deaths in UP and Bihar in 2012, 2013 & 2014 
The highest number of dowry deaths during the last three years consecutively have been reported from the state of Uttar Pradesh followed by Bihar. As per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, Uttar Pradesh reported 2244 dowry deaths(Sec 304 B of IPC) in 2012, 2335 dowry deaths in 2013 & 2469 dowry deaths in 2014(Provisional) which is the highest in the country for that year. Bihar is placed second in dowry death cases consecutively in the last three years with number of 1275 dowry deaths reported in 2012 & 1182 in 2013, 1373 in 2014(Provisional). The states of West Bengal, Rajasthan, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh reported among the highest cases of Cruelty by Husband or his Relatives (Sec 498-A IPC) during the last three years. 


As per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, a total number of 9038, 10709 and 10050 cases have been registered under the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 during 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively. Similarly, a total number of 8233, 8083 and 8455 cases were registered under section 304 B of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) (Dowry Death) in the country during 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively.

The implementation of the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 is the responsibility of the respective State Government in the country. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 lays down a built-in implementation mechanism in the form of Dowry Prohibition Officers to ensure effective and efficacious enforcement of the law. The Ministry reviews with the States time to time for effective implementation of the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961.

All the States except Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Mizoram and Nagaland where the dowry system is not in prevalence, have appointed Dowry Prohibition Officers. In most of the States, the duty of Dowry Prohibition Officer has been given as additional charge to existing State functionaries

The Government of India regularly conducts awareness generation programmes and publicity campaigns on various laws relating to women including Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 through workshops, fairs, cultural programmes, seminars, training programmes etc. Advertisements are regularly brought out in the print and electronic media to create awareness on laws relating to rights of women.

This information was given by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to an unstarred question in Rajya Sabha today. 
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Rapid Survey on Children (RSoC) has shown reduction in percentage of under weight children since 2005-06 
According to National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3 (2005-06) carried out by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, 42.5% children under 5 years of age are underweight. However, as per the Rapid Survey on Children (RSoC), 2013-14, commissioned by Ministry of Women and Child Development, there is a reduction in underweight children under 5 years of age from 42.5% in NFHS-3 to 29.4%, in RSoC.

Among Schedule Tribes and Schedule Castes along with Other Backward Classes, the percentage of underweight children under 5 years of age is 54.5%, 47.9% and 43.2% respectively.

The Government has accorded high priority to the issue of malnutrition and is implementing several schemes/programmes of different Ministries/Departments through State Governments/UT Administrations. The schemes/programmes include the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme, National Health Mission, Mid Day Meal Scheme, Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) namely SABLA, Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojna (IGMSY) as direct targeted interventions. Besides, indirect Multi-sectoral interventions include Targeted Public Distribution System, National Horticulture Mission, National Food Security Act, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Total Sanitation Campaign, National Rural Drinking Water Programme etc.

This information was given by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to an unstarred question in Rajya Sabha today. 
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2 Lakh AWC Buildings to be constructed in convergence with Rural Development Ministry over the Next 4 Years 
Two lakh AWC buildings are planned to be constructed in convergence with Ministry of Rural Development under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) in Intensive Participatory Planning Exercise (IPPE) blocks in 11 States @ 50,000 AWC buildings per year during the next four years. Construction of AWC building has been included as an approved activity under the MGNREG Act.   ‘Guidelines for construction of Anganwadi Centres’ under MGNREGS have been issued jointly by Secretary, WCD and Secretary, Ministry of Rural Development, on 13th August, 2015.
         
          Under MGNREGS, expenditure up to Rs.5 lakh per AWC building for construction will be allowed.  Expenditure beyond Rs. 5 lakh per AWC including finishing, flooring, painting, plumbing, electrification, wood work, etc. will be met from the ICDS funds.

This information was given by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to an unstarred question in Rajya Sabha today. 


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NCRB data reports an increase in crimes against children over last three years 
The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has reported that 38,172 cases, 58,224 cases and 89,423 cases were registered under crime against children during 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively.

The major steps taken by the Government to tackle and curb the cases of atrocities against children are as under:

• Under section 13(1) (a) of CPCR Act, 2005, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights regularly reviews various laws and policies related to children and gives recommendations thereon;

• A dedicated/transparent Online Complaint System (ebaalnidaan) has been functioning since March, 2014. This system ensures timely/speedy redressal of complaints of violations and deprivation of child rights;

• In collaboration with NCPCR, the Government organizes various seminars/trainings/workshops on matters of violation of child rights and to sensitize stakeholders across the country;

• The Government monitors the implementation of provisions of the POCSO Act, 2012 and RTE Act, 2009 and also gives recommendations to stakeholders across the country for effective implementation of laws concerning child rights. 
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No funds crunch under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme: Smt Sanjay Maneka Gandhi 
The real time monitoring and assessment of malnourished children under National Nutrition Mission has not been rejected by the Expenditure Finance Committee and there is no funds crunch under the Integrated Child Development Services Scheme.

During 2015-16, an amount of Rs. 15485.77 crore has been allocated for the scheme including supplementary grants. The funds for providing supplementary nutrition to the beneficiaries for eradication of malnutrition are released on the basis of the number of beneficiaries availing the service in the respective State.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to an unstarred question in the Rajya Sabha today. 
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Funds sanctioned/released by the Government to 31 States/UTs for establishment of One Stop Centres in the country 
Funds have been sanctioned/released by the Government to 31 States/UTs for establishment of One Stop Centres in the country. Till date, 6 One Stop Centres have become operational, one each in Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Vijayawada City (Andhra Pradesh), Karnal(Haryana), Bhubaneswar (Odisha), Jaipur (Rajasthan) and Chandigarh.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) had at the conception stage put up a concept paper on One Stop Centres on Ministry’s website in the end of June, 2014 to establish One Stop Centres to assist and support women affected by violence at 660 locations covering all the districts across the country. However, on receipt of feedback from public, stakeholders and after inter ministerial consultation, it has been decided to establish the One Stop Centre across the country in a phased manner. The Scheme envisages establishment of 1 ‘One Stop Centre’ in each State/UT in the first phase and the further expansion depends upon the performance of these Centres.

The Monitoring of these Centres is being done at the national level. The Centres are at the nascent stage of operationalisation at the field level. The One Stop Centre Scheme is being monitored by the Ministry on a regular basis.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to an unstarred question in the Rajya Sabha today. 
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Proposals of more than Rs 600 cr appraised and recommended under the Nirbhaya Fund 

The details of proposals appraised and recommended under the Nirbhaya Fund are as under:

Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD):

i)                    One Stop Centre with total project cost of Rs. 18.58 crore
ii)                  Universalisation of Women Helpline with Rs. 69.49 crore.

Ministry of Home Affairs:

i)                    Creation of Central Victim Compensation Fund (CVCF) for supporting the States/UT Administrations for implementation of Victim Compensation Scheme of Rs. 200.00 Crore.
ii)                  Creation of Investigative Units for Crime against Women (IUCAW) in all police districts of the country of Rs. 324.00 Crore
Funds amounting to Rs. 10.71 crore have been released in respect of One Stop Centre and an amount of Rs. 13.92 crore has been sanctioned for Women Helpline. Ministry of Home Affairs is processing the proposals as per instructions issued by theMinistry of Finance, Department of Economic Affairs under Nirbhaya Fund for disbursement of funds

           This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to an unstarred question in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Higher number of girls adopted as compared to boys as per the In-country adoption data over the last three years 


The total number of in-country and inter-country adoptions were 5002 for the period 2012-13 (April 2012 to Mar 2013), 4354 for 2013-14 (April 2013 to Mar 2014) and 4362 for 2014-15 (April 2014-Mar 2015)

The details of in-country and inter-country adoptionssince 2005 are as below:

Adoption data (In-country and Inter-country) from 2005 to March, 2015


Year
In-country
Inter-country
Total
2005
1541
867
2408
2006
1536
852
2388
2007
1510
770
2280
2008
2169
821
2990
2009
1852
666
2518
2010
5693
628
6321
2011-2012 (Jan, 2011 to Mar, 12)
5964
629
6593
2012 - 2013 (April,12 to Mar,13)
4694
308
5002
2013-2014 (April, 13 to Mar, 14)
3924
430
4354
2014-2015 (April, 14 to Mar, 15)
3988
374
4362


Gender wise In-country adoption data is as below:


Year
Male
Female
Total

April 2012-Mar 2013

1848
2846
4694
April 2013-Mar 2014

1631
2293
3924
April 2014-Mar 2015

1688
2300
3988


The data pertaining to children with disabilities or special needs placed in in-country adoption is not available.

However, number of children with disabilities or special needs placed in inter-country adoption is available from the year 2012-13 onwards. The number of such children placed are 170, 242 and 214 during 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15 respectively. No data is maintained centrally on the age-wise breakdown of adoption statistics.
           
Ministry had received feedback from adoption agencies and other stakeholders regarding the new adoption guidelines mainly on adoption procedure, roles and responsibilities of various agencies and authorities, timelines involved in the process of adoption.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in reply to an unstarred question in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Voting for the #100Women Achievers’ Contest of WCD Ministry begins from today;

Voting to remain open till 20thDecember, 2015

Voting for the #100Women Achievers’ Contest of the Ministry of Women and Child Development has begun from today. Voting will continue till 20th December, 2015. The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), in collaboration with Facebook, had announced the #100Women initiative that seeks to recognize and acknowledge women who are making a difference in their communities, across the country. Through this initiative, the Ministry is acknowledging and recognizing the women who have contributed to the community and nation building, and their achievements may have gone unsung.
The Ministry has received an encouraging response from the public, with nominations flowing in for all the 20 categories. A panel of esteemed jury has shortlisted the top 200 women nominees from all the nominations across these categories. Voting for these nominees will be open to the public through the MWCD’s Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/ministryWCD/app/892345240838861/) from 8.30 am on 3rd December 2015 till 11:59 pm on 20thDecember, 2015.

Everyone should make use of this wonderful opportunity to participate and vote for their favourite woman achiever in each of the 20 categories. Indians across the world are inspired by positive and inspirational stories and ‘like’ and ‘share’ them widely. #100women is a chance to go beyond this and vote for unsung women achievers of India to thank them and tell them they matter to the nation.
The winners are expected to be invited to join a reception by the Ministry of Women and Child Development around the coming Republic Day.


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