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Generation of Forty Per Cent of Energy Requirement from Renewable Sources




Generation of Forty Per Cent of Energy Requirement from Renewable Sources

The Government of India in its submission to the United Nations Frame Work Convention on Climate Change on Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) has stated that India will achieve 40% cumulative Electric power capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low cost International Finance including from Green Climate Fund. This was stated by Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.

The Minister further stated that the Government has up-scaled the target of renewable energy capacity to 175 GW by the year 2022 which includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from bio-power and 5 GW from small hydro-power. Besides the ongoing policies and programmes of the Government in RE sector, several policy measures initiated recently by the Government to achieve this up-scaled target, inter-alia, include suitable amendments to the Electricity Act and Tariff Policy for strong enforcement of Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) and for providing Renewable Generation Obligation (RGO); setting up of exclusive solar parks; development of power transmission network through Green Energy Corridor project; identification of large government complexes/ buildings for rooftop projects; provision of roof top solar and 10 percent renewable energy as mandatory under Mission Statement and Guidelines for development of smart cities; amendments in building bye-laws for mandatory provision of roof top solar for new construction or higher FAR; infrastructure status for solar projects; raising tax free solar bonds; providing long tenor loans; making roof top solar a part of housing loan by banks/ NHB; incorporating measures in Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) for encouraging distribution companies and making net-metering compulsory and raising funds from bilateral and international donors as also the Green Climate Fund to achieve the target, the Minister added.



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Development of Solar Cities



The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has approved 56 solar cities projects against the target of 60 solar cities under the Development of Solar Cities Programme, so far. This was stated by Shri  Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.



State-wise details of solar cities are given below:-  



Sr. No
State
Approved Solar Cities
1
Andhra Pradesh
  1. Vijayawada
  2. Narsapur Town
2
Assam

  1. Guwahati
  1. Jorhat
3
Arunachal Pradesh
  1. Itanagar
4
Chandigarh
  1. Chandigarh
5
Chhattisgarh
  1. Bilaspur
  1. Raipur
6
Gujarat
  1.  Rajkot
  1. Gandhinagar
  1. Surat
7
Goa
  1. Panji City
8
Haryana
  1. Gurgaon
  1. Faridabad
9
Himachal Pradesh
  1. Shimla
  1. Hamirpur
10
Karnataka
  1. Mysore
  1. Hubli-Dharwad
11
Kerala
  1. Thiruvananthapuram*
  1. Kochi
12
Maharashtra
  1. Nagpur
  1. Thane
  1. Kalyan-Dombivali
  1. Aurangabad
  1. Nanded
  1. Shirdi
13
Madhya Pradesh
  1. Indore*
  1. Gwalior
  1. Bhopal
  1. Rewa
14
Manipur
  1. Imphal
15
Mizoram
  1. Aizawl
16
Nagaland
  1. Kohima
  1. Dimapur
17
Delhi
  1. New Delhi (NDMC area)
18
Orissa
  1. Bhubaneswar
19
Punjab
  1. Amritsar
  1. Ludhiana
  1. SAS Nagar (Mohali)
20
Rajasthan
  1. Ajmer
  1. Jaipur*
  1. Jodhpur
21
Tamil Nadu
  1. Coimbatore
22
Tripura
  1. Agartala
23
Uttarakhand
  1. Dehradun
  1. Haridwar & Rishikesh
  1. Chamoli – Gopeshwar
24
Uttar Pradesh
  1. Agra
  1. Moradabad
  2. Allahabad
25
West Bengal
  1. Howrah
  2. Madhyamgram
  3. New Town Kolkata
26
Jammu & Kashmir
  1. Leh*
27
Puducherry
  1. Puducherry
28
Telangana
  1. Narsapur Town

*Only In-principal approval given.



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Status of Green Energy

As on 31.10.2015, cumulative capacity of about 38 GW of grid-interactive renewable energy capacity has been installed in the country. The Government has up-scaled the target of renewable energy capacity to 175 GW by the year 2022 which includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from bio-power and 5 GW from small hydro-power. This was stated by Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.

The Minister stated that Government is seeking cooperation from other countries both on technical and financial side to promote the generation of power from renewable energy sources. On technical side, National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) is collaborating with premium institutions/ laboratories of USA, Japan and Germany in the fields of performance evaluation, long term operational reliability and indoor-performance testing of different technology modules. Similarly, National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) in collaboration with specialized institutions of Denmark; USA, Spain and Germany is working in the areas of wind forecasting, offshore wind, aero-structural design, training on testing inter-laboratory comparisons etc. On the financial side, Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) is also operating Line of Credits from various Bilateral/ Multilateral institutions for further extending the credit to viable renewable energy projects in the country.

The Minister further stated that Government has taken a number of initiatives in the past for the development of renewable energy in the country which inter-alia include incentives in the forms of generation based incentives/subsidies, viability gap funding from NCEF, fiscal incentives such as accelerated depreciation, concessional customs duty, excise duty exemptions, income tax holiday for 10 years and preferential tariff for renewable energy power projects. In addition, several major policy measures initiated by the Government recently to promote this source indigenously, inter-alia, include setting up of exclusive solar parks; development of power transmission network through Green Energy Corridor project; identification of large government complexes/ buildings for rooftop projects; provision of roof top solar and 10 percent renewable energy as mandatory under Mission Statement and Guidelines for development of smart cities; amendments in building bye-laws for mandatory provision of roof top solar for new construction or higher floor area ratio (FAR); infrastructure status for solar projects; making roof top solar a part of housing loan by banks/ NHB; incorporating measures in Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) for encouraging distribution companies, making net-metering compulsory and raising funds from bilateral and multilateral finance, development institutions.



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Funds for Solar Power Plants

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has released Rs.125.64 crore and Rs.387 crore have been released to State Governments/implementing agencies for setting up of grid connected solar power plants during the year 2013-14 and 2014-15 respectively. This was stated by Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.

The Minister further stated that the Government monitors the progress of solar power projects regularly. As on 26.11.2015, the cumulative installed grid-interactive solar power generation capacity in the country is 4666 MW, the Minister added.



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Investment Thrust on Renewable Energy

The lowest bidder in NTPC Ltd.’s tender for setting up 500 MW capacity solar PV power projects in Ghani Solar Park in Andhra Pradesh, has quoted a tariff of Rs. 4.63 per unit. This was stated by Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.

The Minister stated that as per the tariff order notified by the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) for the year 2015-16, the tariff for solar power generated from grid connected solar PV power plants, which is the levellised tariff for 25 years, is Rs. 7.04 per unit. Previous lowest tariff for grid connected solar PV power in the country was Rs. 5.05 for solar power projects in Madhya Pradesh. The lowest bid tariff of Rs. 4.63 per unit in NTPC Ltd.’s tender for setting up 500 MW capacity solar PV power projects in Ghani Solar Park in Andhra Pradesh is 34.23 % lower than the CERC tariff and 8.32 % lower than the previous low bid of Rs. 5.05 per unit for solar power tender in Madhya Pradesh.

The Minister further stated that it is difficult to predict tariff that will be quoted in an open bid. Moreover, solar tariff varies from State to State depending upon solar irradiation, cost of land, size of projects and other such factors. The target of 175 GW of renewable energy generation capacity is for 2022 and the Government of India is making all efforts to achieve the same.



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Solar Panels Installed in the Country

A total 4565 MW of Solar Power Capacity has been installed in the Country till 30th October 2015. Typically, on an average, 4500  Solar panels of capacity 250 watt (peak) are used for installation of 1 MW Solar Power Plant. This was stated by Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.



            The Minister stated that the   target and achievement thereof   under the National Solar Mission (NSM) for the year 2014-2015 is as under:

Application Segment
Target    

 Achievement 
Grid solar power  (large plants, roof
top & distribution grid plants)
1100 MW
  1112.07 MW
Off grid solar applications
125 MW (sanctioned)
60 MW (installed)
302 MW (sanctioned)
60 MW (installed)



            During 2014-15, a total capacity of 1112 MW of grid connected solar power projects and 44.5 MW of rooftop projects was installed, the Minister added.


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