Finalization of National IPR Policy



Finalization of National IPR Policy 
The all-encompassing IPR Policy will promote a holistic and conducive ecosystem to catalyse the full potential of intellectual property for India’s economic growth and socio-cultural development, while protecting public interest. This policy shall weave in the strengths of the Government, research and development organizations, educational institutions, corporate entities including MSMEs, start-ups and other stakeholders in the creation of an innovation-conducive environment besides complementing the strengths of our substantive laws with transparent, predictable and efficient administrative and procedural mechanisms as also well informed adjudicatory structure. 


Comments have been received from all Ministries / Departments concerned, which have given suggestions and observations on issues concerning them. These comments have been examined and incorporated suitably.

This information was given by the Minister of State(Independent Charge) in the Ministry of Commerce & Industry Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today. 
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Cumulative FDI Inflow 

            The details of total FDI inflow in the years 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15 are as under:
                                                                                       (Amount in US$ billion)
Sl. No.
Financial Year
Amount of FDI inflow
1
2012-13
34.30
2
2013-14
36.05
3
2014-15
44.29

Cumulative total (2012-15)
114.64


                        Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Foreign Institutional Investment (FII)/ Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) are two different routes of foreign investment and FII/ FPI is not a component of FDI. FII/FPI investment in 2014-15 was US$ 40,923 million.
                        This information was given by the Minister of State(Independent Charge) in the Ministry of Commerce & Industry Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.
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Text of statement by Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman, Minister of State(Independent Charge) for Commerce and Industry in the open ended Agriculture meeting at the 10th Ministerial Conference of WTO on 16th December, 2015 at Nairobi, Kenya 
We support a balanced outcome in Agriculture.

Export Competition: 

• Export Competition is one of the pillars of agriculture negotiations. These negotiations are finely balanced on these three pillars. Taking out one pillar will disturb the balance.

• In the run up to Bali Ministerial the G-20, including India, had tabled a proposal on Export Competition. But there could not be a binding outcome since many of the members, including some of the members who are now proposing to harvest this pillar, raised the same issue of balance in agriculture negotiations.

• Now the efforts are to cherry pick issues from within the Export Competition pillar and further to dilute the provisions to suit a few members.

• At this late hour new definitions and language are being proposed. It is not possible to react to these new concepts without extensive domestic consultations.

• Further, these new concepts are being discussed in a limited group of members. This severely impacts the transparency of the process.

Special Safeguard Mechanism: 

• The Special Safeguard Mechanism is important for developing countries to address import surges and price dips due to heavily subsidized imports of agricultural products from developed countries. All we are seeking now is an instrument that has been available to a select few for over two decades. This demand is reasonable and pragmatic.

• A simplified offer of the G-33 proposal on SSM has already been submitted. May I ask you Chair to speedily work on this.

• We expect the membership to engage constructively on the issue so that we can arrive at an outcome in Nairobi. 
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Progress of “Make In India” Campaign 
            The Make in India initiative was launched globally in September, 2014 by the Government of India to focus on invigorating the country’s manufacturing sector. A number of initiatives have been taken by the Government of India since the launch of Make in India campaign last year. The make in India initiative is based on the following four pillars, under which various initiatives have been taken, are:
·         New Processes
-          Ease of Doing Business
·         New Infrastructure
-          Industrial Corridors
-          Industrial Clusters
-          Smart Cities
·         New Sectors
·         New Mindset
            The Make in India initiative of the Government has made a tremendous impact on the investment climate of the country, as shown by significant growth of overall Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).
                         ‘Make in India’ initiative aims at developing India as a global hub for manufacturing, innovation and design for both domestic and foreign markets. Government has made efforts to simplify the regulatory requirements for import and export which includes:
(i)                 Making available importer-exporter code online through e-biz                       portal.
(ii)               Reducing number of documents required from seven to three for exports and       ten to three for imports.
(iii)             Establishment of Customs Clearance Facilitation Committees in every port to       ensure expeditious clearance of goods.
(iv)             Integration of customs online Single window clearance system with Food             Safety & Standards Authority of India and Plant Quarantine thorough            message exchange for faster clearance of food and plant products.

            This information was given by the Minister of State(Independent Charge) in the Ministry of Commerce & Industry Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.
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Process for Obtaining Industrial Output Data 
The Industrial Output data is captured and monitored, primarily, through two statistical activities (i) Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) on an annual basis and (ii) Index of Industrial Production (IIP) on a monthly basis. The ASI is conducted under the Collection of Statistics Act, since 1959, to obtain comprehensive and detailed statistics of industrial sector with the objective of estimating the contribution of registered manufacturing industries as a whole to the national income. The IIP is compiled on the basis of data sourced from 16 ministries/ administrative departments. Data for IIP are collected by various source agencies under different Acts/statutes. Data received then undergo scrutiny and validation before finalisation.

The output figures for compilation of IIP are authenticated by respective line Ministries/ departments and the ASI data is based on actual book of accounts and other documents maintained by registered factories. Government is not contemplating any changes in the process for obtaining this data. The improvement in statistics pertaining to industrial output is a dynamic process and quality of data is reviewed from time to time by expert groups/ standing committees to note the change in structure of industrial sector of the country, and improvements are made on the basis of recommendations of these committees/ expert groups.

This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) in the Ministry of Commerce & Industry Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today. 
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Text of Address by Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Commerce and Industry of India at the Plenary Session of the 10th Ministerial Conference of the WTO on 16 December 2015 
1. It is an honor for me to participate in the Tenth Ministerial Conference of the WTO. I thank you, Madam Chairperson, the Government and the people of Kenya, for the excellent arrangements and the warm hospitality extended to me and my delegation.

2. This Ministerial coincides with the 20th anniversary of the organization and assumes special importance being the first WTO Ministerial taking place in Africa – a continent of promise.

3. I warmly welcome the newly acceded members, Yemen, Seychelles and Kazakhstan. We also look forward to welcoming Afghanistan and Liberia to the WTO. These countries are valued friends of India and their accession to the WTO is an important affirmation of the strength of the multilateral trading system.

4. The expanding membership of the WTO, the functioning of its unique dispute settlement system, the work in its regular Committees, the progress made thus far in the Doha Development Agenda (DDA), underscore the important role played by this great institution. India applauds the achievements of the WTO, and remains committed to strengthening it further.

5. The 20th anniversary of the WTO is also an occasion for introspection and to assess where we are today.

6. We have come to Nairobi with an open mind, determined to make this Conference a success for us, for Africa and for the world.

7. However, Madam Chairperson, the situation could be more encouraging. The reform process which was started after the Uruguay Round in the form of the Doha Round appears to be in jeopardy. Negotiations have spilled over into Nairobi, which makes matters very complicated. The manner and haste with which important negotiating meetings are being convened does not inspire confidence.

8. The DDA may have run into obstacles but it is in our collective interest to continue to work on all pillars, keeping its development dimension intact. We are of the firm view that this Ministerial must clearly re-affirm the Doha Development Agenda and all Ministerial Declarations and Decisions taken since 2001 when we launched the Doha Round. These are all important. Let us not waste time negotiating which of these we should reaffirm and welcome.

9. We must respect our negotiating mandates and work within the established framework of the DDA and the tried and tested WTO principles.

10. It is our duty to safeguard the legitimate interests of poor farmers and the food security of hundreds of millions in developing countries. We cannot continue with the rhetoric of a development agenda without even a reasonable attempt to address issues which are of primary concern to developing economies. For decades, a handful of farm lobbies of some countries have shaped the discourse and determined the destiny of millions of subsistence farmers of the developing countries. The reduction in the massive subsidization of the farm sector in developed countries which was the clear cut mandate of the DDA is now not even a subject matter of discussion today, leave aside serious negotiations.

11. It is in recognition of these concerns that the G-33 has strongly argued the case for an effective special safeguard mechanism for developing countries and for changing the rules relating to public stockholding for food security purposes. These are not new issues. We are disappointed at the cavalier manner in which these issues are being pushed into the future. On the other hand, there is a sudden inexplicable zeal to harvest Export Competition. On this we are told that there is convergence when in fact, there appears to be little.

12. It is regrettable that longstanding issues of interest to a large number of developing countries are being put aside for the future and new issues of recent vintage are being taken up with unusual enthusiasm.

13. India welcomes a strong LDC package for adoption at this Ministerial but there is much more to be done to facilitate full integration of LDCs into world trade.

14. India was the first developing country to extend duty-free quota-free access to all LDCs in line with the Hong Kong ministerial mandate. Our scheme provides comprehensive coverage, including tariff lines of interest to our friends in the Cotton-4. Moreover, our scheme is underpinned by simple, transparent and liberal rules of origin. India has recently made available substantial and commercially meaningful preferences in services to LDCs.

15. We are gathered here today in Africa, a land of opportunity and promise. There is no better place to resolve that we must and shall complete the DDA. We must provide a clear political direction for the post-Nairobi work.

Agricultural reforms remain the corner stone of the DDA negotiations. We must deliver on all three pillars of the negotiations in a balanced manner. As the Hon. President of Kenya said yesterday,

Quote “the agriculture negotiations in the Doha Round are the ones from which developing countries can derive most gains…..Africa’s farmers simply cannot compete against heavily subsidized farmers in developed countries” Unquote.

The situation is no different in most other developing countries as far as the agriculture sector is concerned.

16. Services sector is equally important for developing countries for growth as well as job creation. Besides the accelerated flow of goods, easier flow of services is, therefore, equally important. The liberalization of services trade, particularly in Modes 1 and 4, needs to figure high on the development agenda. A special initiative on Services sector is needed. To achieve this, it is imperative to put in place a simple and transparent regulatory framework that encourages growth in the Services sectors.

17. An open, non-discriminatory and inclusive multilateral trading system contributes to maximizing gains for all its Members. Plurilateral approaches by definition impinge on the multilateral trading system and cannot be a substitute for it. It is important that such arrangements complement, and not segment, the multilateral trading system.

18. I have taken careful note of calls by some members to commence work on “new issues” within the WTO. Madam Chairperson, we should resist the temptation of overloading the WTO agenda at this stage with “new issues” when we are still grappling with the completion of work in the DDA.

19. As trade Ministers, history will judge us poorly if the outcomes of the DDA perpetuate inequities in global trade. It is vital to keep the aspirations of millions of people living in the developing world in clear focus. India is prepared to constructively contribute in all areas within the framework of the negotiating mandates and the core principles of the WTO. We must act with a sense of common purpose and urgency. As we commemorate the 20th Anniversary of the WTO, let us reaffirm the DDA and resolve to conclude it in a spirit of mutual accommodation and goodwill.

Thank you. 


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