Facilitating Elderly People



Facilitating Elderly People 
As per Census 2011, the total population of senior citizens/elderly people in the country is 10.38 crore. Gender and State-wise data is:

ST Code
State/UTs
Population
Census-2011
Persons
Males
Females
00
India
103849040
51071872
52777168
01
JAMMU & KASHMIR
922656
482580
440076
02
HIMACHAL PRADESH
703009
340875
362134
03
PUNJAB
2865817
1443662
1422155
04
CHANDIGARH
67078
34833
32245
05
UTTARANCHAL
900809
441897
458912
06
HARYANA
2193755
1088621
1105134
07
DELHI
1147445
576755
570690
08
RAJASTHAN
5112138
2432263
2679875
09
UTTAR PRADESH
15439904
8037133
7402771
10
BIHAR
7707145
4106593
3600552
11
SIKKIM
40752
22472
18280
12
ARUNACHAL PRADESH
63639
33189
30450
13
NAGALAND
102726
54779
47947
14
MANIPUR
200020
99795
100225
15
MIZORAM
68628
34345
34283
16
TRIPURA
289544
141920
147624
17
MEGHALAYA
138902
66939
71963
18
ASSAM
2078544
1054817
1023727
19
WEST BENGAL
7742382
3851314
3891068
20
JHARKHAND
2356678
1181745
1174933
21
ORISSA
3984448
1994270
1990178
22
CHHATTISGARH
2003909
928159
1075750
23
MADHYA PRADESH
5713316
2769556
2943760
24
GUJARAT
4786559
2245601
2540958
25
DAMAN & DIU
11361
4873
6488
26
DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI
13892
6359
7533
27
MAHARASHTRA
11106935
5253709
5853226
28
ANDHRA PRADESH
8278241
3906328
4371913
29
KARNATAKA
5791032
2747072
3043960
30
GOA
163495
74315
89180
31
LAKSHADWEEP
5270
2674
2596
32
KERALA
4193393
1883595
2309798
33
TAMIL NADU
7509758
3661226
3848532
34
PONDICHERRY
120436
53419
67017
35
ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS
25424
14189
11235

The Ministry of Rural Development has informed that the financial assistance under schemes of National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) are provided only to the persons belonging to below poverty line (BPL) household. Old age pension is provided under Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) to persons of the age of 60 years or more and belonging to below poverty line (BPL) household. Under IGNOAPS, central assistance of Rs.200/- p.m. is provided in the age group of 60-79 years and Rs.500/- p.m. is provided to the persons of 80 years or more. Rate of assistance under IGNOAPS is restricted only to the BPL households and not to all senior citizens/elderly persons. At present, the total no. of beneficiaries under IGNOAPS is 230 lakh.
As per the Population Projections, prepared by the United Nations (the 2015 revision), there will be 290 million population aged 60 years and above by 2045 in India. This will account for 17.4% of the total population of the country in that year. In terms of percentage change over the period 2015-2045, the increase in population aged 60+ years, is expected to be around 149.3%.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is concerned, this Ministry had launched the “National Programme for Health Care of the Elderly” (NPHCE) during the year 2010-11 for providing dedicated health care facilities to senior citizens (above 60 years of age) at primary, secondary and tertiary health care delivery system.

The basic aim of the NPHCE is to provide separate and specialised comprehensive health care to the senior citizens at various levels of state health care delivery system including outreach services.

The major activities of the NPHCE are:
i)          Setting up of Geriatric department in identified Regional Geriatric Centres (RGC) with OPD care services and 30 bedded Geriatric ward for providing indoor services. RGCs will also undertake PG Courses in Geriatric for developing Human Resource.
ii)        Setting up of Geriatric units at all District Hospitals that will provide specialist services. A 10 bedded Geriatric Ward will also be set up for providing indoor services.
iii)      Establishment of Rehabilitation unit at all Community Health Centres (CHCs) and Geriatric clinic twice/week.  
iv)      Setting up weekly Geriatric clinic by trained medical officer at Primary Health Centres (PHCs).
v)        Information, Education and Communication (IEC) on healthy life style, home care to the bed ridden and supportive devices for the needy elderly persons at sub-centre level.
           
As on date, a total of 104 districts of 24 States/UTs and 08 regional Geriatric Centres have been covered under NPHCE. 

As far as Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is concerned, there is already a National Policy for Older Persons (NPOP), 1999 in place. Besides, a Central Sector Scheme of Integrated Programme of Older Persons (IPOP) is being implemented since 1992 and revised wef 01-04-2015. Financial assistance is provided under it to State Governments/Panchayati Raj Institutions/Urban Local Bodies and Non-Government al Organisations for running and maintenance of projects like:
  Old Age Home;
  Respite Care Centre;
  Mobile Medicare Unit;
  Day Care Centre for Alzheimer’s Disease/Dementia Patients;
  Physiotherapy Clinic for Older Persons;
  Helplines and Counseling Centres for Older Persons;
  Sensitizing Programmes for Children particularly in schools and colleges;
  Regional Resource and Training Centres etc.

The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 was enacted to ensure need based maintenance for parents and senior citizens and their welfare. So far, the Act has been notified by all States and UTs. However, the Act does not apply in the State of Jammu & Kashmir. Himachal Pradesh has its own Act for Senior Citizens. The Act provides for:
  Maintenance of Parents/ senior citizens by children/ relatives made obligatory and justiciable through Tribunals;
  Revocation of transfer of property by senior citizens in case of negligence by relatives;
  Penal provision for abandonment of senior citizens;
  Establishment of Old Age Homes for Indigent Senior Citizens;
  Adequate medical facilities and
  Security for Senior Citizens and Protection of life and property.

In addition, several other benefits and concessions are available to the senior citizens as extended by various Ministries and subordinate organizations like Rural Development, Railways, Civil Aviation and Finance.
This information was given by the Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.
****
Manual Scavenging 
Houselisting and Housing Census, 2011 data released by the Registrar General of India in March, 2012, has, inter alia, provided number of households by type of latrine facility, including latrines from which night soil is manually removed. According to this data, such latrines existed in all States/Union Territories except in the States of Goa, Sikkim, and the UTs of Chandigarh and Lakshadweep. Existence of manually serviced latrines in the States/UTs points to the fact that the practice of manual scavenging is yet to be eliminated there.
            As per the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC-2011) data of manual scavengers released by the Ministry of Rural Development on 03.07.2015, there were 1,82,505 manual scavengers in the rural areas of the country. State-wise details age given is:
Socio Economic and Caste Census-2011
Number of Households Any Member Belonging to  Manual Scavenger (Rural)
Zone
Code with States/ UTs Name
Number of Manual Scavanger
All India

182505
North Total

14898
North
2904
North
1
North
11951
North
42
East Total

14411
East
7268
East
2526
East
4153
East
464
West Total

68681
West
3498
West
2
West
65181
West
0
South Total

16362
South
388
South
15375
South
100
South
334
South
165
Central Total

41516
Central
483
Central
17388
Central
540
Central
23105
North Eastern Total

20083
North Eastern
51
North Eastern
1286
North Eastern
274
North Eastern
1
North Eastern
1025
North Eastern
17333
North Eastern
113
North Eastern
0
UT Total

6554
UT
0
UT
6
UT
6277
UT
142
UT
1
UT
66
UT
62

SECC-2011 data of manual scavengers is based on respondent input as revealed by the households to the enumerator. Under the “Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 (MS Act, 2013)” which has come into force with effect from 06.12.2013, the claim of any person of being a manual scavenger is to be got verified by the local authority for inclusion in the list of identified manual scavengers to become eligible for rehabilitation as per the provisions of the MS Act, 2013. Accordingly, the State Governments and Union Territory Administrations have been requested to verify the SECC-2011 data of manual scavengers and upload the list of identified manual scavengers on the website www.mssuvey.nic.in for their rehabilitation.
            As per the latest information available on the basis of survey undertaken so far, 12,226 manual scavengers have been identified in 12 States, State-wise details of which are given is:

State-wise details of identified Manual Scavengers
Urban-A
S.No.
State
Identified Manual Scavengers


1.       
Andhra Pradesh
124
2.       
Bihar
137
3.       
 Chhattisgarh
3
4.       
Karnataka
302
5.       
Madhya Pradesh
36
6.       
Odisha
237
7.       
Punjab
86
8.       
Rajasthan
577
9.       
Tamil Nadu
462
10.   
Uttar Pradesh
2404
11.   
Uttarakhand
137
12.   
West Bengal
104
Total-A
4609
Rural-B
1
Punjab
5
2
Uttar Pradesh
7612
Total-B
7617
Grand Total (A+B)
12226
                                   
The Department of Social Justice and Empowerment does not maintain the statistics of such cases. As per Section 21 of the “Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013” (MS Act, 2013), Executive Magistrates who have been conferred judicial powers of first class are empowered to try any offences committed under the Act.
The sole cause for manual scavenging is the existence of insanitary latrines. Section 5 of the MS Act, 2013 prohibits construction of insanitary latrines and engaging of manual scavengers from the date of commencement of the Act i.e. 06.12.2013. The Act provides for identification of insanitary latrines and their demolition/conversion into sanitary latrines on a time bound basis. The Municipalities, Cantonment Boards and Railway authorities have been mandated to construct adequate number of community sanitary latrines within a period of three years from the date of commencement of the Act to eliminate the practice of open defecation. The Act also provides for identification and rehabilitation of the existing manual scavengers, which includes skill development training with stipend and concessional loan for taking up an alternative occupation on sustainable basis.
This information was given by the Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

****
Survey on Drug Abuse 
The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has requested National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) to conduct a nationwide survey on extent, pattern and trend of alcohol and drug abuse. Accordingly, the NSSO had conducted a pilot survey in the cities of Amritsar, Imphal and Mumbai in March-April 2010. The report of the Pilot survey was received from NSSO on 05.1.2011. On examination of the report of the Pilot Survey, certain issues relating to under estimation, non-coverage of certain age groups etc.

The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has financially supported the Directorate of Prohibition and Drug Abuse Prevention, Department of Women & Child Development, Govt. of NCT of Delhi for conducting a survey on mapping and size estimation of street children who use drugs in Delhi.

The National Statistical Commission (NSC) in its meeting held on 6.9.2013 has observed that no purpose would be served by conducting the proposed Advanced Pilot Survey and suggested that the methodology and the sampling design may be looked afresh. Therefore, a Working Group was constituted by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, with NSSO as nodal organization to devise the modalities of advanced pilot survey in the State of Punjab and Manipur. The report of the Working Group has been received. However, the Ministry of Statistics and programme Implementation has informed that the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment can conduct the survey through the help of NGOs on the pattern of earlier pilot survey done in the year 2010. The NSSO would provide all the necessary support if required.

This information was given by the Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Smapla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today. 
*****
Welfare of Senior Citizens 
The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 was enacted to ensure need based maintenance for parents and senior citizens and their welfare. So far, the Act has been notified by all States and UTs. However, the Act does not apply in the State of Jammu & Kashmir. Himachal Pradesh has its own Act for Senior Citizens.
Under the Act, Senior Citizen is defined as “any person being a citizen of India, who has attained the age of sixty years or above”.

Persons responsible for maintenance of senior citizens are defined as:
  “children” includes son, daughter, grandson and grand-daughter but does not include a minor;
  “relative” means any legal heir of the childless senior citizen who is not a minor and is in possession of or would inherit his property after his death;

Keeping in view the recommendation made in the “National Policy on Older Persons” as well as the State’s obligation under the “Maintenance& Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007”, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare had launched the “National Programme for the Health Care of Elderly” (NPHCE) during the 11th Plan period to address various health related problems of elderly people.

The basic aim of the NPHCE is to provide separate and specialised comprehensive health care to the senior citizens at various levels of state health care delivery system including outreach services.

The major activities of the NPHCE are:

i)          Setting up of Geriatric department in identified Regional Geriatric Centres (RGC) with OPD care services and 30 bedded Geriatric ward for providing indoor services. RGCs will also undertake PG Courses in Geriatric for developing Human Resource.
ii)        Setting up of Geriatric units at all District Hospitals that will provide specialist services. A 10 bedded Geriatric Ward will also be set up for providing indoor services.
iii)      Establishment of Rehabilitation unit at all Community Health Centres (CHCs) and Geriatric clinic twice/week.
iv)      Setting up weekly Geriatric clinic by trained medical officer at Primary Health Centres (PHCs).
v)        Information, Education and Communication (IEC) on healthy life style, home care to the bed ridden and supportive devices for the needy elderly persons at sub-centre level.

As on date, a total of 104 districts of 24 States/UTs and 08 regional Geriatric Centres have been covered under NPHCE.

As per Census 2011, the total population of senior citizens/elderly people in the country is 10.38 crore.
This information was given by the Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

****
Upliftment of Extremely Poor Section 
The extremely poor people having annual income less than Rs.1.00 lakh and who do not belong to any social category such as SC/ST/OBC, have been categorized as Economically Backward Classes (EBCs). The following schemes are being implemented by Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment for welfare of the EBCs:-

(i) Dr. Ambedkar Post-Matric Scholarship for EBC Students

(ii) Dr. Ambedkar Scheme of Interest Subsidy on Educational Loan for Overseas Studies for EBCs.

1.Dr. Ambedkar Post-Matric Scholarship for EBC Students

This is a 100 % centrally sponsored scheme being implemented through the State Government and Union Territories. The objective of the scheme is to provide financial assistance to the EBC students studying at post-matriculation or post-secondary stage. The income ceiling of parents/guardians for eligibility is Rs.1.00 lakh per annum (including self income, if employed).

The rates under different Post-Matric Courses range between Rs. 750 per month and Rs. 260 per month for hostellers. For the day scholars the range is Rs. 350 to Rs. 160. Scholarship also include study tour charges @ Rs. 900 per annum (subject to actual expenditure), Thesis typing and printing charges @ Rs. 1000 (maximum), Book allowance for correspondence course @ Rs. 900 per annum and Reader charges for blind students in the range between Rs. 90 p.m. to Rs. 175 p.m.

The scholarship for Commercial Pilot License (CPL) course is also covered under this scheme. Upto 20 awards per year for the whole country are provided on the first come first-serve basis. The selected candidates are provided an amount of Rs.5000/- per flying hour in single/multiengine aircraft for 200 hours. In addition, maintenance allowances @ Rs. 750 p.m. for hostlers and Rs. 350 p.m. for day scholars is also paid.

2.Dr. Ambedkar Scheme of Interest Subsidy on Educational Loans for Overseas Studies for the Students belonging to the Economically Backward Classes (EBCs).

The objective of the scheme is to award interest subsidy to meritorious EBC students so as to provide them better opportunities for higher education abroad and enhance their employability.

To be eligible under the scheme, a student should come under the income ceiling of Rs. 1.00 lakh per annum. 50 % of the outlay every year is earmarked for Girl students.

The students should have secured admission in the approved courses at Masters, M.Phil or Ph.D levels abroad. He/She should have availed loan from a scheduled bank under the Education Loan Scheme of the Indian Banks Association (IBA) for the purpose.

Under the scheme, interest payable by the students availing the education loans of the IBA for the period of moratorium (i.e. course period, plus one year or six months after getting job, whichever is earlier) as prescribed under the Education Loan Scheme of the IBA, shall be borne by the Government of India. After the period of moratorium is over, the interest on the outstanding loan amount shall be paid by the student, in accordance with the existing Educational Loan Scheme as may be amended from time to time. The candidate will bear the Principal instalments and interest beyond moratorium period.

This information was given by the Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today. 
****
New Initiatives for Social Justice & Empowerment

Bill Drafted for the Rehabilitation of Persons in Destitute

National Fellowship for OBCS and Post Matric Scholarship for Economically Backward Classes Launched

Accessible India Campaign Launched to Create Barrier Free Environment for the Persons with Disabilities
Year End Review 2015

            During the year 2015, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment launched various  initiatives for the welfare of Scheduled Caste, Other Backward Class, Denotified, Nomadic & Semi-Nomadic Tribes, Persons with Disabilities, Persons in Destitute, Safai Karamcharis, etc. These initiatives include financial support to the target groups, rehabilitation of beggars, and result oriented skill development programmes. Some of the programmes launched during the year include -

Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan):
·         Accessible India Campaign aims at achieving universal accessibility for Persons with Disabilities and to create an enabling and barrier free environment, with a focus on three verticals: Built Environment; Public Transportation and Information & Communication Technologies.  
·         It was launched on 3rd December 2015, commemorating International Day of Persons with Disabilities.


·         It will be taken up in 75 select cities to start with.
·         It aims at enhancing the proportion of accessible government buildings, airports, railway stations, Public Transport, Public Documents and Websites


Shri Arun Jaitley Union Minister for Finance, launching Accessible India Campaign, Shri Thaawar Chand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla, Shri Krishan Pal Gujjar, Ministers of State for Social Justice & Empowerment also in the pictureAccessible Index is underway to to serve as a tool to assess the extent to which the processes and systems of an organization are aligned to ensure independent, dignified and positive dealing with employees and clients with disabilities. 

1st International Film Festival for the Persons with Disabilities
·         For the first time, the Ministry in partnership with National Film Development Corporation has brought out a Film Festival for the Persons with Disabilities, in recognition of the spirit of the persons with disabilities.
·         This Film Festival was held from December 1 to December 3, 2015.
·         It will showcase cinemas that open our world to their mind-space and also cinema that has been made by them.



The Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Thaawar Chand Gehlot presenting an award at the closing ceremony of the 1st International Film Festival for Persons with Disabilities, in New Delhi on December 03, 2015. The Minister of State for Information & Broadcasting, Col. Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore and actor Vivek Oberoi are also seen. 

·         It helps bring to the fore the everyday struggles of persons with disabilities and enables governments and organizations across the world to address these issues, help the persons with disabilities achieve their full potential by providing them with all possible resources, raise awareness about their needs, and make communities more inclusive for them.
·         In a world where persons with disabilities often get sidelined, this event will put the spotlight on their work and expression that deserves appreciation for their skill, honesty of thought, and for a unique perspective on their life, challenges and aspirations.

Steps taken by the ministry to promote Entrepreneurship:
·         Venture Capital Fund of Rs. 200 Crore for Schedule Caste Entrepreneurs created on 22 December 2014. The scheme would be implemented by Industrial Finance Corporation of India Limited. The Fund has been registered with SEBI.
·         Credit Enhancement Guarantee Scheme for Young Scheduled Caste Entrepreneurs launched with a budget of Rs. 200 Crore to facilitate concessional finance. This will encourage Entrepreneurship among SC and result in job creation.

Steps taken by the ministry to propagate Dr. Ambedkar's ideas
·         Foundation stone of Dr. Ambedkar International Centre for Social Justice in Delhi laid on 20th April 2015. The Centre will come up at an approximate cost of Rs. 195 Crore.


The Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Thaawar Chand Gehlot addressing at the Foundation Stone laying Ceremony of Dr. Ambedkar International Centre, in New Delhi on April 20, 2015. The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, the Ministers of State for Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal and Shri Vijay Sampla and the Secretary, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Ms. Anita Agnihotri are also seen. 

·         Dr. Ambedkar Memorial to be constructed at an approximate cost of Rs. 100 Crore
·         Braille edition of Dr. Ambedkar writings & speeches released

Bill in the pipline
·         A draft bill The Persons in Destitute (Protection Care & Rehabilitation) Bill 2015 has been circulated to all States/UTs for their comments/ suggestion.

Steps taken by the ministry towards imparting Skill Development training to SC, OBC,etc
·         National Schedule Caste Finance Development Corporation provided skill development training to 13258 trainees during 2014-15
·         National Safai Karmacharis Finance Development Corporation provided skill development training to 8750 trainees during 2014-15
·         Commercial Motor Driving Training with Self Defense skills for women imparted by  National Safai Karmacharis Finance Development Corporation
·         National Backward Classes Finance Development Corporation provided skill development training to 13510 trainees during 2014-15
·         National Action Plan for Skill Training of Persons With Disabilities has been launched by which 25 Lakh PwDs will be Skill Trained by the year 2022.

New Scholarship Schemes introduced by the ministry
·         National Fellowship for OBCs was launched and implemented through UGC.
·         Dr Ambedkar Post Matric Scholarship Scheme for Economically Backward Classes launched

Other Initiatives
·         National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes (NCDNT) constituted to prepare state wise list of Denotified, Nomadic & Semi-Nomadic Tribes communities who are not included in SC/ST/OBC and to assess welfare measures for these communities.
·         New Disabled friendly and Interactive website for National Trust http://thenationaltrust.gov.in/content/ launched. NGO Registrations and paying donations can be done in the website itself.
·         10 New / Revised Schemes for the welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities launched by National Trust.


The Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Thaawar Chand Gehlot releasing the publication at the launch of the new / revised schemes of National Trust for the welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities, Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, in New Delhi on November 24, 2015. The Ministers of State for Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal and Shri Vijay Sampla and other dignitaries are also seen. 

·         New Interactive website http://nbcfdc.gov.in/ and e-tracking system launched  by National Backward Classes Finance Development Corporation
·         National Backward Classes Finance Development Corporation has launched e-Marketing platform to the target group
·         Drug De Addiction Helpline Number 1XXX-XX-0031  launched to help Drug Abuse victims and their families
·         National Safai Karmacharis Finance Development Corporation launched Swachhta Udyami Yojana for financing viable community toilet projects & Garbage collection vehicles.
·         Scheme for Establishment of College for deaf in each of the five regions of the country has been launched in January, 2015. The object of the Scheme is to provide equal educational opportunities to hearing impaired students for pursuing higher studies and improve the chances of employability and better quality of life through higher education.




No comments

Powered by Blogger.